HOME
The Info List - Manilkara


--- Advertisement ---



Manilkara
Manilkara
is a genus of trees in the family Sapotaceae. They are widespread in tropical and semitropical locations, in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Australia, and Latin America, as well as various islands in the Pacific
Pacific
and in the Caribbean.[4] A close relative is the genus Pouteria. Trees of this genus yield edible fruit, useful wood, and latex. The best-known species are M. bidentata (balatá), M. chicle (chicle) and M. zapota (sapodilla). M. hexandra is the floral emblem of Prachuap Khiri Khan Province in Thailand, where it is known as rayan. M. obovata shares the vernacular name of African pear with another completely different species, Dacryodes edulis, and neither should be confused with Baillonella toxisperma, known by the very similar name, African pearwood. The generic name, Manilkara, is derived from manil-kara, a vernacular name for M. kauki in Malayalam.[5] Manilkara
Manilkara
trees are often significant, or even dominant species in their native ecosystems, such as East Deccan dry evergreen forests, Central American premontane tropical wet forests, or together with Cynometra, in the Arabuko Sokoke National Park. Manilkara
Manilkara
fruit are an important food item for various frugivores, in particular birds. The red fruit bat (Stenoderma rufum) is the primary – and possibly the only – seed disperser of M. bidentata in parts of the Caribbean. Tuckerella xiamenensis, a species of peacock mite, was described from a sapodilla tree. Several species are endangered due to overexploitation and habitat destruction. M. gonavensis of Haiti
Haiti
and M. spectabilis of Costa Rica are almost extinct. Selected species[edit] These species are among those included in the genus Manilkara:[6][7][8]

Manilkara
Manilkara
adolfo-friederici (Engl. & K.Krause) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
altissima (Engl.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
amazonica (Huber) Standl. Manilkara
Manilkara
angolensis Lecomte ex Pellegr. Manilkara
Manilkara
argentea Pierre ex Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
aubrevillei Sillans Manilkara
Manilkara
balata (Aubl.) Dubard Manilkara bella
Manilkara bella
Monach. Manilkara
Manilkara
bequaertii (De Wild.) H.J.Lam Manilkara bidentata
Manilkara bidentata
(A.DC.) A.Chev. – balatá, ausubo, bulletwood, massaranduba, cow-tree or purple-heart Manilkara
Manilkara
boivinii Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
bojeri (A.DC.) H.J.Lam Manilkara bolivarensis
Manilkara bolivarensis
T.D.Penn. Manilkara
Manilkara
breviloba Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
butugi Chiov. Manilkara
Manilkara
calcicola (Pittier) Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
calderonii Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
calophylloides H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
capuronii Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
casteelsii (De Wild.) H.J.Lam Manilkara cavalcantei
Manilkara cavalcantei
Pires & Rodrigues ex T.D.Penn. Manilkara chicle
Manilkara chicle
(Pittier) Gilly – chicle Manilkara
Manilkara
concolor (Harv. ex C.H.Wr.) Gerstn. Manilkara
Manilkara
celebica H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
conzattii Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
cordifolia P.Royen Manilkara
Manilkara
costata Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
cuneifolia Dubard Manilkara dardanoi
Manilkara dardanoi
Ducke Manilkara
Manilkara
darienensis (Pittier) Standl. Manilkara
Manilkara
dawei (Stapf) Chiov. Manilkara decrescens
Manilkara decrescens
T.D.Penn Manilkara
Manilkara
discolor (Sond.) J.H.Hemsl. Manilkara
Manilkara
dissecta Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
doeringii (Engl. & K.Krause) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
duckei Monach. Manilkara
Manilkara
dukensis (Engl. & K.Krause) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
duplicata (Sessé & Moc.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
eickii (Engl.) H.J.Lam Manilkara elata
Manilkara elata
(Allemão ex Miq.) Monach. Manilkara excelsa
Manilkara excelsa
(Ducke) Standl. Manilkara excisa
Manilkara excisa
(Urb.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
fasciculata (Warb.) H.J.Lam & Maas Geester. Manilkara
Manilkara
fischeri (Engl.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
floribunda (Mart.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
fouilloyana Aubrév. & Pellegr. Manilkara
Manilkara
frondosa (Hiern) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
gaumeri Gilly Manilkara gonavensis
Manilkara gonavensis
(Urb. & Ekman) Gilly ex Cronquist Manilkara
Manilkara
grisebachii (Pierre) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
guillotii (Hochr.) H.J.Lam Manilkara hexandra
Manilkara hexandra
(Roxb.) Dubard – palai, palu or rayan Manilkara
Manilkara
hoshinoi (Kaneh.) P.Royen Manilkara
Manilkara
howardii Gilly Manilkara huberi
Manilkara huberi
(Ducke) A.Chev. Manilkara
Manilkara
ilendensis (Engl.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
inundata (Ducke) Ducke ex Monach. Manilkara jaimiqui
Manilkara jaimiqui
(C.Wright) Dubard – wild dilly Manilkara kanosiensis
Manilkara kanosiensis
H.J.Lam & B.Meeuse – torem or sawai Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard – caqui or wongi Manilkara
Manilkara
koechlinii Aubrév. & Pellegr. Manilkara
Manilkara
kribensis (Engl.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
kurziana H.J.Lam & B.Meeuse Manilkara
Manilkara
lacera Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
laciniata (Lecomte) P.Royen Manilkara
Manilkara
letestui Aubrév. & Pellegr. Manilkara
Manilkara
letouzei Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
littoralis Dubard

Manilkara
Manilkara
longiciliata Ducke Manilkara longifolia
Manilkara longifolia
(A.DC.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
longistyla (De Wild.) C.M.Evrard Manilkara
Manilkara
lososiana Kenfack & Ewango Manilkara
Manilkara
mabokeensis Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
macaulayae (Hutch. & Corbishly) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
maclaudii Pierre ex Lecomte Manilkara
Manilkara
matanou Aubrév. & Pellegr. Manilkara maxima
Manilkara maxima
T.D.Penn Manilkara mayarensis
Manilkara mayarensis
(Ekman ex Urb.) Cronquist Manilkara
Manilkara
menyhartii (Engl.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
meridionalis Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
microphylla Aubrév. & Pellegr. Manilkara
Manilkara
mochisia (Bak.) Dubard Manilkara multifida
Manilkara multifida
T.D.Penn Manilkara
Manilkara
multinervis Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
napali P.Royen Manilkara
Manilkara
natalensis Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
nato-lahyensis P.Royen Manilkara nicholsonii
Manilkara nicholsonii
A.E.van Wyk Manilkara
Manilkara
nitida (Sessé & Moc.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
obovata (Sabine & G.Don) J.H.Hemsl. – African pear Manilkara
Manilkara
pancheri Dubard Manilkara paraensis
Manilkara paraensis
(Huber) Standl. Manilkara pleeana
Manilkara pleeana
(Pierre ex Baill.) Cronquist Manilkara
Manilkara
pellegriniana Tisserant & Sillans Manilkara
Manilkara
perrieri Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
pobeguinii Pierre ex Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
propinqua (S.Moore) H.J.Lam Manilkara pubicarpa
Manilkara pubicarpa
Monach. Manilkara
Manilkara
remotifolia Pierre ex Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
rojasii Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
roxburghiana (Wight) Dubard Manilkara rufula
Manilkara rufula
(Miq.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
sahafarensis Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
salzmannii (A.DC.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
samoensis H.J.Lam & B.Meeuse Manilkara
Manilkara
schweinfurthii Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
seretii (De Wild.) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
sideroxylon (Hook.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
siqueiraei Ducke Manilkara
Manilkara
smithiana H.J.Lam & Maas Geester. Manilkara
Manilkara
sohihy Aubrév. Manilkara spectabilis
Manilkara spectabilis
(Pittier) Standl. Manilkara
Manilkara
spiculosa (Hutch. & Corbishly) H.J.Lam Manilkara
Manilkara
staminodella Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
striata Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
suarezensis Aubrév. Manilkara subsericea
Manilkara subsericea
(Mart.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
sulcata Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
surinamensis (Miq.) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
sylvestris Aubrév. & Pellegr. Manilkara
Manilkara
tabogaensis Gilly Manilkara
Manilkara
tampoloensis Aubrév. Manilkara
Manilkara
teysmanni Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
thouvenotii (Lecomte) P.Royen Manilkara
Manilkara
triflora (Allemão) Monach. Manilkara
Manilkara
udoido Kaneh. Manilkara
Manilkara
umbraculigera (Hutch. & Corbishly) H.J.Lam Manilkara valenzuelana
Manilkara valenzuelana
(A.Rich.) T.D.Penn. Manilkara
Manilkara
vitiensis (H.J.Lam & v.Olden) B.Meeuse Manilkara
Manilkara
welwitschii Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
williamsii Standl. Manilkara
Manilkara
wrightiana (Pierre) Dubard Manilkara
Manilkara
zanzibarensis Dubard Manilkara zapota
Manilkara zapota
(L.) P.Royen – sapodilla, sapota, sapoti or dilly (Bahamas), naseberry (Caribbean), chico, chiku, ciku, snake fruit, níspero, nipero, mespel Manilkara
Manilkara
zenkeri Lecomte ex Aubrév. & Pellegr.

Manilkara zapota
Manilkara zapota
plant in Tamil Nadu, India

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manilkara.

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Manilkara

^ a b Fam. Pl. (Adanson) 2: 166, 574. 1763 [Jul-Aug 1763] " Plant
Plant
Name Details for Genus
Genus
Manilkara". IPNI. Retrieved December 23, 2009. Nomenclatural Notes: nom. cons. Type Name: M. kauki (Linnaeus) Dubard (Mimusops kauki Linnaeus) (typ. cons.) ; basionym of: Sapotaceae Mimusops subgen. Manilkara
Manilkara
(Adans.) Pierre & Urb., Symb. Antill. (Urban). 5: 162. 1904  ^ GRIN (March 31, 2009). "Achras information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 23, 2009. Comment: a rejected (nom. rej.), heterotypic synonym (Vienna ICBN Art. 14.4 & App. III) of Manilkara
Manilkara
Adans., nom. cons.  ^ Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4. [unpaged]. 1754 [28 Jan 1754] " Plant
Plant
Name Details for Genus
Genus
Sapota". IPNI. Retrieved December 23, 2009. Nomenclatural Notes: nom. illeg. nom. superfl. Achras Linnaeus (1753).  ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant
Plant
Families ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant
Plant
Names. III: M-Q. CRC Press. p. 1609. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6.  ^ GRIN. " Species
Species
in GRIN for genus Manilkara". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 23, 2009.  ^ M. obovata listed in Mabberley's The Plant
Plant
Book and also at Encyclopedia of Life ^ "Query Results for Genus
Genus
Manilkara". IPNI. Retrieved December 24, 2009. 

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q309947 APDB: 192393 EoL: 107762 EPPO: 1MNKG FNA: 119617 FoC: 119617 GBIF: 2885024 GRIN: 7236 ITIS: 23821 NCBI: 3740 PLANTS: MANIL W

.