The Info List - Majd Al-Dawla

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Abu Taleb Rostam (Persian: 'ابو طالب رستم‎), known as Majd al-Dawla, was the Buyid
emir of Rayy, a city in Iran (997–1029). He was the eldest son of Fakhr al-Dawla. His reign saw the removal of the Buyids as a power in central Iran.


1 Biography 2 Death 3 Notes 4 References

Biography[edit] Abu Taleb Rostam succeeded his father upon the latter's death in 997, and was given the laqab of "Majd al-Dawla". At the time he was four years old. His younger brother, Abu Taher ("Shams al-Dawla"), meanwhile, became the ruler of Hamadan. Since both brothers were in the age of minority, power was assumed by their mother Sayyida Shirin. Both sons initially declared themselves independent and assumed the title of Shâhanshâh, but by 1009 or 1010 at the latest had recognized the authority of Baha' al-Dawla, who controlled Fars and Iraq, and abandoned the title. According to Persian traditions, he was suffering from an illusion that he is a cow, and he was cured by Avicenna.[1] In 1006 or 1007, with the assistance of his vizier Abu 'Ali ibn 'Ali, Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
attempted to throw off the regency of his mother. Sayyida, however, escaped to the Kurd
Abu Najr Badr ibn Hasanuya, and together with Shams al-Dawla
Shams al-Dawla
they put Ray under siege. After several battles, the city was taken and Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
was captured. He was imprisoned by his mother in the fort of Tabarak, while Shams al-Dawla took to power in Ray. After a year, Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
was released and reinstated in Ray; Shams al-Dawla
Shams al-Dawla
returned to Hamadan. Power continued to be held by his mother. Majd al-Dawla's reign saw the gradual shriking of Buyid
holdings in central Iran; Gorgan
and Tabaristan
had been lost to the Ziyarids in 997, while several of the western towns were seized by the Sallarids of Azerbaijan. Sayyida later prevented Shams al-Dawla
Shams al-Dawla
from seizing Ray from Majd al-Dawla. In ca. 1015, Majd al-Dawla, who was suffering melancholia, was treated by the famous Persian scholar Avicenna.[2] Ibn Fuladh, a Dailamite
military officer, who claimed Qazvin
for himself, revolted against Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
in 1016. Majd al-Dawla, however, refused to make him governor of Qazvin, which made Ibn Fuladh threaten him around the countryside of his capital in Ray. Majd al-Dawla then requested the aid of his vassal, the Bavandid
ruler Abu Ja'far Muhammad, who managed to defeat Ibn Fuladh and repel him from Ray. Ibn Fuladh then requested aid from the Ziyarid
ruler Manuchihr. Ibn Fuladh agreed to become Manuchihr's vassal in return for his aid. The following year, a combined army of Ibn Fuladh and Manuchihr besieged Ray, which forced Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
to make Ibn Fuladh the governor of Isfahan. However, the Kakuyid
ruler Muhammad ibn Rustam Dushmanziyar, who was a Buyid
vassal king of Isfahan, defeated Ibn Fuladh, possibly killing him during the battle. Shams al-Dawla
Shams al-Dawla
later died in 1021 and was succeeded by his son Sama' al-Dawla. The fragility of Majd al-Dawla's kingdom later encouraged Muhammad to extend his domains in the Kurdish held mountains of Iran. In 1023, Muhammad seized Hamadan
from Sama' al-Dawla, and then proceeded to capture Dinavar
and Khorramabad
from its Kurdish leaders.[3] He spent the following years in protecting his realm from invasions by the Kurds and princes (ispahbadh) from Tabaristan. Five years later, Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
sent a combined Buyid-Bavand army under Abu Ja'far Muhammad
Abu Ja'far Muhammad
and his two sons against Muhammad. Muhammad, however, managed win a great victory over the Buyid-Bavand army at Nahavand, and managed to capture Abu Ja'far including his two sons. After this great victory, Muhammad consolidated his position as the strongest ruler of Jibal, even though Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
was his overlord, Muhammad minted coins in his own name. He was later personally awarded, and without the intervention of the Buyids, from the Caliph Abbasid Al-Qadir, the title of "Ḥusām Amīr-al-muʾmenīn" (Sword of the Commander of the Faithful). Death[edit] When Sayyida died in 1028, the consequences of the political seclusion of Majd al-Dawla
Majd al-Dawla
became apparent. He was soon faced with a revolt by his Dailamite
soldiers, and requested the assistance of Mahmud of Ghazni in dealing with them. Mahmud came to Ray, deposed Majd al-Dawla as ruler, and sacked the city, bringing an end to Buyid
rule there.[4] One of his sons, Fana-Khusrau, would attempt to restore the power of the Buyids in the following years, but failed. Notes[edit]

^ http://article.tebyan.net/72602/معالجه-کردن-بوعلی-سینا-آن-صاحب-مالیخولیا-را ^ Gutas 1987, p. 67–70. ^ Bosworth 1998, p. 359-362. ^ C.E. Bosworth, The Ghaznavids 994-1040, (Edinburgh University Press, 1963), 53,59,234.


Bosworth, C. E. (1975). " Iran
under the Buyids". In Frye, R. N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 250–305. ISBN 0-521-20093-8.  Nagel, Tilman (1990). "BUYIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IV, Fasc. 6. London u.a.: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 578–586.  Madelung, W. (1975). "The Minor Dynasties of Northern Iran". In Frye, R. N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 198–249. ISBN 978-0-521-20093-6.  Bosworth, C. Edmund (1997). "EBN FŪLĀD". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 1. London et al.: C. Edmund Bosworth. pp. 26–27.  Bosworth, C. E. (1968). "The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000–1217)". In Frye, R. N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–202. ISBN 0-521-06936-X.  Bosworth, C. Edmund (1998). "KĀKUYIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XV, Fasc. 4. London et al.: C. Edmund Bosworth. pp. 359–362.  Gutas, D. (1987). "AVICENNA ii. Biography". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. III, Fasc. 1. pp. 67–70. 

Preceded by Fakhr al-Dawla Buyid
Amir (in Ray) 997–1029 Succeeded by None

v t e


In Fars (934–1062)

Imad al-Dawla 'Adud al-Dawla Sharaf al-Dawla Samsam al-Dawla Baha' al-Dawla Sultan al-Dawla Abu Kalijar Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun Abu Sa'd Khusrau Shah Abu Mansur Fulad Sutun

In Kerman (940–1048)

Mu'izz al-Dawla 'Adud al-Dawla Sharaf al-Dawla Samsam al-Dawla Baha' al-Dawla Qawam al-Dawla Abu Kalijar

In Rey (943–1029)

Rukn al-Dawla Fakhr al-Dawla Mu'ayyad al-Dawla Fakhr al-Dawla Majd al-Dawla

In Iraq

Mu'izz al-Dawla Izz al-Dawla 'Adud al-Dawla Samsam al-Dawla Sharaf al-Dawla Baha' al-Dawla Sultan al-Dawla Musharrif al-Dawla Jalal al-Dawla Abu Kalijar Al-Malik al-Rahim

In Oman

Mu'izz al-Dawla 'Adud al-Dawla Samsam al-Dawla Baha' al-Dawla Sultan al-Dawla Abu Kalijar

In Hamadan
(976–1024), Gorgan
and Tabaristan

Mu'ayyad al-Dawla Fakhr al-Dawla Shams al-Dawla Sama' al-Dawla

In Jazira (978-989)

'Adud al-Dawla Samsam al-Dawla Sharaf al-Dawla Baha' al-Dawla

Minor domains

Diya' al-Dawla
Diya' al-Dawla
(Basra, 980s) Taj al-Dawla