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King Mahendra and Queen Ratna in 1957 AD

Mahendra succeeded Tribhuvan as King of Nepal. He was crowned on 2 May 1956.[5][6]

1960 Coup d'état

On 15 December 1960, the then King Mahendra suspended the constitution, dissolved the elected parliament,[7] dismissed the cabinet,[8] imposed direct rule and imprisoned the then-prime minister B. P. Koirala and his closest government colleagues.[9][10] Mahendra instituted a Panchayat hierarchical system of village, district and national councils,[11] a variant of guided democracy. He pursued a foreign policy of neutrality between China and India.

[5][6]

1960 Coup d'état

On 15 December 1960, the then King Mahendra suspended the constitution, dissolved the elected parliament,[7] dismissed the cabinet,[8] imposed direct rule and imprisoned the then-prime minister B. P. Koirala and his closest government colleagues.[9][10] Mahendra instituted a Panchayat hierarchical system of village, district and national councils,[11] a variant of guided democracy. He pursued a foreign policy of neutrality between China and India.

Rule in Panchayat System (1960–72)

In 1960, King Mahendra used his emergency powers and took charge of the State once again claiming that the Congress government had fostered corruption, promoted party above national interest, failed to maintain law and order and ‘encouraged anti-national elements’. Political parties were outlawed and all prominent political figures, including the Prime Minister were put behind bars. Civil liberties were curtailed and press freedom muzzled. King Mahendra, then, through an ‘exercise of the sovereign power and prerogatives inherent in us’ promulgated a new constitution on December, 1962 introducing a party-less Panchayat system. The political system (Panchayat System) was a party-less "guided" democracy in which the people could elect their representatives, while real power remained in the hands of the monarch.[12] Dissenters were called anti-national elements.[13]

The Panchayat System was formulated by King Mahendra after overthrowing the first democratically elected government and dissolvi

On 15 December 1960, the then King Mahendra suspended the constitution, dissolved the elected parliament,[7] dismissed the cabinet,[8] imposed direct rule and imprisoned the then-prime minister B. P. Koirala and his closest government colleagues.[9][10] Mahendra instituted a Panchayat hierarchical system of village, district and national councils,[11] a variant of guided democracy. He pursued a foreign policy of neutrality between China and India.

Rule in Panchayat System (1960–72)

King Mahendra was given a gift of Ilyushin Il-14 in Dec 1958 for private use by Ilyushin Il-14 in Dec 1958 for private use by Nikita Khrushchev. The plane had a kitchen, couches and bathrooms.[15]

Death and survivors