The Info List - Mariano Trías

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MARIANO TRíAS Y CLOSAS (Spanish: : October 12, 1868 – February 22, 1914) is considered to be the first de facto Philippine Vice President of that revolutionary government established at the Tejeros Convention - an assembly of Philippine revolutionary leaders that elected officials of the revolutionary movement against the colonial government of Spain
. When that assembly broke into factions, a truce known as the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
Pact of Biak-na-Bato
was signed by the group and also recognized the elected officials and Trias as the vice president of Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo
, who is also considered to be the first President of the Philippines. With the promulgation of the Malolos Constitution
Malolos Constitution
by the Malolos
Convention , the First Philippine Republic
First Philippine Republic
was born. Under this Aguinaldo administration, Trias served in the cabinet initially as Secretary of Finance and, later, as Secretary of War.

He was married to María Concepción Ferrer with whom he had eight children.


* 1 Early life * 2 Independent movements and career * 3 Vice-Presidency * 4 Later life and career * 5 Descendants * 6 In popular culture * 7 Sources * 8 External links


Mariano was the fifth of the nine children of Don Balbino Trías, a Cabeza de Barangay and Justice of the Peace
Justice of the Peace
during the Spanish regime who, after his term of office, become a landowner-farmer. His mother was Gabriela Closas.

He had primary schooling under the tutorship of Eusebio Chaves and Cipriano Gonzales , both local school teachers. Later, he was sent to Manila
and enrolled at Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
for his Bachelor of Arts , then to University of Santo Tomas
University of Santo Tomas
for his course in Medicine , which he was able to finish as he returned home to help his relatives manage the farm holdings.


Before the revolution in August 1896, he joined the Katipunan
and became an active propagandist of the society in the towns of Silang and Kawit . In the election of the Katipunan
popular council, which was organized by the Sangguniang Balangay of Mapagtiis , he was named fiscal .

When two councils of the Katipunan
revolutionist came into existence (namely, the Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang and the Sangguniang Bayang Magdalo ), both factions set up their respective councils of leaders. Trías became the Secretary of Justice and Grace of the Magdiwang group.

Assuming the nom-de-guerre 'Labong' (which means "bamboo shoots "), he recruited troops and solicited contributions from rich Filipinos in Indang
and Alfonso
, Cavite, to help finance the effect.

After he was criticized by the Magsaya council for establishing a public army, he joined the Magdalo.


On March 22, 1897, a second assembly of Katipunan
leaders from both factions was held, this time at Tejeros , near the coast, in the heart of the Magdiwang territory. This happened while Aguinaldo and the Magdalo factions were desperately trying to stop the advancing of the Lachambre soldiers. After a stormy debate, it was agreed to set up a new government, replacing that of the Katipunan. Nine positions were to be filled. By secret ballot , Emilio Aguinaldo, who was absent, defending Imus
against the forthcoming attack by Governor
Lachambre, was elected president and Mariano Trías as vice president. Andrés Bonifacio was defeated for both positions.

At the revolutionary assembly convoked by Aguinaldo in Naic
, Cavite on April 17, 1897 to complete his cabinet, Trías was again chosen as Vice President. He led several attacks in Cavite
and Laguna against Spanish forces. On January 23, 1899, the Biac-na-Bato Republic was established. Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo
was president and Trías was vice-president.


After the abolition of the dictatorial government and the establishment of the revolutionary government, Mariano Trías was appointed on July 15, 1898 as Secretary of Finance and continued in this office after the transfer of seat of the government to Malolos
. In the Paterno Cabinet , which succeeded the Mabini Cabinet , he held the position of Secretary of National Defense. After the revolutionary government forces were practically dispersed in Central Luzon , he was named commanding general of Southern Luzon . He directed guerrilla offensive moves in Cavite.

He figured in a series of furious skirmishes with the troops of General Wheaton in January 1900 when he held the defense of Cavite until his men where finally dispersed.

Trías set free all the Spanish prisoners under his command in May 1900.

Nine days after the capture of Aguinaldo , Trías, accompanied by Severino de las Alas, former Secretary of the Interior, Ladislao Diwa , ex-governor of Cavite, two colonels, two lieutenant colonels and a number of majors, captains, and lieutenants, and some hundreds of soldiers with guns, voluntarily surrendered in Santa Cruz de Malabon , Cavite
to General Baldwin on May 13, 1901.

With the establishment of the civil government by the Americans, Civil Governor
William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft
appointed him the first Civil Governor
of Cavite
on June 11, 1901 in accordance with Act No. 139.

Trías was the founder of the Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
chapter in Cavite. He supported the candidacy of Rafael Palma as assemblyman, representing the lone district of Cavite
in 1907. In the general elections of 1912, Trías was responsible for the election of Antero S. Soriano and Florentino Joya as Governor
and Representative , respectively, of Cavite.

He sailed to the United States as member of the honorary board of Filipino commissioners to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition
Louisiana Purchase Exposition
in 1904. After his term of office, he engaged in agricultural activities, but this was a brief respite from politics. He was the acting governor of Cavite
when he died of appendicitis at the Philippine General Hospital on February 22, 1914. He was buried in Manila
. His remains were transferred to his hometown in 1923.

In his honor, the town of San Francisco de Malabon was renamed after him by virtue of Act No. 2880.


Mariano Trías had two brothers, Pedro and Maximino.

General Mariano Trías married María Concepción Ferrer with whom he had two children:

* Rafael, married to Concepcion Magtibay, children Rafael Trias Jr., Francisco Trias, Gregorio Trias, Antonio Trias and Manuel Trias. * Gabriel, married to Mercedes P. Trias, children Nimia Trias, Felina Trias, Marina Trias, Editha Trias, Gabriel Trias Jr., and Constancia Trias.

Brother Maximino Trias, married to Catalina Raqueño with only one son Jose Trias, married to Nieves Basa with 7 children:

* Balbino, married to Mariquita Cupino, daughters: Angelina Trias, Georgina Trias, Azucena Trias and Gregoria Trias. * Gabriel, married to Felicitas Solis, children: Nieves Trias, Felicitas Trias, Gabriel Trias, Jr., Joseph Trias, Arielle Trias Flores and Catherine Trias-Jones. * Lorenzo, married to Filomena Cruz, sons: Alexander Trias and Maximino Trias. * Isabel Basa, never married. * Donata, married to Celso Gonzales, children: Celso T. Gonzales, Jr., Cynthia T. Gonzales, Claribel T. Gonzales, Criseldo T. Gonzales, Ma. Carmen T. Gonzales * Eleuterio, married to Manuela Pengson Lopez, children: Alfredo Trias, Irene Trias, Noela Trias, Edwin Trias, Eleuterio Trias, Jr., Jose Trias, Emmanuel Luis Trias, Elman Apollo Trias. * Andrea, married to Alfredo Reyes, children: Anne Reyes, Antonette Reyes, Alfredo Reyes, Jr., and Adrian Reyes


* Portrayed by John Arcilla in the 2012 film, El Presidente .


* ^ Term ended with the Pact of Biak na Bato . * ^ Abolished from 1897-1902 after the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
Pact of Biak-na-Bato
. * ^ A B "MASTER LIST OF CABINET SECRETARIES/MINISTERS" (PDF). Government of the Philippines. Retrieved October 20, 2016. * ^ Zaide, Gregorio F. (1968). The Philippine Revolution. Modern Book Company. p. 123. * ^ "Tomas L". Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-08. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ Zaide, Sonia M. (1999). The Philippines: A Unique Nation. All-Nations Publishing. p. 247. ISBN 978-971-642-071-5 . * ^ Magsdesign.com, Charissa Baguios -. "Office of the Vice President". * ^ Isabelo Artacho; Félix Ferrer (1 November 1897). "1897 Biac-na-Bato Constitution". thecorpusjuris.com. * ^ "Vice President Mariano Trias". * ^ Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, p.549, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons