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Maria Maddalena of Austria (Maria Magdalena; 7 October 1589 – 1 November 1631) was Grand Duchess of Tuscany from the accession of her husband, Cosimo II, in 1609 until his death in 1621. With him, she had eight children, including a duchess of Parma, a grand duke of Tuscany, and an archduchess of Further Austria. Born in Graz, she was the youngest daughter of Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria, and his wife Maria Anna of Bavaria. During the minority of her son, Grand Duke Ferdinando, she and her mother-in-law acted as regents from 1621 to 1628. She died on 1 November 1631 in Passau.

Contents

1 Marriage 2 Regency 3 Issue 4 Ancestors 5 Citations 6 Bibliography

Marriage[edit] In 1608, Maria Maddalena was married to Cosimo de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany. Cosimo's father, Grand Duke Ferdinando I of Tuscany, arranged the marriage in order to assuage Spain's (where Maria Maddalena's sister was the incumbent queen) animosity towards Tuscany, which had been inflamed due to a string of Franco-Tuscan marriages.[1] Regency[edit] She and Cosimo enjoyed a contented marriage. Together they had eight children. Cosimo II died in 1621, leaving their ten-year-old son Ferdinando as grand duke. Maria Maddalena and her mother-in-law, Christina of Lorraine, acted as regents until the boy came of age. Their collective regency is known as the Turtici. Maria Maddelana's temperament was analogous to Christina's. Together, they aligned Tuscany with the Papacy; re-doubled the Tuscan clergy; and allowed the trial of Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei
to occur.[2] Upon the death of the last Duke of Urbino, instead of claiming the duchy for Ferdinando, who was married (needs clarification) his granddaughter, and heiress, Vittoria della Rovere, they permitted it to be annexed by Pope Urban VIII. In 1626, they banned any Tuscan subject from being educated outside the Grand Duchy, a law later resurrected by Maria Maddalena's grandson, Cosimo III.[3] Harold Acton
Harold Acton
ascribes the decline of Tuscany to their regency.[3] The Dowager Grand Duchesses sent Ferdinando on a tour of Europe in 1627.[4] The Grand Duchess died aged 42 after a visit to her brother Leopold in Innsbruck
Innsbruck
on the way back to Passau, Germany. Her son had been in power for a year. Issue[edit]

Maria Cristina de' Medici (August 24, 1609 – August 9, 1632), she was deformed or mentally retarded [5] Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(July 14, 1610 – May 23, 1670) married Vittoria della Rovere. Gian Carlo de' Medici
Gian Carlo de' Medici
(July 24, 1611 – January 23, 1663) made Cardinal in 1644. Margherita de' Medici
Margherita de' Medici
(May 31, 1612 – February 6, 1679) married Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma. Mattias de' Medici
Mattias de' Medici
(May 9, 1613 – October 14, 1667) appointed Governor of Siena. Francesco de' Medici (October 16, 1614 – July 25, 1634). Anna de' Medici (July 21, 1616 – September 11, 1676) married Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria
Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria
(1628–1662) Leopoldo de' Medici
Leopoldo de' Medici
(November 6, 1617 – November 10, 1675), made Cardinal in 1667.

Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria

16. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor

8. Philip I of Castile

17. Mary of Burgundy

4. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

18. Ferdinand II of Aragon

9. Joanna of Castile

19. Isabella I of Castile

2. Charles II of Austria

20. Casimir IV Jagiellon

10. Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary

21. Elisabeth of Austria

5. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary

22. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale

11. Anna of Foix-Candale

23. Catherine of Foix

1. Maria Maddalena of Austria

24. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria

12. William IV, Duke of Bavaria

25. Kunigunde of Austria

6. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria

26. Philip I of Baden

13. Marie of Baden-Sponheim

27. Elisabeth of the Palatinate

3. Maria Anna of Bavaria

28. Philip I of Castile
Philip I of Castile
(= 8.)

14. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(= 4.)

29. Joanna of Castile
Joanna of Castile
(= 9.)

7. Anna of Austria

30. Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary
Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary
(= 10.)

15. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
(= 5.)

31. Anna of Foix-Candale
Anna of Foix-Candale
(= 11.)

Citations[edit]

^ Hale, p 151 ^ Acton, p 111 ^ a b Acton, p 192 ^ Strathern, p 375 ^ Medici Archive

Bibliography[edit]

Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, Macmillan, London, 1980, ISBN 0-333-29315-0 Strathern, Paul: The Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance, Vintage books, London, 2003, ISBN 978-0-09-952297-3 Hale, J.R.: Florence and the Medici, Orion books, London, 1977, ISBN 1-84212-456-0

Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria House of Habsburg Born: 7 October 1589 Died: 1 November 1631

Italian royalty

Preceded by Christina of Lorraine Grand Ducal consort of Tuscany 1609–1621 Vacant Title next held by Vittoria della Rovere

v t e

Austrian archduchesses by birth

1st generation

none

2nd generation

Archduchess Helena Kunigunde, Duchess of Bavaria

3rd generation

Margaret, Duchess of Savoy

4th generation

Eleanor, Queen of Portugal/France* Isabella, Queen of Denmark and Norway* Maria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia* Catherine, Queen of Portugal*

5th generation

Elisabeth, Queen of Poland Maria, Holy Roman Empress* Anna, Duchess of Bavaria Archduchess Isabella* Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg Archduchess Magdalena Catherine, Queen of Poland Eleanor, Duchess of Mantua Archduchess Margaret Joanna, Princess of Portugal* Barbara, Duchess of Ferrara Archduchess Ursula Archduchess Helena Joanna, Grand Duchess of Tuscany

6th generation

Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Hetherlands* Catherine Michelle, Duchess of Savoy* Archduchess Maria* Anna, Queen of Spain Elisabeth, Queen of France Archduchess Maria (1555–56) Archduchess Maria (1564) Archduchess Margaret (1567–1633) Archduchess Eleanor (1568–80) Archduchess Maria (1562–67) Archduchess Anna Eleanor Archduchess Maria (1584–1649) Anna, Holy Roman Empress Anna, Queen of Poland Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania Archduchess Catherine Renata Archduchess Elisabeth (1577–86) Archduchess Gregoria Maximiliana Archduchess Eleanor (1582–1620) Margaret, Queen of Spain Constance, Queen of Poland Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany

7th generation

Archduchess Christine Anna, Queen of France* Archduchess Maria Maria Anna, Holy Roman Empress* Archduchess Anna Mauritia Maria Anna, Electress of Bavaria Archduchess Margarita Francisca* Cecilia Renata, Queen of Poland Archduchess Maria Eleanor Isabella Clara, Duchess of Mantua Maria Leopoldine, Holy Roman Empress

8th generation

Archduchess Maria Margarita* Archduchess Margarita Maria Catalina* Archduchess Maria Eugenia* Archduchess Isabella Maria Teresa* Maria Anna, Queen of Spain Archduchess Maria Anna Antonia* Maria Theresa, Queen of France* Archduchess Maria Margarita Teresa, Holy Roman Empress* Archduchess Theresia Maria Josepha Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine Claudia Felicitas, Holy Roman Empress Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate Archduchess Maria Ambrosia de la Concepción* Archduchess Maria Magdalena

9th generation

Maria Antonia, Electress of Bavaria Archduchess Maria Anna Antonia Archduchess Anna Maria Archduchess Maria Josepha Archduchess Christina Archduchess Maria Elisabeth Maria Anna, Queen of Portugal Archduchess Maria Theresa Archduchess Maria Josepha Archduchess Maria Magdalena Archduchess Maria Margaretha

10th generation

Maria Josepha, Queen of Poland Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa Maria Anna, Princess Charles Alexander of Lorraine Archduchess Maria Amalia

11th generation

Archduchess Maria Elisabeth^ Archduchess Maria Anna^ Archduchess Maria Carolina^ Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen^ Archduchess Maria Elisabeth^ Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma^ Archduchess Maria Carolina^ Archduchess Johanna^ Archduchess Maria Josepha^ Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples^ Marie Antonia, Queen of France^

12th generation

Archduchess Maria Theresa Archduchess Marie Christine Maria Theresia, Queen of Saxony^ Archduchess Maria Anna^ Maria Theresa, Queen of Sardinia# Archduchess Maria Josepha# Maria Leopoldine, Electress of Bavaria# Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples^ Archduchess Maria Amalia^ Archduchess Maria Antonia# Maria Ludovika, Empress of Austria#

13th generation

Archduchess Ludovika Elisabeth Marie Louise, Empress of the French Archduchess Carolina Ferdinande^ Archduchess Maria Caroline Archduchess Caroline Ludovika Maria Leopoldina, Empress of Brazil Clementina, Princess of Salerno Archduchess Maria Luisa^ Archduchess Alexandrine Maria Theresa, Queen of Sardinia^ Marie Caroline, Crown Princess of Saxony Archduchess Maria Anna Archduchess Amalia Theresa Maria Theresa, Queen of the Two Sicilies Maria Theresa, Countess of Chambord# Archduchess Hermine Archduchess Franziska Archduchess Maria Caroline Adelaide, Queen of Sardinia Maria Beatrix, Countess of Montizón# Archduchess Maria Caroline Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska Marie Henriette, Queen of the Belgians

14th generation

Archduchess Maria Anna Archduchess Maria Carolina^ Auguste Ferdinande, Princess Luitpold of Bavaria^ Archduchess Maria Maximiliana^ Maria Isabella, Countess of Trapani^ Archduchess Maria Theresia^ Archduchess Maria Cristina^ Archduchess Maria Anna^ Maria Theresa, Duchess Philipp of Württemberg Archduchess Mathilda Maria Christina, Queen of Spain Archduchess Maria Eleonora Archduchess Elisabeth Maria Dorothea, Duchess of Orléans Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis Archduchess Elisabeth Henriette Archduchess Klotilde Maria Theresa, Queen of Bavaria#

15th generation

Archduchess Sophie Gisela, Princess Leopold of Bavaria Archduchess Marie Valerie Margarete Sophie, Duchess of Württemberg Archduchess Maria Annunziata Elisabeth, Princess Aloys of Liechtenstein Archduchess Maria Antonietta^ Luise, Crown Princess of Saxony^ Anna, Princess of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein^ Archduchess Margareta^ Archduchess Germana^ Archduchess Agnes^ Archduchess Maria Theresa^ Karoline Marie, Princess Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha^ Archduchess Maria Antonietta^ Maria Immaculata, Duchess of Württemberg^ Archduchess Henriette^ Maria Christina, Princess Emmanuel of Salm-Salm Maria Anna, Princess Elias of Bourbon Parma Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst Archduchess Natalie Archduchess Stephanie Archduchess Gabrielle Isabella, Princess Georg of Bavaria Alice, Baroness Waldbott of Bassenheim Archduchess Eleonora, Mrs. Alfons von Kloss Renata, Princess Hieronymus Radziwill Mechthildis, Princess Olgierd Czartoryski Archduchess Gisele Archduchess Sophie Archduchess Magdalena

16th generation

Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz Helena, Duchess Philipp of Württemberg^ Rosa, Duchess of Württemberg^ Archduchess Dolores^ Maria Inmaculada, Nobile Inigo Neri Sereneri^ Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio^ Princess Maria Antonia, Mrs. Luis Pérez^ Archduchess Assunta, Mrs. Joseph Hopfinger^ Elisabeth, Countess of Waldburg-Zeil^ Hedwig, Countess of Stolberg-Stolberg^ Gertrud, Countess of Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg^ Archduchess Maria Elisabeth^ Archduchess Agnes^ Archduchess Margarethe, Mrs. Alexander Cech Ilona, Duchess of Mecklenburg Archduchess Anna Theresia Archduchess Maria Kynga, Mrs. Joachim Krist

17th generation

Descent of Charles I : Archduchess Adelheid Charlotte, Duchess of Mecklenburg Elisabeth, Princess Heinrich of Liechtenstein Tuscany : Elisabeth, Edle Hubert von Braun^ Alice, Baroness Vittorio Manno^ Marie Antoinette, Baroness of Proff in Irnich^ Archduchess Marie Christine^ Archduchess Walburga, Mrs. Carlos Tasso^ Archduchess Verena^ Archduchess Katharina, Mrs. Roland Huber^ Agnes, Baroness Peter of Fürstenberg^ Maria Ileana, Countess Adam Kottulinski^ Alexandra, Baroness Viktor of Baillou^ Maria Magdalena, Baroness of Holzhausen^ Archduchess Elisabeth, Mrs. Friedrich Sandhofer^ Agnes, Princess Karl Alfred of Liechtenstein^ Archduchess Maria Margaretha^ Archduchess Ludovica^ Archduchess Allix^ Josepha, Countess Clemens of Waldstein-Wartenberg^ Valerie, Margravine of Baden^ Alberta, Baroness Alexander of Kottwitz-Erdödy^ Theresa, Princess Rasso of Bavaria^ Maria Inmakulata, Countess Reinhart of Hoensbroech^ Palatines : Archduchess Monika, Mrs. Charles de Rambures Archduchess Marie Christine, Mrs. Raymond van der Meide Archduchess Maria, Mrs. Wilhelm de Witt Margherita, Countess Benedikt of Piatti

18th generation

Descent of Charles I : Andrea, Hereditary Countess of Neipperg Monika, Duchess of Maqueda Michaela, Countess Hubertus of Kageneck Archduchess Gabriela, Mrs. Christian Meister Walburga, Countess Archibald Douglas Maria Beatrix, Countess Riprand of Arco-Zinneberg# Isabella, Countess Andrea Czarnocki-Lucheschi# Maria del Pilar, Edle Vollrad-Joachim von Poschinger Kinga, Baroness Wolfgang of Erffa Archduchess Marie Adelheid, Mrs. Jaime Corcuerra Archduchess Viridis, Mrs. Karl Dunning-Gribble Archduchess Alexandra, Mrs. Héctor Riesle Maria Constanza, Princess of Auersperg-Trautson Maria Anna, Princess Peter Galitzine Catharina, Countess Maximiliano Secco d'Aragona Descent of Maximilian : Archduchess Elisabeth, Mrs. James Litchfield Sophie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz Archduchess Marie Christine, Mrs. Clemens Guggenberg Tuscany : Archduchess Marie Bernadette, Mrs. Rupert Wolff^ Archduchess Katharina, Mrs. Niall Brooks^ Archduchess Alicia^ Archduchess Maria Christina^ Archduchess Margaretha, Mrs. Andreas Baumgartner^ Archduchess Marie Valerie, Mrs. Martin Josef Wagner^ Archduchess Hedwig^ Archduchess Veronika^ Palatines : Archduchess Johanna Archduchess Elisabeth Archduchess Celina Archduchess Maria Floriana Archduchess Sofía Archduchess Anna Carolina Archduchess Theresa Archduchess Sophie Archduchess Ladislaya

19th generation

Descent of Charles I : Archduchess Eleonore Archduchess Gloria Archduchess Sophie Archduchess Hilda Archduchess Maria Laura#° Archduchess Luisa Maria#° Archduchess Laetitia Maria#° Archduchess Helen# Archduchess Sophia Archduchess Maria Theresa Archduchess Margherite Archduchess Priscilla Archduchess Marie des Neiges Marie Christine, Countess Rodolphe of Limburg-Stirum Archduchess Gabriella Archduchess Antonia Archduchess Isabelle Archduchess Carlotta Descent of Maximilian : Archduchess Katharina Archduchess Amaya Archduchess Paulina Archduchess Lara Archduchess Leonie Tuscany : Archduchess Tatyana^ Archduchess Anabella^ Archduchess Tara^ Archduchess Valentina^

20th generation

Descent of Charles I : Archduchess Zita Archduchess Anežka Archduchess Anna Archduchess Maria Stella * Archduchess Anna Astrid

* also an infanta of Spain ^ also a princess of Tuscany # also a princess of Modena ° also a princess of Belgium

v t e

Tuscan princesses by marriage

Generations are numbered from the daughters-in-law of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

1st generation

Archduchess Joanna of Austria Eleonora di Garzia di Toledo

2nd generation

Archduchess Maria Magdalena of Austria

3rd generation

None

4th generation

Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga

5th generation

Duchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria Duchess Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg

6th generation

None

7th generation

Princess Isabella of Parma* Princess Maria Josepha of Bavaria* Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain* Maria Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Massa*

8th generation

Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg* Princess Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Naples and Sicily* Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily* Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg* Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia* Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym* Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg* Princess Elisabeth of Savoy*

9th generation

Princess Maria Anna of Saxony*

10th generation

Princess Anna of Saxony* Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies*

11th generation

Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies* Infanta Blanca of Spain* Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria*

12th generation

Princess Dorothea of Bavaria* Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems* Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm* Countess Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Waldburg-Zeil*

13th generation

Princess Laetitia of Arenberg* Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak* Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^* Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein* Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann* Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg* Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg* Freiin Edith von Sternbach*

14th generation

Elyssa Edmonstone^* Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein*

^did not have a royal or noble title by birth * also an archduchess of Austria by marriage

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Grand Duchesses of Tuscany

Archduchess Joanna of Austria (1574-1578) Donna Bianca Cappello
Bianca Cappello
(1579-1587) Princess Christina of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
(1589-1609) Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria
Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria
(1609-1621) Donna Vittoria della Rovere
Vittoria della Rovere
(1634-1670) Princess Marguerite Louise of Orléans (1670-1721) Duchess Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg
Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg
(1689-1728) Archduchess Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Austria (1737–1765) Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain
Maria Luisa of Spain
(1765-1790) Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily
Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily
(1790-1801) Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony
Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony
(1821–1824) Princess Maria Anna of Saxony
Princess Maria Anna of Saxony
(1824-1832) Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (1833-1859)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7364007 LCCN: n86023532 GND: 136431070 SELIBR: 209153 SUDOC: 147545285 ULAN: 500353

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