Dr Madhav Shrihari Aney (29 August 1880, Wani - 26 January 1968)[1] was an Indian politician. He passed his B.A. examination from Morris College in Nagpur in 1902 and passed his B.L. examination from Calcutta University in 1907. He was one of the founder of the Congress Nationalist Party. He was one of the eminent disciples of Lokmanya Tilak apart from N C Kelkar, Kakasaheb Khadilkar, Gangadhar Deshpande, Dr B S Munje, Abhyankar, T B Paranjpe and Vaman Malhar Joshi.

In 1923, he was nominated to the Central Legislative Assembly as the representative of Berar Province. During 1941-1943, he was a member of the Viceroy's Executive Council responsible for Indians Overseas and Commonwealth Relations. He resigned in 1943, when the British Indian government refused to release Mahatma Gandhi, while he was on fast. He was the High Commissioner to Ceylon from 1943 to July 1947. He joined the Constituent Assembly in 1947.[2]

After Indian independence, Dr. Aney was the Governor of Bihar from 12 January 1948 to 14 June 1952.[3] Aney Marg, the street on which the chief minister of Bihar's residence is located, is named after him.[4]

He was also a member of the 3rd Lok Sabha from 1962 to 1967, representing Nagpur constituency. He died on 26 January 1968 evening, the very day he was honored with Padma Vibhushan.[2] In 1973, he was posthumously honored with the Sahitya Akademi Award for Sanskrit for his Shritilakayashornava (1971), a Sanskrit biography of Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

Personal life

He married Yamunabai in 1925.


  1. ^ Sen S.N. (1997). History of the Freedom Movement in India (1857-1947) New Delhi:New Age, ISBN 81-224-1049-9, p.354
  2. ^ a b Rajeswar Rao, P. (1991). The Great Indian Patriots. I. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 88–92. ISBN 81-7099-280-X. 
  3. ^ "Previous Governors". Government of Bihar website. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Nalin Verma (2010-11-23). "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) Frontpage The Anne that never was". Telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Jairamdas Daulatram
Governor of Bihar
12 January 1948 – 14 June 1952
Succeeded by
R. R. Diwakar