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The Pan-Philippine Highway, also known as the Maharlika Highway (Asian Highway 26 PH sign.svg) is a 3,517 km (2,185 mi) network of roads, bridges, and ferry services that connect the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao in the Philippines, serving as the country's principal transport backbone. It is the longest highway in the Philippines that forms the country's north–south backbone designated as the National Route 1 (N1) of the Philippine highway network. The entire highway is designated as Asian Highway 26 (AH26), as part of the Asian Highway Network.

The northern terminus of the highway is in Laoag City, Ilocos Norte and the southern terminus is in Zamboanga City.

Development

The highway was proposed in 1965, and built under President Ferdinand Marcos's governance. Government planners believed that the motorway and other connected roads would stimulate agricultural production by reducing transport costs, encourage social and economic development outside existing major urban centres such as Manila, and expand industrial production for domestic and overseas markets. Construction was supported by loans and grants from foreign aid institutions, including the World Bank.

The highway was rehabilitated and improved in 1997 with assistance from the Japanese government, and dubbed the Philippine-Japan Friendship Highway. In 1998, the Department of Tourism designated 35 sections of the highway as "Scenic Highways", with developed amenities for travellers and tourists.

The future segment of Pan-Philippine Highway within Metro Manila is the Skyway Stage 3 from Balintawak, Quezon City to Buendia, Makati City including the existing portion of Skyway Stage 1 from Buendia to Magallanes. It will also serve as an alternate route for the motorists avoiding EDSA from North Luzon Expressway to South Luzon Expressway and vice versa.

Route

The San Juanico Bridge carries the Pan-Philippine Highway between Samar and Leyte

Main Route:

Alternative Route

Asian Highway Network

The Pan-Philippine Highway is designated as in the Asian Highway Network, a cooperative project which seeks to improve highway systems and standards across the continent. It is currently the only highway in the system that is isolated from every other highway; island-based sections of the Asian Highway Network in Japan (), Sri Lanka (AH43) and Indonesia () are all linked to the mainland sections by ferries to South Korea (), India (Dhanushkodi), and Singapore, respectively.

Intersections

Luzon

Region Province City/Municipality km mi Destinations Notes
Ilocos Region Ilocos Norte Laoag N2 (Manila North Road) Northernmost Terminus. Continuation of AH26
Cagayan Valley Cagayan Lal-lo N101 (Cagayan Valley Road)
Tuguegarao N51 (Santiago–Tuguegarao Road)
Isabela Santiago N51 (Santiago–Tuguegarao Road)/Cagayan–Apayao Road
Cordon Cordon–Aurora Road
Nueva Vizcaya Bagabag Nueva Vizcaya–Ifugao Road
Aritao N110 (Benguet–Nueva Vizcaya Road)
Central Luzon Nueva Ecija San Jose Rizal–San Jose Road
Santo Domigo Pangasinan–Nueva Ecija Road
Cabanatuan Nueva Ecija–Aurora Road
Santa Rosa N58 (Tarlac–Santa Rosa Road)
Gapan N3 (Jose Abad Santos Avenue)
Bulacan Guiguinto AH26 / E1 (North Luzon Expressway) Concurrency with North Luzon Expressway.
Metro Manila Quezon City AH26 / N1 (EDSA)
N170 (Quezon Avenue)
N59 (Aurora Boulevard)
N60 (Ortigas Avenue)
Makati N145 (South Luzon Expressway)
Muntinlupa N411 (Alabang-Zapote Road)
AH26 / E2 (Manila South Road)
E3 (Manila-Cavite Expressway)
Calabarzon Cavite Carmona N651 (Governor's Drive)
Laguna Santa Rosa Tagaytay-Sta. Rosa Road
Calamba AH26 / E2 (Manila South Road) Partially signed as AH26.
Batangas Santo Tomas E2 (STAR Tollway)
N4 (President Jose P. Laurel Highway)
Quezon Tiaong Batangas-Quezon Road
Lucena Lucena–Tayabas–Mauban Road
Quezon Tagkawayan N68 (Andaya Highway)
Bicol Region Camarines Sur Sipocot N68 (Andaya Highway)
Naga Magsaysay Avenue/Panganiban Avenue
Amelda Avenue Southern Terminus. (Luzon Island)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  •       Tolled
  •       Route transition

Visayas

Region Province City/Municipality km mi Destinations Notes
Eastern Visayas Northern Samar Allen N670 (Allen–Catarman Road) Northern Terminus. (Samar Island)
Samar Calbayog N672 (Calbayog–Catarman Road)
N673 (Old Calbayog National Route)
Calbayog-Santa Margarita Diversion Road
Santa Margarita Calbayog-Santa Margarita Diversion Road
Gandara N677 (Gandara Diversion Road)
Catbalogan N675 (Buri Access Road) Southern Terminus. (Samar Island)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Mindanao

Gallery

See also

References

External links