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Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(French: [kaʁne]; 18 August 1906[1] – 31 October 1996) was a French film director. A key figure in the poetic realism movement, Carné's best known films include Port of Shadows
Port of Shadows
(1938), Le Jour Se Lève (1939), The Devil's Envoys
The Devil's Envoys
(1942) and Children of Paradise (1945), the last of which has been cited as one of the greatest films of all time.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Filmography as director 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Paris, France, the son of a cabinet maker whose wife died when their son was five,[2] Carné began his career as a film critic, becoming editor of the weekly publication, Hebdo-Films,[3] and working for Cinémagazine and Cinémonde between 1929 and 1933.[4] In the same period he worked in silent film as a camera assistant with director Jacques Feyder. By age 25, Carné had already directed his first short film, Nogent, Eldorado du dimanche (1929). He assisted Feyder (and René Clair) on several films through to La kermesse héroïque (1935). Feyder accepted an invitation to work in England for Alexander Korda, for whom he made Knight Without Armour
Knight Without Armour
(1937), but made it possible for Carné to take over his project, Jenny (1936), as its director.[4] The film marked the beginning of a successful collaboration with surrealist poet and screenwriter Jacques Prévert. This collaborative relationship lasted for more than a dozen years, during which Carné and Prévert created their best remembered films. Together, they were involved in the poetic realism film movement of fatalistic tragedies. Under the German occupation of France
France
during World War II, Carné worked in the Vichy zone where he subverted the regime's attempts to control art; several of his team were Jewish, including Joseph Kosma and set designer Alexandre Trauner. Under difficult conditions they made Carné's most highly regarded film Les Enfants du paradis (Children of Paradise, 1945) released after the Liberation of France. In the late 1990s, the film was voted "Best French Film of the Century" in a poll of 600 French critics and professionals. Post war, he and Prévert followed this triumph with what at the time was the most expensive production ever undertaken in the history of French film. But the result, titled Les Portes de la nuit, was panned by the critics and a box office failure and was their last completed film. By the 1950s, Carné's reputation was in eclipse. The critics of Cahiers du cinéma, who became the film makers of the New Wave, dismissed him and placed his film's merits solely with Prévert.[5] Other than his 1958 hit Les Tricheurs, Carné's postwar films met with only uneven success and many were greeted by an almost unrelenting negative criticism from the press and within members of the film industry. In 1958, Carné was the Head of the Jury at the 6th Berlin International Film Festival.[6] His 1971 film Law Breakers was entered into the 7th Moscow International Film Festival.[7] Carné made his last film in 1976. Carné was openly homosexual. Several of his later films contain references to male homosexuality or bisexuality. His one-time partner was Roland Lesaffre who appeared in many of his films. In 1989 a book was published by Edward Baron Turk
Edward Baron Turk
as part of the Harvard Film Studies that told his story under the title Child of Paradise: Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
and the Golden Age of French Cinema. Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
died in 1996 in Clamart, Hauts-de-Seine, and was buried in the Cimetière Saint-Vincent
Cimetière Saint-Vincent
in Montmartre. Filmography as director[edit]

Nogent, Eldorado du dimanche[8] (1929, documentary short) Jenny (1936) Drôle de drame (1937) Le quai des brumes (1938) Hôtel du Nord
Hôtel du Nord
(1938) Le jour se lève (1939) Les visiteurs du soir
Les visiteurs du soir
(1942) Les enfants du paradis (1945) Les portes de la nuit (1946) La fleur de l'âge (1947) La Marie du port
La Marie du port
(1950) Juliette ou La clef des songes (1951) Thérèse Raquin (1953) L'air de Paris
Paris
(1954) Le pays d'où je viens (1956) Les tricheurs (1958) Terrain vague (1960) Du mouron pour les petits oiseaux (1963) Trois chambres à Manhattan (1965) Les jeunes loups (1968) Les assassins de l'ordre (1971) La merveilleuse visite (1974) La Bible (1977, documentary)

References[edit]

^ Article in French explaining the trouble of the date of birth of Marcel Carné ^ Gary Arnold "Vaults: Remembering Marcel Carne", Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine. The Washington Times, 9 August 2009 ^ Alan Riding "Marcel Carne, Film Director, Dies at 90", New York Times, 1 November 1996 ^ a b Richard Roud " Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
and Jacques Prevert" in Roud Cinema: A Critical Dictionary: Volume One, Aldrich to King, London: Secker & Warburg, 1980, p.189-92, 189, 191 ^ Gilbert Adair and Mike Goodridge Obituary: Marcel Carné, The Independent, 1 November 1996 ^ "6th Berlin International Film Festival: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2009-12-25.  ^ " 7th Moscow International Film Festival (1971)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2012-12-23.  ^ Michel Pérez (1986). Les Films de Carné. Ramsay Poche Cinema. p. 175. ISBN 2-84114-010-5. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marcel Carné.

They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
on IMDb Marcel Carne a tribute website Marcel Carne Bibliography (via UC Berkeley

v t e

Films directed by Marcel Carné

Bizarre, Bizarre Port of Shadows Hôtel du Nord Le Jour Se Lève Les Visiteurs du Soir Children of Paradise Gates of the Night La Marie du port Juliette, or Key of Dreams Thérèse Raquin Air of Paris Young Sinners Wasteland Three Rooms in Manhattan Law Breakers

v t e

European Film Academy Lifetime Achievement Award

  Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988)   Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1988)   Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1989)   Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1990)   Alexandre Trauner (1991)   Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1992)   Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1993)   Robert Bresson (1994)   Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1995)   Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1996)   Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1997)   Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)   Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(2000)   Monty Python
Monty Python
(2001)   Tonino Guerra
Tonino Guerra
(2002)   Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
(2003)   Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(2004)   Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2005)   Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2006)   Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(2007)   Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2008)   Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2009)   Bruno Ganz
Bruno Ganz
(2010)   Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2011)   Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(2012)   Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2013)   Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2014)   Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015)   Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(2016) Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(2017)

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 25396247 LCCN: n80060683 ISNI: 0000 0001 2393 8446 GND: 118668455 SELIBR: 182752 SUDOC: 028697138 BNF: cb11895222m (data) BIBSYS: 90109098 NDL: 00520558 BNE: XX1710

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