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MAGHULL (/məˈɡʌl/ mə-GUL ) is a town and civil parish in Sefton , Merseyside
Merseyside
. Historically in Lancashire
Lancashire
, the town is north of Liverpool
Liverpool
and south of Ormskirk
Ormskirk
in West Lancashire
Lancashire
. The area also contains HM Prison Kennet and Ashworth Hospital
Ashworth Hospital
. Maghull
Maghull
had a population of 20,444 at the 2011 Census. Housing in the town is almost entirely a 20th-century settlement of semi-detached and detached housing although remains of the original town do exist. The town has had an elected council since the Local Government Act 1894 when the government set up a network of local governance across England. Following the Local Government Act 1974 , the council changed its name from a parish to a town council.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Governance * 4 Education * 5 Transport * 6 Shopping * 7 Community * 8 Media * 9 Sport

* 10 Notable people

* 10.1 Football * 10.2 Music

* 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

The original settlement, consisting of fifty people and six square miles of agricultural settlement, was established prior to the Domesday Survey of 1086 where the town is recorded as Magele on a ridge of high ground, that can be most clearly seen at Red Lion Bridge towards the centre of the town and the Leeds and Liverpool
Liverpool
Canal follows it on the plain and the A5147 on the brow. This ridge marks the edge of the flood plain of the River Alt , providing protection from flooding and access to this fertile pasture of the plain. The name Maghull
Maghull
may have been derived from the Celtic word "magos", the Old Irish "Magh" and the Old English "halh", meaning "flat land in a bend of the river". Another theorised origin is Anglo-Saxon mægðehalh = "nook of land where mayweed grows". A church is known to have existed in the area in 1100 although it has been rebuilt at least once and the chapel still stands, in the churchyard of the Victorian St Andrew's and is the oldest ecclesiastical building in Merseyside still in regular use for worship but in 1756 the mediaeval nave of Maghull
Maghull
Chapel was pulled down with a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
dual-purpose school-chapel opening in 1890 near Massey's Barn.

It is noted that in 1568 Maghull
Maghull
Moss was divided between Sir Richard Molyneux of Melling and Edward Hulme of Maghull. The boundary of Maghull
Maghull
was, in the north, Maghull
Maghull
Brook and to the south, Melling Brook; the west was marked by the River Alt. At the eastern edge, however, the boundary was ill-defined on the moorland and due to the value of turf from the moss as a vital fuel this caused regular disputes between both Maghull
Maghull
and Melling Manors. Maghull
Maghull
Manor House was built in 1638 and local tradition has it that Charles II slept there during a visit to the area but by 1780 a new manor house had been built near the site of the original and it still stands in the grounds of Maghull
Maghull
Homes with part of the original moat . It is also recorded that by 1667 the population of Maghull
Maghull
had increased to 599 with 136 houses and 127 families and by 1770 initial work had begun on the Leeds and Liverpool
Liverpool
Canal with the first sod being cut by the Honourable Charles Lewis Morduant. The actual spot lies in a rock cutting 400 metres to the east of Halsall Hill Bridge. Soon after, the Red Lion public house was built in Maghull
Maghull
to serve the canal trade. It became a café and general store in the 20th century and was demolished after the Second World War
Second World War
. Several other canalside pubs were built over the years; for example, near Hall Lane Bridge there was the Traveller's Rest (demolished 1936) and the Horse and Jockey in Melling. In 1774, the canal had reached Maghull
Maghull
and provided it with its second connection to Liverpool. The arrival of the canal created new industry in the area, notably quarrying of sandstone and clay extraction. It also bolstered the local hostelry trade.

Maghull's first school was founded in 1668 in a small cottage in School Lane with the headmaster being Humphries Webster, showing the town's emergence although County Rates from 1716 said of the town " Maghull
Maghull
doth always bear and pay a third less than either Down Holland or Lidyeat". This shows that Maghull
Maghull
was a developing community, but still not as rich as its neighbours Downholland and Lydiate . Economic development continued with the Molyneux family (Earls of Sefton ) being significantly active in bringing about the Alt Drainage Act in 1779 which resulted in many acres of marsh land along the river eventually becoming good agricultural land. This had led to the growth of the population to 534, with about half the employment being in trade rather than agriculture and a rise in 1815 to a population of 720 people with 71 families engaged in agriculture and 29 in trade, manufactures and handicrafts. There were 108 inhabited houses.

By the 1820s, horse racing was well established on land in Maghull. Old Racecourse Farm later became the site for the Meadows Hotel; and Old Racecourse Road, off Sefton Lane, commemorates the sport. Baines' Directory of Lancashire
Lancashire
in 1825 provided the first list of specialist male occupations in Maghull
Maghull
– 1 blacksmith , 1 cooper , 1 tailor , 1 land surveyor and 1 wheelwright . By 1840 the agriculture of the area had changed from animal to arable farming and the 1861 National Census the population stood at 1,222. Due to this increase in population the railway came to Maghull
Maghull
in 1849, with a station on the Liverpool, Ormskirk
Ormskirk
and Preston Railway
Railway
as well as the construction of the town's first police station which was set up by Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council in 1870 and the town got a second station in 1884, Sefton and Maghull
Maghull
, on the newly built Cheshire Lines Committee Southport
Southport
it was rebuilt in the 1950s. It served as a refuge for up to 6,000 people a night from Bootle
Bootle
. American and Polish army units were stationed in Maghull and it also held several camps for displaced persons. Park Lane TB sanatorium and a hospital, built to treat shell shock victims, were combined to form Ashworth Hospital
Ashworth Hospital
and one hundred patients transferred from Rampton Secure Hospital with it remaining a secure hospital to this day, holding such patients as Ian Brady . In 2010, plans were announced by the Labour government that new housing was needed and Sefton East – where Maghull
Maghull
is – was chosen as one of the locations for the new homes. Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council showcased the plans at various locations around south Sefton, and were met by local opposition. The Leeds and Liverpool
Liverpool
Canal at Maghull looking towards Leeds from Westway Bridge

GEOGRAPHY

Maghull
Maghull
is 8 miles north-north-east of Liverpool
Liverpool
city centre. To the north west is Lydiate , to the east Melling , to the south Aintree
Aintree
and Netherton and to the west the Mersey Forest and Sefton village . Maghull
Maghull
is separated from the rest of the Greater Liverpool
Liverpool
sprawl by a green belt which runs across the Switch Island motorway junction and through which flows the River Alt.

GOVERNANCE

In 1912, the Maghull
Maghull
all of which are connected geographically as being near the River Alt – hence the name Altside, and politically as they are all in the eastern parishes of Sefton borough. By 1971 the population of the town stood at 22,794 and gave Maghull
Maghull
the largest population of any civil parish in the country.

Maghull
Maghull
also has a town council, established by the 1974 Local Government Act. The town council is composed of councillors elected every four years. The council has been under the control of Labour since the 2011 local elections; the Liberal Democrats previously had control. There are 19 seats on the council and the current composition is: Labour 14, Liberal Democrat 5. A by-election took place in north ward in March 2013 in which Labour won the 3 seats available with 54% of the vote. Another by-election took place in North, South and East wards on 25 July 2013 for the seats which had become vacanct due to resignations by Labour councillors. The results were a gain for the Liberal Democrats in North and East wards and a gain for Labour in South ward. Maghull
Maghull
town council is made up of four wards: East which elects five councillors, West which elects four councillors, North which elects five councillors, and South which elects two Councillors

EDUCATION

Education in the town began with William Harper founding the Maghull School in Damfield Lane, the location of Maricourt Catholic High School , in 1815 under the terms of his will. In 1839, the National School , later St Andrew's Church of England
England
School, was built and the earlier school, a small cottage, which still stands, became the headmaster's house. Money for the school, which cost £450 7s 0d (£450.35p), was raised by local subscription and the school mistress was paid £5 a year, and each scholar had to pay one penny (1d) a month towards the cost of a fire, and tuppence (2d) a month for pens and ink, if they were being taught to write but by 1873 a second storey was added to the school to accommodate the growing population. In 1957, the Sisters of Mercy
Sisters of Mercy
created the Maricourt Catholic High School with all students initially taught in Quarry Brook House with an initial intake of only twelve girls. In 1982, Old Hall High School , formerly Maghull
Maghull
Grammar School, was merged with Ormonde Drive High School to form Maghull High School , concentrating on Ormonde Drive site. Today Maghull
Maghull
contains several primary schools including State , Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
and Church of England
England
schools. There are also three high schools which all contain independent Sixth Form facilities, working together as part of the Maghull
Maghull
Collaborative. These secondary schools being Deyes High School , Maghull High School and Maricourt Catholic High School . As well as serving Maghull, the secondary schools serve pupils from the neighbouring towns in south Sefton, and the neighbouring local authorities of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley and Liverpool
Liverpool
.

TRANSPORT

Maghull
Maghull
is bisected by the A59 road and is served by Maghull
Maghull
railway station , Merseyrail
Merseyrail
has also proposed opening a second station Maghull
Maghull
North , along with bus routes to the nearby areas of Kirkby, Southport, Ormskirk
Ormskirk
and Liverpool
Liverpool
city centre with most running past or near Maghull
Maghull
Square. The M57 and M58 motorways start at Switch Island , between Aintree
Aintree
and Maghull. The Leeds and Liverpool
Liverpool
Canal runs through the centre of old Maghull. The Trans Pennine Trail , a long distance footpath from Southport
Southport
to Hornsea
Hornsea
, near Hull skirts Maghull, following the line of the old Cheshire Lines railway.

SHOPPING

Maghull
Maghull
is served by the Central Square Shopping Centre, which is based in the north west of Maghull, which is the original town centre. Known locally as "the square", it contains several shops, a police station, numerous banks and nearby is a Morrisons
Morrisons
supermarket. In Kennessee Green there is a shopping area called Tree View Court. There are also the Meadows shops near to Maghull
Maghull
Town Hall and Deyes Lane shops near the end of Deyes Lane, about five or ten minutes walking distance from Deyes High School. In 2009, Maghull
Maghull
Town Hall was given a large extension costing £8.2million, and which included a library and sports facilities.

*

Supermarket *

Shops *

Maghull
Maghull
Square *

Frozen food shop *

Barbers *

Station Road shops *

Newsagent

COMMUNITY

In 1929, the Maghull
Maghull
Townswomen's Guild was formed. It is now the Maghull
Maghull
Summerhill Townswomen's Guild and is a Registered Charity . The Maghull
Maghull
Community Association on Green Lane provides live entertainment, family fun days and special events such as Christmas parties and ladies nights.

MEDIA

The main local newspapers are the Liverpool
Liverpool
Echo (evening) and the Liverpool
Liverpool
Daily Post (morning). Both are tabloids published by the Trinity Mirror group. There are also two local newspapers, the Aintree ">

Cricket Pitch *

Gym

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* The Beatles
The Beatles
performed live on one occasion at the Albany Cinema in October 1961, compere was Ken Dodd. The site is now Lidl supermarket. * John Lennon
John Lennon
lived with relatives at Cedar Grove, Maghull, for a short while, as a result of family issues. * Frank Hornby , of Hornby Railways , Dinky Toy
Dinky Toy
and Meccano
Meccano
fame, lived in Maghull, first at "The Hollies" in Station Road, and later at the much larger "Quarry Brook". This house is also on Station Road, close to Maghull railway station and is now the Sixth Form for Maricourt Catholic High School . "The Hollies" was the first building outside London
London
to be awarded a Blue plaque
Blue plaque
. He is buried in St. Andrew's churchyard along with his wife and daughter. * William Vestey of Blue Star Line also lived at Quarry Brook before the Hornby family.

FOOTBALL

Several Liverpool
Liverpool
and Everton footballers have lived in the area, including Ian Callaghan , Duncan Ferguson , Brian Labone , Gordon West , Mick Lyons , Joe Parkinson , Roger Hunt , Tommy Wright , Roger Kenyon , John Hurst , Peter Thompson , Terry Darracott , Steve Heighway , Tony Hateley and Ian St John .

* Nathan Eccleston – English footballer who played as a striker for Liverpool, and lives in Maghull. * Jordan Rossiter - English footballer who plays as a midfielder for Liverpool. * Mark Hateley – footballer and England
England
international lived in Maghull
Maghull
on Shop Lane, spent two spells at Lambshear Lane Primary School (now Lydiate Primary School). * Alex Curran-Gerrard – wife of Liverpool
Liverpool
and England
England
footballer Steven Gerrard
Steven Gerrard
, lived most of her life in Aintree
Aintree
but attended Maghull
Maghull
High School.

MUSIC

* Heidi Range
Heidi Range
, member of the Sugababes
Sugababes
, attended Maricourt High School. * Echo & the Bunnymen
Echo & the Bunnymen
– guitarist Will Sergeant who grew up in nearby Melling attended Maghull's Deyes High School, as did Les Pattinson bassist in Echo "> * All the original members of the band Apollo 440 either lived or went to school in Maghull
Maghull
Noko and James Gardner – lived in Maghull
Maghull
and attended Old Hall High School (later Maghull
Maghull
High) and brothers Howard Gray and Trevor Gray from Aintree
Aintree
both attended Old Hall High School.

Other connections include:

* James Graham – St. Helens and GB rugby league player, attended Deyes High School . Currently plying his trade in the Australian NRL for the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs. * David Price – Rugby Union player at Orrell R.U.F.C.
Orrell R.U.F.C.
attended Maricourt High School . * Stephen Darby Liverpool
Liverpool
F.C. youth player who now plays for Bradford City A.F.C. , brought up in Maghull. * Charlotte Jackson – family of British journalist and television presenter, currently a presenter on Sky Sports News originate from Maghull. * Bill Dean – actor who appeared as Harry Cross in the soap Brookside
Brookside
. * Eddie Hemmings Sky TV Rugby League commentator. * Isaac Roberts
Isaac Roberts
– astronomer. * Rafael Sabatini – novelist, lived in Station Road, Maghull.

SEE ALSO

* Listed buildings in Maghull

REFERENCES

* ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 June 2015. * ^ Mutlow, Mick (15 June 2009). "The Birth of The Grand National: The Real Story". Thoroughbred Heritage. . Retrieved 8 April 2010 * ^ Esterson, Bill. "Budding Maghull
Maghull
DJs invited to come forward to be the voices of Maghull
Maghull
Radio". Retrieved 18 November 2013. * ^ Robertson, Tony. " Maghull
Maghull
Community Radio – It sounds like a great idea to me". Retrieved 18 November 2013. * ^ Maghull
Maghull
Cricket Club Website * ^ Maghull
Maghull
FC

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media

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