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Maida Vale
Maida Vale
(/ˈmeɪdə veɪl/ MAY-də vayl) is an affluent residential district comprising the northern part of Paddington
Paddington
in west London, west of St John's Wood
St John's Wood
and south of Kilburn. It is part of the City of Westminster. The name is derived from the Hero of Maida inn which used to be on Edgware Road near the Regent's Canal.[2] The pub was named after General Sir John Stuart, who was made Count
Count
of Maida by King Ferdinand IV of Naples and III of Sicily, after the victory at the Battle of Maida
Battle of Maida
in 1806.[3] The area is mostly residential, and mainly affluent, with many large late Victorian and Edwardian blocks of mansion flats. It is home to the BBC
BBC
Maida Vale
Maida Vale
Studios.[4]

Contents

1 Geography 2 BBC
BBC
Studios 3 Little Venice 4 Other areas 5 Demography 6 Religion 7 In popular culture 8 Notable people

8.1 Commemorative blue plaques 8.2 Other notable residents

9 Notable local events 10 Education 11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit]

A map showing the Maida Vale
Maida Vale
ward of Paddington
Paddington
Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

The area is bounded by Maida Avenue and the Regent's Canal
Regent's Canal
to the south, Maida Vale
Maida Vale
Road to the north east, Kilburn Park Road to the north west, and Shirland Road and Blomfield Road to the south west: an area of around 1 square kilometre (0.4 square miles). It makes up most of the W9 postal district. The southern part of Maida Vale, at the junction of Paddington
Paddington
Basin with Regent's Canal
Regent's Canal
with many houseboats, is known as Little Venice. The area to the south-west of Maida Vale, at the western end of Elgin Avenue, was historically known as "Maida Hill", and was a recognised postal district bounded by the Avenues on the west, the Regent's Canal
Regent's Canal
to the south, Maida Vale
Maida Vale
to the east and Kilburn Lane to the north. Parts of Maida Vale
Maida Vale
were also included within this.[5] The name of "Maida Hill" had since fallen out of use, although it has been resurrected since the mid-2000s, through the 414 bus route (which terminates on Shirland Road and gives its destination as Maida Hill)[6] and a new street market on the Piazza at the junction of Elgin Avenue and Harrow Road.[7] Just to the east of Maida Vale
Maida Vale
is St John's Wood
St John's Wood
and Lord's Cricket Ground. Developed by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in the early 19th century as middle class housing, Maida Vale
Maida Vale
took its name from a public house named after John Stuart, Count
Count
of Maida, which opened on Edgware Road soon after the Battle of Maida, 1806.[8][9] In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Maida Vale
Maida Vale
was a predominantly Sephardic Jewish
Sephardic Jewish
district. The 1896 Spanish & Portuguese Synagogue, a Grade II listed building and headquarters of the British Sephardi
Sephardi
community, is on Lauderdale Road. The actor Alec Guinness was born on this road. The first Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, lived within sight of this synagogue on Warrington Crescent.[10] The pioneer of modern computing, Alan Turing, was born at what is now the Colonnade Hotel in Warrington Crescent. Maida Vale tube station
Maida Vale tube station
was opened on 6 June 1915, on the Bakerloo line, and Warwick Avenue tube station, on the same line, was opened a few months earlier. BBC
BBC
Studios[edit] Main article: Maida Vale
Maida Vale
Studios Maida Vale
Maida Vale
is home to some of BBC
BBC
network radio's recording and broadcast studios. The building on Delaware Road is one of the BBC's earliest premises, pre-dating Broadcasting House, and was the centre of the BBC
BBC
radio news service during World War II. The building houses a total of seven music and radio drama studios, and most famously was home to John Peel's BBC
BBC
Radio 1 Peel Sessions
Peel Sessions
and the BBC
BBC
Radiophonic Workshop. Little Venice[edit]

The canal junction at Little Venice

Main article: Little Venice (London) Little Venice is a comparatively recent name for parts of Maida Vale and Paddington
Paddington
in the City of Westminster. It consists of the area surrounding the Little Venice Lagoon and its canals. It is known for and defined by its Regency style white stucco buildings and its canals and moored boats. Maida Avenue, Warwick Crescent and Blomfield Road, the streets in the south of Maida Vale
Maida Vale
overlooking Browning's Pool including the section of Randolph Avenue south of Warrington Crescent,[11] are known as Little Venice. According to one story, the poet Robert Browning, who lived in the area from 1862 to 1887, coined the name.[12] However, this was disputed by Lord Kinross in 1966[13] and by London Canals.[14] Both assert that Lord Byron (1788–1824) humorously coined the name, which now applies more loosely to a longer reach of the canal system. Browning's Pool is named after the poet, and is the junction of Regent's Canal
Regent's Canal
and the Paddington
Paddington
Arm of the Grand Union Canal. South Maida Vale, one of London's prime residential areas,[15] also has a reputation for its shops and restaurants, as well as for the Canal Cafe Theatre, the Puppet Theatre Barge, the Waterside Café and the Warwick Castle pub. A regular waterbus service operates from Little Venice eastwards around Regent's Park, calling at London Zoo and on towards Camden Town. Since 1983, the Inland Waterways Association has hosted the Canalway Cavalcade in Little Venice.[16] Other areas[edit]

The Carlton Tavern (1922), an example of 1920s architecture.

Maida Vale
Maida Vale
is noted for its wide tree-lined avenues, large communal gardens and red-brick mansion blocks from the late Victorian and Edwardian eras. The first mansion blocks were completed in 1897, with the arrival of the identically-designed Lauderdale Mansions South, Lauderdale Mansions West and Lauderdale Mansions East in Lauderdale Road. Others quickly followed in neighbouring streets: Elgin Mansions (Elgin Avenue) and Leith Mansions (Grantully Road) in 1900, Ashworth Mansions (Elgin Avenue and Grantully Road) and Castellain Mansions (Castellain Road) in 1902, Elgin Court (Elgin Avenue) and Carlton Mansions (Randolph Avenue) in 1902, Delaware Mansions (Delaware Road) and Biddulph Mansions (Elgin Avenue and Biddulph Road) in 1907[17] and Randolph Court in 1910.[18] Among the buildings of architectural interest was the Carlton Tavern, a pub which stood on Carlton Vale. Built in 1920–21 for Charrington Brewery, it was thought to be the work of the architect Frank J Potter and was noted for its unaltered 1920s interiors and faience tiled exterior. The building was being considered by Historic England
England
for Grade II listing when it was unexpectedly demolished in March 2015 by property developer CLTX Ltd to make way for a new block of flats.[19] Demography[edit] The 2011 census showed that 38% of the population was of White British ethnicity, with Other White the second biggest at 22%.[20] Religion[edit] Maida Vale
Maida Vale
is served by St Mark's parish church, Hamilton Terrace.[21] Between 1870 and 1906 the incumbent of St. Mark's was Robinson Duckworth.[22] Saatchi Shul, an independent Orthodox Jewish synagogue, was founded in Maida Vale
Maida Vale
in 1998.[23] In popular culture[edit] Maida Vale
Maida Vale
has been used for the filming of a number of films and television programmes:

Several scenes from Paddington
Paddington
(2014) were filmed in Maida Vale, including using the tube station (mocked up to appear to be the fictional 'Westbourne Oak' station) and a police chase on Castellain Road. In the television adaptation of Ian McEwan's novel The Child in Time the family was depicted as living in Maida Vale
Maida Vale
and several of the exterior scenes were shot around Elgin Avenue. Scenes for the 2018 film In Darkness starring Natalie Dormer
Natalie Dormer
were filmed at a flower shop (made to appear to be a coffee shop) on Lauderdale Parade. Scenes from The Mummy (2017) starring Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
were shot in the Warrington Pub in Maida Vale.[24]

Maida Vale
Maida Vale
has also been referenced in a number of films and television programmes:

In Season 4 of Downton Abbey, Lady Edith says she is having an abortion because "I don’t want to be an outcast. I don’t want to be some funny woman living in Maida Vale
Maida Vale
that people talk about."[25] Maida Vale
Maida Vale
is the location where most of the action takes place in "Dial M for Murder," both the 1954 Alfred Hitchcock movie, and the original play written by Frederick Knott. Specifically there are numerous references to the Maida Vale
Maida Vale
police who investigate the murder."[26]

Notable people[edit] Commemorative blue plaques[edit] Ordered by birth date

Andreas Kalvos (1792–1869), Greek poet and patriot, at 182 Sutherland Avenue.[27] Ambrose Fleming
Ambrose Fleming
(1849–1945), English electrical engineer and physicist, at 9 Clifton Gardens.[28] David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
(1886–1973), first prime minister of Israel, at 75 Warrington Crescent.[29] Lupino Lane
Lupino Lane
(1892–1959), theatre and film star lived at 32 Maida Vale.[30] Edward Ardizzone
Edward Ardizzone
(1900–1979), artist and illustrator, at 130 Elgin Avenue.[31] Alan Turing
Alan Turing
(1912–1954), code-breaker and pioneer of computer science, at 2 Warrington Crescent.[32] Arthur Lowe
Arthur Lowe
(1915-1982), English actor, famed for his role as Captain George Mainwaring in the television show Dad's Army, lived at 2 Maida Hill West from 1969-1982.[33] Roger Bannister
Roger Bannister
(1929-2018), English athlete and neurologist, trained to break the 4-minute mile at the track in Paddington
Paddington
Rec while he was a medical student at St Mary's hospital. A plaque in Paddington
Paddington
Rec commemorates this connection to the area.

Other notable residents[edit] Ordered by birth date where given, followed by those for whom no birth date is given. See also People from Maida Vale

Sir John Tenniel
John Tenniel
(1820–1914), artist and cartoonist, lived at 10 Portsdown Road, Maida Hill from 1854 to 1909.[34] John Lawrence Toole
John Lawrence Toole
(1830–1906), comic actor, lived in Maida Vale.[35] James Payn
James Payn
(1830–1898), novelist and journal editor, died at his home, 43 Warrington Crescent, on 25 March 1898.[36] Joanna Mary Boyce
Joanna Mary Boyce
(1831–1861), portrait painter, born in Maida Vale.[37] Sir Edward German
Edward German
(1862–1936), composer, lived at 5 Biddulph Road from 1921 until his death in 1936.[38] Leslie Green
Leslie Green
(1875–1908), architect, was born in Maida Vale.[39] John Masefield
John Masefield
(1878–1967), novelist, playwright and Poet Laureate from 1930, lived at 30 Maida Avenue.[40] Lieutenant Leonard Keysor
Leonard Keysor
VC (1885–1951), Australian soldier, was born in Maida Vale.[41] Philip Guedalla
Philip Guedalla
(1889–1944), writer, politician and barrister, was born in Maida Vale.[42] Vera Brittain
Vera Brittain
(1893–1970), writer, lived at 111 Wymering Mansions, Wymering Road.[43] Victor Gollancz (1893–1967), publisher and humanitarian, was born at 256 Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale.[44] Irene Handl
Irene Handl
(1901–1987), character actress, was born in Maida Vale.[45] Nancy Mitford
Nancy Mitford
(1904–1973) author, lived at 13 Blomfield Road in the 1930s.[46] Hardy Amies (1909–2003), fashion designer, dressmaker to Queen Elizabeth II.[47] Walter Kolarz (1912–1962), communist scholar, lived in Maida Vale from 1940 until his death.[48] Ernest Clark, (1912–1994), actor, was born and raised in Maida Vale.[49] Sir Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1914–2000), Oscar-winning actor was born at 155 Lauderdale Mansions South, Lauderdale Road.[50] Alan Freeman
Alan Freeman
(1927–2006), broadcaster.[51] Enrica Soma (1929–1969), Italian-American socialite and ballerina, one-time wife of John Huston
John Huston
and mother of Anjelica Huston, moved there with her children in 1962 after separating from her husband.[52] Ruth Rendell
Ruth Rendell
(1930–2015), Baroness Rendell of Babergh, the English crime novelist, lived there.[53] Joan Collins
Joan Collins
(b. 1933) grew up in Maida Vale.[54] John Inman
John Inman
(1935–2007), actor, lived in a mews house in Little Venice for 30 years.[55] Delia Derbyshire (1937–2001) lived in Clifton Villas during her time with the BBC
BBC
Radiophonic Workshop.[56] Joe Strummer
Joe Strummer
(1952–2002) of Punk rock band The Clash
The Clash
formerly lived there.[57] Jimmy McCulloch
Jimmy McCulloch
(1953–1979) of Wings died of a heroin overdose at his flat there.[58] Jarvis Cocker
Jarvis Cocker
(b. 1963) of Pulp was living there in 1997.[59] Björk
Björk
(b. 1965), Icelandic singer, resident in the 1990s.[60] Ben Miller
Ben Miller
(b. 1966), comedian and actor.[61] Bradley Wiggins
Bradley Wiggins
(b. 1980), renowned former cyclist.[62] Mohammed Emwazi
Mohammed Emwazi
(1988–2015), alleged executioner for Islamic State known as "Jihadi John" attended St. Mary Magdalene Church of England Primary School in Maida Vale.[63] Abdel-Majed Abdel Bary (b. 1991), rapper and alleged murderer.[64] Daisy Ridley
Daisy Ridley
(b. 1992), actress.[65]

Notable local events[edit] St George's Roman Catholic Secondary School, situated in Maida Vale, was the school of which Philip Lawrence was head teacher at the time of his murder in December 1995. Roger Bannister
Roger Bannister
trained to break the 4-minute mile at the track in Paddington
Paddington
Rec while he was a medical student at St Mary's hospital. A plaque in Paddington
Paddington
Rec commemorates this connection to the area. Education[edit] For education in Maida Vale, see List of schools in the City of Westminster. References[edit]

^ " City of Westminster
City of Westminster
ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.  ^ "British History Online". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. December 2014.  ^ Ayto J.; Crofton I. Brewer's Britain & Ireland; London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2005. ^ "Locations – Maida Vale". BBC
BBC
Radio Resources. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.  ^ "List of Postal Districts". Homepages.gold.ac.uk. 6 September 2011.  ^ "Transport for London". Tfl.gov.uk. 28 March 2007.  ^ "Harrow Road Local Area Renewal Partnership". Harrowroadpartnership.wordpress.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.  ^ " Paddington
Paddington
Maida Vale
Maida Vale
British History Online". British-history.ac.uk.  ^ Maida Vale
Maida Vale
History Archived 24 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "English heritage Blue Plaques- David Ben-Gurion" ^ Browning's Pool Archived 17 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Little Venice Music Festival". Littlevenice-mf.com.  ^ "Letter to The Daily Telegraph, 1966".  ^ "The history of the place name known as 'Little Venice'". Londoncanals.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012.  ^ Little Venice area guide at foxtons.co.uk ^ "Canalway Cavalcade: 2nd–4th May 2015". Accessed 5 November 2014 ^ O'Sullivan, Kevin, Dial 'M' for Maida Vale ^ Minutes of Paddington
Paddington
Borough Council meeting of 5 October 1909 (page 646 for 1909), "Notices for Erection of New Buildings [in 1910]" includes No. 2,135: "A new block of flats.. on the west side of Portsdown Road [renamed Randolph Avenue in 1939] to be the third building from Carlton Vale and on the site between No. 223 Portsdown Road and Carlton Mansions." ^ "Bulldozers level historic pub after being denied planning permission". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.  ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/maida-vale-e05000640 ^ Archbishops' Council (2011). "St Mark's, Hamilton Terrace". Church of England. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ "History". .stmarks.me.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2013.  ^ Endelman, Todd M (2002). The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000. University of California Press. Retrieved 17 November 2013.  ^ The Mummy (2017), retrieved 2017-12-25  ^ "Recap: 'Downton Abbey's' Lady Mary Finds Love, or at Least Like, in a Pigpen BBC
BBC
America". BBC
BBC
America. Retrieved 2017-12-25.  ^ " Dial M for Murder
Dial M for Murder
(1954) Movie Script".  ^ Plaque details at English Heritage ^ Plaque details ^ Plaque details ^ Music Hall Guild Blue plaque for Lupino Lane
Lupino Lane
at The Music Hall Guild. Accessed 9 May 2015 ^ Plaque details ^ Plaque details ^ "A tour around Little Venice, W2". London Canals, The City's Waterways. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015.  ^ L. Perry Curtis jun., "Tenniel, Sir John (1820–1914)" Retrieved 25 February 2014, pay-walled. ^ ODNB entry mentions Maida Vale
Maida Vale
home. Retrieved 17 April 2015. ^ Damian Atkinson, "Payn, James (1830–1898)" Retrieved 14 March 2014, pay-walled. ^ Entry in Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, pp. 17 April 2015. ^ 'A Musical Peacemaker; The Life and Work of Sir Edward German' by Brian Rees (The Kensal Press, 1986) ^ "The Man Who Painted London Red" ^ "British History Online – Paddington: Maida Vale" ^ McCarthy, Dudley (1983). "Keysor, Leonard Maurice (1885–1951)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9. Melbourne University Press. pp. 582–583.  ^ Lord Elton (revised by Mark Pottle), Philip Guedalla
Philip Guedalla
in Dictionary of National Biography, OUP 2004–08 ^ Open Plaques - Vera Brittain ^ Victor Gollancz: A Biography by Ruth Dudley Edwards, Chapter One, 1987 ^ Leith Mansions at Greene & Co. Accessed 31 May 2016 ^ Tames, Richard. St John’s Wood and Maida Vale
Maida Vale
Past ^ "A story about Hardy Amies", The Versatile Gent ^ The Times, obituary 23 July 1962 ^ "Ernest Clark". BFI.  ^ GRO Register of Births: June 1914 1a 39 Paddington
Paddington
– Alec Guinness De Cuffe, mmn = De Cuffe. ^ "Alan Freeman". The Daily Telegraph. 29 November 2006. Retrieved 1 April 2014 ^ Huston, Anjelica (2013). A Story Lately Told: Coming of Age in Ireland, London, and New York. New York, NY: Scribner. pp. 118, 131. ISBN 978-1451656299. Retrieved 4 March 2015.  ^ "Ruth Rendell: a life in writing", The Guardian, 1 March 2013 ^ "Joan and Jackie Collins and the jealousy that tore them apart", The Daily Mail, 22 August 2007 ^ Obituary, The Times, 9 March 2007 ^ 'Sculptress of Sound: The Lost Works of Delia Derbyshire'; Archive on 4; BBC
BBC
Radio 4, 8:00pm Saturday 27 March 2010 ^ Salewicz, Chris (2006). Redemption Song: The Ballad of Joe Strummer. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-571-21178-4. OCLC 76794852.  ^ Paul McCartney: A Life By Peter Ames Carlin. Simon & Schuster. p.248 ^ " Jarvis Cocker
Jarvis Cocker
Interview". Acrylicafternoons.com.  ^ Mackay, Emily (2017). Björk's Homogenic (33 1/3). Bloomsbury Academic. p. 12. ISBN 978-1501322747.  ^ "My Perfect Weekend: Ben Miller". The Daily Telegraph. 2 October 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2011.  ^ https://www.theguardian.com/sport/blog/2007/jul/07/fairytalebeginningforaboy ^ Pictured – Mohammed Emwazi
Mohammed Emwazi
before he became Isis killer. The Guardian, 27 February 2015. Accessed 9 May 2015 ^ Rapper identified as James Foley's executioner. Yahoo!7 News, 25 August 2014. Accessed 9 May 2015 ^ Daily Mirror. Retrieved 4 May 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Maida Vale
Maida Vale
at Wikimedia Commons

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