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The Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) (literally ''great warrior medal'') is the second highest military decoration in India, after the Param Vir Chakra, and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. It replaced the British Distinguished Service Order (DSO). The medal may be awarded posthumously.

Appearance

The medal is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic star with circular center-piece bearing the gilded state emblem of India in the center. The words "Mahavira Chakra" are embossed in Devanagari and English on the reverse with two lotus flowers in the middle. The decoration is worn on the left chest with a half-white and half-orange riband about 3.2 cm in width, the orange being near the left shoulder.

History

More than 218 acts of bravery and selfless courage have been recognized since the inception of the medal. The most MVCs awarded in a single conflict was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, when eleven were given to the Indian Air Force.

Bar to MVC

Provision was made for the award of a bar for a second award of the Maha Vir Chakra, the first two being awarded in 1965. To date, there are six known awards of a first bar: No second bars have been awarded. Award of the decoration carries with it the right to use MVC as a post-nominal abbreviation.


List of recipients


The Mahavir Chakra awardees include:

References



External links


List of Awardees, Awards given on 26 January 2011, IndiaOfficial Citations, Photos of MVC Awardees of the Indian Air ForceRecipients of Mahavir Chakra from Indian Army
{{India Honours and Decorations Category:Military awards and decorations of India