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The MALOLOS CONGRESS or formally known as the "National Assembly" of representatives was the constituent assembly of the First Philippine Republic . It met at the Barasoain Church in Malolos , Bulacan . It drafted the Malolos Constitution .

The Congress was not much more than a decoration. "That is to show to the foreign correspondents that we Filipinos are civilized, but the bulk of the work in nation building were done at the Malolos Cathedral by the executive branch of government led by President Emilio Aguinaldo , who was in command of the army fighting the Americans", said attorney Cris Santiago, past president of the historical society of Bulacan (known as Samahang Pangkasaysayan ng Bulacan or Sampaka).

CONTENTS

* 1 Political Constitution * 2 Sessions

* 3 Legislation

* 3.1 Major legislation * 3.2 Malolos Constitution

* 4 Leadership

* 4.1 Council of Government (Cabinet) Members

* 5 Members (Representatives) * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links * 10 Further reading

POLITICAL CONSTITUTION

Main article: Malolos Constitution

Following the declaration of independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 and transformation of the dictatorial government to a revolutionary government on 23 June, the Malolos Congress election was held between June 23 and September 10. On 15 September 1898, the revolutionary congress convened in Barasoain Church in Malolos (now Malolos City, Bulacan ) with Pedro Paterno as president and Gregorio S. Araneta as vice president. On 29 September, the 12 June Declaration of independence was ratified. The congress then decided to draft a Constitution , a decision opposed by Apolinario Mabini , the Prime Minister of the revolutionary government (President of the Council of Government). The resulting Malolos Constitution was ratified on November 29, 1898, signed into law on December 23, approved on January 20, 1899, sanctioned by President Emilio Aguinaldo on January 21, and promulgated on January 22. The document states that the people have exclusive sovereignty . It states basic civil rights , separated the church from the state, and called for the creation of an Assembly of Representatives (A.K.A. National Assembly) which would act as the legislature . It also calls for a parliamentary republic as the form of government with the president elected for a term of four years by a majority of the Assembly.

SESSIONS

* REGULAR SESSION: September 15, 1898 – November 13, 1899

* Special Session: February 4, 1899

LEGISLATION

MAJOR LEGISLATION

LEGISLATION ENACTMENT RATIFICATION

Declaration of Independence June 12, 1898 September 29, 1898

Declaration of War against the United States June 2, 1899 June 2, 1899

MALOLOS CONSTITUTION

Main article: Malolos Constitution

MALOLOS CONSTITUTION

APPROVED PROMULGATED

January 21, 1899 January 22, 1899

LEADERSHIP

* President of the Revolutionary Government/First Philippine Republic:

Emilio Aguinaldo y Fámy

* Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government/First Philippine Republic (President of the Council of Government):

Apolinario M. Mabini Pedro A. Paterno elected on May 7, 1899

* President of the National Assembly (of Representatives):

Atty. Pedro A. Paterno - Pedro A. Paterno of Santa Cruz, Manila

* Vice President of the National Assembly (of Representatives):

Gregorio Araneta

* Secretaries of the National Assembly (of Representatives):

Atty. Pablo Roque Tecson - Pablo Roque Tecson: Atty. Pablo R. Tecson of Balanga, Bataan and Atty. Pablo de Leon Ocampo : Pablo Ocampo of Quiapo, Manila .

COUNCIL OF GOVERNMENT (CABINET) MEMBERS

OFFICE NAME TERM

PRESIDENT OF THE CABINET Apolinario Mabini January 2 — May 7, 1899

Pedro Paterno May 7 — November 13, 1899

SECRETARY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS Apolinario Mabini October 1, 1898 — May 7, 1899

SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR Teodoro Sandico January 2 — May 7, 1899

SECRETARY OF FINANCE Mariano Trías January 2 — May 7, 1899

Hugo Ilagan May 7 — November 13, 1899

Severino de las Alas May 7 — November 13, 1899

SECRETARY OF WAR AND MARINE Baldomero Aguinaldo July 15, 1898 — May 7, 1899

Mariano Trías May 7 — November 13, 1899

SECRETARY OF JUSTICE Gregorio Araneta September 2, 1898 — May 7, 1899

SECRETARY OF WELFARE Gracio Gonzaga January 2 — May 7, 1899

Felipe Buencamino May 7 — November 13, 1899

Maximo Paterno May 7 — November 13, 1899

SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE Leon Maria Guerrero May 7 — November 13, 1899

Notes

* ^ A B C D E F G Several sources assert that shortly after installation of