Mahaveer Janma Kalyanak, is one of the most important religious
festivals for Jains. It celebrates the birth of Mahaveer, the
twenty-fourth and last
Tirthankara of Avasarpiṇī.[a] As per the
Gregorian calendar, the holiday occurs either in March or April.
2 Birth legend
4 See also
6 External links
Most modern historians consider Vasokund as Mahaveer's birthplace.
Mahaveer was born on the thirteenth day of
the bright half of the moon in the month of
Chaitra in the year 599
Chaitra Sud 13).
Mahaveer was born in a democratic kingdom
(Ganarajya), Vajji, where the king was chosen by votes. Vaishali was
Mahaveer was named 'Vardhamana', which means "One who grows", because
of the increased prosperity in the kingdom at the time of his
birth. In Vasokund,
Mahaveer is much revered by the villagers. A
place called Ahalya bhumi has not been ploughed for hundreds of years
by the family that owns it, as it is considered to be the birthplace
Sixteen auspicious dreams seen by the mother of all Tirthankara
Mahaveer was born into
Ikshvaku dynasty as the son of King Siddhartha
of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala. During her pregnancy,
believed to have had a number of auspicious dreams, all signifying the
coming of a great soul.
Digambara sect of
Jainism holds that the
mother saw sixteen dreams which were interpreted by the King
Siddhartha. According to the
Svetambara sect, the total number of
auspicious dreams is fourteen. It is said that when Queen Trishala
gave birth to Mahaveer, Indra, the head of heavenly beings (devas)
performed a ritual called abhisheka, this being the second of five
auspicious events (Panch Kalyanakas), said to occur in the life of all
Ancient image of
Mahaveer at Thirakoil
The idol of
Mahaveer is carried out on a chariot, in a procession
called rath yatra. On the way stavans (religious rhymes) are
recited. Statues of
Mahaveer are given a ceremonial anointment
called the abhisheka. During the day, most members of the Jain
community engage in some sort of charitable act. Many devotees visit
temples dedicated to
Mahaveer to meditate and offer prayers.
Lectures by monks and nuns are held in temples to preach the path of
virtue as defined by Jainism. Donations are collected in order to
promote charitable missions like saving cows from slaughter or helping
to feed poor people. Ancient
Jain temples across
India typically see
an extremely high volume of practitioners come to pay their respects
and join in the celebrations.
Ahimsa runs and rallies preaching the Mahaveer's message of Ahiṃsā
(non-violence of non-injury) are taken out on this day.
God in Jainism
Timeline of Jainism
^ descending half of the worldly time cycle as per
which is actually current now
^ "2017 Marathi Calendar Panchang".
^ "March 2018 Marathi Calendar Panchang".
^ "Rajasthan Government Official Site".
^ "Karnataka Government".
^ Gupta, K.R. (2006). Concise Encyclopaedia of India. Atlantic
Publishers & Dist. p. 1001. ISBN 9788126906390.
Retrieved 6 May 2017.
^ "Row over Mahaveer's birthplace". The Times of India.
^ (India), Gujarat (1975). Gazetteers: Junagadh. p. 13.
^ Kristi L. Wiley: Historical Dictionary of Jainism, Lanham 2004, p.
^ a b Jalaj 2011, p. 4.
^ Kailash Chand
Jain 1991, p. 32.
Jain 2015, p. 460.
^ Pramansagar, Muni (2008),
Jain tattvavidya, India: Bhartiya
Gyanpeeth, p. 30, ISBN 978-81-263-1480-5
^ "Piety marks
Mahaveer Jayanthi". Deccan Herald.
^ "Both sects of
Jain community take out attractive joint procession".
Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.
Mahaveer Jayanti 2015: The importance of a Satvik meal", NDTV, 2
April 2015, archived from the original on 4 April 2016
Jain youth to hold vegan promotion rally on
Mahaveer Jayanti in
pink city Jaipur". merinews.com. 28 March 2015.
^ "Jains gear up for
Mahaveer Janma Kalyanak tomorrow". dnaindia.com.
1 April 2015.
^ Staff Reporter (30 March 2015). "Over 900 run for spreading Bhagwan
Mahaveer's message". The Hindu.
Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal
Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8
Jain, Pannalal (2015), Uttarapurāṇa of Āchārya Guṇabhadra,
Bhartiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-1738-7
Jalaj, Dr. Jaykumar (2011), The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir,
Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, ISBN 978-81-88769-41-4
History of Jainism
The Significance of Mahavir Jayanti
John E. Cort
Champat Rai Jain
Jeffery D. Long
Dynasties and empires
Statue of Ahimsa
Jain terms and concepts
List of Jains
List of Digambar
Topics List (index)
Monks & nuns