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Major
Major
general (abbreviated MG,[1] Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general. (Although a major outranks a lieutenant, a lieutenant outranks a sergeant-major). In the Commonwealth
Commonwealth
and the United States, it is a division commander's rank subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general. In the Commonwealth, major general is equivalent to the navy rank of rear admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air vice-marshal. In some countries, including much of Eastern Europe, major general is the lowest of the general officer ranks, with no brigadier-grade rank.

Contents

1 Countries

1.1 Australia 1.2 Austria 1.3 Brazil 1.4 Canada 1.5 Estonia 1.6 Finland, Denmark and Sweden 1.7 France 1.8 Georgia 1.9 Germany

1.9.1 West Germany 1.9.2 GDR National People's Army

1.10 Hungary 1.11 Iran 1.12 Ireland 1.13 India 1.14 Indonesia 1.15 Israel 1.16 Italy 1.17 Japan 1.18 Kazakhstan 1.19 Kenya 1.20 South Korea 1.21 New Zealand 1.22 North Korea 1.23 Norway 1.24 Pakistan 1.25 Poland 1.26 Portugal 1.27 Russia 1.28 Somalia 1.29 Sweden 1.30 Switzerland 1.31 Thailand 1.32 Turkey 1.33 United Kingdom 1.34 United States 1.35 Vietnam

2 Insignia

2.1 Army 2.2 Air force 2.3 Naval infantry

3 See also 4 Footnotes 5 References

Countries[edit] Australia[edit] Main article: Major
Major
general (Australia) Austria[edit] See also: Rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces In the old Austro-Hungarian Army, the major general was called a Generalmajor.[2] Today's Austrian Federal Army still uses the same term. Brazil[edit] General
General
de Brigada ( Brigade
Brigade
General) is the lowest rank of general officers in the Brazilian Army. A General
General
de Brigada wears two-stars as this is the entry level for general officers in the Brazilian Army. See Military ranks of Brazil
Military ranks of Brazil
and Brigadier
Brigadier
(officer rank in Latin America) for more information. Canada[edit] See also: Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
ranks and insignia In the Canadian Armed Forces, the rank of major-general (MGen) (major-général and Mgén in French) is both a Canadian Army
Canadian Army
and Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
rank equivalent to the Royal Canadian Navy's rank of rear-admiral. A major-general is a general officer, the equivalent of a naval flag officer. The major-general rank is senior to the ranks of brigadier-general and commodore, and junior to lieutenant-general and vice-admiral. Prior to 1968, the Air Force used the rank of air vice-marshal, instead. The rank insignia for a major-general in the Royal Canadian Air Force is a wide braid under a single narrow braid on the cuff, as well as two silver maple leaves beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown. In the Canadian Army, the rank insignia is a wide braid on the cuff, as well as two gold maple leaves beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown. It is worn on the shoulder straps of the service dress tunic, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves. Major-generals are initially addressed as "general" and name, as are all general officers; thereafter by subordinates as "sir" or "ma'am" as applicable in English or mon général in French. Major-generals are normally entitled to staff cars. Estonia[edit] In the Estonian military, the major general rank is called kindralmajor. Finland, Denmark and Sweden[edit] The Finnish military equivalent is kenraalimajuri in Finnish, and generalmajor in Swedish and Danish. France[edit] The French equivalent to the rank of major general is général de division. In the French military, major général is not a rank but an appointment conferred on some generals, usually of général de corps d'armée rank, acting as head of staff of one of the armed forces. The major general assists the chief of staff of the French army
French army
with matters such as human resources, management, and discipline, and his role is roughly analogous with the British Army
British Army
position of Adjutant- General
General
to the Forces. The position of major général can be considered the equivalent of a deputy chief of staff. The five major generals are: the Major
Major
General
General
of the Armed Forces, head of the General
General
Staff, the Major
Major
General
General
of the Army, the Major
Major
General
General
of the Navy, the Major
Major
General
General
of the Gendarmerie, and the Major
Major
General
General
of the Air Force. In the French Army, Major
Major
General
General
(in full " Major
Major
General
General
of the Army", Major
Major
général de l'armée de terre) is a position and the major general is normally of the rank of corps general. Historically, the French army
French army
had some sergent-majors généraux, also called sergents de bataille, whose task was to prepare the disposition of the army on the field before a battle. These sergents-majors généraux became a new rank, the maréchal de camp (not the same as a field marshal, in the French Army from antiquity called a Maréchal de France), which was the equivalent of the rank of major general. However, the term of major général was not forgotten and used to describe the appointment of armies chiefs of staff. One well-known French major général was Marshal Louis Alexandre Berthier; Major General
General
of Napoléon's Grande armée. In addition,maréchal de camp was renamed général de brigade(brigade general) in 1793. The rank was decided to correspond to brigadier general after WWⅡ. Georgia[edit] In Georgia, the rank major-general (გენერალ მაიორი) has one star as for security forces. The army, however, does not follow the traditional soviet model and uses the now more common two-star insignia. Germany[edit] The German Army and Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
referred to the rank as Generalmajor (OF-7) until 1945. Prior to 1945, the rank of Generalleutnant (OF-8) was used to define a division commander, whereas Generalmajor was a brigade commander. West Germany[edit] With the remilitarization of Germany in 1955 on West Germany's admission to NATO, the Heer adopted the rank structure of the U.S., with the authority of the three lower ranks being moved up one level, and the rank of Brigadegeneral (brigadier general, OF-6) added below them. The rank of Generaloberst (OF-9, colonel general) was no longer used. GDR National People's Army[edit] The Nationale Volksarmee
Nationale Volksarmee
of the German Democratic Republic
German Democratic Republic
continued the use Generalmajor (OF-6), abbreviated as "GenMaj", as the lowest general officer rank until reunification in 1990. It was equivalent to Konteradmiral (KAdm). Hungary[edit] In the Magyar Honvédség (Hungarian Defence Force), the equivalent rank to major general is vezérőrnagy. Iran[edit] In the Iranian army and air force, the ranks above colonel are respectively sartip dovom (second brigadier general with no equivalent in other countries), sartip (brigadier general), sarlashkar (major general), sepahbod (lieutenant general), and arteshbod (general); nonetheless, major general is the highest available rank for current Iranian commanders. Ireland[edit] The Irish Defence Forces
Irish Defence Forces
have two major generals. They are deputy chiefs of staff with separate responsibility for operations (DCOS Ops) and support (DCOS Sp). India[edit] Major
Major
general in the Indian Army
Indian Army
is equivalent to rear admiral in the Indian Navy
Indian Navy
and air vice marshal in the Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force
and is the lowest of the general officer ranks, ranking higher than a brigadier and lower than a lieutenant general. Indonesia[edit] Main article: Indonesian military ranks In the Indonesian Army
Indonesian Army
and Indonesian Marine Corps
Indonesian Marine Corps
the rank "Major general" is known as Mayjen. Israel[edit] In the Israel Defense Forces, a major general is called an aluf and is the second-highest rank, subordinate to rav aluf (lieutenant general or general), the rank held by the chief of staff. Italy[edit] In Italy, the equivalent of major general is the army rank of generale di divisione. In the army, the generale di divisione is the commander of a division. Japan[edit] Because no brigadier-general rank is used in Japan, major-general is the rank of brigade commander. For this reason, the French are represented in the manner as général de brigade and some countries, such as Brazil and Chile, follow it also words of some countries of the Italian and Spanish, and the like. In the past, rikugun-shōshō(陸軍少将) in the Imperial Japanese Army was equivalent to major-general, in the current,rikushōho(陸将補) in the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
and kūshōho(空将補) in the Japan Air Self-Defense Force
Japan Air Self-Defense Force
are equivalent to it .    Kazakhstan[edit] In the Kazakh Army, major general is the lowest of the field officer rank and is the third-highest rank in the army. It is equivalent to the rear admiral in the Kazakh Navy. Kenya[edit] In Kenya, major general is the third-highest rank, subordinate to general and lieutenant general, and superior to brigadier and colonel. Current general is Gen. Mwathethe South Korea[edit] In South Korea, the rank of major general is known as sojang (Korean: 소장; Hanja: 少將). In Army, a sojang typically commands a division of size ~10,000 soldiers. In Navy, a sojang typically commands a fleet. They both can operate an independent field operation. In the Air Force, sojang is typically the head of a command headquarter and junjang, one rank lower than sojang, takes charge of operations. Marine Corps sojang commands a division and the South Korean Marine Corps is organized under the Navy. New Zealand[edit] In the New Zealand Army, major-general is the rank held by the chief of army (formerly the chief of general staff). The more senior rank of lieutenant-general is reserved for when an army officer holds the position of chief of defence force, who commands all New Zealand's armed forces. This position is subject to rotation between the heads of the air force, army, and navy. North Korea[edit] The rank of sojang is also used in North Korea, where it is the lowest general officer and flag officer rank, equivalent to a one-star general. The North Korean equivalent to a two-star general is jungjang, which roughly translates as lieutenant general. Norway[edit] In the Norwegian Army, the Air Force and the Home Guard, generalmajor is the lowest general officer rank, equivalent to kontreadmiral in the Navy. Pakistan[edit] Major
Major
general in the Pakistan Army
Pakistan Army
is equivalent to rear admiral in the Navy and air vice marshal in the Air Force. It is the lowest of the general officer ranks, ranking between brigadier and lieutenant general. The Pakistan Army
Pakistan Army
has two female major generals.[citation needed] Poland[edit] Main article: Generał brygady Generał brygady
Generał brygady
(Polish pronunciation: [ɡɛˈnɛraw brɨˈɡadɨ], literally "general of a brigade", abbreviated gen. bryg.) is the lowest rank for generals in the Polish Army
Polish Army
(both in the land forces and in the Polish air force). Depending on the context, it is equivalent to either the modern rank of major general, or the rank of brigadier general (mostly in historical context). Portugal[edit] The rank of major-general was reintroduced in the Portuguese Army, Air Force and National Republican Guard in 1999, replacing the former rank of brigadier in the role of brigade commander. As a rank, it had previously been used in the Army only for a brief period (from 1862 to 1864). It is equivalent to the rank of contra-almirante (rear-admiral) in the Portuguese Navy. In 2015, the rank of major-general was moved up one level, with the role of brigade commander being assumed by the below rank of brigadier-general. In most of the 19th and first half of the 20th century, major-general was not used as a rank in the Portuguese military, but as an appointment title conferred to the general officer that acted as the military head of a service branch. The roles of Major- General
General
of the Navy (Major- General
General
da Armada) and Major- General
General
of the Army (Major- General
General
do Exército) became extinct in 1950, with their roles being unified in the then created Chief of the General
General
Staff of the Armed Forces. Russia[edit] In the Russian Army, the rank " Major
Major
general" is known as Генера́л-майо́р. Somalia[edit] In Somalia, major general is used within the Somali Armed Forces
Somali Armed Forces
(SAF) for the highest-ranking military official.[3] Sweden[edit] In Sweden, the rank of generalmajor (Genmj) is used in the Army, the Amphibious Corps and the Air Force. It is the equivalent to konteramiral in the Swedish Navy. It is typically held by the heads of the three service branches, and the head of the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service. Switzerland[edit] In Switzerland, the rank of generalmajor is called Divisionär (German) or Divisionaire (French). Thailand[edit] In Thailand, the rank of major general is called pon-tree "พลตรี" for the Royal Thai Army, which is equivalent to rear admiral (Pon-reu-tree "พลเรือตรี") for the Navy, air vice marshal (Pon-akat-tree "พลอากาศตรี") for the Air Force , and police major general ("Pon-tamruad-tree" "พลตำรวจตรี") for the Royal Thai Police. Turkey[edit] The Turkish Army and Air Force refer to the rank as tümgeneral. The Turkish Navy equivalent is tümamiral. The name is derived from tümen, the Turkish word for a military division (tümen itself is an older Turkish word meaning "10,000"). Thus, linguistically, it is similar to the French equivalent for a major general, général de division. United Kingdom[edit] Main article: Major-general (United Kingdom) In the British Army
British Army
and Royal Marines, major-general ranks below lieutenant-general and above brigadier, and is thus the lowest of the general officer ranks, although always considered equivalent to major-general in other countries. Divisions are usually commanded by major-generals, and they also hold a variety of staff positions. The professional head of the Royal Marines
Royal Marines
currently holds the rank of major-general. From 1 April 1918 to 31 July 1919, the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
maintained the rank of major-general. It was superseded by the rank of air vice-marshal on the following day. Major-general is equivalent to rear admiral in the Royal Navy and air vice-marshal in the Royal Air Force. United States[edit] Main article: Major
Major
general (United States) In the United States Army, a major general (MG) typically commands a division of 10,000–20,000 soldiers and is capable of fully independent field operations. They may also serve as senior directors on Army and joint staffs. In the case of the Army National Guard, they may also serve as The Adjutant General
General
(TAG) for their state, commonwealth or territory. In the United States Marine Corps, major generals (MajGen) typically serve as commanding generals of Marine Expeditionary Forces, Marine Divisions, Marine Aircraft Wings, Joint Task Force Commanders, or senior directors on Marine Corps and joint staffs. In the United States Air Force, major generals (Maj Gen) typically serve as Numbered Air Force commanders, vice commanders of 3-star commands, joint task force commanders, warfare center, training center, weapons center, or logistics center commanders, or senior directors on Air Force and joint staffs. In the case of the Air National Guard, they may also serve as The Adjutant General
General
(TAG) for their state, commonwealth or territory. Vietnam[edit] In Vietnam, the rank of major general is known as thiếu tướng. It is used in the army and the air force. It is the equivalent to chuẩn Đô đốc in the Navy. The rank of thiếu tướng is the lowest general officer and flag officer rank, equivalent to a one-star general and admiral. In the Vietnamese People's Army, a major general commands a corps of 30,000–40,000 soldiers and is capable of fully independent field operation. Insignia[edit] Army[edit]

Afghan National Army Turan Jenral

Australian Army major general

Austrian Armed Forces Generalmajor

Bangladesh Army Major
Major
general

Brazilian Army general de brigada

Canadian Army major general

Colombian Army major general

Croatian Army general bojnik

Czech Army generálmajor

Egyptian Army major general (Arabic: لواء‎)

Estonian Army kindralmajor

Finnish Army kenraalimajuri

Georgian Armed Forces გენერალ მაიორი

German Bundeswehr

Nationale Volksarmee
Nationale Volksarmee
of the GDR generalmajor

Greek Army Ypostratigos Υποστράτηγος

Guyana Defence Force major general

Indian Army major general

Indonesian Army mayor jenderal

Iranian Army sarlashkar-سرلشکر

Irish Army major general

Italian Army generale di divisione maggiore generale

Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Rikushōho

Army of the Republic of Macedonia Генерал мајор (general major)

Norwegian Army generalmajor

Royal Netherlands Army generaal-majoor

Pakistan Army major general

Philippine Army Magat Heneral

Polish Army generał dywizji

Portuguese Army major-general

Romanian Army general-maior

Serbian Army Генерал-мајор

Spanish Army general de división

Swedish Army generalmajor

Swiss Army Divisionär

Royal Thai Army Phon Tri

Turkish Land Forces Tümgeneral

UK (British) Army major general

U.S. Army major general

U.S. Army major general (September 1959 to October 2014)

Vietnam Ground Force major general

Air force[edit]

Brazilian Air Force (brigadeiro)

Royal Canadian Air Force (French: Major-général)

Czech Air Force (Generálmajor)

Royal Danish Air Force (Generalmajor)

Georgian Air Force

Luftwaffe (General-major)

Greece (Υποπτέραρχος)

Irish Air Corps (Maor-ghinearál)

Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Kūshōho)

Royal Malaysian Air Force (Mejar Jeneral)

Royal Netherlands Air Force (Generaal-majoor)

Philippines

Poland

Portuguese Air Force

Romanian Air Force (General-maior)

Serbian Air Force (Генерал-мајор)

Ejército del Aire (general de división)

Swedish Air Force (Generalmajor)

Turkish Air Force Tümgeneral

US Air Force Major
Major
general

Vietnam People's Air Force major general

Naval infantry[edit]

Spanish Navy Marines ( General
General
de división)

Swedish Amphibious Corps (Generalmajor)

UK Royal Marines

US Marine Corps

Indonesian Marine Corps (mayor jenderal)

See also[edit]

Comparative military ranks Military unit

Footnotes[edit]

^ MILITÄRISCHES STUDIENGLOSAR ENGLISCH Teil I, L – Z, Bundessprachenamt (Stand Januar 2001), page 742, definition: major general [MG]. ^ Bowden & Tarbox, p 24. The authors write that FML (field-marshal-lieutenant) is the same as lieutenant-general and General-feldwachtmeister the same as major-general, but they list no equivalent rank to brigadier-general. Nevertheless, the page cited is an excellent source of Austro-Hungarian ranks. ^ Somalia: A Country Study – Army Ranks and Insignia Archived 2012-10-04 at the Wayback Machine., www.marines.mil

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Major
Major
generals.

Boatner, Mark M., III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: David McKay, 1959. ISBN 0-679-50013-8. Bowden, Scotty & Tarbox, Charlie. Armies on the Danube 1809. Arlington, TX: Empire Games Press, 1980. OCLC 6649795. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 2. New York: Random House, 1986. ISBN 0-394-74621-X.

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Military ranks and insignia by country

List of comparative military ranks

Africa

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros DR Congo Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt

Army Navy Air Force

Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

Former

Biafra Bophuthatswana Ciskei Kingdom of Egypt Ethiopian Empire Rhodesia South West Africa Transkei Venda Zaire

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Apartheid States in Southern Africa

Americas

Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile

Army Air Force Navy

Colombia Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico

Army Navy

Nicaragua Paraguay Peru Saint Kitts and Nevis Suriname Trinidad and Tobago United States

Officers:

Army Navy Air Force Coast Guard

Enlisted:

Army Navy Air Force Coast Guard

Other:

Marine Corps Warrant officer

Uruguay Venezuela

Former

United States Army
United States Army
enlisted

World War I World War II

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh

Army Navy Air Force

Bhutan Brunei Cambodia PR of China

Army Navy Air Force

Republic of China(Taiwan)

Army Navy Air Force

East Timor India

Army Air Force Navy

Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Korea(North & South) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar

Army Navy Air Force

Nepal Oman Pakistan

Army Air Force Navy

Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka

Army Navy Air Force

Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

Former

Democratic Kampuchea Imperial Iran Imperial Japan

Army Navy

Mengjiang Manchukuo South Vietnam

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Europe

Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark

Army Navy Air Force

Estonia Finland France

Army Navy Gendarmerie Air Force Foresters

Germany

Rank information Rank insignia

Georgia Greece Hungary Iceland

Land Forces Coast Guard

Ireland Italy

Army Navy Air Force Carabinieri Finance Guard

Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia

Army Navy Air Force Between 1994 and 2010

San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

Army officers Army other ranks Navy officers Navy ratings Air Force officers Air Force other ranks

Vatican

Former

Austria–Hungary

Army Navy

Independent State of Croatia Czechoslovakia German Empire Nazi Germany

Army Navy Air Force People's Militia SA SS Nazi Party

East Germany Kingdom of Greece

Army Navy Air Force

Kingdom of Hungary Hungarian People's Republic Kingdom of Italy

Blackshirts

Ottoman Empire Russian Empire Soviet Union

1918–35 1935–40 1940–43 1943–55 1955–91

Kingdom of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Oceania

Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Tonga Vanuatu

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Post-Soviet states

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Commonwealth
Commonwealth
of Nations

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

NATO

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air Force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Comparative officer ranks of

World War I World War II

v t e

Star officer grades

General
General
officer Flag officer Air officer

By star ranks

Six-star rank
Six-star rank
(proposed) Five-star rank Four-star rank Three-star rank Two-star rank One-star rank

By titles

Generalissimo Generalissimus of the Soviet Union Supreme Allied Commander Admiral
Admiral
of the Navy General
General
of the Armies Generalfeldmarschall Field marshal Mareşal Marshal of the air force Marshal of the Russian Federation Marshal of the Soviet Union Mushir Caudillo Magister militum Spahbed Ispahsalar Beylerbey Constable of France Grand Domestic Dux bellorum Grand marshal Hetman Jenderal besar Reichsmarschall Sardar Serasker Strategos autokrator First marshal of the empire Dai-gensui Taewonsu Voivoda Wonsu Yuan Shuai Da yuan shuai Marshal of Yugoslavia

v t e

Highest military ranks

General
General
officer Flag officer Air officer

Imperator Marshal of Italy Generalissimo Generalissimus of the Soviet Union Supreme Allied Commander Admiral
Admiral
of the Navy General
General
of the Armies General
General
of the Air Force Generalfeldmarschall Mareşal Marshal of the air force Marshal of the Soviet Union Marshal of the Russian Federation Mushir Magister militum Spahbed Ispahsalar Beylerbey Bojni Vojvoda Chom Thap Thai Constable of France Domestic of the Schools Grand Domestic Shōgun Dux bellorum Grand marshal Hetman Jenderal besar Polemarch Reichsmarschall Federal General
General
of Switzerland Sardar Serasker Autokrator First marshal of the empire Da yuan shuai Dai-gensui Taewonsu Yuan shuai Wonsu Marshal of Yugoslavia

Authority control

.