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Maguindanao
Maguindanao
(Maguindanaoan: Dalapa sa Magindanaw) is a province in the Philippines
Philippines
located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Since 2014 the provincial capital is Buluan[5] but the legislative branch of the provincial government, the Sangguniang Panlalawigan, convenes in the old provincial capitol in the town of Sultan Kudarat.[6] It borders Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur
to the north, Cotabato
Cotabato
to the east, Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
to the south, and the Illana Bay
Illana Bay
to the west.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Precolonial and Spanish eras 1.2 American Era and World War II 1.3 Creation as a province 1.4 Shariff Kabunsuan
Shariff Kabunsuan
creation and nullification 1.5 2009 election violence 1.6 Mamasapano clash 1.7 2016 El Niño

2 Geography

2.1 Administrative divisions

3 Proposed provincial division 4 Demographics

4.1 Religion

5 Government

5.1 Provincial capital

6 Musical heritage 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Precolonial and Spanish eras[edit] Further information: Sultanate of Maguindanao

The Sultanate of Maguindanao
Sultanate of Maguindanao
at its greatest extent in the 17th century.

Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan
Mohammed Kabungsuwan
of Johore introduced Islam
Islam
in the area at the end of the 15th century. He subsequently married a local princess from the Maranao Tribe of Malabang and Maguindanao
Maguindanao
Province, and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao. The Cotabato
Cotabato
Valley formed the sultanate's heartland but its influence extended from the Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula
to Sarangani Bay
Sarangani Bay
and Davao. The Spaniards launched expeditions to subdue the area throughout the colonial era but they never gained control of the region until the middle of the 19th century after the Spaniards established a military post at what is now Barangay
Barangay
Tamontaka, one of the earliest Christian settlements founded south of the Philippines, in present-day Cotabato City. Spaniards already took with them Chabacanos and Chabacano-speaking Muslims from Zamboanga and Basilan
Basilan
and Cebuanos. Chabacanos being brought by Spaniards are the reason of existing Chabacano
Chabacano
dialect in Cotabato City
Cotabato City
called Cotabateño, evolved from Zamboangueño. American Era and World War II[edit] Further information: Moro Province, Department of Mindanao
Mindanao
and Sulu, Cotabato
Cotabato
(historical province), and Battle of Maguindanao The historical province of Cotabato
Cotabato
covered the present area of Maguindanao. In 1903, the American colonial government established the Moro Province
Moro Province
and made Cotabato
Cotabato
as one of its districts. Upon the conversion of the Moro Province
Moro Province
into the Department of Mindanao
Mindanao
and Sulu
Sulu
in 1914, the districts were made into provinces.[7][8] In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered what is now Maguindanao.[further explanation needed] In 1945, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
was liberated by allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and Maguindanaoan guerrilla units after defeating the Japanese Imperial forces in the Battle of Maguindanao during the Second World War.[further explanation needed] Creation as a province[edit] The territory of the old province of Cotabato
Cotabato
was reduced in 1966 when several of its municipalities were separated from it and constituted into the newly created province of South Cotabato.[9] In 1973, Cotabato
Cotabato
was dissolved when it was split to create three new provinces: Maguindanao, (North) Cotabato
Cotabato
and Sultan Kudarat.[10] Maguindanao
Maguindanao
is the only Muslim-majority province of the four created out of the original Cotabato
Cotabato
Province. In 1989, majority of its voters opted to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
but Cotabato City did not, which, ironically, has since served as the provisional capital of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
(ARMM) and hosted line agency offices for the province. Shariff Kabunsuan
Shariff Kabunsuan
creation and nullification[edit] Main article: Shariff Kabunsuan On October 31, 2006, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
voters approved the creation of a new province to be composed of 10 towns from the province.[11] Of more than 500,000 voters registered, 285,372 favored the creation of the province, and 8,802 voted against it. The new province, Shariff Kabunsuan, established through Muslim Mindanao
Mindanao
Autonomy Act No. 201 by the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly, became the country's 80th province and the 6th in the ARMM. It was composed of the towns of Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Upi, Sultan Kudarat, Datu Blah T. Sinsuat, Sultan Mastura, Parang, Buldon, Matanog and Barira.[12] However, in July 2008, the Supreme Court, in an 8-6 vote, nullified the province's creation, restoring its municipalities to Maguindanao, ruling that "Only Congress can create provinces and cities because the creation of provinces and cities necessarily includes the creation of legislative districts".[13] 2009 election violence[edit] Further information: Maguindanao
Maguindanao
massacre

Maguindanao
Maguindanao
guerillas in 1999

On November 23, 2009, a 2010 gubernatorial election caravan supporting Esmael Mangudadatu, vice mayor of Buluan, was attacked.[14] Fifty-seven people were killed, including Mangudadatu's wife and sisters, supporters, local journalists, and bystanders.[15] On December 4, 2009, a number of homes belonging to the Ampatuan political family were raided in connection with the massacre.[16] President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
officially declared martial law in the province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
on December 5, 2009, Saturday morning.[17] In a press conference past 7 am, Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita announced Proclamation No. 1959 declaring a state of martial law and suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in the province of Maguindanao, except for certain areas identified as bailiwicks of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
(MILF) separatists.[18] The declaration of martial law led to the "arrests without warrants" of other members of the Ampatuan clan who have been linked to the November 23 massacre of 58 civilians.[19]

The 44 police officers who perished during the clash

On August 15, 2011, Mangudadatu and his convoy were ambushed as they were on their way to his birthday celebration. Mamasapano clash[edit] Main article: Mamasapano clash On January 25, 2015, 44 members of the Special Action Force
Special Action Force
were killed after they killed the Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
terrorist Zulkifli Abdhir aka Marwan, by allegedly Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
and Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters in Mamasapano, Maguindanao.[20][21] 2016 El Niño[edit] Main article: 2014–16 El Niño event
2014–16 El Niño event
§ Impact On February 2016, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
experienced the effects of the 2014–16 El Niño, causing destruction on rice and corn fields due to drought.[22] The province declared a state of calamity in response to the damages caused.[22] Geography[edit]

Maguindanao
Maguindanao
is situated in the central section of Mindanao, bordered by Lanao del Sur
Lanao del Sur
to the north, Cotabato
Cotabato
to the east, Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
to the south, and the Illana Bay
Illana Bay
to the west. Administrative divisions[edit] Maguindanao
Maguindanao
comprises 36 municipalities, further subdivided into 508 barangays. Cotabato
Cotabato
City, although geographically grouped with Maguindanao, is administratively independent from the province as well as from the ARMM. The province is divided into two congressional districts. In October 2006, the first congressional district was split off into a new province, Shariff Kabunsuan. However, the ARMM's Act creating the province was nullified by the Supreme Court in July 2008, on the basis that creation of a province is a function of the Philippine legislature. The area has since reverted to the province of Maguindanao.

 †  Capital municipality      Municipality  ∗∗  Independent component city (only geographically grouped with the province)

City or municipality[A] District[23] Population ±% p.a. Area[23] Density Brgy. Coordinates[B]

(2015)[3] (2010)[24]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Ampatuan 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 24,801 17,800 6.52% 255.40 98.61 97 250 11 6°49′58″N 124°27′34″E / 6.8327°N 124.4594°E / 6.8327; 124.4594 (Ampatuan)

Barira 1st 7000260000000000000♠2.6% 30,004 19,686 8.35% 392.61 151.59 76 200 14 7°28′15″N 124°21′23″E / 7.4708°N 124.3563°E / 7.4708; 124.3563 (Barira)

Buldon 1st 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 35,282 33,729 0.86% 429.40 165.79 82 210 15 7°30′33″N 124°22′17″E / 7.5093°N 124.3714°E / 7.5093; 124.3714 (Buldon)

Buluan † 2nd 7000430000000000000♠4.3% 50,008 38,106 5.31% 699.50 270.08 71 180 7 6°43′09″N 124°47′32″E / 6.7193°N 124.7921°E / 6.7193; 124.7921 (Buluan)

Cotabato
Cotabato
City ∗∗ 1st[E] — 271,786 299,438 1.86% 176.00 67.95 1,700 4,400 37 7°13′15″N 124°14′48″E / 7.2208°N 124.2466°E / 7.2208; 124.2466 ( Cotabato
Cotabato
City)

Datu Abdullah Sangki 2nd 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 23,878 17,079 6.59% 220.00 84.94 110 280 10 6°46′43″N 124°28′36″E / 6.7787°N 124.4768°E / 6.7787; 124.4768 (Datu Abdullah Sangki)

Datu Anggal Midtimbang 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 25,016 13,339 12.72% 85.43 32.98 290 750 7 7°00′35″N 124°19′40″E / 7.0096°N 124.3277°E / 7.0096; 124.3277 (Datu Anggal Midtimbang)

Datu Blah T. Sinsuat 1st 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 25,024 16,533 8.21% 147.21 56.84 170 440 13 6°55′38″N 123°58′18″E / 6.9272°N 123.9716°E / 6.9272; 123.9716 (Datu Blah T. Sinsuat)

Datu Hoffer Ampatuan 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 25,012 16,295 8.50% 461.10 178.03 54 140 11 6°51′05″N 124°25′48″E / 6.8514°N 124.4300°E / 6.8514; 124.4300 (Datu Hoffer Ampatuan)

Datu Montawal (Pagagawan) 2nd 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 34,820 31,265 2.07% 461.10 178.03 76 200 11 7°04′40″N 124°44′55″E / 7.0777°N 124.7487°E / 7.0777; 124.7487 (Datu Montawal (Pagagawan))

Datu Odin Sinsuat 1st 7000850000000000000♠8.5% 99,210 76,332 5.12% 461.80 178.30 210 540 34 7°01′25″N 124°18′57″E / 7.0236°N 124.3159°E / 7.0236; 124.3159 (Datu Odin Sinsuat)

Datu Paglas 2nd 7000240000000000000♠2.4% 28,387 20,290 6.60% 132.10 51.00 210 540 23 6°44′47″N 124°52′20″E / 6.7465°N 124.8722°E / 6.7465; 124.8722 (Datu Paglas)

Datu Piang (Dulawan) 2nd 7000220000000000000♠2.2% 25,600 28,492 −2.02% 302.97 116.98 84 220 16 7°01′44″N 124°29′58″E / 7.0289°N 124.4995°E / 7.0289; 124.4995 (Datu Piang (Dulawan))

Datu Salibo 2nd 7000130000000000000♠1.3% 14,947 15,062 −0.15% — — — — 17 7°01′10″N 124°28′25″E / 7.0195°N 124.4737°E / 7.0195; 124.4737 (Datu Salibo)

Datu Saudi-Ampatuan 2nd 7000230000000099999♠2.3% 26,427 20,330 5.12% 60.16 23.23 440 1,100 8 6°55′34″N 124°24′50″E / 6.9262°N 124.4140°E / 6.9262; 124.4140 (Datu Saudi-Ampatuan)

Datu Unsay 2nd 7000100000000000000♠1.0% 11,813 12,490 −1.06% 95.39 36.83 120 310 8 6°53′25″N 124°25′57″E / 6.8902°N 124.4325°E / 6.8902; 124.4325 (Datu Unsay)

General Salipada K. Pendatun 2nd 7000240000000000000♠2.4% 28,103 24,004 3.05% 189.37 73.12 150 390 19 6°49′34″N 124°45′13″E / 6.8260°N 124.7537°E / 6.8260; 124.7537 (Gen. S. K. Pendatun)

Guindulungan 2nd 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 19,911 16,071 4.16% 130.68 50.46 150 390 11 6°57′22″N 124°23′51″E / 6.9562°N 124.3976°E / 6.9562; 124.3976 (Guindulungan)

Kabuntalan 1st 7000150000000000000♠1.5% 17,276 16,794 0.54% 371.08 143.27 47 120 17 7°07′03″N 124°23′04″E / 7.1176°N 124.3844°E / 7.1176; 124.3844 (Kabuntalan)

Mamasapano 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 24,800 22,354 2.00% 85.31 32.94 290 750 14 6°53′42″N 124°30′17″E / 6.8949°N 124.5047°E / 6.8949; 124.5047 (Mamasapano)

Mangudadatu 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 25,046 14,864 10.44% 98.16 37.90 260 670 8 6°41′28″N 124°48′05″E / 6.6910°N 124.8015°E / 6.6910; 124.8015 (Mangudadatu)

Matanog 1st 7000250000000000000♠2.5% 29,770 23,269 4.80% 146.50 56.56 200 520 8 7°26′17″N 124°15′14″E / 7.4380°N 124.2539°E / 7.4380; 124.2539 (Matanog)

Northern Kabuntalan 1st 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 25,232 14,251 11.49% 106.77 41.22 240 620 11 7°10′13″N 124°25′52″E / 7.1703°N 124.4311°E / 7.1703; 124.4311 (Northern Kabuntalan)

Pagalungan 2nd 7000340000000000000♠3.4% 39,653 31,891 4.24% 898.76 347.01 44 110 12 7°03′18″N 124°42′00″E / 7.0549°N 124.7001°E / 7.0549; 124.7001 (Pagalungan)

Paglat 2nd 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 15,920 11,207 6.91% 177.74 68.63 90 230 8 6°48′36″N 124°46′58″E / 6.8100°N 124.7827°E / 6.8100; 124.7827 (Paglat)

Pandag 2nd 7000210000000000000♠2.1% 25,057 13,795 12.04% 85.31 32.94 290 750 8 6°45′22″N 124°47′20″E / 6.7561°N 124.7889°E / 6.7561; 124.7889 (Pandag)

Parang 1st 7000760000000000000♠7.6% 89,194 73,328 3.80% 850.78 328.49 100 260 25 7°22′32″N 124°16′02″E / 7.3756°N 124.2671°E / 7.3756; 124.2671 (Parang)

Rajah Buayan 2nd 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 23,652 17,423 5.99% 71.98 27.79 330 850 11 6°54′28″N 124°33′02″E / 6.9079°N 124.5506°E / 6.9079; 124.5506 (Rajah Buayan)

Shariff Aguak
Shariff Aguak
(Maganoy) 2nd 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 31,692 34,376 −1.54% 392.70 151.62 81 210 13 6°51′40″N 124°26′41″E / 6.8611°N 124.4446°E / 6.8611; 124.4446 ( Shariff Aguak
Shariff Aguak
(Maganoy))

Shariff Saydona Mustapha 2nd 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 19,855 16,442 3.66% — — — — 16 6°58′34″N 124°28′56″E / 6.9762°N 124.4821°E / 6.9762; 124.4821 (Shariff Saydona Mustapha)

South Upi 2nd 7000340000000000000♠3.4% 40,178 35,990 2.12% 184.80 71.35 220 570 11 6°51′18″N 124°08′36″E / 6.8549°N 124.1434°E / 6.8549; 124.1434 (South Upi)

Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
(Nuling) 1st 7000810000000000000♠8.1% 95,201 82,758 2.70% 712.91 275.26 130 340 39 7°16′45″N 124°18′12″E / 7.2793°N 124.3032°E / 7.2793; 124.3032 ( Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
(Nuling))

Sultan Mastura 1st 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 22,261 21,712 0.48% 242.07 93.46 92 240 13 7°18′15″N 124°16′46″E / 7.3043°N 124.2795°E / 7.3043; 124.2795 (Sultan Mastura)

Sultan sa Barongis (Lambayong) 2nd 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 22,425 22,547 −0.10% 291.30 112.47 77 200 12 6°52′56″N 124°36′01″E / 6.8822°N 124.6004°E / 6.8822; 124.6004 (Sultan sa Barongis (Lambayong))

Sultan Sumagka (Talitay) 2nd 7000130000000000000♠1.3% 14,863 13,328 2.10% 62.96 24.31 240 620 9 7°01′42″N 124°23′45″E / 7.0283°N 124.3957°E / 7.0283; 124.3957 (Sultan Sumagka (Talitay))

Talayan 2nd 7000260000000000000♠2.6% 30,032 16,042 12.68% 143.84 55.54 210 540 15 6°59′04″N 124°21′21″E / 6.9845°N 124.3559°E / 6.9845; 124.3559 (Talayan)

Upi 1st 7000460000000099999♠4.6% 53,583 45,444 3.19% 742.95 286.85 72 190 23 7°00′38″N 124°09′45″E / 7.0106°N 124.1625°E / 7.0106; 124.1625 (Upi)

Total[C] 1,173,933 944,718 4.22% —[D] —[D] —[D] —[D] 508 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Former names are italicized. ^ Coordinates
Coordinates
are sortable by latitude.

(Italicized entries indicate the generic location. Otherwise, they mark the city or town center).

^ Total figures exclude the independent component city of Cotabato, which is geographically within and traditionally grouped with the province. ^ Total population density and area (sum of all component municipalities: 10,190.14 km2 or 1,019,014 ha) is inconclusive as it conflicts with the figures given by the Maguindanao Provincial Government website (5,970.53 km2 or 597,052.79 ha),[25] as well as the Philippine Statistics Authority itself (9,729.04 km2 or 972,904 ha).[26] ^ The city of Cotabato, which is geographically within and traditionally grouped with the province, is independent from the province and does not vote for provincial officials. Only votes with Maguindanao
Maguindanao
for representation in the various national legislatures. Dashes (—) in cells indicate unavailable information.

Proposed provincial division[edit] House Bill No. 5185 was introduced in the House of Representatives on March 2, 2017 by third-term Representative Bai Sandra Sema who is barred by law to run for another term in her current district in 2019. It seeks to establish a new province called Maguindanao
Maguindanao
North, consisting of 13 municipalities, of which Datu Odin Sinsuat will be the designated capital.[27] The independent city of Cotabato
Cotabato
will be grouped with the proposed province only for the purposes of congressional representation.[27] The creation of the new legislative district of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
North will allow Rep. Sema to once again run for office in a technically different district.

Barira Buldon Datu Anggal Midtimbang Datu Blah T. Sinsuat Datu Odin Sinsuat (Capital) Kabuntalan Matanog Northern Kabuntalan Parang Sultan Kudarat Sultan Mastura Sultan Sumagka Upi

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Maguindanao

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1980 452,675 —    

1990 630,674 +3.37%

1995 662,180 +0.92%

2000 801,102 +4.17%

2007 1,273,715 +6.60%

2010 944,718 −10.30%

2015 1,173,933 +4.22%

(excluding Cotabato
Cotabato
City) Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][24][28]

Languages Spoken (2010)[29]

Language

Speakers

Maguindanao

608,431

Iranun

173,806

Teduray/Tiruray

79,007

Hiligaynon

30,026

Cebuano/Bisaya/Boholano

29,812

Others

22,728

The population of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
in the 2015 census was 1,173,933 people. When Cotabato City
Cotabato City
is included for geographical purposes, the province's population is 1,473,371 people. The majority (64.5 percent) of the people in Maguindanao
Maguindanao
are Maguindanaoans. The Iranuns which dominate the northern towns of Parang, Barira, Buldon and Matanog make up the second largest group with 18.4 percent. The Tedurays, which are the lumads of the southwestern highlights of the province make up 8.4 percent of the entire population, while Hiligaynons and Cebuanos constitute the remaining significant groups in the province with each making up 3.2 percent of the population. of ith some Cebuanos, Hiligaynons, Chavacanos, Tausugs, Yakan, and Bajau. The main language is Maguindanao. Cebuano, Hiligaynon and Chavacano are also spoken by both, Christians and Muslims. The dialect of Chavacano native to Cotabato City
Cotabato City
is called Cotabateño, which evolved from the Zamboangueño dialect. Also spoken are Tagalog, as well as English and Arabic. Religion[edit] Maguindanao
Maguindanao
inhabitants are predominantly practitioners of Islam, majority of which are Sunnites, with a minority of Christians (mostly Roman Catholics), who are mostly Cebuanos, Ilonggos and Chavacanos.[citation needed] Roman Catholics of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
fall under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kidapawan, a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Cotabato. Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) has several locales in Maguindanao. Government[edit] Maguindanao
Maguindanao
is divided into two congressional districts, which elect members to the House of Representatives. For the brief period that the province of Shariff Kabunsuan
Shariff Kabunsuan
existed, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
became a lone-district province. Since the appointment of a new set of provincial officials for the reunified province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
by the ARMM Governor
Governor
in January 2009, the provincial government has reverted to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan district configuration from before Shariff Kabunsuan
Shariff Kabunsuan
was created. Having elected to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Maguindanao
Maguindanao
also sends six representatives (three per SP district) to the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly that convenes in Cotabato
Cotabato
City. Provincial capital[edit] When the province was established in 1973, the designated seat of government was the municipality of Maganoy.[10] The first appointed governor, Simeon Datumanong, held office in Limpongo,[30] a former barangay in Maganoy which is now part of the municipality of Datu Hoffer Ampatuan. Datumanong's successor Zacaria Candao, on the other hand, held office at P.C. Hill,[30] the site of the former headquarters of the Philippine Constabulary[31] in Cotabato
Cotabato
City, an autonomous chartered city not under Maguindanao's provincial jurisdiction. In 1977 following the resignation of Candao, President Ferdinand Marcos moved the province's seat of government to the municipality of Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
(hometown of the newly-appointed governor Sanggacala Baraguir) by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1170.[32] During his term Baraguir held office at the then-newly-constructed provincial capitol in that municipality's Brgy. Simuay Crossing.[30] The next governor, Sandiale Sambolawan, held office in his hometown of Maganoy following his election to the governorship in 1980.[30] In an attempt to legitimize the restoration of Maganoy's status as the seat of provincial government, Batas Pambansa Blg. 211 was enacted in 1982, but with the explicit provision that the change will only take effect after a plebiscite affirms the transfer.[33] A plebiscite was scheduled for 18 December 1982,[34] but was never administered,[35] thus making the municipality of Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
still capital of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
by law (de jure), but Maganoy being the capital in practice (de facto). Following the end of the Marcos Regime, the next two governors — Zacaria Candao (1986–1992; 1995–2001) and Norodin Matalam (1992–1995) — both held office in the existing capitol at Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
thereby restoring the municipality's status as both de jure and de facto provincial capital from 1986 to 2001. Despite the lack of legal justification in the form of a law amending P.D. No. 1170 of 1977 or the passage of a supporting Sangguaniang Panlalawigan (SP) resolution, the next governor, Andal Ampatuan Sr. (governor from 2001–2008), and his successor, son Sajid Ampatuan (2008–2009), held office in the Ampatuan clan stronghold of Shariff Aguak (renamed from Maganoy in 1996[36]), citing security concerns connected to clan rivalry.[6] A new ₱218-million provincial capitol complex, inaugurated in 2009 in the presence of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo,[37] was located adjacent to the homes of the Ampatuans,[30] and sat on a piece of Amaptuan clan land that had not been legally deeded to the government.[38] The Ampatuans were even known to spend more time within the "satellite offices" they set up within their private properties, despite though the new capitol being located adjacent to their homes.[39] Esmael Mangudadatu, who took office after defeating Andal Ampatuan Jr. in the 2010 gubernatorial election, cited security concerns when he decided to work from a "satellite office," named the Rajah Buayan Silongan Peace Center, in his hometown of Buluan;[30] this move was supported by Resolution No. 5, series 2010, of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (SP) of Maguindanao.[40] SP Resolution No. 78, dated 3 May 2011, further allowed the transfer of the legislative branch of the provincial government (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) to the rehabilitated old capitol site in Brgy. Simuay Crossing, Sultan Kudarat.[6] This effectively made both Buluan
Buluan
and Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
— located 120 kilometers apart by road — the seats of the executive and legislative branches of provincial government respectively.[39] On 3 April 2012, the SP of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
issued Resolution No. 132, reiterating that the town of Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
was the capital of Maguindanao.[6] However this was superseded by a new resolution passed in 2014 naming Buluan
Buluan
the new capital of Maguindanao.[5] Buluan's Rajah Buayan Silongan Peace Center now serves as the provisional capitol building, pending the completion of the executive building in the new capitol complex.[30] However, the legislative branch of provincial government, the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Maguindanao, continues to hold sessions in the rehabilitated buildings of the old provincial capitol in Simuay, Sultan Kudarat.[6] The Ampatuan-built former provincial capitol complex in Shariff Aguak, initially planned to be converted for public school use,[41] is now set to become the new headquarters of the ARMM's Bureau of Fire Protection.[42] Musical heritage[edit] Main articles: Music of the Philippines
Philippines
and Kulintang

Brass gongs used as a main melodic instrument in the Kulintang ensemble.

The native Maguindanaon culture revolves around Kulintang
Kulintang
music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.

References[edit]

^ . NSCB http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/listprov.asp. Retrieved 28 January 2018.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "ARMM Regional Profile". Regional Board of Investments (RBOI) of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao
(ARMM). Retrieved 22 June 2016.  (There seems to be major discrepancies among authoritative sources: 972,904 ha (NSCB); 6,565 km² (Historical Dictionary of the Philippines); 5,176.1 km² (NAMRIA)) ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ "Provincial Summary - Number of Provinces, Cities, Municipalities and Barangays, by Region, as of December 31, 2013" (PDF). PSGC Interactive. National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.  ^ a b Macabalang, Ali G. (19 January 2016). "Construction of new Maguindanao
Maguindanao
capitol complex launched". Manila
Manila
Bulletin Online. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ a b c d e Arguillas, Carolyn O. (15 June 2012). "Maguindanao inaugurates legislative hall; Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
is back as provincial seat". MindaNews. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ "Our Province". Province of Cotabato. Retrieved 27 April 2016.  ^ "Act No. 2711; An Act Amending the Administrative Code". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. 10 March 1917. Retrieved 27 April 2016.  ^ "Republic Act No. 4849 - An Act Creating the Province of South Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 July 1966. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ a b "Presidential Decree No. 341 - Creating the Provinces of North Cotabato, Maguindanao
Maguindanao
and Sultan Kudarat". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañang, Manila, Philippines. 22 November 1973. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ Unson, John (29 October 2006). " Maguindanao
Maguindanao
split decided in plebiscite". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 28 January 2016.  ^ "Muslim Mindanao
Mindanao
Autonomy Act No. 201; An Act Creating the Province of Shariff Kabunsuan, Providing Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes" (PDF). Regional Legislative Assembly, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. Retrieved 27 January 2016.  ^ Llanto, Jesus F. (16 July 2008). "Supreme Court voids creation of Shariff Kabunsuan". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.  ^ Conde, Carlos H. (November 23, 2009). "21 Reported Dead and 22 Missing in Mass Kidnapping Linked to Philippine Election". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2009.  ^ Conde, Carlos H. (November 27, 2009). "Philippine Official Says Victims Were Sexually Mutilated". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2009.  ^ "Officials raid massacre suspects' homes". Radio France Internationale (RFI). 4 December 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2016. More than 100 soldiers and police wearing body armour and carrying assault rifles raided the home of Andal Ampatuan Jnr and other Ampatuan clan members on Friday. This followed the discovery of a weapons cache on Thursday, believed to have been used in the massacre, near the Ampatuan compound. It is thought there were enough weapons to arm around 500 people.  ^ " Martial law
Martial law
in Philippines
Philippines
province after massacre". BBC News. 5 December 2009.  ^ Padua, Reinir (6 December 2009). "' Martial law
Martial law
a political solution'". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 15 April 2016.  ^ "Arroyo proclaims martial law in Maguindanao". ABS-CBN News. 5 December 2009.  ^ "At least 30 elite cops killed in clash with MILF". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 25, 2015.  ^ Arcon, Dennis (January 26, 2015). "PNP-SAF casualties in encounter now 50 - ARMM police chief". Interaksyon. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2015.  ^ a b Unson, John (February 5, 2016). " Maguindanao
Maguindanao
farmers lose crops due to El Niño". Philstar Global. Philstar. Philippine Star. Retrieved February 20, 2016.  ^ a b "Province: Maguindanao". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines
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and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ "Brief Profile". Provincial Government of Maguindanao. Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2016. Land Area; Maguindanao
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has a total land area of 597,052.79 hectares.  ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Provinces". Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2016.  ^ a b Sema, Bai Sandra Sinsuat A. (2 March 2017). "House Bill No. 5185 - An Act Creating the Province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
North" (PDF). Congress of the Philippines. Retrieved 8 September 2017.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Table 11. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: 2010 (Data excludes Cotabato
Cotabato
City) ^ a b c d e f g Lingao, Ed (April 2013). "Maguindanao's misery: Absentee officials, absence of rage, poverty". Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ McKenna, Thomas M. (1998). Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. University of California Press. p. 327.  ^ "Presidential Decree No. 1170 - Transferring the seat of government of the province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
from the municipality of Maganoy to the Municipality of Sultan Kudarat". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañang, Manila, Philippines. 11 July 1977. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ "Batas Pambansa Blg. 211 - An Act returning the seat of government of the Province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
from the Municipality of Sultan Kudarat to the Municipality of Maganoy, repealing for the purpose Presidential Decree numbered eleven hundred and seventy". The Corpus Juris. 25 March 1982. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ "Proclamation No. 2245, s. 1982 - Declaring December 18, 1982 as the Plebiscite Day for the ratification of the proposal to return the seat of government of the Province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
from the Municipality of Sultan Kudarat
Sultan Kudarat
to the Municipality of Maganoy". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañang, Manila, Philippines. 26 November 1982. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ Unson, John (12 June 2014). "Law changing Maguindanao's capitol pushed". Philstar.com. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ "Muslim Mindanao
Mindanao
Autonomy Act No. 45 - An Act changing the Name of the Municipality of Maganoy in the Province of Maguindanao
Maguindanao
into Municipality of Shariff Aguak" (PDF). Regional Legislative Assembly, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. Retrieved 23 December 2016.  ^ "Arroyo visits ARMM, pledges more support; praises Ampatuan leadership". Mindanao
Mindanao
Examiner. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ Unson, John (20 January 2016). " Maguindanao
Maguindanao
gov't starts construction of new capitol complex". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 4 November 2016.  ^ a b Arguillas, Carolyn O. (19 October 2010). "From Ampatuan to Mangudadatu (1): Changing the image of Maguindanao". MindaNews. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ Arguillas, Carolyn O. (20 October 2010). "From Ampatuan to Mangudadatu (2): Mobile Capitol". MindaNews. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ Fernandez, Edwin (8 June 2014). " Maguindanao
Maguindanao
provincial building to be converted into school". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 1 August 2016.  ^ "Old Maguindanao
Maguindanao
capitol in Shariff Aguak
Shariff Aguak
town up for conversion to BFP-ARMM headquarters". Radyo Natin. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 

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