Mamidipudi Venkatarangayya (January 8, 1889 – January 13, 1982) was a multidisciplined person and financial and political scientist and historical writer of Andhra Pradesh, India. He was recipient of Padma Bhushan in 1968 by Indian Government.
He was born in Purini village of Kovur taluq in Nellore district in 1889 to Venkatesayya and Narasamma. After primary education in Telugu and Sanskrit he went to Madras for higher studies. He joined the Pachaiyappa's College and completed B.A. in 1907 from Madras University. While working as a Tutor in the Pachiappa's college, he took his M.A. degree in History, Economics and Politics in 1910 from the same university. He actively participated in the Indian Independence Movement during the study period.
On the invitation of Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu, he joined Pithapuram Raja College in Kakinada as History lecturer from 1910 to 1914. He later worked as lecturer in Economics and Politics at Maharajah college, Vizianagaram till 1927. He was teacher to prince Alak Narayana Gajapathi. He was appointed as Diwan of Vizianagaram Samsthanam in 1927.
He joined as principal of Venkatagiri Raja College in Nellore from 1928 to 1931. Later he joined Andhra University as reader in 1931 and became professor in 1938 and retired as principal of University college in 1944.
He was invited by Bombay University to head the Political and Social Sciences department between 1949 and 1952.
He died peacefully at his residence at Secunderabad in 1982 at the age of 93 years.
He wrote many books on Indian history, constitution, encyclopedia, panchayati raj and politics.
He married Venkamma and they had ten children: Annapurna, Godavari, Mamidipudi Narasimham, Mamidipudi Seetharam, Mamidipudi Anandam, Mamidipudi Venkateswarlu, Pattabhiram, Mamidipudi Krishnamurti, and Mamidipudi Simhachalam and Vaidehi.
Mamidipudi Anandam is a Chartered Accountant and twice Rajya Sabha member. Shanta Sinha is daughter of Anandam. She was awarded Padma Shri and also the Ramon Magsaysay in the year 2004. Mamidipudi Ravindra Vikram was Chartered Accountant Director of Indian Bank and Indian Overseas Bank and son of Anandam.
Mamidipudi Pattabhiram was Associate Editor of The Hindu. Mamidipudi Krishnamurthi retired as the Chief Controller of R& D, Government of India and is presently the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of M.Venkatarangaiya Foundation. Mamidipudi Nagarjuna was the son of Pattabhiram. He was IAS, Special Officer for District Primary Education Project and earlier served as Collector at Guntur district and in a primary health project earlier. He died in Mumbai while undergoing treatment at the Tata Memorial Cancer hospital for Leukaemia. He was 47 and is survived by his wife and two sons.
Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation was established in his memory in 1981 and presently working from Secunderabad. Their fields of working are Child Rights, Health and Natural Resource Management.