Magistrates' Courts Act 1980



The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) is an Act of the
Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It meets at the Palace of Westminster, London. It alone possesses legislative suprema ...
. It is a consolidation Act.The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1980. HMSO. London. . Part IV. Pages ''i'', ''j'' and i. It codifies the procedures applicable in the magistrates' courts of England and Wales and largely replaces the
Magistrates' Courts Act 1952 The Magistrates' Courts Act 1952 (15 & 16 Geo 6 & 1 Eliz c 55) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which related to magistrates' courts. It was repealed by section 154 of, and Schedule 9 to, the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980. Se ...
. Part I of the Act sets out provisions in relation to the courts' criminal jurisdiction, and Part II in relation to civil proceedings. Section 1 of the Act empowers a
justice of the peace A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer of a lower or ''puisne'' court, elected or appointed by means of a commission ( letters patent) to keep the peace. In past centuries the term commissioner of the peace was often used with the sa ...
to issue a summons or
arrest warrant An arrest warrant is a warrant issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the state, which authorizes the arrest and detention of an individual, or the search and seizure of an individual's property. Canada Arrest warrants are issued by a j ...
alleging the commission of a crime against an identifiable person. Section 127 of the Act establishes a six-month limitation period for summary (but not indictable) offences.

See also

Magistrates' Courts Act Magistrates' Courts Act (with its variations) is a stock short title used for legislation in the United Kingdom relating to magistrates' courts. The Bill for an Act with this short title may have been known as a Magistrates' Courts Bill during it ...


External links

Magistrates' Courts Act 1980
as amended from the National Archives.
Magistrates' Courts Act 1980
as originally enacted from the National Archives. Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning England and Wales English criminal law United Kingdom Acts of Parliament 1980 Magistrates' courts in England and Wales 1980 in England 1980 in Wales {{Criminal-law-stub