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Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II (born May 13, 1957) is a Filipino politician and the grandson of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas. He served in the Cabinet of the Philippines
Philippines
as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government from 2012 to 2015. Previously, he was the Secretary of Trade and Industry from 2000 to 2003, a Senator from 2004 to 2010, and Secretary of Transportation and Communications from 2011 to 2012. He is the son of former Senator Gerry Roxas. After gaining a Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
degree in economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania,[1][2] Roxas worked as an investment banker in New York, mobilizing venture capital funds for small and medium enterprises. He served as the Representative of the 1st District of Capiz
Capiz
from 1993 to 2000. His stint as congressman was cut short after he was appointed by President Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
as Secretary of Trade and Industry.[3] He resigned from the position at the height of the EDSA Revolution of 2001 and was later re-appointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
in her new cabinet.[4] He resigned again to run for a Senate seat in the 2004 election.[5] He was elected senator with 19 million votes, the highest ever garnered by a national candidate in any Philippine election. Roxas co-authored the Expanded Value Added Tax Law (E-Vat).[6] Initially one of the leading contenders in the 2010 presidential election, he slid down to become a vice-presidential candidate in order to make way for fellow senator Benigno Aquino III, who won. Roxas was defeated by Makati
Makati
mayor Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
of the PDP–Laban
PDP–Laban
by a margin of 727,084 votes. He filed an electoral protest with the Supreme Court of the Philippines, the Court sitting as Presidential Electoral Tribunal.[7] On June 7, 2011, President Aquino appointed Roxas as Secretary of Transportation and Communications to replace outgoing secretary Jose de Jesus, and he took office on July 4, 2011.[8] Afterwards, on August 31, 2012, President Aquino nominated him as Secretary of Interior and Local Government, replacing Jesse Robredo who died in a plane crash. Roxas was the standard-bearer of the Liberal Party for the 2016 presidential election. He was officially endorsed by President Aquino to continue the present administration's reforms, collectively dubbed Daang Matuwid ("straight path"), which he formally accepted on July 31, 2015.[9][10][11] On August 3, 2015, Roxas officially tendered his resignation as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government in order to focus on his presidential campaign.[12] On May 10, 2016, a day after the election, Roxas conceded to Davao City
Davao City
mayor Rodrigo Duterte.[13]

Contents

1 Early life and background 2 Congress 3 Estrada cabinet 4 Arroyo cabinet 5 Senate 6 Aquino cabinet 7 Presidential bid 8 Personal life 9 Awards 10 References 11 External links

Early life and background[edit] Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II was born on May 13, 1957, in Manila, Philippines, to Judy Araneta of Bago, Negros Occidental, and Gerardo Roxas (1924–1982) of Capiz. Roxas' father was a Senator (1963–1972) and one of the grandchildren of Manuel Roxas, the first President of the Third Philippine Republic
Third Philippine Republic
(1946–48), and Trinidad de Leon. The couple married in 1955.[14] He has two siblings namely Maria Lourdes or Ria, married to Augusto Ojeda and mother of three and the late Congressman Gerardo "Dinggoy" Roxas, Jr. (1960–1993).[15] Roxas took up Alternative Learning System then attended the prestigious[16][17][18] [19] Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, majoring in finance and earning a Bachelor of Science
Bachelor of Science
degree in economics in 1979.[20] After graduation, he worked for seven years as an investment banker in New York City, and became an assistant vice president of the New York-based Allen & Company.[21] Following the 1985 announcement by President Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
of a snap election, Roxas took leave of absence to join the presidential campaign of Corazon Aquino. In September 1986, President Corazon Aquino went to the United States. Roxas was one of those who organized a series of investment round-table discussions with the American business community. From 1986 onwards, Roxas visited the Philippines more frequently and proposed to Allen & Company to set up a branch in Asia, specifically in the Philippines; later his superiors agreed. In 1991, he was stationed in the Philippines
Philippines
with North Star Capitals, Inc. which took public the Jollibee
Jollibee
fast food restaurant chain. In the United States, he participated in the first financing for Discovery Channel and Tri-Star Pictures.[22] Congress[edit]

This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living people that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately. Find sources: "Mar Roxas" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Roxas' younger brother, Dinggoy, who represented the 1st District of Capiz, died of colon cancer in 1993. At the age of 33, he decided to run in the special election to replace his brother in the seat and won.[22] He later became Majority Leader of the House of Representatives. His landmark laws include, among others:

Republic Act No. 8759 – establishing in all municipalities a Public Employment Service Office which serves as an employment facilitation and information center, and links all job opportunities within the region; Republic Act No. 8748 – amending the Special
Special
Economic Zone Act by directly allocating to the municipality or city 2% (out of the 5%) gross tax to be collected from the establishments operating in the ecozone and providing for disturbance compensation for persons to be displaced or evicted by publicly owned ecozones; Republic Act No. 8756 – incentivizing the establishment of regional headquarters to encourage investment and operation of multinational companies in the country and to generate more jobs.

His tenure in the House was most noted for his principal authorship of Republic Act No. 7880 (Roxas Law), which ensures fair distribution of the education capital budget among all the provinces. This started his advocacy for fair and equitable access to education, free from regional bias and political patronage considerations.[23] Estrada cabinet[edit] Roxas resigned from the House of Representatives following his appointment as Secretary of Trade and Industry under the Estrada administration in 2000, replacing Jose Pardo who was appointed Secretary of Finance.[24] During his stint, Roxas was named as Chairman of the Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Council, a body formed with the participation of both the government and private sector to monitor the implementation of the E-Commerce Law (Republic Act 8792) and programs pushing for the growth of IT-enabled services.[25][26] He resigned the position in November, as Estrada was under fire due to allegations of corruption.[27] Arroyo cabinet[edit]

This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living people that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately. Find sources: "Mar Roxas" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

In January 2001, just days after Estrada had been overthrown, Roxas was re-appointed to the same office by newly installed President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.[3] He was also temporarily designated by Arroyo to head the Department of Energy.[28] During his four-year stint as DTI Secretary, he pushed for the development of the palengke (market) as the basic unit of the economy and the root of progress, advocating not only consumer welfare and protection but also sound trade and investment policies, particularly SME development.[23] As a proponent of the philosophy of 'palengkenomics', which considers the "palengke" (wet market) as a microcosm of the economy, Roxas conducted weekly monitoring of the prices of prime commodities. Among his projects were the following palengke-based programs which promoted supply chain efficiencies:

Tamang Timbang, Tamang Presyo (Right Scale, Right Price) for consumers, Presyong Tama, Gamot Pampamilya (Right Price, Family Medicine) to make affordable and quality medicines accessible to Filipinos, Pinoy Pandesal, Palengke ng Bayan (Market of the Country)

His work regarding trade policy was highlighted during the 2003 WTO meeting in Cancún, Mexico, where he fought for increased market access for Philippine exports, particularly agricultural products and a rationalized Philippine trade regime so that domestic industries would not be harmed.[29] At a time where computer access was limited to an elite few, Roxas initiated the Personal Computers for Public Schools (PCPS) Program, which distributed over 30,000 computers to 2,000 public high schools all over the Philippines. PCPS computers provided 500,000 high school students with the necessary ICT tools and skills.[29][29] He persuaded President Arroyo to free former president Joseph Estrada, who was ousted through the Second EDSA Revolution, from jail which Arroyo did in 2007. Roxas worked for the reopening of the National Steel Corporation which provided thousands of jobs, income and livelihood to Iligan City, Northern Mindanao
Mindanao
and adjacent regions. He initiated the Motor/Vehicle Development Program to promote exports, create a viable market base for Philippines
Philippines
car manufacturers and secure jobs.[29] Roxas pushed for MSME development through the SULONG (SMEs Unified Lending Opportunities for National Growth) Program, which granted almost ₱26.7 billion on low-interest loans to 281,229 SMEs on its first year.[29] Roxas launched 'Make I.T. Philippines', I.T. standing for "Information Technology." He organized the first IT-enabled services (ITES) to the United States. He was named 'Father of the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)' market in the Philippines, particularly call center operations, by other politicians. From starting out with a mere 2000 jobs at the onset, the IT/BPO industry now provides hundreds of thousands of jobs in the Philippines.[30] In the year 2000, Roxas was named Chairman of the Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Council. This institution, which was composed of members of the government and the private sector, was formed to monitor the implementation of the E-Commerce Law (Republic Act 8792) and programs pushing for the growth of IT-enabled services.[31][32] Senate[edit]

Senator Roxas greeting Senator Bongbong Marcos
Bongbong Marcos
before a briefing with the Philippine Senate, January 23, 2014

On December 10, 2003, Roxas resigned from his post to prepare for his senatorial bid under the banner of the Liberal Party in the 2004 elections. Roxas said that he needed to separate his work in DTI from his work as a candidate and added that his resignation did not surprise the President. He was succeeded by Cesar Purisima, former chairman of the accounting firm Sycip Gorres Velayo & Co..[33] Upon winning a seat in the 2004 Senate election, Roxas was proclaimed by the Commission on Elections as Senator-elect on May 24, 2004, and officially assumed the office at noon of June 30, 2004. He was elected under the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan
Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan
(K-4) of President Arroyo.[34] Roxas held assignments on the Senate Committee on Trade and Commerce and Senate Oversight Committee on Optical Media Board serving alongside Ramon Revilla, Jr.. Roxas authored 43 bills and 46 resolutions brought before the 13th Congress in July 2004 and 2007. He filed bills on fighting smuggling, supporting labor, education, economy, and alternative energy. On February 26, 2006, the Philippines
Philippines
was under a state emergency after the government claimed that it foiled an alleged coup d'état attempt against the administration of Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo earlier that same day. Two days later, Roxas called on the government to immediately revoke Proclamation No. 1017, saying it betrays its own vision of a strong republic and directly attack Philippine democracy.[35] Roxas voted in favor of the Revised Value-Added Tax Law when it was deliberated in the Senate.[36] The law was co-authored by other Liberal Party members, Franklin Drilon
Franklin Drilon
and Francis Pangilinan. He also voted in favor of the abolition of the death penalty in the Philippines.[37] Roxas voted against the Human Security Act
Human Security Act
together with Senator Jamby Madrigal saying that "the fight against terror requires urgent operational reforms over measures that could impair civil liberties". He even warned that the said law poses a danger to the security and rights of every Filipino if there will be no set of implementing rules and regulations laid down.[38] Roxas' legislative agenda for the 14th Congress is as follows:

EVAT Funds for Education
Education
and Healthcare – He has filed Senate Bill No. 102 (People's Fund Act) to ease the effect of the 12% E-VAT. The People's Fund would consist of thirty percent (30%) of all proceeds from the VAT collected under Title IV of the National Internal Revenue Code. This portion estimates the share of incremental revenues from Republic Act No. 9337, the Expanded Value-Added Tax law, which increased to 12% the VAT and removed the exemption.[39] Tax Exemption for Minimum Wage Earners – He has filed Senate Bill No. 103 (Individual Tax Exemption for Minimum Wage Earners Bill) to exempt minimum wage earners in the private sector and government workers in Salary Grades 1 to 3, amending certain provisions of Republic Act No. 8424, otherwise known as the National Internal Revenue Code of 1997, as amended. As per estimates by the National Wages and Productivity Board, there are 7 million workers earning the minimum wage and even below. For him, it is unfair and unjust that the government, under the law, is taking away a portion of their already subsistence-level income.[40] Amendments to the Roxas Law – He has filed Senate Bill No. 104 to amend Republic Act No. 7880, also known as the Fair and Equitable Access to Education
Education
Act, to eliminate the problem of classroom shortages in the Philippines, as well as enhancing the process of construction, rehabilitation, replacement, completion, and repair of needed school buildings and classrooms.[41] Regulating the Pre-Need Industry – He has filed Senate Bill No. 105 (Pre-Need Industry Act of 2007) to address the absence of a statute that regulates the pre-need industry by establishing the Pre-Need Industry Act of 2007 to govern the operations of firms which issue or sell pre-need plans or similar contracts and investments.[42] Anti- Smuggling
Smuggling
Bill – He has filed Senate Bill No. 106 (Anti- Smuggling
Smuggling
Act of 2007) to amend certain provisions of Presidential Decree No. 1464, otherwise known as the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines, as amended. Under the proposed bill, an Audit and Transparency Group under the Bureau of Customs, headed by a Deputy Commissioner, would regularly inspect and report on the bureau's operational processes, collection and financial reporting, fiscal and personnel performance, system efficiency, internal control, information and communication flow, fraudulent and illegal practices and other related areas. On the basis of these inspections and reports, the Audit and Transparency Deputy Commissioner can initiate investigations of fraud and other graft and corrupt practices in the bureau, and shall recommend to the Office of the Ombudsman the filing of any cases against personnel and officers involved.[43] Lemon Law – He has filed Senate Bill No. 107 (Lemon Law of 2007) to have a one-year period in which buyers of brand-new vehicles can avail of the provisions of this Lemon Law, which allows up to four repairs on the same defect before a replacement or refund of the vehicle can be claimed. For him, it would ensure that the investment on a vehicle is money well-spent.[44] SME Magna Carta – He has filed Senate Bill No. 108 (Magna Carta for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) to strengthen Republic Act No. 6977, the Magna Carta for Small Enterprises. The focus of the amendments of this bill focuses on three points: guidelines, institutional support and organizational support. Guidelines refer to the specific asset size definition, appropriating a definite and regular amount for the Small and Medium Enterprise Development (SMED) Council and increase in the mandatory allocation to lending activities. Institutional support comprises additional government agencies to coordinate SME efforts and formalization of the SME Development Plan. Lastly, organizational support to intensify the powers and increase capitalization of the Small Business and Guarantee Finance
Finance
Corporation to complement the growing demands for financing. Other features of the bill include formalizing the celebration of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) Week and recognition of outstanding MSMEs.[45] Free Information Act – He has filed Senate Bill No. 109 (Free Information Act) to implement the Constitutional guarantee to free access by the people to official information, except when the disclosure of such information would jeopardize other prerogatives of the government, namely, the protection of the privacy of individuals, trade secrets, national security, public order and safety, and foreign diplomatic relations. The bill also proposes the adoption by all government bodies a mechanism wherein all written requests for information shall be responded to within two days, unless proper justification is given by the government body, subject only to the payment of reasonable fees for the viewing or reproduction of such information. To compel disclosure of information, in case a government body refuses access to such information on whatever grounds, the Office of the Ombudsman would be tapped to hear any citizens' complaints of not being properly assisted by the pertinent government body. Penalties will be levied to officials or employees who knowingly and unjustly refuse to provide access to information, or who consciously release false or misleading information.[46] Decriminalizing Libel – He has filed Senate Bill No. 110 (Penalty of Imprisonment in Libel Cases Abolition Bill) to decriminalize libel and limit the venue of filing libel suits. He believes that the approval of the said measure would be a small way by which Congress may help in alleviating the plight of journalists.[47]

On November 26, 2007, LP National Executive Council officials resolved to appoint him as president of the Liberal Party. Roxas was to unite the two LP factions and set the stage for his presidential campaign in the 2010 election.[48] Lito Atienza, however, forthwith questioned Roxas' appointment, attacking the composition of Liberal Party’s National Executive Council (NECO) and alleging that the Supreme Court of the Philippines' June 5 resolution ordered the LP leadership's status quo maintenance. Atienza stated: "I have no invitation. They kicked me out of the meeting; How can you (Roxas) unite the party when you take the wrong step?"[49]

Platform

See also: Political positions of Mar Roxas Senator Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
has taken positions on many national issues since his election as senator during the 2004 Philippine elections. About the ZTE deal, Roxas introduced a resolution urging President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
to cancel the Philippine government's National Broadband Network (NBN) project with China's Zhong Xing Telecommunications Equipment (ZTE) Corporation. Roxas said that the $329.4-million deal "was driven by supply and not by demand" and will not benefit Filipinos. He believes that the cancellation of the deal would not affect the relationship of the Philippines
Philippines
with China.[50] In order to finally put a just closure to national divisiveness, Roxas filed Senate Resolution No. 135 calling on President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to issue a pardon to former President Joseph Ejercito Estrada (popularly known as "Erap") at the appropriate time, in which he said: "The grant of pardon to Erap on humanitarian grounds should not in any way be construed as condoning corruption, or as diminishing the legal weight of the ruling of the Sandiganbayan, but serves solely as an embodiment of the people's will for closure on one of the most divisive chapters of our national life."[51] Regarding the Japan– Philippines
Philippines
Economic Partnership Agreement, Roxas has said: "In trade negotiations, no deal is always better than a bad deal."[52] He issued a warning after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
pressed on the Senate to ratify the Japan-Philippine Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA) amid concerns aired by Tokyo
Tokyo
for the early approval. Roxas was optimistic that the pact would be given serious consideration by the Senate if the government revised the deal to get a better trade-off.[53] Aquino cabinet[edit] Main article: Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
presidential campaign, 2010 Further information: Philippine presidential election, 2010 After his election to the Senate in 2004, Roxas was immediately seen as a potential presidential candidate in the 2010 presidential election. While Roxas himself was coy on his plans, the Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
for President movement gathered steam with the Liberal Party targeting the youth in the run-up to the election. Other signs included the sprouting of Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
for President spots on the internet and his colleagues endorsing him as the party's standard bearer. Then Senator Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
declared him as the Liberal Party's nominee and Former Senator Jovito Salonga, Chairman Emeritus of the party, once introduced him as "the next President of the Philippine Republic."[54] Senator Franklin Drilon
Franklin Drilon
had also confirmed that Roxas was the party's standard bearer in the election.[55] However, on September 1, 2009, at the historic Club Filipino, Roxas delivered a speech at a press conference announcing his decision to withdraw from the race and support the candidacy of Aquino for the presidency. Aquino officially launched his campaign eight days later. On September 21, 2009, Roxas, alongside Aquino, officially announced his candidacy for the vice presidency as the nominee of the Liberal Party for Vice President, launching the Aquino-Roxas campaign.[56][57] On November 28, 2009, Aquino and Roxas filed their certificate of candidacy for President and Vice President respectively. He was defeated by Makati
Makati
City mayor Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) by the narrowest margin in the history of the Fifth Republic. Binay's upset victory over Roxas was attributed to the success of the Aquino-Binay campaign, which began when Senator Francis Escudero
Francis Escudero
endorsed Aquino and Binay as President and Vice President respectively. This was done without the consent of the two candidates, especially since Escudero, Binay, and Aquino all came from different political parties. Roxas filed an electoral protest to the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Philippines
at the Presidential Electoral Tribunal. On July 12, 2010, the Supreme Court after reviewing Roxas' electoral protest, declared it sufficient in form and substance and the Presidential Electoral Tribunal sent summons to Vice President Binay to file a comment within 10 days upon receipt of the summons.[58] Roxas also requested the Presidential Electoral Tribunal to order an independent forensic examination of the 26,000 compact flash cards and the source code of the PCOS machines used in the 2010 elections. As of August 2015, the case remains in pre-trial stage, with the last action taken by the tribunal dating back to December 2012.[59] Roxas accepted the offer of Aquino to be appointed as Secretary of Transportation and Communications, replacing the outgoing Secretary Jose de Jesus, who had resigned earlier. He took office on June 30, 2011.[8] His appointment was given unanimous consent by the Commission on Appointments on October 12, 2011.[60] On August 31, 2012, President Aquino appointed him as Secretary of Interior and Local Government, replacing Jesse Robredo, who had died in a plane crash on the shores of Masbate Island thirteen days earlier.[61] It was Roxas who announced the death of Robredo and confirmed that the rescue operations for the two pilots, Captain Jessup Bahinting and Nepalese flight student Kshitiz Chand, had been turned into a retrieval operation.[62] On August 3, 2015, Roxas officially tendered his resignation as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government in order to focus on his presidential campaign. In his resignation letter to President Aquino, he once again thanked him for his endorsement and vowed to "begin the process of turning over in an orderly manner all the matters pending in my office."[63] During his final flag ceremony at Camp Crame, Roxas bade goodbye to his colleagues and thanked the members of the Philippine National Police. "It has been my pleasure and a great honor to serve with you I give you my snappy salute", he told police officials present.[12] Presidential bid[edit] Main article: Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
presidential campaign, 2016 Further information: Philippine presidential election, 2016

Roxas during a campaign rally of LP in Quezon City, February 17, 2016

Roxas is the Liberal Party's standard bearer in the 2016 presidential election. On July 31, 2015, at an event dubbed as "A Gathering of Friends", Roxas formally accepted his party's nomination after he was officially endorsed by President Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
in the presence of their political allies at the Club Filipino, where Roxas had announced his decision to withdraw from the 2010 presidential election and give way to Aquino's presidential bid. Aquino also announced his candidacy there on September 9, 2009. In an emotional speech, Roxas declared that he would not deviate from the "straight path" initiated by Aquino in the fight against poverty and corruption.[9][10][11] On the same day, Roxas formally launched his campaign website. In a speech during which he paid tribute to his late grandfather, President Manuel Roxas, his late father, Senator Gerardo Roxas
Gerardo Roxas
and late brother, Rep. Dinggoy Roxas, Roxas declared that he would not betray the reforms initiated by the Aquino administration and vowed to continue Aquino's "Daang Matuwid" agenda:

“ I believe that this is not just about me or PNoy. The "Daang Matuwid" is about the dreams of every Filipino. As the President said: It is worth fighting for. It is worth sacrificing for, and dying for if need be. The Straight Path transcends me and PNoy; it is a Filipino ideal that has been there long before we were born, and will remain long after we are gone. History is challenging us to live up to these principles; to continue on this journey; to fight for our dreams as a nation. Mr. President, during your SONA on Monday, you said, "This is only the beginning; it is only the beginning of the great story of the Filipino people." Today, with all my sincerity, with all my will and with all my strength, I am answering the call of the "Daang Matuwid". We will fight on. I am Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
and I accept the challenge of our Bosses: to continue, expand and fight for the "Daang Matuwid".[64]

As confetti filled the Cory Aquino Kalayaan Hall and singer-songwriter Noel Cabangon sang "Dapat Ang Pangulo", the official song of the campaign, Aquino raised Roxas' hand after the speech as a sign of complete support for his campaign. He has yet to declare candidacy to any future posts in government.[65] Personal life[edit] Roxas was previously in a relationship with former beauty queen Maricar Zaldarriaga, with whom he has a son, Paolo Roxas.[21] In 2002, he met Korina Sanchez, a news anchor from ABS-CBN.[66] In the April 25, 2009, episode of the ABS-CBN
ABS-CBN
noontime show Wowowee
Wowowee
where Sanchez appeared as a guest co-host alongside Willie Revillame, Sanchez and Roxas announced their engagement.[67][68] Sanchez took a leave of absence from her duties at ABS-CBN
ABS-CBN
on May 2009.[69] They married on October 27, 2009 at a ceremony in Quezon City, where Roxas' former running mate in the 2010 election, then-Senator (later President) Benigno Aquino III, was one of the couple's primary wedding sponsors. The Manila Philharmonic Orchestra and the Philippine Madrigal Singers provided the music during the wedding. Other notable performers included Basil Valdez, Robert Sena, and Jamie Rivera.[70] The couple owns a black labrador retriever and two schnauzer dogs.[21] As of 2014, he has a declared net worth of PHP 202.08 million.[21] Awards[edit]

In 1996, Roxas was recognized by the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
as "one of the Global Leaders of Tomorrow who are expected to shape the future."[71] In 1999, Roxas was named by the Asiaweek
Asiaweek
Magazine as "Political Leader of the New Millennium."[72] The Singapore Government has awarded him as the 16th Lee Kuan Yew Fellow.[73] On February 16, 2007, the E-Services Philippines
Philippines
awarded Roxas with the E-Champion Award recognizing his pioneering efforts and leadership in making the Philippines
Philippines
a popular outsourcing destination of choice.[74] On September 18, 2007, Roxas was conferred with the Palanca Awards Gawad Dangal ng Lahi by CP Group Chairman Carlos Palanca III, Palanca Foundation Director General Sylvia Palanca-Quirino and Deputy Director General Christine Quirino-Pacheco for serving as an exemplary leader and role model to the Filipino.[75]

References[edit]

^ Bea Cupin and Michael Bueza, "Wharton a 'myth?' Facts on Mar Roxas and his economics degree", Rapplerof December 20, 2015 accessed 29 January 2016 ^ Bea Cupin and Raymon Dullana, "Wharton: Yes, Roxas is our 'graduate'", Rappler
Rappler
of December 17, 2015 accessed 29 January 2016 ^ a b "Lim heads DILG, Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
is Trade Chief". Newsflash. January 8, 2000. Retrieved January 21, 2008.  ^ "GMA swears in 14 Cabinet officials". Highbeam.com. January 27, 2001. Retrieved January 21, 2008.  ^ " Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
II quits DTI for Senate run". Philippine Star. December 11, 2003. Retrieved January 21, 2008.  ^ "GMA swears in 14 Cabinet officials". Institute for Popular Democracy. May 10, 2007. Archived from the original on June 17, 2007. Retrieved January 21, 2008.  ^ "'Roxas poll protest sufficient in form, substance'". ABS-CBN News.  ^ a b "Aquino appoints Roxas as new DoTC chief".  ^ a b Salaverria, Leila B.; Calleja, Niña P. (April 18, 2015). "Surprise: Roxas tells LP he will run in 2016". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved April 18, 2015.  ^ a b "PNoy to endorse Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
this week, says top LP official". GMA News. July 28, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2015.  ^ a b "Emotional Roxas accepts PNoy endorsement". GMA News. July 31, 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015.  ^ a b " Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
stepping down as DILG chief". Rappler. August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015.  ^ de Jesus, Julliane Love (May 10, 2016). "Roxas concedes defeat: I wish you success, Mayor Duterte". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 19, 2016.  ^ "Blast from past: Judy Roxas speaks about Plaza Miranda". Philippine Daily Inquirer. August 17, 2008. Retrieved December 9, 2008.  ^ "Judy A. Roxas, recipient of the Benigno S. Aquino Jr. Award for Nationalism". Institute for Popular Democracy. Archived from the original on February 16, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2008.  ^ Elite employers’ use of educational credentials by Vice Ganda in Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 71–90 ^ Business Insider story by Courtney Comstock dated 2 June 2011 accessed 30 March 2016 ^ GMA story entitled Why Wharton is such a big deal published 15 December 2015 and accessed 30 March 2016 ^ Best Undergraduate Business Programs Archived March 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., U.S.News & World Report, 2014 accessed 29 January 2016 ^ Cupin, Bea; Dullana, Raymon (December 17, 2015). "Wharton: Yes, Roxas is our 'graduate'". Rappler. Retrieved January 4, 2016.  ^ a b c d Cupin, Bea (October 11, 2015). "8 things to know about Mar Roxas". Rappler. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b Fausto, Rose Fres (October 15, 2015). "Candidate No. 2: Mar Roxas (Philippine Presidentiables 2016 Series) Part 2 of 3". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ a b "Senator Mar A. Roxas - Senate of the Philippines". Retrieved September 16, 2007.  ^ "Lim heads DILG, Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
is Trade Chief". Newsflash. January 8, 2000. Retrieved December 13, 2008.  ^ Mongaya, Anol (July 5, 2015). "Mongaya: PH e-commerce and start-up roadmaps". Sun.Star. Retrieved January 4, 2016.  ^ "Welcome to ITECC". Retrieved February 4, 2015.  ^ "Erap's financial advisers vow they won't jump ship". The Philippine Star. November 5, 2000. Retrieved December 13, 2008.  ^ "Dayrit is new Secretary of Health". February 20, 2000. Retrieved December 13, 2008.  ^ a b c d e "About Mar". Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2007.  ^ Krisha Maclang, "Noy hails Mar as father of Philippine BPO industry", PhilStar Global, October 08, 2015 ^ Nikki Natividad, "A history of the BPO industry in numbers", Rappler, August 31, 2015 ^ Krisha Maclang, "8 People who Helped Build the Philippine BPO Industry", Kalibrr, June 18, 2015 ^ "SGV Chairman to replace Roxas as Trade Secretary". The Philippine Star. December 3, 2003. Retrieved December 13, 2008.  ^ "11 Proclaimed, Biazon and Barbers fight for 12th Senate slot". Manila
Manila
Times. May 24, 2004. Retrieved January 11, 2008.  ^ "Mar tells Palace: Use Iron fist to fight smugglers, but not to curtail civil liberties". July 10, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2008.  ^ [1] ^ "Death Penalty (Abolition)". May 29, 2006. Retrieved December 4, 2008.  ^ "Statement of Sen. Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
on Human Security Act". July 10, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2008.  ^ "EVAT Funds for Education
Education
and Healthcare". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Tax Exemption for Minimum Wage Earners". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Amendments to the Roxas Law". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Regulating the Pre-Need Industry". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Anti- Smuggling
Smuggling
Bill". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Lemon Law". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "SME Magna Carta". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Free Information Act". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Decriminalizing Libel". Retrieved January 13, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ Abs-Cbn Interactive, Roxas is new LP president, sets sights on 2010 poll[permanent dead link] ^ ABS-CBN
ABS-CBN
Interactive, Atienza questions Roxas' assumption as new LP prexy ^ "Roxas files resolution for ZTE deal cancellation". September 24, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007.  ^ "Roxas: Pardon
Pardon
Erap at the appropriate time". September 17, 2007. Archived from the original on December 4, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007.  ^ "Statement of Sen. Roxas on JPEPA". October 4, 2007. Archived from the original on November 15, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007.  ^ "Roxas warns: JPEPA safety nets needed". Philippine Daily Inquirer. June 6, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007. [permanent dead link] ^ Cabacungan Jr., Gil C. (August 4, 2007). "Battle looming between LP and NP for presidency in 2010". Inquirer.net. Archived from the original on June 24, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2012.  ^ "Roxas is the standard bearer of LP in 2010, Drilon says". Philippine Information Agency. November 19, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008.  ^ " Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
Declares Vice Presidency Bid – Mar-Noynoy for 2010".  ^ "Liberal Party launches Aquino-Roxas tandem for 2010". Sun.Star Network. Archived from the original on December 26, 2009.  ^ "Roxas poll protest sufficient in form and substance". Philippine Daily Inquirer. July 12, 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2015.  ^ "Timeline: Roxas' electoral protest vs Binay". Rappler. August 1, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.  ^ Casayuran, Mario B. (October 12, 2011). "CA confirms Mar's DoTC appointment". Manila
Manila
Bulletin. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ " Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
on DILG post: 'I have big tsinelas to fill'". interaksyon.com. August 31, 2012. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.  ^ "DILG Secretary Jesse Robredo
Jesse Robredo
has been found dead". Yahoo! News. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2015.  ^ " Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
leaving Aquino Cabinet". ABS-CBN
ABS-CBN
News. August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015.  ^ [2] ^ " Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
launches 2016 presidential bid". Rappler. July 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.  ^ Bonifacio, Julie (September 11, 2008). "Sen. Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
tells story of six-year relationship with Korina Sanchez". Philippine Entertainment Portal. GMA Network Inc.
GMA Network Inc.
Retrieved January 3, 2016.  ^ "Senator, TV Anchor confirm engagement". Inquirer.net. April 25, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2009.  ^ Jumilla, Lynda (April 25, 2009). "Korina wipes away Mar's tears on 'Wowowee'". ABS-CBN
ABS-CBN
News. Retrieved April 25, 2009.  ^ "Mar, Korina confirmed wedding plans". The Philippine Star. April 26, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2009.  ^ "Mar-Korina wedding 'locked and loaded'". abs-cbnNEWS.com. October 27, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2012.  ^ "DTI - Roxas". Office of the President - Philippines. Archived from the original on December 21, 2007. Retrieved January 30, 2008.  ^ "DTI - Roxas". Tinig ng Marino - Special
Special
Features: Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
and Rodolfo Biazon. Archived from the original on July 2, 2004. Retrieved January 30, 2008.  ^ "Senator Manuel A. Roxas II - Profile". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Retrieved January 30, 2008.  ^ "e-Services Philippines
Philippines
2007 : 111". E-Services Philippines. February 16, 2007. Retrieved January 30, 2008. [dead link] ^ "Palanca Awards confers Gawad Dangal ng Lahi to Senator Mar Roxas". ClickTheCity.Com. September 18, 2007. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Official Website Senate of the Philippines
Senate of the Philippines
- Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
Biography Liberal Party of the Philippines
Philippines
Website

House of Representatives of the Philippines

Preceded by Gerardo Roxas Member of the House of Representatives from Capiz's 1st district 1992–2000 Succeeded by Rodriguez Dadivas

Preceded by Rodolfo Albano Majority Leader of the House of Representatives 1998–2000 Succeeded by Eduardo Gullas

Political offices

Preceded by Jose Pardo Secretary of Trade and Industry 2000–2003 Succeeded by Cesar Purisima

Preceded by Jose de Jesus Secretary of Transportation and Communications 2011–2012 Succeeded by Joseph Emilio Abaya

Preceded by Paquito Ochoa Acting Secretary of the Interior and Local Government 2012–2015 Succeeded by Mel Senen Sarmiento

Party political offices

Preceded by Franklin Drilon President of the Liberal Party 2007–2012 Succeeded by Joseph Emilio Abaya

v t e

Candidates in the Philippine presidential election, 2016

Presidential candidates

Winner

Rodrigo Duterte
Rodrigo Duterte
(PDP-Laban) (campaign)

Other candidates

Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
(Liberal) (campaign) Grace Poe
Grace Poe
(Aksyon) (campaign) Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
(UNA) (campaign) Miriam Defensor Santiago† (PRP) (campaign)

Withdrew

Roy Señeres† (PMM) (campaign)

Vice presidential candidates

Winner

Leni Robredo
Leni Robredo
(Liberal)

Other candidates

Bongbong Marcos
Bongbong Marcos
(Independent) Alan Peter Cayetano
Alan Peter Cayetano
(Independent) Francis Escudero
Francis Escudero
(Independent) Antonio Trillanes
Antonio Trillanes
(Independent) Gringo Honasan

UNA

v t e

Candidates in the Philippine presidential election, 2010

Presidential candidates

Winner

Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
(Liberal)

campaign

Other candidates

Joseph Estrada

PMP

Manny Villar
Manny Villar
(Nacionalista Party) Gilbert Teodoro

Lakas-Kampi-CMD

Eddie Villanueva
Eddie Villanueva
(BPP) Richard J. Gordon

Bagumbayan–VNP

Nicanor Perlas
Nicanor Perlas
(independent) Jamby Madrigal (independent) John Carlos de los Reyes

AKP

Vice presidential candidates

Winner

Jejomar Binay

PDP-Laban

Other candidates

Mar Roxas
Mar Roxas
(Liberal) Loren Legarda

NPC

Bayani Fernando
Bayani Fernando
(Bagumbayan–VNP) Edu Manzano

Lakas-Kampi-CMD

Perfecto Yasay Jr.
Perfecto Yasay Jr.
(BPP) Jay Sonza

KBL

Dominador Chipeco, Jr. (AKP)

v t e

Cabinet of President Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
(2010–2016)

Cabinet

Executive Secretary

Paquito Ochoa Jr.
Paquito Ochoa Jr.
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary for Agrarian Reform

Virgilio de los Reyes
Virgilio de los Reyes
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Agriculture

Proceso Alcala
Proceso Alcala
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary for Budget and Management

Florencio Abad
Florencio Abad
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Education

Armin Luistro
Armin Luistro
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Energy

Jose Rene Almendras
Jose Rene Almendras
(June 30, 2010–November 4, 2012) Jericho Petilla
Jericho Petilla
(November 4, 2012–April 30, 2015) Zenaida Monsada
Zenaida Monsada
(July 2, 2015–June 30, 2016)

Secretary for Environment and Natural Resources

Ramon Paje
Ramon Paje
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Finance

Cesar Purisima
Cesar Purisima
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Foreign Affairs

Alberto Romulo
Alberto Romulo
(June 30, 2010–February 23, 2011) Albert del Rosario
Albert del Rosario
(February 24, 2011–March 7, 2016) Jose Rene Almendras
Jose Rene Almendras
(March 8, 2016–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Health

Enrique Ona
Enrique Ona
(June 30, 2010–December 19, 2014) Janette Garin
Janette Garin
(December 19, 2014–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Interior and Local Government

Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
(June 30, 2010–July 9, 2010) Jesse Robredo
Jesse Robredo
(July 9, 2010–August 18, 2012) Paquito Ochoa Jr.
Paquito Ochoa Jr.
(August 21, 2012–August 31, 2012) Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
II (August 31, 2012–September 11, 2015) Mel Senen Sarmiento
Mel Senen Sarmiento
(September 14, 2015–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Justice

Leila de Lima
Leila de Lima
(June 30, 2010–October 12, 2015) Alfredo Benjamin Caguioa
Alfredo Benjamin Caguioa
(October 12, 2015–January 21, 2016) Emmanuel Caparas
Emmanuel Caparas
(January 22, 2016–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Labor and Employment

Rosalinda Baldoz
Rosalinda Baldoz
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of National Defense

Voltaire Gazmin
Voltaire Gazmin
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Public Works and Highways

Rogelio Singson
Rogelio Singson
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Science and Technology

Mario Montejo
Mario Montejo
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Social Welfare and Development

Dinky Soliman (June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Tourism

Alberto Lim
Alberto Lim
(June 30, 2010–September 1, 2011) Ramon Jimenez Jr.
Ramon Jimenez Jr.
(September 1, 2011–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Trade and Industry

Gregory Domingo
Gregory Domingo
(June 30, 2010–December 30, 2015) Adrian Cristobal Jr. (December 31, 2015–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Transportation and Communications

Jose de Jesus
Jose de Jesus
(June 30, 2010–July 4, 2011) Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
II (July 4, 2011–October 18, 2012) Joseph Emilio Abaya
Joseph Emilio Abaya
(October 18, 2012–June 30, 2016)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Presidential Management Staff Director-General

Julia Abad (June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Presidential Adviser on National Security

Cesar Garcia
Cesar Garcia
(July 9, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Chief of staff of the Armed Forces

Ricardo David
Ricardo David
(June 30, 2010–March 8, 2011) Eduardo Oban Jr.
Eduardo Oban Jr.
(March 8, 2011–December 12, 2011) Jessie Dellosa
Jessie Dellosa
(December 12,2011–January 17, 2013) Emmanuel T. Bautista
Emmanuel T. Bautista
(January 17, 2013–July 18, 2014) Gregorio Pio Catapang
Gregorio Pio Catapang
(July 18, 2014–July 10, 2015) Hernando Iriberri
Hernando Iriberri
(July 10, 2015–April 22, 2016) Glorioso Miranda
Glorioso Miranda
(acting) (April 22, 2016–June 30, 2016)

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process

Teresita Deles (June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Presidential Spokesperson

Edwin Lacierda
Edwin Lacierda
(June 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning

Ricky Carandang
Ricky Carandang
(July 30, 2010–December 31, 2013) Manuel L. Quezon III
Manuel L. Quezon III
(January 1, 2014–June 30, 2016)

Secretary of Presidential Communications Operations

Herminio Coloma, Jr.
Herminio Coloma, Jr.
(July 30, 2010–June 30, 2016)

National Economic and Development Authority

Cayetano Paderanga Jr.
Cayetano Paderanga Jr.
(June 30, 2010–May 10, 2012) Arsenio Balisacan
Arsenio Balisacan
(May 10, 2012–January 24, 2016) Emmanuel Esguerra (January 27, 2016–June 30, 2016)

Secretary to the Cabinet

Jose Rene Almendras
Jose Rene Almendras
(November 4, 2012–March 8, 2016)

See also: Presidential transition of Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
and Presidency of Benigno Aquino III

Senatorial history of Mar Roxas

v t e

<12th Senators of the 13th Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(2004-2007) 14th>

Senate President

Manny Villar
Manny Villar
(2006-2007) # Franklin Drilon
Franklin Drilon
(2004-2006)

Senior Senators (2001-2007) Junior Senators (2004-2010)

Edgardo Angara Joker Arroyo Franklin Drilon Loi Ejecito Juan Flavier Ping Lacson

Sergio Osmeña III Kiko Pangilinan Ramon Magsaysay Jr. Ralph Recto Manny Villar

Rodolfo Biazon Pia Cayetano Juan Ponce Enrile Jinggoy Estrada Dick Gordon Lito Lapid

Alfredo Lim Jamby Madrigal Aquilino Pimentel Jr. Mar Roxas Bong Revilla Miriam Defensor Santiago

Term ended June 30, 2007 Term ended June 30, 2010

# — Villar became the next Senate president during the 14th Congress. ## — Position vacated when Noli de Castro
Noli de Castro
was elected to the vice presidency. ### — In 2007, Lim vacated his position prior to his election as the mayor of Manila.

v t e

<13th Senators of the 14th Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(2007-2010) 15th>

Senate President

Juan Ponce Enrile
Juan Ponce Enrile
(2008-2010) Manny Villar
Manny Villar
(2006-2008) #

Senior Senators (2004-2010) Junior Senators (2007-2010)

Rodolfo Biazon Pia Cayetano Juan Ponce Enrile Jinggoy Estrada Dick Gordon Lito Lapid

Jamby Madrigal Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. Mar Roxas Bong Revilla Miriam Defensor Santiago

Edgardo Angara Benigno Aquino Joker Arroyo Alan Cayetano Chiz Escudero Gringo Honasan

Ping Lacson Loren Legarda Kiko Pangilinan Antonio Trillanes Manny Villar Migz Zubiri

Term ended June 30, 2010 Term ended June 30, 2013

# — Villar was also the previous Senate president of the 13th Congress. ## — Vacant due to election of Alfredo Lim
Alfredo Lim
as th

.