Cause of Death= Poisoned
Ishaq and Ibrahim
Malik Al-Ashtar (Arabic: مالك الأشتر) (also known as
Malik bin al-Harith al-Nakha'i) was one of the most loyal companions
Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Malik al-Ashtar became a
Muslim during the time of
Muhammad and since
then remained an avid and loyal supporter of Muhammad's progeny and
Hashemite clan. He rose to a position of prominence during the
Ali Ibn Abi Talib and participated in several battles,
such as the
Battle of Jamal
Battle of Jamal and Siffin.
Malik has been described as a "brave" and "fearless" warrior by
numerous Shia sources  and his title "al-Ashtar" signifies an
eyelid injury he received during the Battle of Yarmouk.
2 Conflicts with the governor of
Kufa and the Event of Al-Rabathah
2.1 The Event of al-Rabathan
3 The Downfall of Uthman and Malik's Resolution
4 Battle of Jamal
5 Battle of Siffeen
5.1 Battles Over The
5.2 Malik's Discipline and The End of The War
5.3 The Arbitration
Governor of Egypt
7 Alleged Assassination Plot By Muawiyah
11 External links
Although Malik's actual birth year is not known, many historians say
that he was 10 years older than
Ali Ibn Abi Talib and 20 years younger
than Muhammad. Moreover, it is known that Malik was a Madh'hij, a
sub-class of the Bani Nakha tribe from Yemen. which is also the
tribe of another Sahabah named Amru bin Ma'adi Yakrib
His lineage is traced back to Yarab bin Qahtan which genealogy can be
traced by sorting his paternal surname Malik bin Al Hareth bin Abed
Yaghouth bin Salamah bin Rabha bin Al Harith bin Jathima bin Malik bin
Al Naghe bin Amro bin Alaae bin Khald bin Mathgah bin Addad bin Zayd
bin Urayb bin Zayd bin Kahlan bin Saba al Akbar bin Youshgab bin Yarab
Conflicts with the governor of
Kufa and the Event of Al-Rabathah
In the year 30 AH (after Hijra) or 650 CE, many Muslims living in the
Kufa were angered over the action of the governor Waleed ibn
Uqba (the half brother of Uthman ibn Affan). Al-Waleed ibn Uqba was
disliked and was a very controversial figure because of his actions.
Even the Quran (sure 49 verse 6), exposes his character by stating
that he is an evil man. In addition,
Muhammad described him as a
Fasiq (open sinner). He (Muhammad) said, "He is an open sinner
(Fasiq), get him out of the Islamic state." He was known to be an
alcoholic who publicly consumed alcohol and was disliked because Islam
prohibits the consumption of alcohol. The tipping point came when
al-Waleed entered the mosque drunk to lead
prayer). He was so intoxicated that he read four Raka'ats. In
fact, Ibn Taymiyyah, a 13th-century Sunni Islamic scholar stated, "The
Companions would pray behind people whom they knew to be open
transgressors, such as when
Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud
Abd-Allah ibn Mas'ud and other companions
would pray behind Walid ibn 'Uqba ibn Abi Mu'it, who may have recently
drunken alcohol (when he was praying) and would wind up praying four
Fajr namaz (morning prayer) is only two raka'ats.
At the end of his fourth raka'at, al-Waleed turned around and asked
the people if he should continue the prayer. This event
Muslim citizens. They started to criticize him in
markets, houses, and mosques. Furthermore, they started to question
the leadership and judgement of Uthman bin Affan. Because clearly to
them al-Waleed was violating the teachings of Islam and the rights of
the Muslims. Thus,
Malik al-Ashtar addressed the concerned Muslims by
saying "First we'd better advise him. Then we'll tell the
his bad behavior." So,
Malik al-Ashtar and a group of ten people,
one of whom was Kumayl ibn Ziyad, went to the palace of al-Waleed to
address the issues they were having with him. However, they found
him drinking alcohol. The delegation told him to behave in a proper
manner, he scolded them, told them to leave and exiled them to Shaam
(modern day Damascus, Syria). When the delegation of men reached
Shaam, they addressed the issue to Mu'awiyah, who was the governor.
After listening to the issues,
Mu'awiyah told Kumayl "How dare you
speak you speak ill about the person in Kufa. How dare you disunite
the religion of Allah."
Kumayl replied "Its that man (referring to al-Waleed) who is
disuniting. And Allah tells us to be beware of corrupt rulers."
Mu'awiyah replied, "The Quran says obey Allah, obey the prophet, and
obey the leaders from amongst you. I am from the leaders amongst you."
Kumayl replied, "You're not my leader and nothing to do with my
leader. My leader is someone else :
Mu'awiyah then told him and
the delegation "Very well, you been exiled from Kufa. I'll exile you
Malik al-Ashtar from Shaam as well."
They were exiled them from Shaam to Homs. But eventually, Malik
al-Ashtar, Kumayl ibn Ziyad, and the delegation made it back to
Kufa. After coming back to
Kufa and failing to remove al-Waleed,
the delegation of Muslims (one of whom was Kumayl ibn Ziyad) led by
Malik al-Ashtar set off on a journey to Madina, the capital of the
Muslim empire, to address the issue with Uthman. Kumayl ibn
Ziyad, Malik al-Ashtar,
Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhaifa, and Abdur Rahman
ibn Udays were the ones who spoke out most about al-Waleed and the
corruption that was occurring.
The Event of al-Rabathan
On their way to Madina,
Malik al-Ashtar and the delegation stopped at
al-Rabathan to visit Abu Dharr al-Ghifari. Abu Dharr, who was a
Muhammad and firm supporter and companion of Ali, was
banished to die in the desert of Al-Rabathan. At the time, 650 a.d,
Abu Dharr's health was deteriorating. Narrations state that his wife
would cry, seeing her husband slowly die in the desert. However, Abu
Dharr told her the prophecy of his death, which was given to him by
none other than Muhammad, messenger of God. He would say, "One day, my
friends and I was sitting with Allah's Apostle (Muhammad). And he said
to us: One of you will die in the desert. And a group of believers
will attend his death. All my friends passed away in their houses. And
no one has remained but I. A person will come to your aid." His
wife then stated, "The time of
Hajj (Pilgrimage) is over. And no one
has passed through this desert." Abu Dharr then told her "Don't
worry! Go up the hill and look at the road of caravans." So she
went and eventually saw a caravan coming towards her. When she saw the
caravan, she started to wave a piece of cloth to get the attention of
the on coming caravan. When the caravan approached her she started a
"My husband is dying. And no one is beside him."
The caravan men: "And who's your husband?"
"Abu Dharr, the companion of Allah's Apostle!"
The caravan men were surprised. So, they said: "Abu Dhar! The
Prophet's companion! Come on! Let's see him!"
The men went to the tent. When they came into it, they saw Abu Dhar
sleeping in his bed. They said:"Assalamu Alaik, companion of Allah's
Abu Dharr: "Wa Alaikum al-Salam, who are you?"
One of the men said: "Malik bin al-Haarth al-Ashtar. And there are
some men with me from Iraq. We're going to Madina to tell the Caliph
about the persecution we suffer from."
Abu Dharr: "My brothers, be cheerfull! Allah's Apostle [s] has told me
that I'll die in the desert and that some believers will attend my
Malik and the delegation then sat next to Abu Dhurr. They felt sorrow
to see one of the great companions of the prophet in bad condition.
Malik told Abu Dhurr that they were on their way to
Medina to meet
with Uthman over the issue of al-Waleed. Upon hearing the news of
al-Waleed, Abu Dhur became sad.
After the event of al-Rabathah, Malik and the delegation continued on
their long journey to Medina. When finally met Uthman, they
communicated their concerns and al-Waleed's behaviors to Uthman.
However they were unsuccessful in their mission thus they decided to
seek Hazrat Ali's help.
The Downfall of Uthman and Malik's Resolution
Since Uthman denied to hear the concerns about al-Waleed, the
delegation of concerned Muslims went to the house of
Ali in Medina.
Ali the situation with al-Waleed and Uthman.
Ali was sad to
hear the news. However, he assured them that he would visit Uthman
personally regarding this issue. In his meeting with Uthman,
"Uthman, the Muslims are complaining of the rulers' persecution. And
you know that very well I've heard Allah's Apostle (Muhammad) saying:
On the Day of Judgement, the unjust imam will be brought to hell. And
no one will support or excuse him. Then, he will be thrown into hell.
He'll go round and round it till he gets into its intense heat."
This statement made Uthman realize his mistakes. And as a result,
Uthman promised to seek God's forgiveness and apologize to the
Muslims. However, Marwan bin al-Hakam, the cousin of Uthman, persuaded
Uthman not to do so by saying "You'd better threaten the people so as
no one would dare to say bad words against the
Due to Marwan, Uthman broke his promise and became stricter. It is
documented that he hit the noble companion
Ammar ibn Yasir
Ammar ibn Yasir and whipped
the companion Abdullah bin Masoud. The stricter policies caused an
uproar in the
Muslim empire; people began writing letter such as the
Muslims, come to us. And save the Caliphate. Allah's Book has been
changed. And the Prophet's Sunnah has been changed. So, come to us if
you believe in Allah and the Day of Judgement.
In a true democratic matter,
Malik al-Ashtar represented the enraged
Muslim in a meeting with Uthman. In the meeting, Malik asked Uthman to
step down from power, but Uthman refused. Uthman's refusal to step
down only led to increasing problems.
Ali tried to help Uthman and
resolve the issue. He sent his own two sons, Hasan ibn
Ali and Hussein
Ali to go to Uthman and protect him from the angry protesters.
Despite this, protesters broke into Uthman's room and killed him.
After the killing of Uthman, many Muslims went to
Ali and asked him to
become the new caliph (leader). But he refused, but Malik and others
insisted that he become the caliph. To which Malik addresses, "People,
this is the Prophet's Regent. He has learnt the Prophet's knowledge.
Allah's Book has mentioned his belief. Allah's Apostle [s] has told
him that he will enter al-Ridhwan Garden. His personality is perfect
The people in the past and present are certain of his behaviour and
knowledge." Malik was one of the first to appoint
Ali as the new
Battle of Jamal
Main article: Battle of Jamal
Mausoleum of Malik Al-Ashtar
After the downfall of Uthman, many Muslims wanted to gain power within
the Islamic Empire. However,
Ali was appointed as the new caliph. This
upset power-hungry Muslims and the enemies of Ali. As a result,
they planned to launch an offensive in the year 656 AD to fight
Ali under the claim that they wanted revenge for the killing
of Uthman. One of these was Marwan al Hakim, who would later become
a loyal supporter of Mu'awiyah. Marwan played a key role in the Battle
of Jamal, in that he formed a large army to fight against Ali. He
also bankrolled the army with money that he had stolen from the Public
Treasury (money which was supposed to be for
Muslim citizens) during
the time of Uthman. The army included Aisha, Talha (a friend of
Ali), Zubair (the cousin of Ali), and Marwan. Once the army was
formed, the rebels headed to Basrah, Iraq. When
Ali got news that a
mutiny was going to occur, he also formed an army to combat the rebel
forces. During the mutiny, the new governor of Kufa, Abu Musa
al-Ashary, encouraged the Kufains (citizens of Kufa) not to join Ali's
army. Additionally, he encouraged the people to distance themselves
and disobey the new caliph, Ali. When
Ali realized the situation in
Kufa, he sent Malik al-Ashter to rally up troops. As a firm and
loyal supporter of
Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Malik rallied up the Kufian
(citizens of Kufa) with a powerful speech. In the meantime, Abu Musa
al-Ashary was commanding people to stay in their homes and not fight
for Ali. Malik understood that he needed to remove Abu Musa
al-Ashary. So Malik and a large group of fighters seized the
palace. Luckily, Abu Musa al-Ashary was at the mosque. His
guards informed him that
Malik al-Ashtar and a large number of
fighters had taken control of the palace. Since Abu Musa al-Ashary
was not capable of fighting off Malik, he surrendered. And asked
Malik to give him a day to leave Kufa. Malik accepted his offer and
let Abu Musa al-Ashary leave peacefully. Once Abu Musa al-Ashary left,
Malik delivered another powerful speech (in the mosque) that
captivated the hearts of the Kufains. The speech successfully aroused
more than 18,000 soldier to join him in order to defend against the
rebel attack. 9,000 of those troops were under Malik's commands and
the other 9,000 were under Hasan (the eldest son of Ali) commands.
They quickly headed towards Dhiqaar, Iraq to join Ali's army. On
the day of the Battle of Camel,
Ali Ibn Abi Talib put Malik al-Ashtar
in charge of the right wing of his army,
Ammar ibn Yasir
Ammar ibn Yasir in charge of
the left wing of his army, and gave the flag to his son
al-Hanafiyyah. After both sides introduced themselves (Arabian
Ali asked his army not to attack because they might
be mistaken. He also asked his army is there is a brave soul who
can take the Quran and appeal to them (the rebels). A brave
young man told
Ali that he is willing to do it. When the young man
turned towards the rebels, the rebels killed him. After this, Ali
raised his hands towards the sky and prayed "Allah, the eyes are
gazing at you! And the hands are extended! Our lord, judge between our
nation and us with justice! And you're the best judge!" When he
finished, the war began.
Malik al-Ashtar and his soldiers advanced
fighting bravely. During the war,
Ali Ibn Abi Talib told Malik that as
long as the camel of Aisha is standing the war will continue. In
order, to end the war he orders
Malik al-Ashtar to cut the feet of the
Aisha's camel. In addition, he orders
Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, the
blood brother of Aisha, to catch Aisha when she falls of the camel.
Both Malik and
Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr carried out their assignments,
thus ending the battle. Above all,
Ali ordered his soldiers to
escort Aisha safely back to Medina, release the prisoners of war, and
cure the injured rebels. Moreover, he forgave/pardoned all the rebels
for their actions. However, after the war,
Malik al-Ashtar and
Ammar bin Yasir went to Aisha. Many scholars state that Malik was 70
years old in the Battle of Jamal. Overall, Malik al-Ahstar was the
main cavalry and commander of the army of
Ali Ibn Abi Talib in the
Battle of Jamal
Battle of Jamal (Battle of the Camel).
Battle of Siffeen
Main article: Battle of Siffeen
Battles Over The
Although the minor conflict occurred in Kirkeesya, the war took place
at Siffeen (on the banks of the Euphrates) when
Mu'awiyah headed a
large reinforcing army to join Abi al-Awar al-Salmy and his army
(Mu'awiyah's first army that attacked at night).
reinforcements because during the minor conflict many of his soldiers
were killed and injured. When they got to Siffeen,
an offensive to his army to gain control of the
Euphrates River. By
taking the controlling the water,
Mu'awiyah violated an Islamic law
and the laws of war. Therefore,
Ali sent Sasaah bin Suhan, one of
the companions of the Prophet, to ask for some water. He states to
Ali says: Let us take some water. Then we'll
decide what's between you and us, otherwise we will fight each other
till the victor drinks."
Mu'awiyah replied "I'll answer you later
on." After Sasaah bin Suhan left,
Mu'awiyah sought advice from his
trusted men about what he should do about the water situation.
Al-Waleed bin Uthbah (the ex-governor of Kufa, which the Quran calls a
Fasiq Sura 49 Verse 6) advised
Mu'awiyah to "Prevent them from
drinking water to force them to surrender."
Mu'awiyah and the other
men agreed. Over the course of time, Malik watched the military supply
and movements taking place on the river banks. He then realized that
Mu'awiyah is tightening the siege of the
Euphrates River. During
the coarse of war, the soldier in the army of
Ali Ibn Abi Talib became
thirsty due to the physical exertion and blistering heat. Even Malik
himself became thirsty. To which a man came up to Malik and said
"There's only little water in my water-skin, please drink it." But
Malik refused and told him "I won't drink till all soldiers drink!"
Noticing that most of the soldiers were thirsty, Malik went to
said "Amirul Mu'mineen, our soldiers are very thirsty. We've nothing
but fighting." So
Ali Ibn Abi Talib wrote a letter to Muawiyah
asking for water. However,
Mu'awiyah denied giving
Ali Ibn Abi
Talib's soldiers water. Once again,
Malik al-Ashtar plays a huge
role for the army of
Ali Ibn Abi Talib .
Ali Ibn Abi Talib calls Malik
and asks him to lead his soldiers in an attack to gain possession of
Euphrates River. Malik and his men fight valiantly and won
back the possession of the
Euphrates river. The following day, an
arrow with a letter attached was shot at Ali's army. Soldiers read
the letter which said "From a loyal brother in the Shamian Army,
Mu'awiyah is going to open the river to drown you. So, be careful!"
and passed the news around. This news caused the soldiers to
withdraw from the banks of the
Mu'awiyah noticed this
and decided to recapture the river for his army. Yet again, Ali
sends his soldiers to fight of Mu'awiyah's troops and gain control of
the river. At this point,
Mu'awiyah became worried that now
allow them to drink water from the river. He even ask Amr ibn al-As,
"Do you think
Ali will prevent us from drinking water?" To which
Amr replied, "
Ali doesn't do as you do!" Ironically, Mu'awiyah's
writes a letter to
Ali Ibn Abi Talib asking him for water since his
(Mu'awiyah) soldiers were now thirsty.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib grants
Mu'awiyah and his soldiers permission to drink water from the
Euphrates River. Allowing the rebels to drink water changed the
mindset of some people in Mu'awiyah's army. They reflected upon both
Mu'awiyah and Ali. And realized that
Mu'awiyah did everything and
anything including breaking Islamic laws to win the war. Whereas,
Ali did everything to represent the true Islam even if it meant losing
the war. And at nighttime, some of Mu'awiyah's troops went and joined
Ali's army because they represented the truth and humanity.
Malik's Discipline and The End of The War
As the battle continued,
Malik al-Ashtar fought his way through the
opposing army until he was two rows away from Mu'awiyah's tent.
Only two rows away from killing
Mu'awiyah and ending the war. However,
a situation occurred.
Mu'awiyah wanted to trick Ali's army to stop
fighting and disunite them by creating confusion.
the idea and ordered his soldiers to place the Quran on their
spear. When most of the soldiers of
Ali saw this they stopped
Ali knew that it was a trick by
Mu'awiyah to create
confusion and disunity, he told his army "It's a trick! I was the
first to invite them to Allah's Book. And I was the first to believe
in it. They've disobeyed Allah and broken His promise." (this is
referring to the negotiation/persuading process before the war) Ali
wanted his soldier to continue fighting because they were so close to
victory. Despite Ali's effort, 22,000 soldiers dsobeyed his commands
and said "Stop fighting and order al-Ashtar to withdraw!" Knowing
that his own soldiers had turned their backs on him and a few group of
Ali Ibn Abi Talib told his soldiers to command Malik
to return for safety reasons. The messenger gave Malik the order.
Even though, Malik knew that he has the opportunity to end the war and
rid the world of Ma'uwiyah, he stopped and returned. Malik said
Ali ibn Abi Talib orders something, I have to return".
They ceased fighting and agreed to an arbitration according to the
Amr ibn al-As
Amr ibn al-As to represent him and
Abdullah bin Abbas (because he was a wise man who had a good knowledge
of the Quran). But the rebel did not agree to Abdullah bin Abbas
Ali to pick Abu Musa al-Ashary (because Abu Musa was not
really a firm supporter of
Ali therefore the rebels could get an upper
hand in the arbitration).
Ali replied to them saying "I disagree
with you on him. And Abdullah bin Abbas is better than he (Abu
Musa)." But the rebels again denied.
Ali then chose Malik al-Ashtar
to represent him. Once again, the rebels refused and insisted for Abu
Musa. To avoid further chaos/conflict,
Ali told them "Do whatever
you like!" As a result,
Amr ibn al-As
Amr ibn al-As and Abu Musa entered the
arbitration. Knowing that Abu Musa was not a firm supporter of Ali,
Amr ibn al-As
Amr ibn al-As deceived Abu Musa by saying "Abu Musa,
Mu'awiyah and Ali
have caused all these troubles. So, lets dispose them and elect
another man." Abu Musa took the bait and stated "I'm removing Ali
from the caliphate as I'm removing my ring from my finger.", then
he removed his ring. Afterwards,
Amr ibn al-As
Amr ibn al-As said "I'm fixing
Mu'awwiyah to the caliphate as I'm fixing my ring to my finger.",
then he wore his ring. The trick worked but
Ali still had control of
the caliphate. Both sides did agree to a truce and a year of peace.
Ali commanded his soldiers not to fight for a year, but a large group
(who developed their own beliefs of "La Hukma Illa Lillah", meaning,
"no rulership except by Allah alone.") broke away from
disobeyed the agreement/orders. They became known as the Khawarij
Ali in the Battle of Nahrawan.
Governor of Egypt
At the time,
Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr was the governor of Egypt. Amr ibn
al-As, one of Mu'awiyah's companions, wanted to become the governor of
Egypt. So he rallied 6,000 soldiers and headed towards Egypt.
After finding out about the possible overthrow,
Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Ali Ibn Abi Talib asking for help and support.
Ali Ibn Abi
Talib wrote back assuring
Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, son of the first
caliph and then Ali's adopted son, that he is sending his best general
and one of his closest companions, Malik al-Ashtar.
Ali then told
Malik: "Malik, may Allah have mercy on you, go to Egypt. I have
absolute trust in you. Rely on Allah! Use gentleness in its place and
intensity in its place."
Muhammad ibn Abū-Bakr was instructed to return to ʻAlī's capital
city, Kufa. Malik Al-Ashtar was appointed
Egypt in 658 (38
A.H.) by Alī ibn Abī-Tālib, the caliph of the Muslims, after the
Siffin had ended.
Alleged Assassination Plot By Muawiyah
According to Shia tradition, when
Mu'awiyah received the news that Ali
Malik al-Ashtar as the new governor of Egypt, he was
overwhelmed with worry. Knowing that al-Ashtar was of ferocious
built and strength, Muawiyah is said to have formulated a plot to
assassinate him using poison imported from Rome and sent a delegate
with the poison to a certain man owning vast lands in al-Qilzim City
(a service station/resting spot for travelers) on the borders of
Egypt, requesting that he poison al-Ashtar in exchange for lifelong
tax exemption. The man is said to have agreed to the envoy's
On the way to Egypt,
Malik al-Ashtar decided to stop at al-Qilzim.
Upon his arrival, the man (who agreed to poison Malik) invited Malik,
the new governor of Egypt, for lunch at his house. Malik humbly
accepted the man's invitation without knowing that he was going to
kill him by
Muawiyah I on a suggestion of 'Amr ibn al-'As. They went
to his home to have lunch. The man placed the poisoned honey in a cup
and placed it on the table. Malik took a spoonful of the poisoned
honey. When Malik consumed the honey, the poison spread rapidly
throughout his body. Malik realized that he was poisoned as soon as he
felt pain in his stomach. After realizing that he was poisoned, Malik
placed his hand on his stomach and said "In the Name of Allah, the
Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. We belong to Allah, and we'll come
back to Him!" The poison was so destructive and toxic that within
Malik al-Ashtar died. Muawiyah is said to have rejoiced upon
hearing of al-Ashtar's death.
Malik had two sons, the first was named Ishaq (Isaac) and the other
was named Ibrahim (Abraham). Ishaq was a phenomenal warrior who
supported and valiantly gave his life to protect Hussain ibn Ali, the
son of Ali, in the Battle of Karbala. After Habib ibn Muzahir, Ishaq
killed the most enemy fighters. On the other hand, Ibrahim ibn
Malik al-Ashtar, the son of Malik al-Ashtar, along with Mukhtar
al-Thaqafi rose against the killers of Hussain ibn Ali. The two
killed most of the killers of Hussain and his army. For example, they
caught and killed Umar ibn Sa'ad, Shimr ibn Thil-Jawshan, Sanan ibn
Hurmala ibn Kahil and Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyad (these were Yazid I's
soldiers who fought against Hussain).
Among his descendants are the Kalbasi family, who reside in Iran and
some reside in Iraq. One branch of this family adds the title
"Ashtari" to the end of their family name to denote this fact. In
Lebanon, the Hamadani family from the southern town of Nabatieh are
also direct descendants who have maintained a family tree dating back
to the Nakha'i tribe origins. The Mroueh family, after tracing their
lineage, are also believed to be descendants. The Malek (or Malekian)
family, from Mazandaran (Iran), are also believed to be descendants.
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Malik al-Ashtar in Eski Yurt, Crimea, Ukraine (Russian
http://www.al-islam.org/gallery/kids/Books/companion9/ (Ebook of Kamal
al-Syyed on Malik al-Ashtar)
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Abd Allah ibn Abbas
Abdullah ibn Hashim
Abu al-Aswad al-Du'ali
Abu al-Heysam ibn Tayyahan
Abu Dhar al-Ghifari
Adi ibn Hatim
Ammar ibn Yasir
Amr ibn al-Humq al-Khaza'i
Asbagh ibn Nubatah
Bilal ibn Rabah
Habib ibn Madhahir
Hamam ibn Shurayh
Hashim ibn Utbah
Hujr ibn 'Adi
Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman
Ja'far ibn Abi Talib
Jabir ibn Abd Allah
John bin Huwai
Jundab ibn Abdullah
Khuzaima ibn Thabit
Kumayl ibn Ziyad
Mikhnaf ibn Sulaym
Miqdad ibn Aswad
Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Qays ibn Sa'd
Sa'sa'a bin Sohan
Salman the Persian
Sulaym ibn Qays
Sulayman ibn Surad
Uthman ibn Hunaif