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Madrid is one of the 52 constituencies ( es, circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the
Cortes Generales The Cortes Generales (; en, Spanish Parliament, lit=General Courts) are the bicameral legislative chambers of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Esc ...
. The constituency currently elects 36 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Madrid. The electoral system uses the
D'Hondt method The D'Hondt method or the Jefferson method is a highest averages method for allocating seats in an electoral system and thus a type of party-list proportional representation. The method described is named in the United States after Thomas Jeffe ...
and a closed-list
proportional representation Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical, and to ideological partitioning of the electorate. ...
, with a minimum threshold of three percent.


Electoral system

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the
provinces of Spain Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , ...

provinces of Spain
to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies, with this regulation being maintained under the
Spanish Constitution of 1978 The Spanish Constitution (Spanish language, Spanish, Asturleonese language, Asturleonese, and gl, Constitución Española; eu, Espainiako Konstituzioa; ca, Constitució Espanyola; oc, Constitucion espanhòla) is the Democracy, democratic law ...
. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the
Cortes Generales The Cortes Generales (; en, Spanish Parliament, lit=General Courts) are the bicameral legislative chambers of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Esc ...
. Voting is on the basis of
universal suffrage Universal suffrage (also called universal franchise, general suffrage, and common suffrage of the common man) gives the Suffrage, right to vote to all adult citizenship, citizens, regardless of wealth, income, gender, social status, race (human cl ...
, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals ''over twenty-one'' and in full enjoyment of their political ''and'' civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote ( es, Voto rogado). 348 seats are elected using the
D'Hondt method The D'Hondt method or the Jefferson method is a highest averages method for allocating seats in an electoral system and thus a type of party-list proportional representation. The method described is named in the United States after Thomas Jeffe ...
and a
closed list Closed list describes the variant of party-list proportional representation where voters can (effectively) only vote for political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections ...
proportional representation Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical, and to ideological partitioning of the electorate. ...
, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 being distributed in proportion to their populations.
Ceuta Ceuta (, , ; ber, Sebta, script=Latn; ar, سَبْتَة, Sabtah) is a Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30 ...
and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting. The use of the D'Hondt method may result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude. The electoral law allows for Political party, parties and Political alliance, federations registered in the Ministry of the Interior (Spain), interior ministry, Electoral alliance, coalitions and Grouping of electors (Spain), groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call—fifteen before 1985—whereas groupings of electors need to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in the constituencies for which they seek election—one-thousandth of the electorate, with a compulsory minimum of 500 signatures, until 1985—disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions that have not obtained a mandate in either chamber of the Cortes at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of electors in the aforementioned constituencies.


Deputies


Elections


November 2019 general election


April 2019 general election


2016 general election


2015 general election


2011 general election


2008 general election


2004 general election


2000 general election


1996 general election


1993 general election


1989 general election


1986 general election


1982 general election


1979 general election


1977 general election


References

{{Coord, 40, 30, N, 3, 40, W, display=title Congress of Deputies constituencies (Spain) Politics of the Community of Madrid 1977 establishments in Spain Constituencies established in 1977