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Maguire ( , also spelled Mac Guire or McGuire) is an Irish surname from the Irish language , which is "son of Odhar" or "son of the dun or dark coloured one". According to legend, the eleventh in descent from Colla da Chrich, great-grandson of Cormac mac Airt, monarch of Ireland about the middle of the third century. From the 13th to the 17th centuries, the Maguires were kings of Fermanagh. As a given name, Maguire is uncommon.

Naming conventions

The surname has been Anglicised variously as Maguire, McGuire and McGwire.

History

The Maguire sept is primarily associated with modern-day County Fermanagh. They possessed the entire county, also known as Maguire's Country, from about 1250 C.E. and maintained their independence as Lords of Fermanagh down to the reign of King James VI & I, when their country was confiscated like other parts of Ulster. The Maguires supplied Chiefs or Princes to Fermanagh, from about A.D. 1264, when they supplanted the former Chieftains (Ó Daimhín, or Devin/Devine). They were inaugurated as Princes of Fermanagh on the summit of Cuilcagh, a magnificent mountain near Swanlinbar, on the borders of Cavan and Fermanagh; and sometimes also at a place called Sciath Gabhra or Lisnasciath, now Lisnaskea. The family was first mentioned in the Annals as early as 956 AD and have always been closely associated with the other leading septs of Ulster such as the O'Neill and the O'Donnell. They spawned several well-known branches which became septs in their own right, including Mac Manus, Mac Caffrey, Mac Hugh, and several others. The name is among the forty most common names in Ireland, among the top twenty-five in Ulster, ten in Co. Cavan, thirty in Co. Monaghan and is the single most common name in Co. Fermanagh. Maguiresbridge in Co. Fermanagh (Irish: ''Droichead Mhig Uidhir'') takes its name from the family. In the Nine Years' War (1594–1603), Hugh Maguire, the Lord of Fermanagh, took the rebels' side, while his subordinate kinsman Connor Roe Maguire of Magherastephana sought to displace him and was nicknamed "the Queen's Maguire" for his support of Queen Elizabeth's forces. Connor was granted the whole of Maguire's Country (Fermanagh) by letters patent in 1601, but this was disregarded by the Plantation of Ulster in 1609, which granted him only twelve thousand acres of the barony of Magherastephana. Connor's son Bryan was made Baron Maguire of Enniskillen in 1627; Bryan's son Connor, 2nd Baron supported the Confederate Ireland rebellion of the 1640s and was executed and attainted in 1645. During translation in the Ulster Plantation, various English translations of the original Mag Uidhir appeared, including Mc Guire, Maguire, Mac Guire and McGuire. In South West Donegal, the name is re-translated into Gaelic as Mac Guibhir. An unusual version is Meguiar, an American spelling best known from "Meguiar's Wax." Enniskillen Castle was the medieval seat of the McGuire (Maguidhir), chieftains of Fermanagh, who policed the lough with a private navy of 1,500 boats. Nearby is Maguiresbridge. At the castle, the King got wind of a large army that had been sent to attack. Fearing the loss of all his clan, he sent half of his people to the northwest of Scotland, who adopted the surname of MacQuarrie. The Maguire clan motto is "Justia et Fortitudo Invincibilia Sunt", which is Latin for "Justice and Fortitude Are Invincible".http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tothemax/McGuire.htm

People



Maguire

*Andrew Maguire (born 1939), American politician and former member of U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey * Baron Maguire, Two Barons Maguire of Enniskillen in the Peerage of Ireland * Bassett Maguire (1904–1991), American botanist *Bernard A. Maguire (1818–1886), American Jesuit and president of Georgetown University * Father Bob Maguire (born c. 1935), Australian priest and community worker; awarded the Order of Australia 1989 * Cathy Maguire, Irish singer-songwriter, TV personality from Dundalk, Co Louth. * Charles A. Maguire (1876–1949), Canadian politician; mayor of Toronto 1922–1923 * Chris Maguire (born 1989), Scottish professional football player * Clare Maguire (born 15 September 1987), British singer-songwriter * Connor Maguire, 2nd Baron of Enniskillen, Irish rebel of 1641 * Darragh Maguire (born 1976), Irish professional football player * Donna Maguire (born 1967), Provisional IRA member * Eleanor Maguire, Irish neuropsychologist * Emily Maguire (disambiguation), multiple people * Frank Maguire (1929–1981), Northern Ireland politician and MP * Gavin Maguire (born 1967), Welsh international footballer * George Maguire (born 1990), Olivier Award-winning English actor * George Maguire (1796–1882), Irish-American mayor of St. Louis, Missouri, USA * Gerard Maguire (born 1945), Australian actor * Gregory Maguire (born 1954), American author * Harold Maguire (1912–2001), Director-General of Intelligence at the British Ministry of Defence * Harry Maguire (born 1993), full name Jacob Harry Maguire, English footballer with Manchester United * Harry Maguire (sailor), (born 1928), Irish Olympian * Hugh Maguire (Lord of Fermanagh) (died 1600), Lord of Fermanagh in Ireland during the reign of Elizabeth * Hugh Maguire (violinist) (1927–2013), Irish violinist * Jack Maguire (1925–2001), American professional football player * James G. Maguire (1853–1920), American politician; U.S. representative from California * Jeff Maguire (born 1952), American film screenwriter * John A. Maguire (1870–1939), American politician from Nebraska * John Aloysius Maguire (1851–1920), Catholic Archbishop of Glasgow, Scotland * John Norman Maguire (born 1956), Australian cricketer * John Maguire (disambiguation), several people * Jon Maguire, songwriter and producer * Joseph Maguire (contemporary), U.S. Navy rear admiral, Commander of the Naval Special Warfare Command * Joseph Francis Maguire (1919–2014), American Catholic bishop * Josh Maguire (born 1980), Australian football player * Kathleen Maguire 1925–1989), American actress * Kathleen McGuire (born 1965), Australian-American musician (conductor, composer, educator) * Kevin Maguire (born 1960), American comic book artist * Kristin Maguire, American politician and former chairman of the South Carolina State Board of Education * Larry Maguire (born 1949), Canadian politician and activist farmer in Manitoba; representative in the Manitoba legislature * Leona Maguire (born 1994), Irish golfer, twin of Lisa. * Lisa Maguire (born 1994), Irish golfer, twin of Leona. * Máiread Corrigan-Maguire (born 1944), Northern Irish peace activist * Marian Maguire (born 1962), New Zealand lithographer * Martie Maguire (born 1969), American country music songwriter and singer; founding member of the Dixie Chicks * Mary Maguire (1919–1974), born Hélène Teresa Maguire, Australian actress * Matt Maguire (born 1984), Australian rules footballer * Michael Maguire (disambiguation), several people * Paul Maguire (born 1938), American professional football player and sportscaster * Peter J. McGuire (1852–1906), American labor leader * Robert Maguire (1921–2005), American illustrator * Sam Maguire (1879–1927), Irish Republican and Gaelic footballer; eponym of the Sam Maguire Cup * Sarah Maguire (1957–2017), British poet * Sharon Maguire (born 1960), British film maker * Stephen Maguire (born 1981), Scottish professional snooker player * Steve Maguire (contemporary), American software engineer and author * Thomas Herbert Maguire (1821–1895) was an English artist and engraver * Tobey Maguire (born 1975), American actor; best known for ''Spider-Man'' * Tom Maguire (1892–1993), Irish republican, commandant-general in the IRA

McGuire

*Al McGuire (1928–2001), American college basketball coach & ''Basketball Hall of Fame'' inductee *Anne McGuire (born 1949), Scottish politician; MP for Stirling *Annie McGuire, Scottish broadcaster and talk-show presenter *Barry McGuire (born 1935), American singer and songwriter *Barry McGuire (born 1964), Louisiana author, painter and songwriter "Tales from Houma" *Bill McGuire (volcanologist), English professor of volcanology *Billy and Benny McCrary, Guinness World Record holders for "World's Heaviest Twins" *Brian McGuire (1945–1977), Australian race-car driver *Bruce McGuire, Australian rugby league player *Casey McGuire (born 1980), Australian rugby league player *Danny McGuire, English rugby league player *Deacon McGuire (1863–1936), American professional baseball player, manager, and coach *Deck McGuire (born 1989), American professional baseball player *Dick McGuire (1926–2010), American professional basketball player and coach *Dominic McGuire, American professional basketball player *Dorothy McGuire (1916–2001), American actress *Eddie McGuire (born 1964), Australian television journalist, sportscaster, and game show host *Edith McGuire (born 1944), American Olympic athlete in sprinting events in the 1964 Olympics *Edward McGuire (composer) (born 1948), Scottish composer *Elijah McGuire (born 1994), American football player *Frank McGuire (1916–1994), American college basketball coach *Fred Henry McGuire, American Medal of Honor recipient *Gary McGuire (born 1938), English professional football player *Hunter McGuire (1835–1900), American physician, teacher, and orator *Kathryn McGuire (1903–1978), American silent film actress and dancer *James McGuire (VC) (1827–1862), Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross *James Kennedy McGuire (1868–1923), American politician; mayor of Syracuse, New York *Jim McGuire (baseball coach), American college baseball coach *Joe McGuire (born 1944), Canadian politician; MP from Prince Edward Island *John McGuire (disambiguation) *Josh McGuire (born 1990), Australian Rugby League player *Maeve McGuire (born 1937), American soap opera actress *Melanie McGuire (born 1972), American criminal who murdered her husband, dismembered his body and put it into suitcases *The McGuire Sisters (Christine, Dorothy, Phyllis), American singers (biological sisters) *Michael McGuire (disambiguation) *Molly McGuire, Canadian-American singer and songwriter *Patrick McGuire (disambiguation) *Patti McGuire (born 1951), American model; ''Playboy'' Playmate of the Year 1977 *Paul McGuire (disambiguation) *Peter J. McGuire (1852–1906), American labor leader; important figure in the AFL *Phil McGuire (field hockey) (born 1970), British former field hockey player *Phil McGuire (footballer) (born 1980), Scottish footballer *Pierre McGuire (born 1961), American ice hockey analyst and sports commentator *Reba Rambo-McGuire, Christian singer and songwriter *Reese McGuire, American baseball player *Roger A. McGuire (1943–2005), American ambassador *Thomas McGuire (1920–1945), American WWII flying ace; eponym of McGuire AFB *Victor McGuire, English actor *William Anthony McGuire, Academy Award-winning American screenwriter and dramatist *William W. McGuire, American physician; former CEO of UnitedHealth Group Fictional people * Bren McGuire, player character from the video games Turrican video game series * Father Dougal McGuire, character in the television series ''Father Ted'' * Edward McGuire (economist), persona of comedian Charles Firth (comedian) of Australia * Frankie McGuire, character from ''The Devil's Own'' *Jerry Maguire, titular character from the 1996 film of the same name * Lizzie McGuire, title character of the TV series

McGwire

* Two American sportspeople, fellow-siblings: ** Mark McGwire (born 1963), baseball player ** Dan McGwire (born 1967), football player

Kings of Fermanagh



See also

* County Fermanagh * Clan MacQuarrie * Johann Sigismund Macquire von Inniskillen

References



Bibliography

*

External links


Official website of Clan Maguire
at Clan Maguire
Mag-Uidhir
at Family Tree DNA
Maguires of Fermanagh
at Library Ireland
Maguire family pedigree
at Library Ireland

by Jim Maguire

by Sean Murphy
The Maguires of Fermanagh
{{Uí Néill Category:Surnames of Irish origin Category:County Fermanagh Category:History of County Fermanagh Category:Ancient Irish dynasties Category:Irish families Category:Anglicised Irish-language surnames