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KOD TANGAN BAHASA MALAYSIA (KTBM), or MANUALLY CODED MALAY, is the only form of sign language recognised by the government in Malaysia
Malaysia
as the language of communication for the Deaf. It is not itself a language, but a manually coded language , a signed form of oral Malay . It is adapted from American Sign Language
American Sign Language
(or perhaps Manually Coded English ), with the addition of some local signs, and grammatical signs representing affixation of nouns and verbs as used in Malay. It is used in Deaf schools for the purpose of teaching the Malay language.

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Languages of Malaysia
Malaysia

MAIN

OFFICIAL

* Malaysian

RECOGNISED

* English (comparison with British English )

Significant minority

CHINESE

* Sino-Tibetan

* Cantonese
Cantonese
* Eastern Min * Fuqing * Fuzhou * Hokkien
Hokkien
* Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
* Malaysian Mandarin * Pu-Xian Min * Penang Hokkien
Hokkien
* Southern Peninsular Malaysian Hokkien
Hokkien
* Yue Chinese

INDIAN

* Dravidian

* Malayalam
Malayalam

* Tamil

* Malaysian Tamil

* Telugu

* Indo-European

* Gujarati * Hindi * Punjabi * Urdu

FAMILIES

* Austroasiatic

* Aslian

* Austronesian

* Bornean * Land Dayak * Malayic * Philippine * Sama–Bajaw

* Tai-Kadai

* Tai

CREOLES

* Chavacano
Chavacano
* Kristang * Manglish * Other Malay trade and creole languages

Natives border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

NATIONWIDE

* Banjar * Buginese * Javanese * Malay (Malayan )

Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia

* Baba Malay * Batek * Baweanese * Cheq Wong * Chetty Malay * Duano’ * Jah Hut * Jahai * Jakun * Kedah Malay
Kedah Malay
* Kelantan-Pattani Malay * Kenaboi 1 * Kensiu * Kintaq * Kristang * Lanoh * Mah Meri * Minriq * Mintil * Mos * Negeri Sembilan Malay * Orang Kanaq * Orang Seletar * Pahang Malay * Perak Malay
Perak Malay
* Rawa Malay * Sabüm 1 * Semai * Semaq Beri * Semelai * Semnam * Southern Thai * Temiar * Temoq 2 * Temuan * Terengganu Malay * Wila\' 1

East Malaysia
Malaysia

* Abai * Bahau * Bajaw * Balau * Belait * Berawan * Biatah * Bintulu * Bonggi * Bookan * Bruneian/Kedayan Malay * Brunei Bisaya * Bukar Sadong * Bukitan * Coastal Kadazan * Cocos Malay * Daro-Matu * Dumpas * Dusun * Eastern Kadazan * Gana’ * Iban * Ida\'an * Iranun * Jagoi * Jangkang * Kajaman * Kalabakan * Kanowit * Kayan * Kelabit * Kendayan * Keningau Murut * Kinabatangan * Kiput * Klias River Kadazan * Kota Marudu Talantang * Kuijau * Lahanan * Lelak 1 * Lengilu 1 * Lotud * Lun Bawang * Mainstream Kenyah * Maranao * Melanau * Molbog * Momogun * Murik Kayan * Narom * Nonukan Tidong * Okolod * Paluan * Papar * Punan Batu 2 * Penan * Remun * Sa\'ban * Sabah Bisaya * Sabah Malay * Sama * Sarawak Malay * Sebop * Sebuyau * Sekapan * Selungai Murut * Sembakung * Seru 1 * Serudung * Sian * Suluk * Sungai * Tagol * Timugon * Tombonuwo * Tring * Tringgus * Tutoh * Ukit 2 * Uma’ Lasan

MIXED

* Rojak * Tanglish

IMMIGRANTS

* African * Arab * Bangladeshi * Burmese * Cambodian * East Timorese * Filipino

* Indonesian

* comparison with Malaysian

* Iranian * Japanese * Korean * Laotian * Nepalese * Pakistani * Sri Lankan * Thai * Vietnamese

SIGNS

MAIN

* Malaysian Sign Language (Manually Coded Malay)

BY STATES

* Penang Sign Language * Selangor Sign Language

1 Extinct languages. 2 Nearly extinct languages.

* v * t * e

Sign language

* List of sign languages * List by number of signers

BY REGION

SIGN LANGUAGES BY REGION

OCEANIA

* Australia: Auslan
Auslan
, Australian-Irish , Eltye eltyarrenke , Iltyeme iltyeme , Rdaka rdaka , Manjiljarra , Warlmanpa , Warramunga , Mudburra , Ngada , Umpila , Western Desert , Western Torres Strait Islander , Yir Yoront , Yolŋu

* Hawai‘i: Haoilona ʻŌlelo * Sāmoa ">ASIA

* Bengali * Cambodian * Chinese * Indonesia: Indonesian , Kata Kolok (Benkala, Balinese) * India: Alipur , Bengali Indo-Pakistani , Naga * Israel: Al-Sayyid Bedouin , Ghardaia , Israeli , Kafr Qasem , Yiddish * Japan: Amami Oshima , Japanese * Korean * Laotian * Malaysia: Malaysian , Penang , Selangor * Mongolian * Nepal: Ghandruk , Jhankot , Jumla , Nepalese * Persian * Philippine * Saudi Arabia: Saudi * Singapore * Sri Lankan * Taiwanese * Thailand: Ban Khor , Bangkok , Chiangmai , Thai * Vietnamese

AFRICA

* Algeria: Algerian , Ghardaia * Ghana: Adamorobe , Nanabin * Kenyan * Mali: Tebul , LaSiMa * Nigeria: Bura , Hausa * Senegal: Mbour * Somalia ">EUROPE

* Armenian * Austrian * Belgium: Flemish , French Belgian * British * Croatian * Danish * Dutch * Estonian * Finnish * France: Ghardaia , French , Lyons * German * Greek * Hungarian * Icelandic * Irish * Italian * Kosovar * Lithuanian * Luxembourgish * Macedonian * Northern Ireland * Norwegian * Polish * Portuguese * Russian * Slovenian * Spain: Catalan , Spanish , Valencian * Swedish * Swiss * Turkey: Mardin , Turkish * Ukrainian

NORTH AMERICA

* Plains Sign Talk
Talk
* Canada: American (Protactile ), Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibwa, MSL , Quebec , Uukturausingit , Plateau * Mexico: Chatino , Mayan , Mexican * United States: American (Black American , Protactile ), Blackfeet, Cree, Cheyenne, Ojibwa, Keresign , Martha\'s Vineyard , Navajo, Navajo Family , Plateau , Sandy River Valley , Henniker

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA

* Argentine * Belizean * Bolivian * Brasil: Libras , Ka\'apor * Old Cayman * Chilean * Colombia: Colombian , Provisle * Costa Rica: Bribri , Brunca , Old Costa Rican , New Costa Rican * Ecuadorian * Guatemalan: Guatemalan , Mayan * Honduras * Nicaraguan * Paraguayan * Peruvian * El Salvador: Salvadoran , Old Salvadoran * Uruguayan * Venezuelan

INTERNATIONAL

* International Sign (Gestuno) * Makaton * Monastic * Signalong

Language families

SIGN LANGUAGES BY FAMILY

AFROASIATIC

* Mofu-Gudur

ARABIC SIGN

* Egyptian * Kuwaiti * Libyan * Qatari Unified * Yemeni

Iraqi– Levantine

* Iraqi * Levantine Arabic
Arabic
* Jordanian * Lebanese * Palestinian * Syrian

POSSIBLE

* Emirati * Saudi * Omani

Australian Aboriginal Language Families

Pama– Nyungan

* Eltye eltyarrenke * Iltyeme iltyeme * Rdaka rdaka * Manjiljarra * Warlmanpa * Warramunga * Mudburra * Ngada * Umpila * Western Desert * Western Torres Strait Islander * Yir Yoront * Yolŋu * Diyari * Jaralde * Kalkutungu * Pitha Pitha * Warluwara

MIRNDI

* Djingili

JARRAKAN

* Miriwoong

E. TRANS-FLY

* Eastern Torres Strait Islander

WORRORRAN

* Worora Kinship

BANZSL
BANZSL

* Auslan
Auslan

* Papua New Guinean

* BSL

* Northern Ireland

* Sāmoan * Maritime * NZSL * South African

SWEDISH

* Finnish * Finland-Swedish * Portuguese * Swedish

CHINESE SIGN

* Chinese

SHANGHAI

* Shanghai

* Hong Kong * Macau

FRANCOSIGN

* Proto-LSF

* Algerian

* Catalan

* Valencian

* Chilean * Estonian * French

* Irish

* Australian-Irish

* Libras * Lithuanian * Romanian * Swiss-German

AMSLANIC

* American

* Black ASL * Protactile

* BIM * Bolivian * Burmese * Cambodian * Costa Rican * Dominican * Francophone African * Ghanaian

* Greek

* Cypriot

* Jamaican * Kuala Lumpur * Moroccan * Nigerian * Panamanian * Philippine * Puerto Rican * Quebec * Sierra Leonean * Singapore * Thai

BISINDO

* Jakarta * Yogyakarta

Austro- Hungarian

* Austrian * Czech * Hungarian * Slovak

RUSSIAN

* Bulgarian * Georgian * Latvian * Moldovan * Mongolian * Russian * Ukrainian

YUGOSLAV

* Croatian * Kosovar * Serbian * Slovenian * Yugoslav

OLD BELGIAN

* Flemish * French Belgian

DANISH

* Danish * Icelandic

* Norwegian

* Malagasy

DUTCH

* Dutch * Gambian

ITALIAN

* Italian * Tunisian

MEXICAN

* Mexican * Honduran

GERMANOSIGN

* German * Luxembourgish * Polish * Shassi

INDO-EUROPEAN

* Armenian Women\'s

Indo-Pakistani Sign

* Bangalore-Madras * Beluchistan * Bengali * Bombay * Calcutta * Delhi * Nepali * North West Frontier Province * Punjab-Sindh

JAPANESE SIGN

* Japanese * Korean * Taiwanese

Old Chiangmai– Bangkok Sign

* Chiangmai * Old Bangkok

MAYAN SIGN

* Highland Maya * Nohya

Paraguayan- Uruguayan Sign

* Paraguay * Uruguay

PLAINS SIGN TALK

* Anishinaabe * Cheyenne * Cree * Dane-zaa * Nakota * Navajo * Niitsítapi * Tsuu T'ina

VIETNAMESE SIGN

* Haiphong * Hanoi * Ho Chi Minh City

Providencia– Cayman Sign

* Provisle * Old Cayman (Guyanese)

PAGET GORMAN

* Namibian

KENTISH

* Old Kentish

CHILMARK

* Chilmark

* Martha\'s Vineyard

OTHER

* Ethiopian languages * Laotian languages * Sri Lankan languages * Sudanese languages * Tanzanian languages (7+)

* International Sign

ISOLATES

* Adasl * Afghan * Al-Sayyid Bedouin * Albanian * Amami Oshima * Armenian

* Ban Khor

* Plaa Pag * Huay Hai * Na Sai

* Belizean * Bhutanese * Bribri * Brunca * Bura * Chatino * Cuban * Dogon * Ecuadorian * Eritrean * Enga * Ghandruk * Ghardaia * Guatemalan * Guinea-Bissau * Hausa * Hawai\'ian * Henniker * Jhankot * Jumla * Ka\'apor * Kafr Qasem * Kata Kolok

* Kenyan

* Somali

* Konchri Sain * LaSiMa * Lyons * Macedonian * Maltese * Mardin * Mauritian * M\'bour * Mossi * Mozambican * Navajo Family * Nicaraguan * Old Costa Rican * Ottoman * Penang * Persian * Peruvian * Rennellese * Rwandan * Sandy River * Salvadoran * Spanish * Tebul * Tibetan * Trinidad and Tobago * Turkish * Ugandan * Uukturausingit * Venezuelan * Yiddish * Yoruban * Zambian

ASL

* Grammar * Idioms * Literature * Profanity * Name signs

Extinct languages

* Chilmark * Diyari * Jaralde * Kalkutungu * Henniker Sign Language * Martha\'s Vineyard * Old French * Old Kent * Plateau Sign Language * Pitha Pitha * Sandy River Valley Sign Language * Warluwara

LINGUISTICS

* Grammar (ASL) * Bimodal bilingualism * Cherology * Handshape , Location , Orientation , Movement , Expression * Mouthing * Sign names

FINGERSPELLING

* American * British (two-handed) * Catalan * Chilean * French * Hungarian * Irish * Japanese * Korean * Polish * Russian * Serbo-Croatian * Spanish * Ukrainian

WRITING

* ASL-phabet * Hamburg Notation System

STOKOE NOTATION

* Stokoe notation

SIGNWRITING

* SignWriting

SI5S

* si5s

* ASLwrite
ASLwrite
( )

Language contact

* Contact sign * Indian Signing System * Initialized sign * Manually coded English * Manually coded language in South Africa * Manually Coded Malay * Mouthing * Paget Gorman Sign System * Signed Dutch * Signed French * Signed German * Signed Italian * Signed Japanese * Signed Polish * Signed Spanish * Signing Exact English * Tecknad svenska

* Bilingual–bicultural education * Manually coded language

MEDIA

* Films (list) * Television programmes (list)

PERSONS

* Jabbar Baghtcheban * Johanna Berglind * Pär Aron Borg * Thomas Braidwood * Laurent Clerc * Abbé de l\'Épée * Roger Fouts * Valerie Sutton * Thomas Gallaudet * Abbe Sicard * William Stokoe * Pierre Pélissier

ORGANISATIONS

* Association of Visual Language Interpreters of Canada * International Center on Deafness and the Arts * Mimics and Gesture Theatre * ASL Rose * World Association of Sign Language Interpreters

MISCELLANEOUS

* Baby sign language * CHCI chimpanzee center (Washoe , Loulis ) * Open Outcry * Legal recognition * Military hand and arm signals * Monastic sign languages * Tactile signing * Tic-tac (betting)

^A Sign-language names reflect the region of origin. Natural sign languages are not related to the spoken language used in the same region. For example, French Sign Language
French Sign Language
originated in France, but is not related to French. ^B Denotes the number (if known) of languages within the family. No further information is given on these languages.

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