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Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.

Background

When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain, and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel. It is considered the most junior of the field officer ranks. Majors are typically assigned as specialised executive or operations officers for battalion-sized units of 300 to 1,200 soldiers. In some militaries, notably France and Ireland, the rank of major is referred to as ''commandant'', while in others it is known as ''captain-major''. When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including ''general-major'' or ''major general'', denoting a low-level general officer, and ''sergeant major'', denoting the most senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) of a military unit. The term ''major'' can also be used with a hyphen to denote the leader of a military band such as in pipe-major or drum-major. Historically, the rank designation develops in English in the 1640s, taken from French ''majeur'', in turn a shortening of ''sergent-majeur'', which at the time designated a higher rank than at present. The term '[Mayor'' for the head of a municipal government can also be traced to the same French word. The rank of major is also used in some [[police]] forces and other [[paramilitary]] rank structures, such as the [[Pennsylvania State Police]], [[New York State Police]], [[New Jersey State Police]], and several others. As with a military major, this rank is most commonly the next rank above captain. The rank is equivalent to an inspector or commander in other large police departments or to the UK rank of superintendent.

Links to major ranks by country

Alphabetically sorted by name of country: *Major (Brazil) *Major (Canada) * (Finland) *Major (Germany) * (Greece; , ) *Major (India) * (Lithuania) * (The Netherlands) *Major (Pakistan) *''Major/Comandante'' (Philippines) *Major (Poland) *Major (Sri Lanka) *Major (Sweden) *Major (United Kingdom) *Major (United States)

Insignia



Insignia of army majors.

File:ALB-Army-OF-3.svg|
Albania
File:Australian Army OF-3.svg|
Australia
File:Bangladesh-army-OF-3.svg|
Bangladesh
File:Army-BEL-OF-03.svg|
Belgium
File:Bosnia and Herzegovina Major Insignia.svg|
Bosnia and Herzegovina
File:Major Exército-V.gif|
Brazil
File:Rank insignia of mayor of the Colombian Army.svg|
Colombia
File:Army-HRV-OF-03.svg|
Croatia
File:Cdn-Army-Maj(OF-3)-2014 - Copy.svg|
Canada
File:CzArmy 2011 OF3-Major shoulder.svg|
Czech Republic
File:Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg|
Denmark
File:Mayorwikifixed.svg|
Dominican Republic
File:EgyptianArmyInsignia-Major.svg|
Egypt
File:ES-Army-OF3.png|
Estonia
File:Majuri kauluslaatta.svg|
Finland
File:Georgia Army OF-4.png|
Georgia
File:HD H 51 Major FJg.svg|
Germany
File:Army-GRE-OF-03.svg|
Greece
File:Rank Army Hungary OF-03.svg|
Hungary
File:IFRmajor.PNG|
Iceland
File:Major of the Indian Army.svg|
India
File:16-TNI Army-MAJ.svg|
Indonesia
File:IDF rav seren.svg|
Israel
File:IT-Army-OF3.svg|
Italy
File:Sargord.png|
Iran
File:Major of Malaysian Army.png|
Malaysia
File:Nl-landmacht-majoor.svg|
Netherlands
File:Major-arm.png|
North Macedonia
File:Nigeria-Army-OF-3.svg|
Nigeria
File:Army-NOR-OF-03.svg|
Norway
File:OF-3 Pakistan Army.svg|
Pakistan
File:PA MAJ Svc.svg|
Philippines
File:Army-POL-OF-03.svg|
Poland
File:RAF A F3Major since 2010par.svg|
USSR
File:16 - Major.svg|
Portugal
File:RO-Army-OF3.png|
Romania
File:RAF A F3Maj after2010.png|
Russia
File:12-Serbian_Army-MAJ.svg|
Serbia
File:04-RSA-OF03.svg|
Singapore
File:11-Somali Army-MAJ.svg|
Somalia
File:SAA-OF-3.svg|
South Africa
File:Spain-Army-OF-3.svg|
Spain
File:SL-Army-OF3 Major.PNG|
Sri Lanka
File:OF-3 Major.jpg|
Sweden
File:CHE OF3 Maj.svg|
Switzerland
File:ROCA-MAJ.jpg|
Taiwan
File:RTA OF-3 (Major).svg|
Thailand
File:Turkey-army-OF-3.svg|
Turkey
File:UA shoulder mark 15.svg|
Ukraine
File:British Army OF-3.svg|
United Kingdom
File:US Army O4 (Army greens).svg|
United States
File:Vietnam People's Army SubLieutenant.jpg|
Vietnam


Insignia of air force majors

File:Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Mayor.svg|
Argentina
File:Major-vertical fab.gif|
Brazil
File:Naramenica službene odore bojnika HRZ i PZO.svg|
Croatia
File:RDAF Maj.svg|
Denmark
File:Georgia Air Force OF-4.png|
Georgia
File:LD B 51 Major.svg|
Germany
File:16-TNI Air Force-MAJ.svg|
Indonesia
File:14- سرگرد--IRIAF.png|
Iran
File:IDF rav seren silver-2.svg|
Israel
File:IT-Airforce-OF-3.png|
Italy
File:Mayor FAM.GIF|
Mexico
File:RNAF Maj.svg|
Netherlands
File:PAF MAJ Svc.svg|
Philippines
File:Major Lotnicze.png|
Poland
File:Major t.jpg|
Portugal
File:Rank insignia of майор of the Soviet Air Force.svg|
Russia
File:OF-3 Major FV hylsa.jpg|
Sweden
File:TR-AİRFORCE-OF3.gif|
Turkey
File:US Air Force O4 shoulderboard.svg|
United States (also space force)
File:Vietnam People's Air Force SubLieutenant.jpg|
Vietnam


Insignia of naval infantry majors

File:IDF rav seren gold-2.svg|
Israel
File:PHIL ARMY MAJ WOODLAND.svg|
Philippines
File:OF-3 Major AMF hylsa.jpg|
Sweden
File:British Royal Marines OF-3.svg|
United Kingdom
Royal Marines
File:US Marine O4 shoulderboard-2.svg|
United States Marine Corps
File:16-TNI Navy-LCDR.svg|
Indonesian Marine Corps


Ranks equivalent to major by country

Alphabetically sorted by name of country or sovereign state *Jagran (جګړن) (Afghanistan) *China **少校 (Shao xiao) (PR China) **少校 (Shaoxiao) (Republic of China/Taiwan) *Bojnik (Croatia) *Ra'Ed (رائد) (Egypt and most Arab League member countries) *Commandant (France) *Germany: **Sturmbannführer (Schutzstaffel and paramilitary organisations of Nazi Germany) *Tagmatarchis (Ταγματάρχης) (Greece and Cyprus) *Őrnagy (Hungary) *Mayor (Indonesia) *Sargord () (Iran) *Commandant (Ireland) *Rav seren (רב סרן) (Israel) *少佐 (Shousa) (Japan) *Mejar (Malaysia) *Хошууч (Mongolia) *소좌 (North Korea) *Magat (Philippines) *Mayor (Russia) *Major (Serbia) *Gaashaanle (Somalia) *Shelaqa (Ethiopia) *소령 (South Korea) *Comandante (Spain) *Binbaşı (Turkey) * Ukraine — Майор (''Mayor'') *Thiếu tá (Vietnam) File:Bojnik.jpg|Croatia (Bojnik) File:IDF rav seren.svg|Rav seren - army (Israel) File:IDF rav seren silver-2.svg|Rav seren - air force (Israel) File:IDF rav seren gold-2.svg|Rav seren - navy (Israel)

See also

*List of comparative military ranks

References

{{Authority control Category:Military ranks