MARIANO TRíAS Y CLOSAS (Spanish: : October 12, 1868 – February
22, 1914) is considered to be the first de facto Philippine Vice
President of that revolutionary government established at the Tejeros
Convention - an assembly of Philippine revolutionary leaders that
elected officials of the revolutionary movement against the colonial
He was married to María Concepción Ferrer with whom he had eight children.
* 1 Early life * 2 Independent movements and career * 3 Vice-Presidency * 4 Later life and career * 5 Descendants * 6 In popular culture * 7 Sources * 8 External links
Mariano was the fifth of the nine children of Don Balbino Trías, a
Cabeza de Barangay and
Justice of the Peace
He had primary schooling under the tutorship of Eusebio Chaves and
Cipriano Gonzales , both local school teachers. Later, he was sent to
INDEPENDENT MOVEMENTS AND CAREER
Before the revolution in August 1896, he joined the
When two councils of the
Assuming the nom-de-guerre 'Labong' (which means "bamboo shoots "),
he recruited troops and solicited contributions from rich Filipinos in
After he was criticized by the Magsaya council for establishing a public army, he joined the Magdalo.
On March 22, 1897, a second assembly of
At the revolutionary assembly convoked by Aguinaldo in
LATER LIFE AND CAREER
After the abolition of the dictatorial government and the establishment of the revolutionary government, Mariano Trías was appointed on July 15, 1898 as Secretary of Finance and continued in this office after the transfer of seat of the government to Malolos . In the Paterno Cabinet , which succeeded the Mabini Cabinet , he held the position of Secretary of National Defense. After the revolutionary government forces were practically dispersed in Central Luzon , he was named commanding general of Southern Luzon . He directed guerrilla offensive moves in Cavite.
He figured in a series of furious skirmishes with the troops of General Wheaton in January 1900 when he held the defense of Cavite until his men where finally dispersed.
Trías set free all the Spanish prisoners under his command in May 1900.
Nine days after the capture of Aguinaldo , Trías, accompanied by
Severino de las Alas, former Secretary of the Interior, Ladislao Diwa
, ex-governor of Cavite, two colonels, two lieutenant colonels and a
number of majors, captains, and lieutenants, and some hundreds of
soldiers with guns, voluntarily surrendered in
Santa Cruz de Malabon ,
With the establishment of the civil government by the Americans,
Trías was the founder of the
He sailed to the United States as member of the honorary board of
Filipino commissioners to the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition
In his honor, the town of San Francisco de Malabon was renamed after him by virtue of Act No. 2880.
Mariano Trías had two brothers, Pedro and Maximino.
General Mariano Trías married María Concepción Ferrer with whom he had two children:
* Rafael, married to Concepcion Magtibay, children Rafael Trias Jr., Francisco Trias, Gregorio Trias, Antonio Trias and Manuel Trias. * Gabriel, married to Mercedes P. Trias, children Nimia Trias, Felina Trias, Marina Trias, Editha Trias, Gabriel Trias Jr., and Constancia Trias.
Brother Maximino Trias, married to Catalina Raqueño with only one son Jose Trias, married to Nieves Basa with 7 children:
* Balbino, married to Mariquita Cupino, daughters: Angelina Trias, Georgina Trias, Azucena Trias and Gregoria Trias. * Gabriel, married to Felicitas Solis, children: Nieves Trias, Felicitas Trias, Gabriel Trias, Jr., Joseph Trias, Arielle Trias Flores and Catherine Trias-Jones. * Lorenzo, married to Filomena Cruz, sons: Alexander Trias and Maximino Trias. * Isabel Basa, never married. * Donata, married to Celso Gonzales, children: Celso T. Gonzales, Jr., Cynthia T. Gonzales, Claribel T. Gonzales, Criseldo T. Gonzales, Ma. Carmen T. Gonzales * Eleuterio, married to Manuela Pengson Lopez, children: Alfredo Trias, Irene Trias, Noela Trias, Edwin Trias, Eleuterio Trias, Jr., Jose Trias, Emmanuel Luis Trias, Elman Apollo Trias. * Andrea, married to Alfredo Reyes, children: Anne Reyes, Antonette Reyes, Alfredo Reyes, Jr., and Adrian Reyes
IN POPULAR CULTURE
* Portrayed by John Arcilla in the 2012 film, El Presidente .