Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, jure uxoris Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo (Spanish: Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Zúñiga, Marqués de Villafranca del Bierzo; July 13, 1484 – February 21, 1553) was a Spanish politician. The first effective Spanish viceroy of Naples, in 1532–1552, he was responsible for considerable social, economic and urban change in the city and southern Italian kingdom, in general.
1.1 Early life 1.2 Viceroy of Naples
2.1 Ancestry 2.2 Descendants
3.1 Citations 3.2 Other sources
He was born in 1484 near
Eleanor of Toledo, daughter of marquis Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Viceroy of Naples, 1532- 1553, was the wife, since 1539, of Cosimo I de' Medici, Duke of Florence. Portrait by Angelo Bronzino, oil on wood, 115x96 cm. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Don Pedro ruled harshly. In 1542 he closed the Accademia Pontaniana.
He instituted summary execution for petty theft on public streets and
made it a capital crime to go armed at night in the city. He was
ruthless in dealing with feudal barons in the countryside and
encouraged their moving into the city within reach of a central
authority. This breaking-up of land holdings began a trend to
urbanization as both the landed class and the landless peasant class
poured into Naples. By 1550, the population of 200,000 was second only
Ancestors of Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Marquis of Villafranca
Fernán Álvarez de Toledo, Count of Alba de Tormes
García Álvarez de Toledo 1st Duke of Alba
Mencia Carrillo, Lady of Bercimuelle
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo 2nd Duke of Alba
Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza, Admiral of Castile
Teresa Fernández de Quiñones
Pedro Álvarez de Toledo
Pedro de Zúñiga, Count of Ledesma
Álvaro de Zuñiga Duke of Plasencia
Isabel de Guzmán
Isabel de Zuñiga y Pimentel
Juan Alfonso Pimentel, Count of Mayorga
Leonor de Pimentel
Elvira de Zuñiga
Descendants Don Pedro Álvarez de Toledo married in 1508 Maria Osorio Pimentel, 2nd Marquise of Villafranca del Bierzo. They had seven children:
Eleanor of Toledo, married in 1539 Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of
Tuscany. With issue.
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, 3rd Marquis of Villafranca del
Bierzo; (1510 - 1569). 3rd Marquis on the death of his mother in 1539.
He married Inés Pimentel, but no issue.
García Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Marquis of Villafranca, a.k.a. García
Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio (1514–1577, in Naples, Italy) became the
4th Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo in 1569, when his brother
Fadrique died without issue, albeit being married. He married Vittoria
Colonna, having issue, Pedro, who survived till 1627.
Ana de Toledo, married Lopo de Moscoso Osório, 4th count of Altamira.
Juana Álvarez de Toledo, married Fernando Ximenez de Urrea, 2nd Count
Isabel de Toledo, married Gian Battista Spinelli, 2nd Prince of
Luis Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, interim
Viceroy of Naples
^ Domínguez Ortiz, Antonio. Los judeoconversos en España y América (in Spanish). As with many Castilian noble families of the time, converso ancestry has been attributed. However, detailed genealogical analysis has suggested a mozarab origin ^ (in Italian)Via Toledo in Naples, information[permanent dead link]
Amabile, Luigi (1892). Il santo Officio della Inquisizione in Napoli
(in Italian). Città di Castello, Italy: S. Lapi.
Croce, Benedetto (1915). Storia del Regno di Napoli (in Italian).
De Seta, Cesare (1981). Le Città nella Storia d'Italia: Napoli, 'Il
Viceregno' (in Italian). Bari, Italy: Laterza.
Domínguez Ortiz, Antonio (1971). Los judeoconversos en España y
América (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain.
"Don Pedro de Toledo". Around
Preceded by Luis Pimentel, 1st Marquis of Villafrancal Marquis of Villafranca 1497–1553 Succeeded by Fadrique de Toledo, 3rd Marquis of Villafranca
Preceded by Pompeo Cardinal Colonna Viceroy of Naples 1532–1552 Succeeded by Luis Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, interim, 2 months, in 1552, on his father illness
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59893520 LCCN: n85191905 ISNI: 0000 0000 6634 9441 GND: 119405628 SUDOC: 028074890 BNF: cb11998255g (data) SN