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This article lists the Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
during the period of time that Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire. The Mark, or March, of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was one of the primary constituent states of the Holy Roman Empire. It was created in 1157 as the Margraviate of Brandenburg
Margraviate of Brandenburg
by Albert the Bear, Margrave of the Northern March. In 1356, by the terms of the Golden Bull of Charles IV, the Margrave of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was given the permanent right to participate in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
with the title of Elector (German: Kurfürst). The early rulers came from several different dynasties, but from 1415 Brandenburg
Brandenburg
and its successor states were ruled by the House of Hohenzollern for over 500 years. From 1618 onward, Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was ruled in personal union with the Duchy of Prussia. The Hohenzollerns raised Prussia to a kingdom as the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
in 1701, and from then on Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was de facto treated as part of the kingdom even though it was legally still part of the Holy Roman Empire. The titles of Margrave of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
and Elector of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
were abolished along with the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806, and Brandenburg was formally integrated into Prussia. Despite this, the Prussian kings still included the title "Margrave of Brandenburg" in their royal style. From 1871 to 1918 the Hohenzollerns were also German Emperors.

Contents

1 Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg

1.1 House of Wittelsbach 1.2 Luxemburg Dynasty 1.3 House of Hohenzollern

1.3.1 Partitions of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
under Hohenzollern rule 1.3.2 Table of rulers

2 Titular Margraves of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
after 1806 3 Upper Presidents of Brandenburg 4 Land Directors of Brandenburg 5 Post-monarchy

5.1 Prime Minister of Brandenburg, 1945–1952 5.2 Ministers President of Brandenburg, 1990 to date

6 Notes 7 See also

Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg[edit]

Ascanian Dynasty

Name Reign Comments

Albert I the Bear 1157–1170 Ruler of the Nordmark from 1134. Called "Albert the Bear".

Otto I 1170–1184 Son of Albert I. Ruled together with his father from 1144.

Otto II the Generous 1184–1205 Son of preceding.

Albert II 1205–1220 Brother.

John I Otto III the Pious

1220–1266 1220-1267

Co-rulers, sons of Albert II.

From 1266 to 1319, Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was held by the two lines of Brandenburg-Stendal and Brandenburg-Salzwedel, all of whom jointly shared the title of Margrave.

Brandenburg-Stendal Brandenburg-Salzwedel

Co-rulers, sons of John I:

1266-1282: John II, Conrad, Otto IV of the Arrow, Henry I Lackland 1282-1304: Conrad, Otto IV of the Arrow, Henry I Lackland 1304-1308: Otto IV of the Arrow, Henry I Lackland 1308-1317: Henry I Lackland, Valdemar I the Great

Co-rulers, sons of Otto III:

1267-1268: John III of Prague, Otto V the Tall, Otto VI the Short, Albert III 1268-1291: Otto V the Tall, Otto VI the Short, Albert III 1291-1298: Otto V the Tall, Albert III 1298-1300: Albert III, Herman I the Tall 1300-1308: Herman I the Tall 1308-1317: John V the Illustrious

Reunited Brandenburg

1317-1318: Henry I Lackland, Valdemar I the Great 1318-1319: Valdemar I the Great 1319-1320: Henry II the Child

After the extinction of the Ascanian dynasty in 1320, Brandenburg
Brandenburg
came under the control of the Emperor Louis IV of the House of Wittelsbach, who granted Brandenburg
Brandenburg
to his eldest son, Louis V of Bavaria.

House of Wittelsbach[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes

Louis I the Brandenburger

May 1315 1323-1351 18 September 1361 Margraviate of Brandenburg Margaret of Denmark 1324 no children

Margaret, Countess of Tyrol 10 February 1342 Meran four children In 1351 his brothers Louis and Otto gave up their inheritance in Bavaria, in excnhange of the Electoral dignity in Brandenburg.

Louis II the Roman

7 May 1328 1351-1356 17 May 1365 Margraviate of Brandenburg Cunigunde of Poland before 1349 no children

Ingeborg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1360 no children Elevated in 1356 by the as First Elector of Brandenburg.

Louis II the Roman

7 May 1328 1356-1365 17 May 1365 Electorate of Brandenburg Cunigunde of Poland before 1349 no children

Ingeborg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1360 no children Elevated in 1356 by the as First Elector of Brandenburg

Otto VII the Lazy

1340/42 1365-1373 15 November 1379 Electorate of Brandenburg Catherine of Bohemia 19 March 1366 no children Co-ruler of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
with his brother from 1351, but as a minor (b. 1346) took no part in administration until his brother's death. Abdicated 1373 but retained Electoral title. Died 1379.

Luxemburg Dynasty[edit]

Image Name Began Ended Comments

Wenceslaus Wenzel 2 October 1373 29 November 1378 Emperor Charles IV forced the last Wittelsbach Elector to abdicate, and then installed his own son, Wenceslaus. As Wenceslaus was still a minor (b. 1361), the Emperor administered the margraviate for him.

Sigismund 29 November 1378 1388 Younger brother of Wenceslaus; took control of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
on his brother's ascension as King of Germany and Bohemia. Gave up Brandenburg
Brandenburg
to his cousin Jobst as security for a substantial loan.

Jobst 1388 16 January 1411 Sigismund's first cousin, nephew of Charles IV. Elected as German King in 1410 in opposition to Sigismund, but died very shortly afterwards.

Sigismund 16 January 1411 30 April 1415 Following Jobst's death, Sigismund regained control of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
and was elected undisputed King of Germany.

House of Hohenzollern[edit] Partitions of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
under Hohenzollern rule[edit]

Electorate of Brandenburg (1415-1440) Margraviate of Brandenburg (under Luxemburg rule)

      

       Margraviate of Brandenburg (1426-1440)

Electorate of Brandenburg
Electorate of Brandenburg
and Margraviate of Brandenburg-Brandenburg (1440-1618) Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1440-1791) Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1st creation) (1440-1457)

      

       Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (2nd creation) (1486-1495)

      

       Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (3rd creation) (1515-1535)

       Margraviate of Brandenburg-Küstrin (1535-1571)

      

      

       Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (changed seat from Kulmbach
Kulmbach
to Bayreuth) (1603-1769)

Electorate of Brandenburg, Duchy of Prussia
Duchy of Prussia
and Margraviate of Brandenburg-Brandenburg (1618-1701)

       Margraviate of Brandenburg-Schwedt (1692-1788)

Electorate of Brandenburg
Electorate of Brandenburg
and Kingdom of Prussia (1701-1806)

      

      

      

Kingdom of Prussia (1806-1918)

Table of rulers[edit] (Note: Here the numbering of the princes is the same for all principalities, as all were titled Margraves of Brandenburg, despite of the different parts of land and its particular numbering of the rulers. The princes are numbered by the year of their succession.)

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes

Frederick I Friedrich I

21 September 1371 30 April 1415 - 20 September 1440 20 September 1440 Electorate of Brandenburg Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut 18 September 1401 ten children Originally Burgrave of Nuremberg as Frederick VI. Appointed by King Sigismund in 1415 and enfeoffed in 1417.

Frederick I

8 May 1460 1417-1426 4 April 1536 Margraviate of Brandenburg Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut 18 September 1401 ten children In spite of being granted with the Electorate in 1415, the Margraviate was only given to him in 1417, which he abdicate to his son in 1426. In 1420 joined all his ancestors' Nurembergian lands with Brandenburg.

John VI the Alchemist

1406 1426-1440 16 November 1464 Margraviate of Brandenburg Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg 1416 four children Received the Margraviate of Brandenburg
Margraviate of Brandenburg
from his father. However, after the latter's death, Brnadenburg was redivided, and from then on retained Kulmbach. Abdicated 1457.

1440-1457 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

Frederick II Irontooth Friedrich II

21 September 1371 20 September 1440 - 10 February 1471 10 February 1471 Margraviate of Brandenburg
Margraviate of Brandenburg
and Electorate of Brandenburg Catherine of Saxony 11 June 1441 Wittenberg three children Reunited definitely the Margraviate and the Electorate of Brandenburg; however, his father gave to his brothers the lands of Ansbach
Ansbach
and Kulmbach.

Albert IV Achilles

9 November 1414 1440-1457 11 March 1486 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Margaret of Baden 1446 four children

Anna of Saxony 12 November 1458 Ansbach thirteen children Received Ansbach
Ansbach
after his father's death. In 1457 inherited the land of his brother, reuniting both lands. Became Elector 1471.

1457-1486 Margraviate of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
and Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

Albert IV Achilles Albrecht Achilles

9 November 1414 10 February 1471 - 11 March 1486 11 March 1486 Electorate of Brandenburg Margaret of Baden 1446 four children

Anna of Saxony 12 November 1458 Ansbach thirteen children Brother of his predecessor.

John VII Cicero Johann Cicero

2 August 1455 11 March 1486 - 9 January 1499 9 January 1499 Electorate of Brandenburg Margaret of Thuringia 15 August 1476 Berlin six children Eldest son of Albert Achilles.

Sigismund

27 September 1468 1486-1495 26 February 1495 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Unmarried Received Kulmbach
Kulmbach
after his father's death. Left no descendants, and Kulmbach
Kulmbach
returned to Ansbach.

Frederick III the Elder

8 May 1460 1486-1495 4 April 1536 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Sophia of Poland 14 February 1479 Frankfurt (Oder) seventeen children Received Ansbach
Ansbach
after his father's death. In 1495 inherited the land of his brother. In 1515 the lands were separated again.

1495-1515 Margraviate of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
and Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

1515-1536 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach

Joachim I Nestor

21 February 1484 9 January 1499 - 11 July 1535 11 July 1535 Electorate of Brandenburg Elizabeth of Denmark 10 April 1502 Berlin five children

Casimir I

27 December 1481 1515-1527 21 September 1527 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Susanna of Bavaria 25 August 1518 Augsburg five children Eldest son of Frederick III, received Kulmbach
Kulmbach
in his father's lifetime.

George of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(regent)

4 March 1484 1527-1541 27 December 1543 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Beatrice de Frangepan 21 January 1509 Gyula no children

Hedwig of Münsterberg-Oels 9 January 1525 Oleśnica two children

Emilie of Saxony 25 August 1533 four children Heir of Frederick III and brother of Casimir, became regent on behalf of his nephew, in 1527.

Albert V Alcibiades the Warlike

28 March 1522 1541-1557 8 January 1557 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Unmarried Left no descendants, and Kulmbach
Kulmbach
returned to Ansbach.

Joachim II Hector

13 January 1505 11 July 1535 - 3 January 1571 3 January 1571 Electorate of Brandenburg Magdalena of Saxony 6 November 1524 Dresden six children

Hedwig of Poland 29 August/1 September 1535 Kraków six children First Protestant Elector of Brandenburg.

John VIII

3 August 1513 1535-1571 13 January 1571 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Küstrin Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 11 November 1537 Wolfenbüttel two children Son of Elector Joachim I. The Margraviate of Küstrin
Küstrin
was created for him. After his death without male descendants, Küstrin
Küstrin
was annexed again to the Electorate.

George I the Pious

4 March 1484 1536-1543 27 December 1543 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Beatrice de Frangepan 21 January 1509 Gyula no children

Hedwig of Münsterberg-Oels 9 January 1525 Oleśnica two children

Emilie of Saxony 25 August 1533 four children

Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg
Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg
(regent)

13 January 1505 1543-c.1548 3 January 1571 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Magdalena of Saxony 6 November 1524 Dresden six children

Hedwig of Poland 29 August/1 September 1535 Kraków six children Regents on behalf of George I's son.

John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
(regent)

30 June 1503 1543-1547 3 March 1554 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Sibylle of Cleves 9 February 1527 Torgau four children

Maurice, Elector of Saxony (regent)

13 January 1505 1547-c.1548 3 January 1571 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Agnes of Hesse 9 January 1541 Marburg two children

Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
(regent)

13 November 1504 1543-c.1548 31 March 1567 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Christine of Saxony 11 December 1523 Kassel ten children

Margarethe von der Saale 14 March 1540 Rotenburg (bigamous and morganatic) nine children

George Frederick I the Elder

5 April 1539 c.1548-1557 25 April 1603 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin 26 December 1558 Küstrin no children

Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg 3 May 1579 Dresden tno children In 1557 reunited Kulmbach
Kulmbach
to Ansbach
Ansbach
once more. Left no descendants, and the Margraviates passed to sons of the Elector John George.

1557-1603 Margraviate of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
and Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

John George Johann Georg

11 September 1525 3 January 1571 - 8 January 1598 8 January 1598 Electorate of Brandenburg Sophie of Legnica 15 February 1545 one child

Sabina of Brandenburg-Ansbach 12 February 1548 Ansbach eleven children

Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst 6 October 1577 Letzlingen eleven children

Joachim Frederick Joachim Friedrich

27 January 1546 8 January 1598 - 18 July 1608 18 July 1608 Electorate of Brandenburg Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin 8 January 1570 Küstrin eleven children

Eleanor of Prussia 2 November 1603 Berlin one child

Joachim Ernest

22 June 1583 1603-1625 7 March 1625 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Sophie of Solms-Laubach 1612 Ansbach three children Son of Elector John George. Received Ansbach

Christian

30 January 1581 1603-1655 30 May 1655 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Maria of Prussia 29 April 1604 Kulmbach nine children Son of Elector John George. Received Kulmbach. In 1604 moved the capital of the Margraviate to Bayreuth. From 1604 on, Brandenburg- Kulmbach
Kulmbach
changed its name to Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

John Sigismund Johann Sigismund

8 November 1572 18 July 1608 - 3 November 1619 23 December 1619 Electorate of Brandenburg Anna of Prussia 30 October 1594 Königsberg eight children Duke of Prussia from 1618.

George William I Georg Wilhelm

13 November 1595 3 November 1619 - 1 December 1640 1 December 1640 Electorate of Brandenburg Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate 24 July 1616 Heidelberg four children His reign was marked by ineffective governance during the Thirty Years' War. Also Duke of Prussia.

Frederick IV

1 May 1616 1625-1634 6 September 1634 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Unmarried Left no descendants. He was succeeded by his brother.

Albert VI

18 September 1620 1634-1667 22 October 1667 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Henriette Louise of Württemberg-Mömpelgard 31 August 1642 Stuttgart three children

Sophie Margarete of Oettingen-Oettingen 15 October 1651 Oettingen five children

Christine of Baden-Durlach 6 August 1665 Durlach no children

Frederick William I the Great Elector Friedrich Wilhelm

16 February 1620 1 December 1640 - 29 April 1688 29 April 1688 Electorate of Brandenburg Louise Henriette of Nassau 7 December 1646 The Hague six children

Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 13 July 1668 Gröningen seven children Also Duke of Prussia.

Christian Ernest

6 August 1644 1655-1712 20 May 1712 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Erdmuthe Sophie of Saxony 29 October 1662 Dresden no children

Sofie Louise of Württemberg 8 February 1671 Stuttgart six children

Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg 30 March 1703 Potsdam nine children Son of Erdmann August, son of Christian I.

John Frederick

18 October 1654 1667-1686 22 March 1686 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Johanna Elisabeth of Baden-Durlach 26 January 1673 Durlach five children

Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach 4 November 1681 Eisenach three children

Appointed regency (1686-1692)

Christian Albert

18 September 1675 1686-1692 16 October 1692) Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Unmarried Died as a minor; he was succeeded by his brother.

Frederick V Friedrich I

11 July 1657 29 April 1688 - 25 February 1713 25 February 1713 Electorate of Brandenburg Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel 13 August 1679 Potsdam one child

Sophia Charlotte of Hanover 8 October 1684 Herrenhausen two children

Sophia Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 28 November 1708 Berlin no children Also Duke of Prussia. In 1701 became the first King in Prussia, as Frederick I.

George Frederick II

3 May 1678 1692-1703 29 March 1703 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Unmarried Died without descendants; he was succeeded by his brother.

Philip William

19 May 1669 1692-1711 19 December 1711 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Schwedt Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau 25 January 1699 Oranienbaum six children Son of Elector Frederick William I. The Margraviate of Schwedt was created for him.

William Frederick

8 January 1686 1703-1723 7 January 1723 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental 28 August 1709 Stuttgart three children

Frederick William II

17 November 1700 1711-1771 4 March 1771 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Schwedt Sophia Dorothea of Prussia 10 November 1734 Potsdam five children Left no male descendants. The title passed to his brother, Frederick Henry.

George William II

26 November 1678 1712-1726 18 December 1726 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Sophie of Saxe-Weissenfels 16 October 1699 Leipzig five children

Frederick William III the Soldier-King Friedrich Wilhelm I

14 August 1688 25 February 1713 - 31 May 1740 31 May 1740 Electorate of Brandenburg Sophia Dorothea of Hanover 28 November 1706 Berlin fourteen children Also King of Prussia as Frederick William I.

Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental
Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental
(regent)

20 August 1694 1723-1729 25 December 1729 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach William Frederick 28 August 1709 Stuttgart three children

Charles William Frederick the Wild Margrave

12 May 1712 1729-1757 3 August 1757 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Friederike Luise of Prussia 30 May 1729 Berlin two children

George Frederick Charles

30 June 1688 1726-1735 17 May 1735 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 17 April 1709 Reinfeld five children

Frederick VI

10 May 1711 1735-1763 26 February 1763 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Wilhelmine of Prussia 17 April 1709 Berlin one child

Sophie Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 20 September 1759 Brunswick no children Left no male descendants; the title passe to Frederick Christian, from a collateral Bayreuth line.

Frederick VII the Great Friedrich II

24 January 1712 31 May 1740 - 17 August 1786 17 August 1786 Electorate of Brandenburg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern 12 June 1733 Wolfenbüttel no children Also King of Prussia as Frederick II. King in Prussia to 1772; after annexations of Polish Prussian territory, "King of Prussia". Left no descendants. The title passed to his nephew, Frederick William II of Prussia.

Charles Alexander

24 February 1736 1757-1769 5 January 1806 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Frederica Caroline of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 22 November 1754 Coburg no children

Elizabeth Craven 13/30 October 1791 Lisbon morganatic no children In 1769 reunited both Margraviates of Ansbach
Ansbach
and Bayreuth.

Frederick Christian

17 July 1708 1763-1769 20 January 1769 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Victoria Charlotte of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym 26 April 1732 Schaumburg two children Great-grandson of Christian I and cousin of his predecessors. Left no male descendants; Bayreuth was reunited to Ansbach.

Charles Alexander

24 February 1736 1769-1791 5 January 1806 Margraviate of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
and Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth Frederica Caroline of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 22 November 1754 Coburg no children

Elizabeth Craven 13/30 October 1791 Lisbon morganatic no children In 1791 sold both Margraviates to the Kingdom of Prussia.

Frederick Henry

21 August 1709 1771-1788 12 December 1788 Margraviate of Brandenburg-Schwedt Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau 13 February 1739 two children Left no male descendants. Schwedt went back to the Electorate.

Frederick William IV Friedrich Wilhelm II

25 September 1744 17 August 1786 - 16 November 1797 16 November 1797 Electorate of Brandenburg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 14 July 1765 Salzdahlum (annulled 18 April 1769) one child

Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt 14 July 1769 Berlin eight children

Julie von Voss 7 April 1787 Berlin (morganatic and bigamous) no children

Sophie von Dönhoff 11 April 1790 Berlin (morganatic and bigamous) two children Nephew of Frederick the Great, as son of Augustus William, his brother. Also King of Prussia as Frederick William II.

Frederick William V Friedrich Wilhelm III

3 August 1770 16 November 1797 - 6 August 1806 7 June 1840 Electorate of Brandenburg Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 24 December 1793 Berlin ten children

Auguste von Harrach 9 November 1824 Berlin (morganatic) no children King of Prussia (as Frederick William III) and last Elector of Brandenburg. The Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
was dissolved in 1806, after which Frederick William ruled as independent King of Prussia (including Brandenburg) to his death in 1840.

v t e

Electors of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
from 1356 to 1806

   

Spiritual Mainz Trier Cologne

Secular Bohemia Palatine Saxony Brandenburg

Added in the 17th century Bavaria (1623) Brunswick-Lüneburg (1692)

Added in the 19th century Regensburg Salzburg (1803–1805) Würzburg (1805–1806) Württemberg Baden Hesse

Titular Margraves of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
after 1806[edit] This includes Kings of Prussia with the title of Margrave of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
(1806–1918) and pretenders to the throne of Prussia (1918–present)

Margrave Portrait Lifespan Reign start Reign end

Frederick William III Friedrich Wilhelm III

3 August 1770 – 7 June 1840 6 August 1806 7 June 1840

Frederick William IV Friedrich Wilhelm IV

15 October 1795 – 2 January 1861 7 June 1840 2 January 1861

William I Wilhelm I

22 March 1797 – 9 March 1888 2 January 1861 9 March 1888

Frederick III Friedrich III

18 October 1831 – 15 June 1888 9 March 1888 15 June 1888

William II Wilhelm II

27 January 1859 – 4 June 1941 15 June 1888 Prussian monarchy abolished on 28 November 1918 4 June 1941

William III Wilhelm III

6 May 1882 – 20 July 1951 4 June 1941 20 July 1951

Louis Ferdinand I Ludwig Ferdinand I

9 November 1907 – 26 September 1994 20 July 1951 26 September 1994

George Frederick I Georg Friedrich I

10 June 1976 – present 26 September 1994 Incumbent

Upper Presidents of Brandenburg[edit] In 1815 Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was constituted as the Prussian Province of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
without a sovereign ruler, but with Upper Presidents appointed by the central Prussian government. The upper president carried out central prerogatives on the provincial level and supervised the implementation of central policy on the lower levels of administration.

1815–1824: Georg Friedrich Christian von Heydebreck (1765–1828) 1825–1840: Friedrich Magnus von Bassewitz (1773–1858) 1840–1842: vacancy 1842–1848: August Werner von Meding (1792–1871) 1848–1849: Robert von Patow (1804–1890), per pro 1849–1850: vacancy 1849–1850: August Hermann Klemens Freiherr Wolff von Metternich (1803–1872), per pro 1850–1858: Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell
Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell
(1786–1865) 1859–1862: Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell
Eduard Heinrich von Flottwell
(1786–1865) 1862: Werner Ludolph Erdmann von Selchow (1806–1884) 1862–1879: Gustav Wilhelm von Jagow (1813–1879) 1879–1899: Heinrich von Achenbach (1829–1899) 1899–1905: Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
(1856–1921) 1905–1909: August von Trott zu Solz
August von Trott zu Solz
(1855–1938) 1909–1910: Friedrich Wilhelm von Loebell (1855–1931) 1910–1914: Alfred von Conrad (1852–1914) 1914–1917: Rudolf von der Schulenburg (1860–1930) 1917–1919: Friedrich Wilhelm von Loebell (1855–1931) 1919–1933: Adolf Maier (1871–1963) 1933–1936: Wilhelm Kube
Wilhelm Kube
(1887–1943) 1937–1945: Emil Stürtz (1892–1945), since 1936 per pro

Land Directors of Brandenburg[edit] Since 1875, with the strengthening of self-rule within the provinces, the urban and rural counties elected representatives for the provincial diets (Provinziallandtage). These parliaments legislated within the competences transferred to the provinces. The provincial diet of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
elected a provincial executive body (government), the provincial committee (Provinzialausschuss), and a head of province, the land director (Landesdirektor).[1] Self-rule was abolished under the Nazi dictatorship.

1876–1896: Albert Erdmann Karl Gerhard von Levetzow (1827–1903), German Conservative Party 1896–1912: Otto Karl Gottlob von Manteuffel (1844–1913), German Conservative Party 1912–1930: Joachim von Winterfeldt-Menkin (1865–1945) 1930–1933: Hugo Swart (1885–1952)

Post-monarchy[edit] Main article: Brandenburg

History of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
and Prussia

Northern March pre–12th century Old Prussians pre–13th century

Margraviate of Brandenburg 1157–1618 (1806) Teutonic Order 1224–1525

Duchy of Prussia 1525–1618 Royal (Polish) Prussia 1466–1772

Brandenburg-Prussia 1618–1701

Kingdom in Prussia 1701–1772

Kingdom of Prussia 1772–1918

Free State of Prussia 1918–1947 Klaipėda Region (Lithuania) 1920–1939 / 1945–present

Brandenburg (Germany) 1947–1952 / 1990–present Recovered Territories (Poland) 1918/1945–present Kaliningrad Oblast (Russia) 1945–present

After the defeat of Nazi Germany in the Second World War, Brandenburg, which had previously been merely a province of Prussia, re-emerged as a German Land. Prime Minister of Brandenburg, 1945–1952[edit]

Karl Steinhoff
Karl Steinhoff
(SPD/SED), 1945–1949. Rudolf Jahn
Rudolf Jahn
(SED), 1949–1952.

After being abolished in a reorganization of the territories administered by the German Democratic Republic
German Democratic Republic
(East Germany), the Land Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was restored in the prelude to German unification in 1990. Ministers President of Brandenburg, 1990 to date[edit]

Manfred Stolpe
Manfred Stolpe
(SPD), 1990–2002. Matthias Platzeck
Matthias Platzeck
(SPD), 2002–2013 Dietmar Woidke
Dietmar Woidke
(SPD), since 2013.

Notes[edit]

^ In other Prussian provinces the same office used to be called Landeshauptmann (about in English: land captain). Cf. article: "Landesdirektor", in: Der Große Brockhaus: Handbuch des Wissens in zwanzig Bänden: 21 vols.; Leipzig: Brockhaus, 151928–1935; Bd. 11 (1932), p. 71.

See also[edit]

List of

.