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Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
(also spelled Hadjidakis; Greek: Μάνος Χατζιδάκις; 23 October 1925 – 15 June 1994) was a Greek composer and theorist of Greek music. He was also one of the main proponents of the "Éntekhno" form of music (along with Mikis Theodorakis). In 1960 he received an Academy Award for Best Original Song for his song Never on Sunday
Never on Sunday
from the film of the same name.

Contents

1 Biography 2 In exile 3 Later years 4 Death 5 Musical scores 6 References 7 External links

Biography[edit]

Manos Hatzidakis.

Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
was born on 23 October 1925 in Xanthi, Greece
Greece
to lawyer Georgios Hatzidakis, who came from the village of Mirthios, Agios Vasileios in the Rethymno prefecture in Crete; and Aliki Arvanitidou, who came from Adrianopolis. His musical education began at the age of fourteen and consisted of piano lessons from the Armenian pianist Altunian. At the same time, he learned to play the violin and the accordion. After the separation of his parents, Hatzidakis moved permanently to Athens
Athens
in 1932 with his mother. A few years later in 1938, his father died in an aircraft accident. This event, in combination with the beginning of World War II, brought the family into a difficult financial situation. The young Hatzidakis earned his livelihood as a docker at the port, an ice seller at the Fix factory, an employee in Megalokonomou's photography shop and as an assistant nurse at the 401 Military Hospital. At the same time, he expanded his musical knowledge by studying advanced music theory with Menelaos Pallandios, in the period 1940-1943. At the same time, he studied philosophy at the University of Athens. However, he never completed this course. During this period, he met and connected with other musicians, writers and intellectuals. Among these were Nikos Gatsos, George Seferis, Odysseas Elytis, Angelos Sikelianos
Angelos Sikelianos
and the artist Yannis Tsarouchis. During the last period of the Axis occupation of Greece, he was an active participant in the Greek Resistance
Greek Resistance
through membership of the United Panhellenic Organization of Youth (EPON), the youth branch of the major resistance organisation EAM, where he met Mikis Theodorakis
Mikis Theodorakis
with whom he soon developed a strong friendship. His very first work was the tune for the song "Paper Moon" ("Χάρτινο το Φεγγαράκι"), from Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire staged by Karolos Koun's Art Theatre of Athens, a collaboration which continued for 15 years. His first piano piece, "For a Small White Seashell" ("Για μια Μικρή Λευκή Αχιβάδα"), came out in 1947 and in 1948 he shook the musical establishment by delivering his legendary lecture on rembetika, the urban folk songs that flourished in Greek cities, mainly Piraeus, after the Asia Minor
Asia Minor
refugee influx in 1922 and until then had heavy underworld and cannabis use connections and were consequently looked down upon.[citation needed] Hatzidakis focused on the economy of expression, the deep traditional roots and the genuineness of emotion displayed in rembetika, and exalted the likes of composers like Markos Vamvakaris and Vassilis Tsitsanis. Putting theory to practice, he adapted classic rembetika in his 1951 piano work, Six Folk Paintings (Έξι Λαϊκές Ζωγραφιές), which was later also presented as a folk ballet. In 1949 he co-founded the Greek Dance Theatre Company with the choreographer Rallou Manou.[1] At this point he began writing immensely popular "pop" songs and movie soundtracks alongside more serious works, such as 1954's The C.N.S. Cycle (O Kyklos tou C.N.S.), a song cycle for piano and voice recalling the German lied in its form, if not in style. In 1955 he wrote the score for Michael Cacoyannis' film Stella, with actress Melina Mercouri, singing the movie's trademark song "Love that became a double-edged knife" ("Αγάπη που 'γινες δίκοπο μαχαίρι"). Hatzidakis always maintained that he wrote his serious pieces for himself and his less serious ones to make a living.[citation needed] In 1958, Hatzidakis met Nana Mouskouri, his first "ideal interpreter", a skilled vocalist who shaped the sounds of his music.[citation needed] It was 1960 that brought him international success, as his song "Never on Sunday" ("Τα παιδιά του Πειραιά"), from Jules Dassin's film Never on Sunday
Never on Sunday
(Ποτέ την Κυριακή), won him an Academy Award and became a worldwide hit. In 1962, he produced the musical Street of Dreams (Οδός Ονείρων)[2] and completed his score for Aristophanes' Birds (Όρνιθες), another Art Theater production which caused an uproar over Karolos Koun's revolutionary direction. The score was also used later by Maurice Béjart's 20th Century Ballets. He also wrote the music for a song which Arthur Altman added English lyrics to and gave to Brenda Lee. The song was "All Alone Am I". In 1964 he released the album 15 Vespers (Δεκαπέντε Εσπερινοί) with the famous song "Mr Antonis ("Ο Κυρ Αντώνης").[3] In 1965, his LP Gioconda's Smile (Το Χαμόγελο της Τζιοκόντας)[4] was released on Minos-EMI. In 2004, it was re-released, digitally remastered as an audiophile LP and a CD in the EMI Classics
EMI Classics
collection. In 1966 he travelled to New York City
New York City
for the premiere of Illya Darling, a Broadway musical based on Never on Sunday, which starred Mercouri. He did not return to Greece
Greece
until 1972 due to his opposition to Greece's military dictatorship. In exile[edit]

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While in the United States he completed several more major compositions, including Rhythmology (Rythmologia) for solo piano, his compilation, Gioconda's Smile (produced by Quincy Jones), and the song cycle, Magnus Eroticus (Megalos Erotikos), in which he used ancient (Sappho, Euripides), medieval (stanzas from folk songs and George Hortatzis' romance Erophile) and modern (Dionysios Solomos, Constantine Cavafy, Odysseus Elytis, Nikos Gatsos) Greek poems, as well as an excerpt from the Old Testament book "Wisdom of Solomon". His LP Reflections with the New York Rock & Roll Ensemble contained several of his most beautiful songs, either in orchestral form or with English lyrics written by the band – a record that preceded fusion trends by several decades. Later years[edit]

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Hatzidakis returned to Greece
Greece
in 1972 and recorded Magnus Eroticus with opera-trained alto Fleury Dantonaki and singer Dimitris Psarianos. Following the junta's overthrow, he became active in public life and assumed a number of positions in the Athens
Athens
State Orchestra (KOA), the National Opera (ELS), and the National Radio (ERT). In 1985 he launched his own record company "Seirios" (Sirius). In 1988 he helped Foivos Delivorias
Foivos Delivorias
get started in his singing career. In 1989 he founded and directed the Orchestra of Colours (Orchestra ton Chromaton), a small symphonic orchestra. Death[edit] He died on 15 June 1994 in Athens
Athens
at the age of 68, from acute pulmonary edema. In 1999 the City of Athens
Athens
dedicated Technopolis in his memory. He was buried in Paiania. Musical scores[edit]

Adoulotoi Sklavoi - Unsubdued Slaves – US title (1946) Kokkinos Vrahos (1949) Dyo Kosmi – The Two Worlds (1949) Nekri Politeia – Dead City – US title (1951) O Grousouzis – The Grouch – US title (1952) Agni Tou Limaniou - Lily of the Harbour – US title (1952) The Counterfeit Coin - Η κάλπικη λίρα (1955) O Drakos – The Ogre of Athens
Athens
– US title (1956) One Street Organ, One Life
One Street Organ, One Life
(1958) Never on Sunday
Never on Sunday
(Ποτέ Την Κυριακή) (1960) Woe to the Young (1961) The 300 Spartans
The 300 Spartans
(1962) America America (1963) Topkapi (1964) Gioconda's Smile (Το Χαμόγελο Της Τζοκόντας) (1965) Illya Darling
Illya Darling
(1967) – Broadway musical Blue (1968) Reflections (1969) – Performed by the New York Rock & Roll Ensemble The Invincible Six
The Invincible Six
(1970) The Pedestrian (1973) Sweet Movie (1974) Faccia di spia (1975) Memed, My Hawk (1984) Reflections (2005) – Performed by Raining Pleasure. Special appearance by Meriam performing the song "Kemal" Amorgos (2006)

References[edit]

^ Hatzidakis's biodata Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Οδός Ονείρων/Dream Street (music/video) on YouTube ^ Ο Κυρ Αντώνης/Mr Antonis (music/video) on YouTube ^ Το Χαμόγελο της Τζιοκόντας/Gioconda's Smile (music/video) on YouTube

External links[edit]

Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
on IMDb

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Song

1934–1940

"The Continental"

Music: Con Conrad Lyrics: Herb Magidson (1934)

"Lullaby of Broadway"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Al Dubin (1935)

"The Way You Look Tonight"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
(1936)

"Sweet Leilani"

Music and lyrics: Harry Owens
Harry Owens
(1937)

"Thanks for the Memory"

Music: Ralph Rainger Lyrics: Leo Robin (1938)

"Over the Rainbow"

Music: Harold Arlen Lyrics: E. Y. Harburg (1939)

"When You Wish Upon a Star"

Music: Leigh Harline Lyrics: Ned Washington (1940)

1941–1950

"The Last Time I Saw Paris"

Music: Jerome Kern Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1941)

"White Christmas"

Music and lyrics: Irving Berlin
Irving Berlin
(1942)

"You'll Never Know"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Mack Gordon
Mack Gordon
(1943)

"Swinging on a Star"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Johnny Burke (1944)

"It Might as Well Be Spring"

Music: Richard Rodgers Lyrics: Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1945)

"On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe"

Music: Harry Warren Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1946)

"Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah"

Music: Allie Wrubel Lyrics: Ray Gilbert (1947)

"Buttons and Bows"

Music: Jay Livingston Lyrics: Ray Evans (1948)

"Baby, It's Cold Outside"

Music and lyrics: Frank Loesser
Frank Loesser
(1949)

"Mona Lisa"

Music and lyrics: Ray Evans and Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
(1950)

1951–1960

"In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening"

Music: Hoagy Carmichael Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1951)

"High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin')"

Music: Dimitri Tiomkin Lyrics: Ned Washington (1952)

"Secret Love"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1953)

"Three Coins in the Fountain"

Music: Jule Styne Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1954)

"Love Is a Many Splendored Thing"

Music: Sammy Fain Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1955)

"Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)"

Music and lyrics: Jay Livingston
Jay Livingston
and Ray Evans (1956)

"All the Way"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1957)

"Gigi"

Music: Frederick Loewe Lyrics: Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958)

"High Hopes"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1959)

"Never on Sunday"

Music and lyrics: Manos Hatzidakis
Manos Hatzidakis
(1960)

1961–1970

"Moon River"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1961)

"Days of Wine and Roses"

Music: Henry Mancini Lyrics: Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
(1962)

"Call Me Irresponsible"

Music: Jimmy Van Heusen Lyrics: Sammy Cahn
Sammy Cahn
(1963)

"Chim Chim Cher-ee"

Music and lyrics: Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman
Robert B. Sherman
(1964)

"The Shadow of Your Smile"

Music: Johnny Mandel Lyrics: Paul Francis Webster (1965)

"Born Free"

Music: John Barry Lyrics: Don Black (1966)

" Talk
Talk
to the Animals"

Music and lyrics: Leslie Bricusse (1967)

"The Windmills of Your Mind"

Music: Michel Legrand Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968)

"Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head"

Music: Burt Bacharach Lyrics: Hal David
Hal David
(1969)

"For All We Know"

Music: Fred Karlin Lyrics: Robb Royer
Robb Royer
and Jimmy Griffin (1970)

1971–1980

"Theme from Shaft"

Music and lyrics: Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
(1971)

"The Morning After"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1972)

"The Way We Were"

Music: Marvin Hamlisch Lyrics: Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973)

"We May Never Love Like This Again"

Music and lyrics: Al Kasha and Joel Hirschhorn (1974)

"I'm Easy"

Music and lyrics: Keith Carradine
Keith Carradine
(1975)

"Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"

Music: Barbra Streisand Lyrics: Paul Williams (1976)

"You Light Up My Life"

Music and lyrics: Joseph Brooks (1977)

"Last Dance"

Music and lyrics: Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
(1978)

"It Goes Like It Goes"

Music: David Shire Lyrics: Norman Gimbel (1979)

"Fame"

Music: Michael Gore Lyrics: Dean Pitchford (1980)

1981–1990

"Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)"

Music and lyrics: Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen (1981)

"Up Where We Belong"

Music: Jack Nitzsche
Jack Nitzsche
and Buffy Sainte-Marie Lyrics: Will Jennings (1982)

"Flashdance... What a Feeling"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Keith Forsey and Irene Cara (1983)

"I Just Called to Say I Love You"

Music and lyrics: Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1984)

"Say You, Say Me"

Music and lyrics: Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985)

"Take My Breath Away"

Music: Giorgio Moroder Lyrics: Tom Whitlock (1986)

"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"

Music: Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz Lyrics: Franke Previte (1987)

"Let the River Run"

Music and lyrics: Carly Simon
Carly Simon
(1988)

"Under the Sea"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1989)

"Sooner or Later (I Always Get My Man)"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(1990)

1991–2000

"Beauty and the Beast"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Howard Ashman (1991)

"A Whole New World"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1992)

"Streets of Philadelphia"

Music and lyrics: Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(1993)

"Can You Feel the Love Tonight"

Music: Elton John Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1994)

"Colors of the Wind"

Music: Alan Menken Lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1995)

"You Must Love Me"

Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber Lyrics: Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(1996)

"My Heart Will Go On"

Music: James Horner Lyrics: Will Jennings (1997)

"When You Believe"

Music and lyrics: Stephen Schwartz (1998)

"You'll Be in My Heart"

Music and lyrics: Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1999)

"Things Have Changed"

Music and lyrics: Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(2000)

2001–2010

"If I Didn't Have You (Disney song)"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2001)

"Lose Yourself"

Music: Eminem, Jeff Bass and Luis Resto Lyrics: Eminem
Eminem
(2002)

"Into the West"

Music and lyrics: Fran Walsh, Howard Shore
Howard Shore
and Annie Lennox
Annie Lennox
(2003)

"Al otro lado del río"

Music and lyrics: Jorge Drexler
Jorge Drexler
(2004)

"It's Hard out Here for a Pimp"

Music and lyrics: Juicy J, Frayser Boy and DJ Paul
DJ Paul
(2005)

"I Need to Wake Up"

Music and lyrics: Melissa Etheridge
Melissa Etheridge
(2006)

"Falling Slowly"

Music and lyrics: Glen Hansard
Glen Hansard
and Markéta Irglová
Markéta Irglová
(2007)

"Jai Ho"

Music: A. R. Rahman Lyrics: Gulzar
Gulzar
(2008)

"The Weary Kind"

Music and lyrics: Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
and T Bone Burnett
T Bone Burnett
(2009)

"We Belong Together"

Music and lyrics: Randy Newman
Randy Newman
(2010)

2011–present

"Man or Muppet"

Music and lyrics: Bret McKenzie
Bret McKenzie
(2011)

"Skyfall"

Music and lyrics: Adele
Adele
Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012)

"Let It Go"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2013)

"Glory"

Music and lyrics: John Stephens and Lonnie Lynn (2014)

"Writing's on the Wall"

Music and lyrics: James Napier and Sam Smith (2015)

"City of Stars"

Music: Justin Hurwitz Lyrics: Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016)

"Remember Me"

Music and lyrics: Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2017)

v t e

Rebetiko

Byzantine music Greek folk music Majore and minore Makams Laïko

Singers and composers

R. Abatzi G. Asikis Y. Batis D. Bayianteras S. Bellou G. Chasavetis M. Chiotis A. Dalgas L. Daralas A. Delias R. Eskenazi S. Gavalas M. Genitsaris S. Haskil A. Hatzichristos K. Karipis A. Katinaris G. Kavouras G. Mitsakis A. Nikolaidis M. Ninou G. Ogdontakis S. Pagioumtzis M. Papagika G. Papaioannou V. Papazoglou S. Peristeris S. Perpiniadis K. Roukounas D. Semsis K. Skarvelis Smyrneiki Estudiantina Smyrna Trio A. Tomboulis P. Toundas I. Tsaous V. Tsitsanis M. Vamvakaris G. Vidalis N. Vrachnas

Current

V. Capossela A. Iakovidis M. Katinari B. Tsertos

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 116045969 LCCN: n84179568 ISNI: 0000 0001 1700 2967 GND: 119508028 SUDOC: 052198073 BNF: cb13894868m (data) BIBSYS: 50908 MusicBrainz: e34c6bac-7b2b-4898-a488-81792da6aca3 NLA: 35406801 NDL: 001173557 NKC: xx0068148 ICCU: ITICCUTO0V75938 BNE: XX1492629 SN

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