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The man-of-war (pl. men-of-war; also man of war, man-o'-war, man o' war, or simply man)[1][2] was a British Royal Navy
Royal Navy
expression for a powerful warship or frigate from the 16th to the 19th century. The term often refers to a ship armed with cannon and propelled primarily by sails, as opposed to a galley which is propelled primarily by oars. The man-of-war was developed in Portugal in the early 15th century from earlier roundships with the addition of a second mast to form the carrack. The 16th century saw the carrack evolve into the galleon and then the ship of the line. The evolution of the term has been given thus:

Man-of-war. "A phrase applied to a line of battle ship, contrary to the usual rule in the English language by which all ships are feminine. It probably arose in the following manner: 'Men of war' were heavily armed soldiers. A ship full of them would be called a 'man-of-war ship.' In process of time the word 'ship' was discarded as unnecessary and there remained the phrase 'a man-of-war.'" — Talbot in Henry Fredrick Reddall Fact, fancy, and fable, 1892, p. 340

Contents

1 Description 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Description[edit] The man-of-war design developed by Sir John Hawkins, had three masts, each with three to four sails. The ship could be up to 60 metres long and could have up to 124 guns: four at the bow, eight at the stern, and 56 in each broadside. All these cannons required three gun decks to hold them, one more than any earlier ship. It had a maximum sailing speed of eight or nine knots. See also[edit]

Portuguese man o' war, a jellyfish-like cnidarian so named because of its resemblance to a man-of-war ship at full sail Rating system of the Royal Navy, which classified warships into six "rates", a "first-rate" having the most armament, a "sixth-rate" the least Merchantman, a merchant ship East Indiaman, a ship of any of the East India Companies

References[edit]

^ " Man-of-war
Man-of-war
- Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 3 December 2014.  ^ "Definition of "man-of-war" - Collins English Dictionary". collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Look up man-of-war in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Nautical References Project Gutenberg: The World of Waters Gallery of photos of men-of-war (Museo delle Navi, Bologna, Italy)

v t e

Types of sailing vessels and rigs

Sailing
Sailing
rigs

Bermuda rig Crab claw Fore-and-aft rig Gaff rig Junk rig Lateen
Lateen
rig Lug rig Mast aft rig Square rig

By sail plan

Barque Brig Brigantine Barquentine Catboat Cutter Full-rigged ship Jackass-barque Ketch Mistico Schooner Sloop Snow Yawl

Multihull
Multihull
vessels

ʻalia Amatasi Baurua Camakau Catamaran Drua Jukung Kaep Kalia Lakatoi Outrigger canoe Pahi Paraw Pentamaran Proa Quadrimaran Takia Tepukei Tipairua Tongiaki Trimaran Ungalawa Va'a-tele Vaka katea Vinta Wa

Naval & merchant vessels (by origin date)

Ancient

Boita Dhow Galley

Penteconter Bireme Trireme Quadriremes Tessarakonteres Dromon

Junk Mtepe Uru

Medieval

Balinger Birlinn Cog Hulk Knarr Koch Kondura Longship Shitik

15th c.

Carrack Chinese treasure ship Caravel Hoy Trabaccolo

16th c.

Crommesteven Galiot Galleon Galleass Flyboat Fluyt Full-rigged pinnace Lorcha Man-of-war Patache Square-rigged caravel
Square-rigged caravel
(round or de armada) Xebec

17th c.

Bermuda sloop Corvette East Indiaman Frigate Galeas Koff Pinisi Polacca Ship of the line

18th c.

Bilander Clipper
Clipper
(Baltimore Clipper) Gallivat Grab Gundalow 74-gun Ship of the line Sloop-of-war Spéronare Trincadour

19th c.

Blackwall frigate Dutch clipper Down Easter Elissa Windjammer

Fishing vessels

Barca-longa Falkuša Felucca Fifie Gableboat Herring buss Jangada Lugger Masula Nordland Sixareen Sgoth Smack Tartane Well smack Yoal

Recreational vessels

Dinghy Mast aft rig Pocket cruiser Sailing
Sailing
hydrofoil Sportsboat Trailer sailer Wharrams Windsurfer Yacht

Special
Special
terms

Inflatable Razee Sewn Tall ship ULDB

Other

Floating restaurant Bristol Channel Pilot Cutter Fusta Mersey flat Norfolk punt Norfolk wherry Pausik Pink Pinnace (ship's boat) Pram Scow Thames sa

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