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The Info List - Mahavir Jayanti


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Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious festivals for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahaveer, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara
Tirthankara
of Avasarpiṇī.[a] As per the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.[5]

Contents

1 Birth 2 Birth legend 3 Celebrations 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Notes 5.2 Citations 5.3 Sources

6 External links

Birth[edit] Most modern historians consider Vasokund as Mahaveer's birthplace.[6] According to Jain
Jain
texts, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra
in the year 599 BCE ( Chaitra
Chaitra
Sud 13).[7][8] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born in a democratic kingdom (Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was its capital.[9] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was named 'Vardhamana', which means "One who grows", because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.[10] In Vasokund, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is much revered by the villagers. A place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace of Mahaveer.[9] Birth legend[edit]

Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara

Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born into Ikshvaku dynasty
Ikshvaku dynasty
as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy, Trishala
Trishala
was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great soul. Digambara
Digambara
sect of Jainism
Jainism
holds that the mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King Siddhartha.[11] According to the Svetambara
Svetambara
sect, the total number of auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala gave birth to Mahaveer, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas) performed a ritual called abhisheka, this being the second of five auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all Tirthankaras.[12] Celebrations[edit]

Ancient image of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
at Thirakoil

The idol of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is carried out on a chariot, in a procession called rath yatra.[13] On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are recited.[14] Statues of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
are given a ceremonial anointment called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain community engage in some sort of charitable act. Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Mahaveer
Mahaveer
to meditate and offer prayers.[15] Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain
Jain
temples across India
India
typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.[citation needed] Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching the Mahaveer's message of Ahiṃsā (non-violence of non-injury) are taken out on this day.[16][17][18] See also[edit]

Jainism
Jainism
portal Holidays portal

Diwali
Diwali
(Jainism) Jain
Jain
rituals Jain
Jain
festivals Kshamavani God in Jainism Parshvanatha Digambara Timeline of Jainism

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per Jain
Jain
cosmology which is actually current now

Citations[edit]

^ "2017 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "March 2018 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "Rajasthan Government Official Site".  ^ "Karnataka Government".  ^ Gupta, K.R. (2006). Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 1001. ISBN 9788126906390. Retrieved 6 May 2017.  ^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.  ^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.  ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134. ^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4. ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 32. ^ Pannalal Jain
Jain
2015, p. 460. ^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008), Jain
Jain
tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5  ^ "Piety marks Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.  ^ "Both sects of Jain
Jain
community take out attractive joint procession". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.  ^ " Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2 April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016  ^ " Jain
Jain
youth to hold vegan promotion rally on Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti in pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.  ^ "Jains gear up for Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com. 1 April 2015.  ^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan Mahaveer's message". The Hindu. 

Sources[edit]

Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  Jain, Pannalal (2015), Uttarapurāṇa of Āchārya Guṇabhadra, Bhartiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-1738-7  Jalaj, Dr. Jaykumar (2011), The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir, Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, ISBN 978-81-88769-41-4 

External links[edit]

History of Jainism Lord Mahavira
Mahavira
Sayings The Significance of Mahavir Jayanti

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain
Jain
cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain
Jain
flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain
Jain
Mahasabha Vishwa Jain
Jain
Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

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calendar

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terms and concepts Sexual differences

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.
Mahavir Jayanti
HOME
The Info List - Mahavir Jayanti


--- Advertisement ---



Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious festivals for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahaveer, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara
Tirthankara
of Avasarpiṇī.[a] As per the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.[5]

Contents

1 Birth 2 Birth legend 3 Celebrations 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Notes 5.2 Citations 5.3 Sources

6 External links

Birth[edit] Most modern historians consider Vasokund as Mahaveer's birthplace.[6] According to Jain
Jain
texts, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra
in the year 599 BCE ( Chaitra
Chaitra
Sud 13).[7][8] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born in a democratic kingdom (Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was its capital.[9] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was named 'Vardhamana', which means "One who grows", because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.[10] In Vasokund, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is much revered by the villagers. A place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace of Mahaveer.[9] Birth legend[edit]

Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara

Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born into Ikshvaku dynasty
Ikshvaku dynasty
as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy, Trishala
Trishala
was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great soul. Digambara
Digambara
sect of Jainism
Jainism
holds that the mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King Siddhartha.[11] According to the Svetambara
Svetambara
sect, the total number of auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala gave birth to Mahaveer, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas) performed a ritual called abhisheka, this being the second of five auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all Tirthankaras.[12] Celebrations[edit]

Ancient image of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
at Thirakoil

The idol of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is carried out on a chariot, in a procession called rath yatra.[13] On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are recited.[14] Statues of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
are given a ceremonial anointment called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain community engage in some sort of charitable act. Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Mahaveer
Mahaveer
to meditate and offer prayers.[15] Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain
Jain
temples across India
India
typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.[citation needed] Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching the Mahaveer's message of Ahiṃsā (non-violence of non-injury) are taken out on this day.[16][17][18] See also[edit]

Jainism
Jainism
portal Holidays portal

Diwali
Diwali
(Jainism) Jain
Jain
rituals Jain
Jain
festivals Kshamavani God in Jainism Parshvanatha Digambara Timeline of Jainism

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per Jain
Jain
cosmology which is actually current now

Citations[edit]

^ "2017 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "March 2018 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "Rajasthan Government Official Site".  ^ "Karnataka Government".  ^ Gupta, K.R. (2006). Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 1001. ISBN 9788126906390. Retrieved 6 May 2017.  ^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.  ^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.  ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134. ^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4. ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 32. ^ Pannalal Jain
Jain
2015, p. 460. ^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008), Jain
Jain
tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5  ^ "Piety marks Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.  ^ "Both sects of Jain
Jain
community take out attractive joint procession". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.  ^ " Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2 April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016  ^ " Jain
Jain
youth to hold vegan promotion rally on Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti in pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.  ^ "Jains gear up for Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com. 1 April 2015.  ^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan Mahaveer's message". The Hindu. 

Sources[edit]

Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  Jain, Pannalal (2015), Uttarapurāṇa of Āchārya Guṇabhadra, Bhartiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-1738-7  Jalaj, Dr. Jaykumar (2011), The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir, Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, ISBN 978-81-88769-41-4 

External links[edit]

History of Jainism Lord Mahavira
Mahavira
Sayings The Significance of Mahavir Jayanti

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain
Jain
cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain
Jain
flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain
Jain
Mahasabha Vishwa Jain
Jain
Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain
Jain
calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain
Jain
terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain
Jain
temples List of Jain
Jain
ascetics List of Digambar Jain
Jain
ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote

.
Mahavir Jayanti
HOME
The Info List - Mahavir Jayanti


--- Advertisement ---



Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious festivals for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahaveer, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara
Tirthankara
of Avasarpiṇī.[a] As per the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.[5]

Contents

1 Birth 2 Birth legend 3 Celebrations 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Notes 5.2 Citations 5.3 Sources

6 External links

Birth[edit] Most modern historians consider Vasokund as Mahaveer's birthplace.[6] According to Jain
Jain
texts, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra
in the year 599 BCE ( Chaitra
Chaitra
Sud 13).[7][8] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born in a democratic kingdom (Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was its capital.[9] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was named 'Vardhamana', which means "One who grows", because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.[10] In Vasokund, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is much revered by the villagers. A place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace of Mahaveer.[9] Birth legend[edit]

Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara

Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born into Ikshvaku dynasty
Ikshvaku dynasty
as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy, Trishala
Trishala
was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great soul. Digambara
Digambara
sect of Jainism
Jainism
holds that the mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King Siddhartha.[11] According to the Svetambara
Svetambara
sect, the total number of auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala gave birth to Mahaveer, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas) performed a ritual called abhisheka, this being the second of five auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all Tirthankaras.[12] Celebrations[edit]

Ancient image of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
at Thirakoil

The idol of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is carried out on a chariot, in a procession called rath yatra.[13] On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are recited.[14] Statues of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
are given a ceremonial anointment called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain community engage in some sort of charitable act. Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Mahaveer
Mahaveer
to meditate and offer prayers.[15] Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain
Jain
temples across India
India
typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.[citation needed] Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching the Mahaveer's message of Ahiṃsā (non-violence of non-injury) are taken out on this day.[16][17][18] See also[edit]

Jainism
Jainism
portal Holidays portal

Diwali
Diwali
(Jainism) Jain
Jain
rituals Jain
Jain
festivals Kshamavani God in Jainism Parshvanatha Digambara Timeline of Jainism

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per Jain
Jain
cosmology which is actually current now

Citations[edit]

^ "2017 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "March 2018 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "Rajasthan Government Official Site".  ^ "Karnataka Government".  ^ Gupta, K.R. (2006). Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 1001. ISBN 9788126906390. Retrieved 6 May 2017.  ^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.  ^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.  ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134. ^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4. ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 32. ^ Pannalal Jain
Jain
2015, p. 460. ^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008), Jain
Jain
tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5  ^ "Piety marks Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.  ^ "Both sects of Jain
Jain
community take out attractive joint procession". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.  ^ " Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2 April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016  ^ " Jain
Jain
youth to hold vegan promotion rally on Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti in pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.  ^ "Jains gear up for Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com. 1 April 2015.  ^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan Mahaveer's message". The Hindu. 

Sources[edit]

Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  Jain, Pannalal (2015), Uttarapurāṇa of Āchārya Guṇabhadra, Bhartiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-1738-7  Jalaj, Dr. Jaykumar (2011), The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir, Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, ISBN 978-81-88769-41-4 

External links[edit]

History of Jainism Lord Mahavira
Mahavira
Sayings The Significance of Mahavir Jayanti

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain
Jain
cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain
Jain
flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain
Jain
Mahasabha Vishwa Jain
Jain
Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain
Jain
calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain
Jain
terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain
Jain
temples List of Jain
Jain
ascetics List of Digambar Jain
Jain
ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote

.
Mahavir Jayanti
HOME
The Info List - Mahavir Jayanti


--- Advertisement ---



Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious festivals for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahaveer, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara
Tirthankara
of Avasarpiṇī.[a] As per the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.[5]

Contents

1 Birth 2 Birth legend 3 Celebrations 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Notes 5.2 Citations 5.3 Sources

6 External links

Birth[edit] Most modern historians consider Vasokund as Mahaveer's birthplace.[6] According to Jain
Jain
texts, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra
in the year 599 BCE ( Chaitra
Chaitra
Sud 13).[7][8] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born in a democratic kingdom (Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was its capital.[9] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was named 'Vardhamana', which means "One who grows", because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.[10] In Vasokund, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is much revered by the villagers. A place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace of Mahaveer.[9] Birth legend[edit]

Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara

Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born into Ikshvaku dynasty
Ikshvaku dynasty
as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy, Trishala
Trishala
was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great soul. Digambara
Digambara
sect of Jainism
Jainism
holds that the mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King Siddhartha.[11] According to the Svetambara
Svetambara
sect, the total number of auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala gave birth to Mahaveer, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas) performed a ritual called abhisheka, this being the second of five auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all Tirthankaras.[12] Celebrations[edit]

Ancient image of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
at Thirakoil

The idol of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is carried out on a chariot, in a procession called rath yatra.[13] On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are recited.[14] Statues of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
are given a ceremonial anointment called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain community engage in some sort of charitable act. Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Mahaveer
Mahaveer
to meditate and offer prayers.[15] Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain
Jain
temples across India
India
typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.[citation needed] Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching the Mahaveer's message of Ahiṃsā (non-violence of non-injury) are taken out on this day.[16][17][18] See also[edit]

Jainism
Jainism
portal Holidays portal

Diwali
Diwali
(Jainism) Jain
Jain
rituals Jain
Jain
festivals Kshamavani God in Jainism Parshvanatha Digambara Timeline of Jainism

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per Jain
Jain
cosmology which is actually current now

Citations[edit]

^ "2017 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "March 2018 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "Rajasthan Government Official Site".  ^ "Karnataka Government".  ^ Gupta, K.R. (2006). Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 1001. ISBN 9788126906390. Retrieved 6 May 2017.  ^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.  ^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.  ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134. ^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4. ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 32. ^ Pannalal Jain
Jain
2015, p. 460. ^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008), Jain
Jain
tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5  ^ "Piety marks Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.  ^ "Both sects of Jain
Jain
community take out attractive joint procession". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.  ^ " Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2 April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016  ^ " Jain
Jain
youth to hold vegan promotion rally on Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti in pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.  ^ "Jains gear up for Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com. 1 April 2015.  ^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan Mahaveer's message". The Hindu. 

Sources[edit]

Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  Jain, Pannalal (2015), Uttarapurāṇa of Āchārya Guṇabhadra, Bhartiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-1738-7  Jalaj, Dr. Jaykumar (2011), The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir, Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, ISBN 978-81-88769-41-4 

External links[edit]

History of Jainism Lord Mahavira
Mahavira
Sayings The Significance of Mahavir Jayanti

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain
Jain
cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain
Jain
flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain
Jain
Mahasabha Vishwa Jain
Jain
Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

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.
l> Mahavir Jayanti


--- Advertisement ---



Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious festivals for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahaveer, the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara
Tirthankara
of Avasarpiṇī.[a] As per the Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.[5]

Contents

1 Birth 2 Birth legend 3 Celebrations 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Notes 5.2 Citations 5.3 Sources

6 External links

Birth[edit] Most modern historians consider Vasokund as Mahaveer's birthplace.[6] According to Jain
Jain
texts, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra
Chaitra
in the year 599 BCE ( Chaitra
Chaitra
Sud 13).[7][8] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born in a democratic kingdom (Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was its capital.[9] Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was named 'Vardhamana', which means "One who grows", because of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his birth.[10] In Vasokund, Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is much revered by the villagers. A place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace of Mahaveer.[9] Birth legend[edit]

Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara

Mahaveer
Mahaveer
was born into Ikshvaku dynasty
Ikshvaku dynasty
as the son of King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy, Trishala
Trishala
was believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the coming of a great soul. Digambara
Digambara
sect of Jainism
Jainism
holds that the mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King Siddhartha.[11] According to the Svetambara
Svetambara
sect, the total number of auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala gave birth to Mahaveer, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas) performed a ritual called abhisheka, this being the second of five auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all Tirthankaras.[12] Celebrations[edit]

Ancient image of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
at Thirakoil

The idol of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
is carried out on a chariot, in a procession called rath yatra.[13] On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are recited.[14] Statues of Mahaveer
Mahaveer
are given a ceremonial anointment called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain community engage in some sort of charitable act. Many devotees visit temples dedicated to Mahaveer
Mahaveer
to meditate and offer prayers.[15] Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping to feed poor people. Ancient Jain
Jain
temples across India
India
typically see an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects and join in the celebrations.[citation needed] Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching the Mahaveer's message of Ahiṃsā (non-violence of non-injury) are taken out on this day.[16][17][18] See also[edit]

Jainism
Jainism
portal Holidays portal

Diwali
Diwali
(Jainism) Jain
Jain
rituals Jain
Jain
festivals Kshamavani God in Jainism Parshvanatha Digambara Timeline of Jainism

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per Jain
Jain
cosmology which is actually current now

Citations[edit]

^ "2017 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "March 2018 Marathi Calendar Panchang".  ^ "Rajasthan Government Official Site".  ^ "Karnataka Government".  ^ Gupta, K.R. (2006). Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 1001. ISBN 9788126906390. Retrieved 6 May 2017.  ^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.  ^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.  ^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p. 134. ^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4. ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 32. ^ Pannalal Jain
Jain
2015, p. 460. ^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008), Jain
Jain
tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5  ^ "Piety marks Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.  ^ "Both sects of Jain
Jain
community take out attractive joint procession". Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.  ^ " Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2 April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016  ^ " Jain
Jain
youth to hold vegan promotion rally on Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Jayanti in pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.  ^ "Jains gear up for Mahaveer
Mahaveer
Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com. 1 April 2015.  ^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan Mahaveer's message". The Hindu. 

Sources[edit]

Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  Jain, Pannalal (2015), Uttarapurāṇa of Āchārya Guṇabhadra, Bhartiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-1738-7  Jalaj, Dr. Jaykumar (2011), The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir, Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, ISBN 978-81-88769-41-4 

External links[edit]

History of Jainism Lord Mahavira
Mahavira
Sayings The Significance of Mahavir Jayanti

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain
Jain
cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain
Jain
flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain
Jain
Mahasabha Vishwa Jain
Jain
Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain
Jain
calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain
Jain
terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain
Jain
temples List of Jain
Jain
ascetics List of Digambar Jain
Jain
ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote

.

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