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The Info List - Manually Coded Malay


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Kod Tangan Bahasa Malaysia
Malaysia
(KTBM), or Manually Coded Malay, is the only form of sign language recognized by the government in Malaysia
Malaysia
as the language of communication for the Deaf. It is not itself a language, but a manually coded language, a signed form of oral Malay. It is adapted from American Sign Language
American Sign Language
(or perhaps Manually Coded English), with the addition of some local signs, and grammatical signs representing affixation of nouns and verbs as used in Malay. It is used in Deaf schools for the purpose of teaching the Malay language.

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Languages of Malaysia

Main

Official

Malaysian

Recognised

English (comparison with British English)

Significant minority

Chinese

Sino-Tibetan

Cantonese Eastern Min Fuqing Fuzhou Hokkien Mandarin Chinese Malaysian Mandarin Pu-Xian Min Penang Hokkien Southern Peninsular Malaysian Hokkien Yue Chinese

Indian

Dravidian

Malayalam Tamil

Malaysian Tamil

Telugu

Indo-European

Gujarati Hindi Punjabi Urdu

Families

Austroasiatic

Aslian

Austronesian

Bornean Land Dayak Malayic Philippine Sama–Bajaw

Tai-Kadai

Tai

Creoles

Chavacano Kristang Manglish Other Malay trade and creole languages

Natives & Indigenous

Nationwide

Banjar Buginese Javanese Malay (Malayan)

Peninsular Malaysia

Baba Malay Batek Baweanese Cheq Wong Chetty Malay Duano’ Jah Hut Jahai Jakun Jedek Kedah Malay Kelantan-Pattani Malay Kenaboi1 Kensiu Kintaq Kristang Lanoh Mah Meri Minriq Mintil Mos Negeri Sembilan Malay Orang Kanaq Orang Seletar Pahang Malay Perak Malay Rawa Malay Sabüm1 Semai Semaq Beri Semelai Semnam Southern Thai Temiar Temoq2 Temuan Terengganu Malay Wila'1

East Malaysia

Abai Bahau Bajaw Balau Belait Berawan Biatah Bintulu Bonggi Bookan Bruneian/Kedayan Malay Brunei Bisaya Bukar Sadong Bukitan Coastal Kadazan Cocos Malay Daro-Matu Dumpas Dusun Eastern Kadazan Gana’ Iban Ida'an Iranun Jagoi Jangkang Kajaman Kalabakan Kanowit Kayan Kelabit Kendayan Keningau Murut Kinabatangan Kiput Klias River Kadazan Kota Marudu Talantang Kuijau Lahanan Lelak1 Lengilu1 Lotud Lun Bawang Mainstream Kenyah Maranao Melanau Molbog Momogun Murik Kayan Narom Nonukan Tidong Okolod Paluan Papar Punan Batu2 Penan Remun Sa'ban Sabah Bisaya Sabah Malay Sama Sarawak Malay Sebop Sebuyau Sekapan Selungai Murut Sembakung Seru1 Serudung Sian Suluk Sungai Tagol Timugon Tombonuwo Tring Tringgus Tutoh Ukit2 Uma’ Lasan

Mixed & Others

Rojak Tanglish Esperanto

Immigrants

African Arab Bangladeshi Burmese Cambodian East Timorese Filipino Indonesian

comparison with Malaysian

Iranian Japanese Korean Laotian Nepalese Pakistani Sri Lankan Thai Vietnamese

Signs

Main

Malaysian Sign Language (Manually Coded Malay)

By states

Penang Sign Language Selangor Sign Language

1 Extinct languages. 2 Nearly extinct languages.

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Sign language

List of sign languages List by number of signers

Language families[a]

Sign languages by family

Afroasiatic

Mofu-Gudur

Arabic
Arabic
Sign

Egyptian Kuwaiti Libyan Qatari Unified Yemeni

Iraqi– Levantine

Iraqi Levantine Arabic Jordanian Lebanese Palestinian Syrian

Possible

Emirati Saudi Omani

Australian Indigenous Language Families

Pama– Nyungan

Eltye eltyarrenke Iltyeme iltyeme Rdaka rdaka Manjiljarra Warlmanpa Warramunga Mudburra Ngada Umpila Western Desert Western Torres Strait Islander Yir Yoront Yolŋu

Diyari Jaralde Kalkutungu Pitha Pitha Warluwara

Mirndi

Djingili

Jarrakan

Miriwoong

E. Trans-Fly

Eastern Torres Strait Islander

Worrorran

Worora Kinship

Banzsl

Auslan

Papua New Guinean

BSL

Northern Ireland

Sāmoan Maritime NZSL South African

Swedish

Finnish Finland-Swedish Portuguese Swedish

Zhōngguó Shǒuyǔ

Chinese

Shanghai

Shanghai

Hong Kong Macau

Francosign

Proto-LSF

Algerian Catalan

Valencian

Chilean Estonian French Irish

Australian-Irish

Libras Lithuanian Romanian Swiss-German

Amslanic

American

Black ASL Protactile

BIM Bolivian Burmese Cambodian Costa Rican Dominican Greek

Cypriot

Jamaican Kuala Lumpur Panamanian Philippine Puerto Rican Quebec Singapore

BISINDO

Jakarta Yogyakarta

Francophone African

Ethiopian Chadian Ghanaian Guinean LaSiMa Moroccan Nigerian Sierra Leonean

Austro- Hungarian

Austrian Czech Hungarian Slovak Ukrainian

Russian

Bulgarian Georgian Latvian Moldovan Mongolian Russian

Yugoslav

Croatian Kosovar Serbian Slovenian Yugoslav

Old Belgian

Flemish French Belgian

Danish

Danish Icelandic Malagasy Norwegian

Dutch

Dutch Gambian

Italian

Italian Tunisian

Mexican

Mexican Honduran

Viet-Thai

Hai Phong Hanoi Ho Chi Minh Thai

Germanosign

German Luxembourgish Polish Shassi

Indo-European

Armenian Women's

Indo-Pakistani Sign

Bangalore-Madras Beluchistan Bengali Bombay Calcutta Delhi Nepali North West Frontier Province Punjab-Sindh

Japanese Sign

Japanese Korean Taiwanese

Original Thai Sign

Chiangmai Hai Phong Old Bangkok

Meemul Tziij

Highland Maya Nohya

Paraguayan- Uruguayan Sign

Paraguay Uruguay

Plains Sign Talk

Hand Talk Anishinaabe Cheyenne Cree Dane-zaa Diné Nakota Niitsítapi Tsuu T'ina

Plateau

Ktunaxa Secwepemc

Providencia– Cayman Sign

Provisle Old Cayman (Guyanese)

Paget Gorman

Namibian

Kentish

Old Kentish

Chilmark

Chilmark

Martha's Vineyard

Isolates

Afghan Al-Sayyid Bedouin Albanian Amami Oshima Armenian

Plaa Pag Huay Hai Na Sai

Atgangmuurniq Belizean Bhutanese Bökyi lagda Bribri Brunca Bura Chatino Cuban Diné Family Dogon Ecuadorian Eritrean Enga Ghandruk Ghardaia Guatemalan Guinea-Bissau Henniker Hoailona ʻŌlelo Jhankot Jumla Ka'apor Kajana Kafr Qasim Kata Kolok Kenyan

Somali

Kisindo Konchri Sain Lyons Macedonian Maltese Magannar Hannu Mardin Mauritian M'bour Mossi Mozambican Mumu kasa Nicaraguan Old Costa Rican Ottoman Pasa kidd Penang Persian Peruvian Rennellese Rwandan Sandy River Salvadoran Spanish Tebul Trinidad and Tobago Turkish Ugandan Venezuelan Yiddish Yoruban Zambian

Other

Ethiopian languages Laotian languages Sri Lankan languages Sudanese languages Tanzanian languages (7+)[b]

International Sign

By region[a]

Sign languages by region

Oceania

Australia Auslan Australian-Irish Eltye eltyarrenke Iltyeme iltyeme Rdaka rdaka Manjiljarra Warlmanpa Warramunga Mudburra Ngada Umpila Western Desert Western Torres Strait Islander Yir Yoront Yolŋu

Hawai‘i Haoilona ʻŌlelo Sāmoa & America Sāmoa Sāmoan Aotearoa New Zealand NZSL Solomon Islands Rennellese

Asia

Bengal Bengali Cambodia Cambodian China Chinese Indonesia Indonesian Kata Kolok (Benkala, Balinese) India Alipur Bengali Indo-Pakistani Naga Iran Persian Israel Al-Sayyid Bedouin Ghardaia Israeli Kafr Qasem Yiddish Japan Amami Oshima Japanese Korea Korean Laos Laotian Malaysia Malaysian Penang Selangor Mongolia Mongolian Nepal Ghandruk Jhankot Jumla Nepalese Philippines Philippine Saudi Arabia Saudi Singapore Singapore Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Taiwan Taiwanese Tibet Bökyi lagda Thailand Bangkok Chiangmai Thai Pasa kidd Vietnam Vietnamese

Africa

Algeria Algerian Ghardaia Ghana Adamorobe Nanabin Kenya Kenyan Mali Tebul LaSiMa Nigeria Bura Magannar Hannu Senegal Mbour Somalia & Djibouti Somali South Africa South African Tanzania Tanzanian Uganda Ugandan Zambia Zambian

North America

Plains Sign Talk Canada American

Protactile

Blackfoot Cree Ojibwa MSL Quebec Atgangmuurniq Plateau Mexico Chatino Mayan Mexican United States American

Black American Protactile

Blackfeet Cree Cheyenne Ojibwa Keresign Martha's Vineyard Navajo Navajo Family Sandy River Valley Henniker

Central and South America

Argentina Argentine Belize Belizean Bolivia Bolivian Brazil Libras Ka'apor Cayman Old Cayman Chile Chilean Colombia Colombian Provisle Costa Rica Bribri Brunca Old Costa Rican New Costa Rican Ecuador Ecuadorian Guatemalan Guatemalan Mayan Honduras Honduras Nicaragua Nicaraguan Paraguay Paraguayan Peru Peruvian El Salvador Salvadoran Old Salvadoran Uruguay Uruguayan Venezuela Venezuelan

Europe

Armenia Armenian Austria Austrian Belgium Flemish French Belgian United Kingdom British Croatia Croatian Denmark Danish Netherlands Dutch Estonia Estonian Finland Finnish France Ghardaia French Lyons Germany German Greece Greek Hungary Hungarian Iceland Icelandic Ireland Irish Italy Italian Kosovo Kosovar Lithuania Lithuanian Luxembourg Luxembourgish Macedonia Macedonian Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Norway Norwegian Poland Polish Portugal Portuguese Russia Russian Slovenia Slovenian Spain Catalan Spanish Valencian Sweden Swedish Switzerland Swiss Turkey Mardin Turkish Ukraine Ukrainian

International

International Sign Makaton Monastic Signalong

ASL

Grammar Idioms Literature Profanity Name signs

Extinct languages

Chilmark Diyari Jaralde Kalkutungu Henniker Sign Language Martha's Vineyard Old French Old Kent Plateau Sign Language Pitha Pitha Sandy River Valley Sign Language Warluwara

Linguistics

Grammar (ASL) Bimodal bilingualism Cherology Handshape
Handshape
/ Location / Orientation / Movement / Expression Mouthing Sign names

Fingerspelling

American British (two-handed) Catalan Chilean French Hungarian Irish Japanese Korean Polish Russian Serbo-Croatian Spanish Ukrainian

Writing

ASL-phabet Hamburg Notation System

Stokoe notation

Stokoe notation

SignWriting

SignWriting

si5s

si5s

ASLwrite
ASLwrite
()

Language contact

Contact sign Indian Signing System Initialized sign Manually coded English Manually coded language in South Africa Manually Coded Malay Mouthing Paget Gorman Sign System Signed Dutch Signed French Signed German Signed Italian Signed Japanese Signed Polish Signed Spanish Signing Exact English Tecknad svenska

Bilingual–bicultural education Manually coded language

Media

Films (list) Television programmes (list)

Persons

Jabbar Baghtcheban Johanna Berglind Pär Aron Borg Thomas Braidwood Laurent Clerc Abbé de l'Épée Roger Fouts Valerie Sutton Thomas Gallaudet Abbe Sicard William Stokoe Pierre Pélissier

Organisations

Association of Visual Language Interpreters of Canada International Center on Deafness and the Arts Mimics and Gesture Theatre World Association of Sign Language Interpreters

Miscellaneous

Baby sign language CHCI chimpanzee center (Washoe, Loulis) Open Outcry Legal recognition Military hand and arm signals Monastic sign languages Tactile signing Tic-tac (betting)

^a Sign-language names reflect the region of origin. Natural sign languages are not related to the spoken language used in the same region. For example, French Sign Language
French Sign Language
originated in France, but is not related to French. ^b Denotes the number (if known) of languages within the family. No further information is given o

.