Manufacturing in Australia peaked in the 1960s at 25% of the country's gross domestic product, and has since dropped below 10%.
The contribution of manufacturing to Australia's gross domestic product
peaked in the 1960s at 25%, and had dropped to 13% by 2001–2
and 10.5% by 2005–6.
In 2004–05, the manufacturing industry exported products worth $67,400 million, and employed 1.1 million people.
In 2000–2001, $3.3 billion was spent on assistance to the manufacturing industry, with 40% going to the textile, clothing and footwear industry and the passenger motor vehicle industry. At that time, manufacturing accounted for 48% of exports, and 45% of Australian research and development
In 2007, the breakdown of manufacturing by state, and the fraction of gross state product
(GSP) which it contributed, were as follows:
Between 2001 and 2007, the approximate breakdown by industry changed as follows:
The food and beverage manufacturing industry is the largest in Australia. The sectors include the following:
* Before the 2010 closure of the Port Lincoln Tuna cannery
Until trade liberalisation
in the mid 1980s, Australia had a large textile
industry. This decline continued through the first decade of the 21st century.
Since the 1980s, tariffs have steadily been reduced; in early 2010, the tariffs were reduced from 17.5 percent to 10 percent on clothing, and 7.5–10% to 5% for footwear and other textiles.
As of 2010, most textile manufacturing, even by Australian companies, is performed in Asia.
As of 2008, four companies mass-produced cars in Australia.
Mitsubishi Motors Australia|Mitsubishi
ceased production in March 2008, followed by Ford
in 2016, and Holden
Holden bodyworks were manufactured at Elizabeth, South Australia
and engines were produced at the Fishermens Bend
plant in Port Melbourne, Victoria
. In 2006, Holden's export revenue was just under 1.3 billion.
In March 2012, Holden was given a $270 million lifeline by the Australian government. In return, Holden planned to inject over $1 billion into car manufacturing in Australia. They estimated the new investment package would return around $4 billion to the Australian economy and see GM Holden continue making cars in Australia until at least 2022.
However, Holden announced on 11 December 2013 that Holden cars would no longer be manufactured in Australia from the end of 2017.
Ford had two main factories, both in Victoria
: located in the Geelong
suburb of Norlane
and the northern Melbourne suburb of Broadmeadows
. Both plants were closed down in October 2016.
Until 2006, Toyota had factories in Port Melbourne
and Altona, Victoria
, after which all manufacturing was performed at Altona. In 2008, Toyota exported 101,668 vehicles worth $1,900 million.
In 2011 the figures were "59,949 units worth $1,004 million".
On 10 February 2014 it was announced that by the end of 2017 Toyota would cease manufacturing vehicles and engines in Australia.
In March 2012, a new Australian auto maker, Tomcar
, announced they are to build a new factory in Melbourne.
thumb|right|300px|Total employment in basic chemicals and chemical product manufacturing in Australia (thousands of people) since 1984
Australia has a chemical industry, including the manufacture of many petrochemical
Many mining companies, such as BHP
, perform initial processing of raw materials. Similarly, Australia's agriculture feeds into the chemical industry. Tasmania
produces 40% of the world's raw narcotic materials; some of this is locally converted into codeine
and other pharmaceuticals in Tasmania by Tasmanian Alkaloids
, owned by Johnson and Johnson
, while GlaxoSmithKline
processes some of the resulting poppy straw
Companies with manufacturing facilities in Australia
A partial list of companies operating manufacturing facilities in Australia, with their most important products.
*Bella Manufacturing ' Food trucks, container kitchens and promtional vans
- Bicycle and Related Components
leisure vehicles - caravan and campervans
*Michael Hill Jeweller
Microphones and accessories
(Sabrands) Sauces, processed food
(Coca-Cola Amatil) Processed food
*Tindo Solar Panels
Building materials, timber, cement
Chemicals, blasting equipment
Aluminium, smelted metals
(NewForests) Timber, forest products
Engineered products, rolling stock
Automotive Clutch manufacturer
Commercial kitchen rangehood manufacturer
*Apex Tool Group
Hand tools, soldering equipment
*Essentra Pty Ltd
Injection and dip-moulded products, industrial components
*Fletcher Building - Laminex Division
Trucks, rolling stock
packaging - glass bottles
- Solar Panels
Companies that no longer manufacture in Australia
Companies that closed down, or moved manufacturing offshore.
*South Pacific Tyres
(General Motors) Cars, engines
*Mitsubishi Motors Australia
*Balance of payments of Australia
*Economy of Australia
, established in 1974 by the Whitlam government of Australia to advise on policies for Australia's manufacturing industry