Marah Roesli ([ˈmarah ˈrusli]; full name: Marah Rusli bin Abu Bakar)
was an Indonesian writer.
5 External links
Marah Roesli was born in Padang,
West Sumatra on August 7, 1889, and
died in Bandung,
West Java on January 17, 1968. He was one of the most
well-known Indonesian authors from the
Balai Pustaka period. He is
famous for his novel Sitti Nurbaya, which tells the story of a teenage
girl who was forced to marry a man much older than herself to
recompense his father's debt. Like other Minangkabau authors, such as
Hamka, Ali Akbar Navis, and Abdul Muis, his novels centre on the theme
of the increasingly bankrupt Minangkabau culture.
Marah Roesli's father, Sultan Abu Bakar, was a nobleman with the rank
Sultan Pangeran. Against his family's wishes,
Marah Roesli married a
Sundanese woman born in
Bogor in 1911, and they had three children,
two boys and one girl. Although this marriage was strongly abhorred by
his parents, he did not give it up.
Although he is known as a famous novelist, he was a veterinarian by
Taufik Ismail and Asrul Sani, who both completely
left their practices as veterinarians to become authors, Marah Roesli
kept working in that profession until he retired in 1952 with the
title of Head Veterinary. He loved literature from a young age, and
always loved listening to stories from the itinerant story tellers in
Western Sumatra, and reading literature.
In the history of Indonesian literature,
Marah Roesli is noted as the
first author of a novel, and was designated by Jassin as the "Father
of the Modern Indonesian Novel". Before the first novels were written
in Indonesia, the prose literature was more similar to folk stories.
Marah Roesli had higher education, and was able to access many books
from the Western tradition, especially the
prevalent at the time. His works convey the need to move away from the
strong traditional values, especially of the Minangkabau people's and
embrace the development of the period, and. In light of this, his best
Sitti Nurbaya can be read as an attempt to free the people
from the traditions that held them back and stopped young people from
following their dreams. The story creates a strong impression on the
reader, which is true to this day. After more than 80 years, this book
is still being constantly discussed and read.
In addition to Sitti Nurbaya,
Marah Roesli also wrote several other
Sitti Nurbaya is the best known one. The novel
received the annual price in literature from the Government of
Indonesia in 1969, and has been translated to Russian.
Rusli, Marah (1922). Gadis jang malang ["The old curiosity shop" by
Charles Dickens] (in Indonesian). Weltevreden: Balai Poestaka.
Rusli, Marah (1966). Siti Nurbaya (in Malay). Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka
Melayu Baru. OCLC 11150773.
Rusli, Marah (1966). Anak dan kemanakan (in Malay). Melaka: Abbas
Bandong. OCLC 10385375.
Rusli, Marah (1978). La Hami (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.
Rusli, Marah (1982). Sitti Nurbaya : kasih tak sampai (in
Indonesian). Jakarta, Indonesia: Balai Pustaka.
Rusli, Marah (2000). Anak dan kemenakan (in Indonesian). Jakarta:
Balai Pustaka. ISBN 9789796661695. OCLC 52621860.
Rusli, Marah (2009). Sitti Nurbaya : a love unrealized. Jakarta:
Lontar Foundation. ISBN 978-979-8083-79-2.
Memang Jodoh (autobiographical)
Tesna Zahera (play)
^ "Mengenal Marah Rusli, Sastrawan Indonesia". wordpress. Retrieved 18
^ "Marah Roesli". Balai Pustaka. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
^ "Marah Rusli". Badan Bahasa. Archived from the original on 23 May
2012. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
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