Maratheftiko is an ancient grape variety indigenous to Cyprus. It is also known locally as Vambakadha (Βαμβακάδα), Vambakina (Βαμβακίνα), Pampakia (Παμπακιά), Mavrospourtiko (Μαυροσπούρτικο), Aloupostaphylo (Αλουποστάφυλο). It is grown in sparse quantities around the island but mostly in the Pitsilia region. In the 1980s, with the revival of small boutique wineries in Cyprus this variety was rediscovered and its cultivation is slowly on the increase again, as it offers a distinctive character to local wines. Keo, the largest winery on the island has been one of the companies to encourage its growth. Maratheftiko does not have hermaphrodite flowers like many cultivated grape varieties and requires co-planting with other varieties in order to achieve fertilisation and fruit development. As a result of poor fertilisation, bunches are often greatly affected by Millerandage.
2004 statistics reveal that Maratheftiko cultivation covers 125 hectares which represents less than 1% of cultivated vineyards on the island.
- ^ Alternative names for cultivated grapes (limited to European Union member states only) 
- ^ Levin, David (November 1, 2000). "The Wines of Aphrodite's Isle". Wine Business Monthly. Wine Communications Group. Retrieved 2007-03-23.
- ^ Monitoring of Agricultural policy market and trade developments in Cyprus, December 2005. Agripolicy.net  Archived 2007-05-10 at the Wayback Machine.