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Lycos, Inc., is a web search engine and web portal established in 1994, spun out of Carnegie Mellon University. Lycos also encompasses a network of email, web hosting, social networking, and entertainment websites. The company is based in Waltham, Massachusetts, and is a subsidiary of Kakao.


Etymology

The word "Lycos" is short for "Lycosidae", which is Latin for "wolf spider".


History

Lycos is a university spin-off that began in May 1994 as a research project by Michael Loren Mauldin of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Lycos Inc. was formed with approximately US$2 million in venture capital funding from CMGI. Bob Davis (businessman), Bob Davis became the CEO and first employee of the new company in 1995, and concentrated on building the company into an advertising-supported web portal, led by Bill Townsend, who served as Vice President, Advertising. Lycos enjoyed several years of growth during the 1990s and became the most visited online destination in the world in 1999, with a global presence in more than 40 countries. In April 1996, the company completed the fastest initial public offering from inception to offering in NASDAQ (LCOS) history, ending its first day with a market value of $300 million. It also became the first search engine to go public, before its big rivals Yahoo! and Excite (web portal), Excite. In 1997, it became one of the first profitable Internet businesses in the world. In 1998, Lycos acquired Tripod.com for $58 million in an attempt to "break into the portal market". Lycos started offering e-mail services in October 1997. Lycos Europe was a joint venture between Lycos and the Bertelsmann transnational media corporation, but it has always been a distinct corporate entity. Although Lycos Europe remains the largest of Lycos's overseas ventures, several other Lycos subsidiaries also entered into joint venture agreements including Lycos Canada, Lycos Korea and Lycos Asia. Lycos was one of the most popular websites on the internet, ranking 8th in 1997, and peaking at 4th in both 1999 and 2001. Near the peak of the dot-com bubble on May 16, 2000, Lycos announced its intent to be acquired by Terra Networks, the Internet arm of the Spanish telecommunications giant Telefónica, for $12.5 billion. The acquisition price represented a return of nearly 3,000 times the company's initial venture capital investment and about 20 times its initial public offering valuation. The transaction closed in October 2000 and the merged company was renamed Terra Lycos, although the Lycos brand continued to be used in the United States. Overseas, the company continued to be known as Terra Networks. Having been set back by the dot-com bubble burst, Lycos abandoned its own search crawler in late 2001, and started using Microsoft Development Center Norway, FAST. In August 2004, Terra announced that it was selling Lycos to Seoul, South Korea–based Daum Communications Corporation, now Kakao, for $95.4 million in cash, less than 2% of Terra's initial multibillion-dollar investment. In October 2004, the transaction closed and the company name was changed back to Lycos. Under new ownership, Lycos began to refocus its strategy. The company moved away from being a search-centric portal and toward a community destination for broadband entertainment content. With a new management team in place, Lycos also began divesting properties that were not core to its new strategy. In July 2006, Wired News, which had been part of Lycos since the purchase of Wired Digital in 1998, was sold to Condé Nast Publications and re-merged with ''Wired (magazine), Wired Magazine''. The Lycos Finance division, best known for Quote.com and RagingBull.com, was sold to FT Interactive Data Corporation in February 2006, while its online dating site, Matchmaker.com, was sold to Date.com. In 2006, Lycos regained ownership of the Lycos trademark from Carnegie Mellon University, allowing the company to rename to Lycos, Inc. During 2006, Lycos introduced several media services, including Lycos Phone which combined video chat, real-time video on demand, and an MP3 player. In November 2006, Lycos began to roll out applications centered on social media, including its video application, Lycos Cinema, that featured simultaneous watch and chat functionality. In February 2007, Lycos MIX was launched, allowing users to pull video clips from YouTube, Google Video, Yahoo! Video and MySpace Video. Lycos MIX also allowed users to create playlists where other users could add video comments and chat in real-time. As part of a corporate restructuring to focus on mobile, social networks and location-based services, Daum sold Lycos for $36 million in August 2010 to Ybrant Digital, an Internet marketing company based in Hyderabad, India. Ybrant Digital paid $20 million at signing and there has been a legal dispute over magnitude of the second installment between Ybrant and Daum. In 2018, a New York court ruled in favor of Daum and appointed Daum (by then merged with Kakao) as receiver of Ybrant's 56% ownership interest in Lycos. In May 2012, Lycos announced the appointment of former employee Rob Balazy as CEO of Media division of Lycos. In September 2014, Ed Noel was appointed in place of Rob and manages the operations under the title of General Manager of Lycos Media. In June 2015, Lycos announced a pair of wearable devices, called Band and Ring. Lycos Internet was renamed Brightcom Group in May 2018.


Lycos Network sites

* Angelfire, a Lycos property which provides free web hosting, blogging and web publishing tools * Tripod (web hosting), Tripod, a Lycos property providing free web hosting, blogging and web publishing tools


Lycos-branded sites

* Lycos Chat, a photo chatting community. * Lycos Domains, Internet domain name purchasing * Lycos Mail, an e-mail provider formerly known as Mailcity.com. (As of 15 May 2018 providing only paid services.Lycos "End of free service FAQ" (dated 09 April 2018).
Accessed 2018-04-12.
) * Lycos Weather * Lycos Yellow Pages


Former Lycos sites

* Chickmail, a free e-mail service sponsored by ChickClick * Chickpages, a free web hosting service sponsored by ChickClick * Estromail, a free e-mail service sponsored by Estronet * Estropages, a free web hosting service sponsored by Estronet * Gamesville, Lycos multi-player gaming site * GetRelevant.com, a Lycos online advertising site * Gurlmail, a free e-mail service sponsored by Delia's for Gurl.com * Gurlpages, a free web hosting service sponsored by Delia's for Gurl.com * Hotbot, a search engine * InsiderInfo * Lycos Radio, allowed users to create and host their own free Internet radio shows * Matchmaker.com, a dating site * Quote.com and RagingBull.com, finance sites * Weather Zombie, a Lycos property which provided weather forecasts, with a zombie theme, via AccuWeather * Webmonkey, web-building help and tutorials * WhoWhere.com, a people search engine * Wired.com, the online arm of ''Wired'' magazine


References


External links

* {{Dot-com Bubble 1994 establishments in Pennsylvania 1996 initial public offerings 2000 mergers and acquisitions 2004 mergers and acquisitions Carnegie Mellon University software Companies based in Waltham, Massachusetts Dot-com bubble Online mass media companies of the United States Internet properties established in 1994 Internet search engines Technology companies based in the Boston area American companies established in 1994 University spin-offs Web portals Webmail Kakao Web 1.0