The Info List - Man Booker Prize

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The MAN BOOKER PRIZE FOR FICTION (formerly known as the BOOKER-MCCONNELL PRIZE and commonly known simply as the BOOKER PRIZE) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel, written in the English language and published in the UK. The winner of the Man Booker Prize is generally assured international renown and success; therefore, the prize is of great significance for the book trade. From its inception, only Commonwealth , Irish, and South African (later Zimbabwean) citizens were eligible to receive the prize; in 2014, however, this eligibility was widened to any English-language novel.

A high-profile literary award in British culture , the Booker Prize is greeted with great anticipation and fanfare. It is also a mark of distinction for authors to be selected for inclusion in the shortlist or even to be nominated for the "longlist".


* 1 History and administration * 2 Judging * 3 Winners * 4 Related awards * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links


The prize was originally known as the Booker–McConnell Prize, after the company Booker, McConnell Ltd began sponsoring the event in 1968; it became commonly known as the "Booker Prize" or simply "the Booker". When administration of the prize was transferred to the Booker Prize Foundation in 2002, the title sponsor became the investment company Man Group , which opted to retain "Booker" as part of the official title of the prize. The foundation is an independent registered charity funded by the entire profits of Booker Prize Trading Ltd, of which it is the sole shareholder. The prize money awarded with the Booker Prize was originally £21,000, and was subsequently raised to £50,000 in 2002 under the sponsorship of the Man Group, making it one of the world\'s richest literary prizes .

In 1970, Bernice Rubens became the first woman to win the Booker Prize, for _ The Elected Member _. The rules of the Booker changed in 1971; previously, it had been awarded retrospectively to books published prior to the year in which the award was given. In 1971 the year of eligibility was changed to the same as the year of the award; in effect, this meant that books published in 1970 were not considered for the Booker in either year. The Booker Prize Foundation announced in January 2010 the creation of a special award called the "Lost Man Booker Prize ," with the winner chosen from a longlist of 22 novels published in 1970.

Alice Munro has a unique place in Booker Prize history; _The Beggar Maid _ is the only short story collection to have been shortlisted. (It was shortlisted in 1980.)

Before 2001, each year's longlist of nominees was not publicly revealed.

John Sutherland , who was a judge for the 1999 prize, has said,

There is a well-established London literary community. Rushdie doesn't get shortlisted now because he has attacked that community. That is not a good game plan if you want to win the Booker. Norman Mailer has found the same thing in the US – you have to 'be a citizen' if you want to win prizes. The real scandal is that Amis has never won the prize. In fact, he has only been shortlisted once and that was for _Time\'s Arrow _, which was not one of his strongest books. That really is suspicious. He pissed people off with _Dead Babies _ and that gets lodged in the culture. There is also the feeling that he has always looked towards America.

In 1972, the winning writer John Berger , known for his Marxist worldview, protested during his acceptance speech against Booker McConnell. He blamed Booker's 130 years of sugar production in the Caribbean for the region's modern poverty. Berger donated half of his £5,000 prize to the British Black Panther movement , because they had a socialist and revolutionary perspective in agreement with his own.

In 1980, Anthony Burgess , writer of _ Earthly Powers _, refused to attend the ceremony unless it was confirmed to him in advance whether he had won. His was one of two books considered likely to win, the other being _Rites of Passage _ by William Golding . The judges decided only 30 minutes before the ceremony, giving the prize to Golding. Both novels had been seen as favourites to win leading up to the prize, and the dramatic "literary battle" between two senior writers made front page news.

1983's judging produced a draw between J. M. Coetzee 's _Life Irvine Welsh 's novel was pulled from the shortlist to satisfy them. The novel would later receive critical acclaim, and is now considered Welsh's masterpiece.

The award has been criticised for the types of books it covers. In 1981, nominee John Banville wrote a letter to _The Guardian_ requesting that the prize be given to him so that he could use the money to buy every copy of the longlisted books in Ireland and donate them to libraries, "thus ensuring that the books not only are bought but also read — surely a unique occurrence." In 1994, Guardian literary editor Richard Gott , citing the lack of objective criteria and the exclusion of American authors, described the prize as "a significant and dangerous iceberg in the sea of British culture that serves as a symbol of its current malaise."

In 1997, the decision to award Arundhati Roy 's _The God of Small Things _ proved controversial. Carmen Callil , chair of the previous year's Booker judges, called it an "execrable" book and said on television that it shouldn't even have been on the shortlist. Booker Prize chairman Martyn Goff said Roy won because nobody objected, following the rejection by the judges of Bernard MacLaverty 's shortlisted book due to their dismissal of him as "a wonderful short-story writer and that _ Grace Notes _ was three short stories strung together."

In 2001, A. L. Kennedy , who was a judge in 1996, called the prize "a pile of crooked nonsense" with the winner determined by "who knows who, who's sleeping with who, who's selling drugs to who, who's married to who, whose turn it is".

The Booker prized created a permanent home for the archives from 1968 to present at Oxford Brookes University Library. The Archive, which encompasses the administrative history of the Prize from 1968 to date, collects together a diverse range of material, including correspondence, publicity material, copies of both the Longlists and the Shortlists, minutes of meetings, photographs and material relating to the awards dinner (letters of invitation, guest lists, seating plans). Embargoes of ten or twenty years apply to certain categories of material; examples include all material relating to the judging process and the Longlist prior to 2002.

Between 2005 and 2008, the Booker Prize alternated between writers from Ireland and India. "Outsider" John Banville began this trend in 2005 when his novel _The Sea _ was selected as a surprise winner: Boyd Tonkin, literary editor of _The Independent_, famously condemned it as "possibly the most perverse decision in the history of the award" and rival novelist Tibor Fischer poured scorn on Banville's victory. Kiran Desai of India won in 2006. Anne Enright 's 2007 victory came about due to a jury badly split over Ian McEwan 's novel _ On Chesil Beach _. The following year it was India's turn again, with Aravind Adiga narrowly defeating Enright's fellow Irishman Sebastian Barry .

Historically, the winner of the Man Booker Prize had been required to be a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations , the Republic of Ireland, or Zimbabwe. On 18 September 2013, the media announced that future Man Booker Prize awards would consider authors from anywhere in the world, so long as their work was in English and published in the UK. This change proved controversial in literary circles. Former winner A. S. Byatt and former judge John Mullan said the prize risked diluting its identity, whereas former judge A. L. Kennedy welcomed the change. Following this expansion, the first winner not from the Commonwealth, Ireland, or Zimbabwe was American Paul Beatty in 2016.


The selection process for the winner of the prize commences with the formation of an advisory committee, which includes a writer, two publishers, a literary agent, a bookseller, a librarian, and a chairperson appointed by the Booker Prize Foundation. The advisory committee then selects the judging panel, the membership of which changes each year, although on rare occasions a judge may be selected a second time. Judges are selected from amongst leading literary critics, writers, academics and leading public figures.

The winner is usually announced at a ceremony in London's Guildhall , usually in early October.


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See also: List of winners and shortlisted authors of the Booker Prize for Fiction

In 1993 to mark the 25th anniversary it was decided to choose a _ Booker of Bookers Prize_. Three previous judges of the award, Malcolm Bradbury , David Holloway and W. L. Webb, met and chose Salman Rushdie 's _Midnight\'s Children _ (the 1981 winner) as "the best novel out of all the winners."

A similar prize known as The Best of the Booker was awarded in 2008 to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the prize. A shortlist of six winners was chosen and the decision was left to a public vote. The winner was again _Midnight's Children_.


1969 P. H. Newby _ Something to Answer For _ Novel United Kingdom

1970 Bernice Rubens _ The Elected Member _ Novel United Kingdom

1970 (retrospective award ) J. G. Farrell _Troubles _ Novel United Kingdom Ireland

1971 V. S. Naipaul _ In a Free State _ Short story United Kingdom Trinidad and Tobago

1972 John Berger _G. _ Experimental novel United Kingdom

1973 J. G. Farrell _ The Siege of Krishnapur _ Novel United Kingdom Ireland

1974 Nadine Gordimer _ The Conservationist _ Novel South Africa

Stanley Middleton _Holiday _ Novel United Kingdom

1975 Ruth Prawer Jhabvala _ Heat and Dust _ Historical novel United Kingdom Germany

1976 David Storey _Saville _ Novel United Kingdom

1977 Paul Scott _ Staying On _ Novel United Kingdom

1978 Iris Murdoch _ The Sea, the Sea _ Philosophical novel Ireland United Kingdom

1979 Penelope Fitzgerald _Offshore _ Novel United Kingdom

1980 William Golding _Rites of Passage _ Novel United Kingdom

1981 Salman Rushdie _Midnight\'s Children _ Magic realism United Kingdom

1982 Thomas Keneally _Schindler\'s Ark _ Biographical novel Australia

1983 J. M. Coetzee _Life ">

* ^ In 1971, the nature of the Prize was changed so that it was awarded to novels published in that year instead of in the previous year; therefore, no novel published in 1970 could win the Booker Prize. This was rectified in 2010 by the awarding of the "Lost Man Booker Prize " to J. G. Farrell's _Troubles_.


A separate prize for which any living writer in the world may qualify, the Man Booker International Prize was inaugurated in 2005. Until 2015, it was given every two years to a living author of any nationality for a body of work published in English or generally available in English translation. In 2016, the award was significantly reconfigured, and is now given annually to a single book in English translation, with a £50,000 prize for the winning title, shared equally between author and translator.

A Russian version of the Booker Prize was created in 1992 called the Booker-Open Russia Literary Prize , also known as the Russian Booker Prize. In 2007, Man Group plc established the Man Asian Literary Prize , an annual literary award given to the best novel by an Asian writer, either written in English or translated into English, and published in the previous calendar year.

As part of _ The Times '_ Literature Festival in Cheltenham , a Booker event is held on the last Saturday of the festival. Four guest speakers/judges debate a shortlist of four books from a given year from before the introduction of the Booker prize, and a winner is chosen. Unlike the real Man Booker (1969 through 2014), writers from outside the Commonwealth are also considered. In 2008, the winner for 1948 was Alan Paton 's _ Cry, the Beloved Country _, beating Norman Mailer 's _ The Naked and the Dead _, Graham Greene 's _The Heart of the Matter _ and Evelyn Waugh 's _ The Loved One _. In 2015, the winner for 1915 was Ford Maddox Ford 's _ The Good Soldier _, beating _The Thirty-Nine Steps _ ( John Buchan ), _ Of Human Bondage _ (Somerset Maugham ), _ Psmith, Journalist _ ( P. G. Wodehouse ) and _The Voyage Out _ ( Virginia Woolf ).


* List of British literary awards * List of literary awards * The Commonwealth Writers Prize * Grand Prix of Literary Associations * The Costa Book Awards * The Prix Goncourt * Governor General\'s Awards * The Scotiabank Giller Prize * The Miles Franklin Award * Russian Booker Prize * The Samuel Johnson Prize (non-fiction) * German Book Prize (Deutscher Buchpreis)


* ^ Sutherland, John (9 October 2008). "The Booker\'s Big Bang". _New Statesman_. Retrieved 3 September 2009. * ^ "Meet The Man Booker Prize 2014 Judges". 12 December 2013. * ^ Hoover, Bob (10 February 2008). "\'Gathering\' storm clears for prize winner Enright". _Pittsburgh Post-Gazette_. Retrieved 10 February 2008. In America, literary prizes are greeted with the same enthusiasm as a low Steelers draft choice. Not so in the British Isles, where the $98,000 Man Booker Fiction Prize can even push Amy Winehouse off the front page – at least for a day. The atmosphere around the award approaches sports-championship proportions, with London bookies posting the ever-changing odds on the nominees. Then, in October when the winner is announced live on the BBC TV evening news, somebody always gets ticked off. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ "Man Booker Prize: a history of controversy, criticism and literary greats". _The Guardian_. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011. * ^ "Booker Prize: legal information". _bookerprize.com_. Retrieved 3 September 2009. * ^ James Kidd, "A Brief History of The Man Booker Prize", _South China Morning Post_, 5 March 2006. * ^ "The Lost Man Booker Prize announced". _bookerprize.com_. Retrieved 31 January 2010. * ^ "Dear Life: Stories by Alice Munro (Chatto & Windus, November)". _The Guardian_. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012. As the only writer to sneak on to the Booker shortlist for a collection of short stories (with _The Beggar Maid_ in 1980), Alice Munro easily deserves to end our list of the year's best fiction. * ^ Yates, Emma (15 August 2001). " Booker Prize longlist announced for first time". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 15 August 2001. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Moss, Stephen (18 September 2001). "Is the Booker fixed?". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 18 September 2001. * ^ _A_ _B_ White, Michael (25 November 1972). "Berger\'s black bread". _The Guardian_. p. 11. * ^ " John Berger on the Booker Prize (1972)", YouTube. * ^ Speech by John Berger on accepting the Booker Prize for Fiction at the Café Royal in London on 23 November 1972. * ^ "Lord of the novel wins the Booker prize". _The Guardian_. 22 October 1980. p. 1. * ^ Bissett, Alan (27 July 2012). "The unnoticed bias of the Booker prize". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 27 July 2012. * ^ "A novel way of striking a 12,000 Booker Prize bargain", _The Guardian_, 14 October 1981, p. 14. * ^ "Novel way to run a lottery". _The Guardian_. 5 September 1994. p. 22. * ^ Glaister, Dan (14 October 1997). "Popularity pays off for Roy". _The Guardian_. * ^ " Booker Prize Archive". _Oxford Brookes University_. Retrieved 16 August 2015. * ^ Ezard, John (11 October 2005). "Irish stylist springs Booker surprise". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 11 October 2005. * ^ Crown, Sarah (10 October 2005). "Banville scoops the Booker". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 10 October 2005. * ^ Higgins, Charlotte (28 January 2009). "How Adam Foulds was a breath away from the Costa book of the year award". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 28 January 2009. * ^ Will Gompertz , "Global expansion for Booker Prize", BBC News, 18 September 2013. * ^ "\'A surprise and a risk\': Reaction to Booker Prize upheaval". BBC News. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013. * ^ Mullan, John (12 July 2008). "Lives & letters, Where are they now?". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 11 September 2011. * ^ Pauli, Michelle (21 February 2008). "Best of the Booker". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 3 September 2009. * ^ "Rushdie wins Best of Booker prize". BBC News. 10 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2009. * ^ Jordison, Sam (21 November 2007). "Looking back at the Booker: PH Newby". _ The Guardian _. * ^ Jordison, Sam (12 December 2007). "Looking back at the Booker: Bernice Rubens". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (21 December 2007). "Looking back at the Booker: VS Naipaul". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (9 January 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: John Berger". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (23 January 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: JG Farrell". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (27 February 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: Nadine Gordimer". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (13 March 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: Stanley Middleton". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (18 November 2008). "Booker club: Saville". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (22 December 2008). "Booker club: Staying On". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (11 February 2009). "Booker club: The Sea, the Sea". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (13 March 2009). "Booker club: Offshore". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (15 April 2009). "Booker club: Rites of Passage". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (10 July 2008). "Midnight\'s Children is the right winner". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (15 May 2009). "Booker club: Schindler\'s Ark". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (16 June 2009). "Booker club: Life and Times of Michael K". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (5 August 2009). "Booker club: Hotel du Lac". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (20 November 2009). "Booker club: The Bone People by Keri Hulme". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (16 February 2010). "Booker club: The Old Devils". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (19 March 2010). "Booker club: Moon Tiger". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (28 May 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: Peter Carey". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (26 November 2010). "Booker club: The Remains of the Day". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (20 January 2011). "Booker club: The Famished Road". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (4 March 2011). "Booker club: The English Patient". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (10 June 2011). "Booker club: Sacred Hunger". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (14 September 2011). "Booker club: How Late It Was, How Late by James Kelman". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (6 June 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: Pat Barker". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (24 July 2012). "Booker club: Last Orders by Graham Swift". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (6 December 2011). "Booker club: Amsterdam by Ian McEwan". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (24 June 2008). "Looking back at the Booker: JM Coetzee". _The Guardian_. * ^ Jordison, Sam (22 August 2008). "Booker Club: The White Tiger". _The Guardian_. * ^ Melvern, Jack (20 May 2010). "J G Farrell wins Booker prize for 1970, 30-year after his death". _ The Times _. Retrieved 23 December 2010. * ^ "Ford\'s The Good Soldier Wins The Cheltenham Booker 1915 at 2015 Festival". Ford Madox Oxford Society. Retrieved 27 November 2016


* Lee, Hermione (1981). _The Booker Prize: Matters of judgment_. _Times Literary Supplement_, Reprinted 22 October 2008