MANAVALA MAMUNIGAL (1370–1450) was a
* 5 Classification of literary work
* 5.1 Commentaries * 5.2 Pramana Thirattu * 5.3 Independent works
* 6 Various names and titles of Sri Manavala Mamuni * 7 Deep and permanent influence over day-to-day religious observances * 8 His disciples * 9 References * 10 External links
BIRTH AND EARLY LIFE
Manavala Mamunigal was born in 1370 at
Mamunigal was schooled by father and maternal grandfather, who taught him the Vedas , Vedanta and the Divya Prabandam . He married at the age of 16 and moved from Sikkil Kidaaram to Azhvar Thirunagari to become the disciple of the acharya Thiruvaimozhipillai.
Thiruvaimozhipillai was instrumental in reviving the archa thirumeni (idol) of Ramanuja at Azhvar Thirunagari and in building a temple for him. He put the young Mamunigal in charge of the temple and gave him to title of Yatheendra Pravana in recognition of his devotion to Ramanuja. It was around this time that Mamunigal wrote "Yathiraja Vimsati”, which is considered to epitomise the very essence of the exalted ‘iramanusa nootrranthAdi’.
JOURNEY TOWARDS SRIRANGAM
On his deathbed, Thiruvaimozhipillai instructed Mamunigal to learn
and propagate the
Mamunigal was inconsolable on the death of his master. He immersed himself completely into studying and delivering discourses on Divya Prabhandham and rahasyas. Word of his abilities spread and he gained various disciples. Prominent among them was Sri Azhagiya Varadar who undertook sanyasashrama (asceticism) from Azhagiya Manavalan. The sanyasa name was given as " Ramanuja Jeeyar" (also known as Ponnadikkal Jeeyar). Thus began the most illustrious jeeyar mutt in the Sri Vaishnava sampradaya, the Vanamaamalai mutt, that continues the great unbroken lineage of acharyas to this day.
LIFE AT SRIRANGAM AND VISIT TO KANCHIPURAM
Srirangam at that point was facing the worst consequences of the Muslim invasion that took place in the early 14th century. It was structurally dilapidated, sacramentally bare, intellectually barren and spiritually, socially and morally corrupt. Misuse of rights, corruption and disorder were rampant. Nayanar had to exert tremendous effort and bring to force his divinely inspired organizational skills to restore the original pristine glory for daily sacramental and festival procedures at Sri Rangam, without antagonizing the people who were functioning in different capacities at that point in time. He realized the importance of bringing the focus back to the essential tenets of Sri VaishNavam and achieved this objective by bringing to fore scholarly works of Acharyas that had hitherto been pushed into the background. As a matter of natural consequence stemming from his commitment, devotion, erudition NayanAr was put in charge of everyday temple administration as well as anointed the leader for all Sri Vaishnavas of his time.
With normalcy returning to Srirangam, Nayanar set on a pilgrimage to
After visiting several other holy places, Nayanar returned to Srirangam to fully manage the temple affairs. He undertook sanyasashrama (asceticism) from Sri Sadagopa Jeeyar of Azhwar Thirunagari (who was his classmate earlier) at Srirangam to fully involve himself in service to Sri Vaishnavism. It was during this time he received the beautiful appellation Azhagiya Manavala Mamuni from Lord Ranganatha.
Swami Mamunigal’s divinely inspired brilliance, compassion and commitment endeared him to one and all. At this point of time, some of the prominent scholars namely Koil kanthaadai annan, Prathivaadhi bhayankaram annaa, Erumbi appaa from Erumbi, a Village near Sholinghur , Appillai came and became his disciples.
PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS AND COMMENTARIES
Manavala Mamunigal continued to live in
Srirangam and involved
himself completely in writing commentaries for works of Pillai
Lokacharya. He wrote elaborate acommentaries for three of Pillai
Lokacharya 's rahasya granthas namely Mumukshupadi, Sri Vachana
Bhushanam and Thathvathrayam. He also wrote commentaries on the works
of swami Arulaalap perumal emperumanar - Gnyaana Saaram and Prameya
Saaram. He also blessed us with his commentaries on some decads of
Periyazhwar Thirumozhi for which the original commentaries of
Periyavaccan Pillai were supposed to be lost. In addition, he provided
the gist of
After some time he returned to Alvar Tirunagari and started to write
CLASSIFICATION OF LITERARY WORK
* Sri Vachana Bhushanam
* Eedu * Sri Vachana Bhushanam * Tathvathrayam
* Upadesa Rathna Maalai
* Thiruvaimozhi Nootranthadhi
* Iyal Satthu
* Thiruvaradhana Kramam (known as Jeeyar Padi or Nityam)
* Yathiraja Vimsathi
* Devaraja MangaLam
* Sri Kanchi Devapperumal Sthothram
* Aaarthi Prabhandham
* Independent quatrains on the
It is said that, while at a very old age, Manavala maamuni discovered
that part of Periyavachchaan pillai's commentary on Periyalvar
Tirumozhi was missing. So he duly restored the lost portion of the
commentary. It is also noted that he composed the commentary on
VARIOUS NAMES AND TITLES OF SRI MANAVALA MAMUNI
Sri Manavalamamuni is also known as Varavaramuni, Sowmyajamatrumuni,ramyajamatra muni, Sowmyopayanthrumuni, Sundarajamatrumuni, Periya Jeer, YatheendraPravanar etc. He is known as "Vichatavak Shikhamani"- one endowed with striking precision and depth and clarity in utterances.
DEEP AND PERMANENT INFLUENCE OVER DAY-TO-DAY RELIGIOUS OBSERVANCES
Sri Manavala Mamuni's devotional practices towards the Lord, especially the presiding deity of Srirangam, and the lineage of teachers like Ramanuja left an indelible influence on followers numbering several millions throughout India. His influence can be traced to everyday observances till this date. But he was so self-effacive that few recognise his deep influence.
His eight famous disciples are known as Ashtadiggajas (elephants of the eight directions). they were: Vanamaamalai Jeeyar , Paravasthu Bhattar Piraan Jeeyar , Tiruvengada Jeeyar , Koil Kandhaadai Annan , Prathivadhi Bhayankaram Annangaracharya , Erumbi Appaa , Appillai and Appillan . Prathivadhi Bhayankaram Annangaracharya's "Sri Venkateswara Suprabhatham" is widely known. In that work and in the connected prapatti and mangala stotras he says "sowmyopayanthrumunina mama darsithou the...", "Srimat Sundara Jamathru Munimanasa vasine", referring to the Lord of the seven hills as residing in the heart of Sri Manavala Mamuni. The teacher-disciple tradition has been followed for over six centuries and exists intact today amongst 74 simhasana adhipathis.
* ^ "History of Vanamamalai Mutt" (PDF). vanamamalai.org. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "Swami Manavala Mamunigal in a historical context". srivaishnava.org. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "Devaraja Mangalam". antaryami.net. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "The Hindu: A manifestation of Adisesha". hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "Upadesa Rathinamalai". antaryami.net. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "Arthi Prabandham". antaryami.net. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "Commentaries and Works". srivaishnava.org. Retrieved 26 August 2017. * ^ "