Mahālangūr Himāl (Nepali: महालङ्गूर
हिमाल, Mahālaṅgūra himāla) is a section of the
Himalayas in northeast
Nepal and south-central
Tibet of China
extending east from the pass
Nangpa La between
Rolwaling Himal and Cho
Oyu, to the Arun River. It includes Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu,
Cho Oyu — four of Earth's six highest peaks. On the Tibetan side
it is drained by the Rongbuk and Kangshung Glaciers and on the Nepali
side by Barun, Ngojumba and
Khumbu Glaciers and others. All are
tributaries to the
Koshi River via Arun River on the north and east or
Dudh Kosi on the south.
Mahalangur Himal can be divided into three subsections:
Makālu (Nepali: मकालु) nearest the Arun River and along the
China border including
Chomo Lonzo 7790m south of
the Kama valley in Tibet, Kangchungtse or
Makalu II 7678m, Peak 7199
and some ten others over 6000 metres.
Barun (Nepali: बरुण, Baruṇa) inside
Nepal and south of the
Makālu section. It includes
Chamlang 7319m and
Chamlang East 7235m,
Ama Dablam 6812m and about 17 others over
Khumbu (Nepali: खुम्बु) along the international border
west of the
Makalu section, Including the
Everest massif: Everest
Nuptse 7855m and
Changtse 7580m. West of Everest
Pumori 7161m and
Cho Oyu 8201m plus some 20 others over 7000
metres and 36 over 6000 metres.
Khumbu region of
Nepal is the best known populated part of the
Mahalangurs since it is on the access trail to the normal (South Col)
route up Everest.
North side: Makalu, Lhotse, Everest,
Gyachung Kang and
Cho Oyu from
South Side: View from Mera Peak
^ H. Adams Carter (1985). "Classification of the Himalaya" (PDF).
American Alpine Journal. American Alpine Club. 27 (59): 116–120.
Retrieved May 1, 2011.
^ "H. Adams Carter, 1985, op. cit." (PDF).
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