The Info List - Malachi

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Malachi, Malachias, Malache or Mal'achi (/ˈmæləkaɪ/ ( listen); Hebrew: מַלְאָכִי‬, Modern Malakhi, Tiberian Malʼāḵî, "Messenger", see malakh) was the writer of the Book
of Malachi, the last book of the Neviim
(prophets) section in the Hebrew Bible. No allusion is made to him by Ezra, however, and he does not directly mention the restoration of the temple. The editors of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
Jewish Encyclopedia
implied that he prophesied after Haggai
and Zechariah ( Malachi
1:10; 3:1, 3:10) and speculated that he delivered his prophecies about 420 BCE, after the second return of Nehemiah
from Persia ( Book
of Nehemiah 13:6), or possibly before his return, comparing Malachi
2:8 with Nehemiah
13:15 ( Malachi
2:10-16 with Nehemiah
13:23). In the Christian Greek Old Testament, the Prophetic Books are placed last, making Book of Malachi
Book of Malachi
the last protocanonical book before the Deuterocanonical books
Deuterocanonical books
or The New Testament. According to the 1897 Easton's Bible
Dictionary, it is possible that Malachi
is not a proper name, but simply means "messenger of YHWH".[1] The Greek Old Testament superscription is ἐν χειρὶ ἀγγέλου αὐτοῦ, (by the hand of his messenger).


1 Name 2 Works 3 Period 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Name[edit] Because Malachi's name does not occur elsewhere in the Bible, some scholars doubt whether "Malachi" is intended to be the personal name of the prophet. None of the other prophetic books of the Hebrew Bible or the Greek Old Testament
Greek Old Testament
are anonymous. The form mal'akhi, signifies "my messenger"; it occurs in Malachi
3:1 (compare to Malachi
2:7). But this form of itself would hardly be appropriate as a proper name without some additional syllable such as Yah, whence mal'akhiah, i.e. "messenger of Elohim." Haggai, in fact, is expressly designated "messenger of Elohim" ( Haggai
1:13). Besides, the superscriptions prefixed to the book, in both the Septuagint
and the Vulgate, warrant the supposition that Malachi's full name ended with the syllable -yah. At the same time the Greek Old Testament
Greek Old Testament
translates the last clause of Malachi
1:1, "by the hand of his messenger," and the Targum
reads, "by the hand of my angel, whose name is called Ezra
the scribe." [2] Works[edit]

(watercolor circa 1896–1902 by James Tissot)

The Jews of his day ascribed the Book
of Malachi, the last book of prophecy, to Ezra
but if Ezra's name was originally associated with the book, it would hardly have been dropped by the collectors of the prophetic canon who lived only a century or two subsequent to Ezra's time. Certain traditions ascribe the book to Zerubbabel
and Nehemiah; others, still, to Malachi, whom they designate as a Levite and a member of the "Great Synagogue." Certain modern scholars, however, on the basis of the similarity of the title (compare Malachi
1:1 to Zechariah 9:1 and Zechariah 12:1), declare it to be anonymous. Professor G.G. Cameron, suggests that the termination of the word "Malachi" is adjectival, and equivalent to the Latin angelicus, signifying "one charged with a message or mission" (a missionary). The term would thus be an official title; and the thought would not be unsuitable to one whose message closed the prophetical canon of the Old Testament.[2] Period[edit] Opinions vary as to the prophet's exact date, but nearly all scholars agree that Malachi
prophesied during the Persian period, and after the reconstruction and dedication of the second temple in 516 BCE (compare Malachi
1:10 ; Malachi
3:1, Malachi
3:10). The prophet speaks of the "people's governor" (Hebrew "pechah", Malachi
1:8), as do Haggai and Nehemiah
( Haggai
1:1 ; Nehemiah
5:14 ; Nehemiah
12:26). The social conditions portrayed appear to be those of the period of the Restoration. More specifically, Malachi
probably lived and labored during the times of Ezra
and Nehemiah. The abuses which Malachi mentions in his writings correspond so exactly with those which Nehemiah
found on his 2nd visit to Jerusalem in 432 BCE (Nehemiah 13:7) that it seems reasonably certain that he prophesied concurrently with Nehemiah
or shortly after.[2] See also[edit]

Tomb of the Prophets Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi


^ Malachi
at the Easton's Bible
Dictionary ^ a b c "www.Bibler.org - Dictionary - Malachi". 2012-08-07. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Malachi". Easton's Bible
Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Malachi, Book
of". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.    A. Van Hoonacker (1913). "Malachias (Malachi)". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  L. Vianès: Malachie. La Bible
d'Alexandrie, vol. xxiii/12, Éditions du Cerf, Paris, 2011.

External links[edit]

Media related to Malachi
at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Malachi
at Wikiquote Prophet
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 2786477