Maracay
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Sindoni Tower The Sindoni Tower (also known as ''Filippo Sindoni Tower'') is a building located in the Venezuelan city of Maracay. It is the highest in the city. It has an estimated height of 125 meters, and about 32 floors, making it the eighth tallest buildin ...
, Los Tamarindo residential area and overview to Maracay, Third:Maestranza Cesar Giron Bullring Stadium, Girardot Square and Maracay Assumption Cathedral, Bottom:Night view of downtown Base Aragua area (all item of left to right) , image_flag = Bandera de Maracay.svg , image_seal = Escudo de Maracay.svg , image_map = , map_caption = , pushpin_map = Venezuela , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_type1 = States of Venezuela, State , subdivision_type2 = Municipalities of Venezuela, Municipality , subdivision_name = , subdivision_name1 = Aragua (state), Aragua , subdivision_name2 = Girardot Municipality, Aragua, Girardot , established_title = Founded , established_date = March 5, 1701 , established_title2 = , established_date2 = , government_type = , leader_title = Mayor , leader_name = Pedro Bastidas , area_total_km2 = 911.57 , population_as_of = 2011 , population_footnotes = , population_total = 955,362 , population_density_km2 = 1.439 , timezone = Venezuelan Standard Time Zone, VET , utc_offset = −4 , timezone_DST = , utc_offset_DST = , coordinates = , elevation_footnotes = , elevation_m = 436 , population_blank1_title = Demonym , population_blank1 = Maracayero(a) , area_code = 0243 , postal_code_type = Postal codes , postal_code = 2101, 2102, 2103, 2104 , blank_name = Köppen climate classification, Climate , blank_info = Tropical savanna climate, Aw , website
Alcaldía de Maracay
, footnotes = The area and population figures are for the municipality , name = Maracay () is a city in north-central Venezuela, near the Caribbean coast, and is the capital and most important city of the States of Venezuela, state of Aragua (state), Aragua. Most of it falls under the jurisdiction of Girardot Municipality, Aragua, Girardot Municipality. The population of Maracay and its surroundings in the 2011 census was 955,362. In Venezuela, Maracay is known as "Ciudad Jardín" ("Garden City").


History

Officially established on March 5, 1701 by Bishop Diego de Baños y Sotomayor in the valleys of Tocopio and Tapatapa (what is known today as the central valley of Aragua) in northern Venezuela. According to the most accepted explanation, it was named after a local indigenous chief, and refers to the "Maracayo" (Felis mitis), a small tiger. Alternative etymologies cite a local aromatic tree called Mara. Maracay experienced rapid growth during Juan Vicente Gómez's dictatorship (1908–1935). Gómez saw Maracay as a suitable place to make his residence during his rule, and ordered the construction of an Arc of Triumph, a bull plaza (a near replica of the one in Seville, Spain), an Ópera house, a Zoo, and, most notably, the Hotel Jardín (Garden Hotel), a majestic, tourist attraction with very large gardens. The city is home to the Mausoleo de Gómez (Gómez's mausoleum), where the dictator's remains are stored.


Economy and transport

One of the most important cities in Venezuela, Maracay is primarily an industrial and commercial center, the city produces paper, textiles chemicals, tobacco, cement, cattle, processed foods, soap, and perfumes. The areas around Maracay are agricultural: sugarcane, tobacco, coffee and cocoa stand out as the main products. There are also cattle-herding and timber-cutting activities. Activity by the Venezuelan Military also adds a great deal to Maracay's economy. Maracay has good transportation facilities and infrastructure. The city is linked to most other important localities by the Autopista Regional del Centro (Central Regional Highway). It also has good access to Venezuela's small national railway system. The city boasts the national Hydroplane airport, located on the shore of the Lago de Valencia (Lake of Valencia). The city does not have a subway system, but one is in the planning stages. Maracay has two airports. The Mariscal Sucre Airport (Venezuela), Airport Mariscal Sucre (International Air Transport Association airport code, IATA MCY International Civil Aviation Organization airport code, ICAO SVBS) and the military El Libertador Air Base, Air Base El Libertador (International Air Transport Association airport code, IATA MYC International Civil Aviation Organization airport code, ICAO SVBL)


Military

Maracay is a city heavily influenced by the military. Maracay is the cradle of Venezuelan aviation, and it is home to the two largest Air Force bases in the country. The Venezuelan F-16 fighter planes are stationed here, as well as the new Sukhoi Su-30, Sukhoi-30MKEs acquired by the Venezuelan Government. Other military facilities include the Fourth Armored Division of the Army and the airborne training center and barracks of the 42nd Airborne Brigade. It is also home to the government-owned ammunition and weapons factory (CAVIM) that produces the Venezuelan version of the FN FAL (''Fusil Automatique Leger'' - Light Automatic Rifle) rifle and the AK-103s; as well as the ammunition for both models.


Natural reserves

The mountains on the north side of Maracay, that separate it from the coast, make up the Henri Pittier National Park, named after the Swiss people, Swiss natural history, naturalist that studied them. The park is a very lush rainforest, with a great variety of ferns. Two very winding roads cut through the park over the mountains to the coast. One, beginning at the North-Central part of the city known as Urbanización El Castaño, goes to the beach town of Choroni Beach, Choroní. The other, beginning at the North-Western part at the city of El Limón, goes to Ocumare de la Costa and the beaches of Cata and Cuyagua.


Higher educational institutions and cultural venues

Maracay houses the Faculty of Veterinarians and Agronomy of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, and an extension of the Universidad de Carabobo. The main Campus of the UNEFA (a military university open to civilians) is located here. Career choices include, Electronics, Aeronautical and Civil Engineering, as well as other disciplines such as avionics.


Museums

The main museums are: * The Anthropological Museum. * Museo Aeronáutico de Maracay, The Aviation Museum. * The Museum of Modern Arts "Mario Abreu". * The Opera House.


Religion

The Patron Saint is Saint Joseph. The San Sebastian's Walk is a religious catholic event with ecological and sport characteristics, which takes place the 20th of January of each year in the outskirts of the city of Maracay. The city has no synagogue. However, nine indigenous inhabitants converted to Conservative Judaism in Valencia, Carabobo, Valencia in 2014 after a three-year study course. In 2016, they were denied the right to emigrate to Israel by the Israeli Ministry of Interior, under the assumption that they failed to "belong to a Jewish community" in Maracay.


Sports

Maracay is the home of the local baseball team Tigres de Aragua. The city's Bullfight arena is the only "Maestranza" (bullfighting school) in the country. At the present day is called "Maestranza Cesar Girón"


Gallery Images

File:Toro de las delicias, maracay.jpg, Statue of a bull in Las Delicias avenue File:Plaza Bolivar de Maracay.jpg, Bolívar Square File:Fuente av universidad.jpg, Universidad Avenue File:Fotografosd76 Felix Mignogna.jpg, Henri Pittier National Park File:Instituto Arnoldo Gabaldón.jpg, Arnoldo Gabaldón Institute File:Polideportivo las delicias.jpg, Las Delicias Sports Center


Mass media

* TV Stations: TVS, TVR (Orbivisión), Color TV, TIC TV (Televisión Informativa del Centro), Novavisión TV, Aragua TV. * Newspapers:''
El AragüeñoEl PeriodiquitoEl Siglo
El Impreso * Maracay in the web:''
maracaycity.netMaracayUpMaracay ExtremaEn AraguaCiudad Maracay


Notable people

* Bobby Abreu, baseball player * Juan Arango, soccer player * José Altuve, baseball player * Elvis Andrus, baseball player * La Divaza, youtuber and singer * Juan-Carlos Bianchi, tennis player * Miguel Cabrera, baseball player * Alberto Callaspo, baseball player * :en:Dave Concepcion, David Concepción, baseball player * Canserbero, rapper * Kervin Castro (born 1999), Venezuelan baseball pitcher for the San Francisco Giants * :es:César Girón, Cesar Girón, bullfighter * Carlos Guillén, baseball player * Luis Laguna, musician and songwriter * Pilín León, Miss World 1981 * Alicia Machado, Miss Universe 1996 * Pastor Maldonado, Formula One driver * Omar Narváez (baseball), Omar Narváez, baseball player * Martín Prado, baseball player * Aníbal Sánchez, baseball player * Jorge Valdivia, soccer player * Gabriela Isler, Miss Universe 2013 * Maira Alexandra Rodriguez, Miss Earth Water 2014 *Sebastian Rivero Professional Baseball Player for the Kansas City Royals


References


External links


Official site of the Girardot Municipality

Map of Maracay

Ciudad Maracay. Information about Maracay and Aragua State
{{Authority control Maracay, Cities in Aragua Populated places established in 1701 1701 establishments in the New Kingdom of Granada