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Mactan–Cebu International Airport (Cebuano: Tugpahanang Pangkalibutan sa Mactan–Sugbo, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Mactan–Cebu) (IATA: CEB, ICAO: RPVM) located in Central Visayas region, is the second busiest airport of the Philippines.[2] It is located in Lapu-Lapu City on Mactan Island, part of Metro Cebu. The airport is managed by the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority. It covers an area of 797 hectares (1,970 acres).

It has a single 3,300-meter (10,800 ft) runway that was built by the United States in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] The runway is complemented by a full-length taxiway that it shares with the current Mactan Air Base of the Philippine Air Force.

Mactan–Cebu International Airport was chosen as the most viable location for the world's largest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, to safely land when considering the combination of onward land transportation, sea freight, and airport capacity. The arrival of the aircraft in the airport marked the very first time that the aircraft landed in the Philippines.[4]

History

The runway was built by the United States Air Force in 1956 as an emergency airport for Strategic Air Command bombers and it was known as the Mactan Air Base.[3] It remained a spartan outpost until the Vietnam War in the 1960s when it became a base for a C-130 unit of the U.S. Air Force.[3]

In the mid-1960s, the civilian airport was opened, to replace the Lahug Airport (now the site of Cebu IT Park), which could no longer be expanded due to safety and physical problems. The airport was later expanded to the current Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA).

On August 20, 2008, the Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) announced that about 300 million Philippine pesos will be spent for the terminal expansion program to address the increasing volume of passenger traffic. MCIAA former general manager Danilo Augusto Francia said the program also includes the establishment of a second passenger terminal in the Mactan–Cebu International Airport.[5] In 2009, former general manager Francia announced for the public bidding for the construction of the new generation terminal to service only international flights.

In 2010, the newly elected Philippine President, Benigno Aquino III selected Nigel Paul Villarete as the new General Manager of the Mactan–Cebu International Airport (MCIA)[6] and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of MCIAA. Mr. Villarete prioritized the completion of the terminal expansion[7] and the completion of the unfinished administration building.[8]

Following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), one of the biggest typhoons ever recorded and one of the most destructive typhoons in the Philippines, the airport was used as a center for air operations for the relief effort. The airport is centrally located in the Visayas which was the region most affected by the storm, especially the Eastern Visayas islands of Leyte and Samar. The Cebu airport was relatively unaffected by the storm while the airports of the Eastern Visayas were unusable immediately after.

On November 12, 2013, the world's longest and heaviest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, landed at MCIA from the Zagreb International Airport in Croatia for the first time in the Philippines to deliver a 180-ton replacement transformer from the Croatian energy company KONČAR to the First Gen Corporation's power plant in Batangas City. Officials of First Gen approached MCIAA General Manager Nigel Paul Villarete to allow the Antonov An-225 to utilize the airport for the transportation of their delivery after officials from Clark International Airport, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, and Subic Bay International Airport refused to allow the aircraft to utilize their airports.[9] According to First Gen President Francis Giles Puno, MCIA had been inspected by Antonov Airlines, the owner of the Antonov An-225 aircraft, as the most viable option for their aircraft, "after considering the combination of airport, onward land transport and sea freight."[10]

Future development

On April 23, 2014, the Department of Transportation and Communications awarded the operations and maintenance of MCIA to a consortium of the Philippine Megawide Construction Corporation and Bangalore-based GMR Infrastructure. The consortium won with a bid of ₱17.5 billion. MCIAA handed over the operations and maintenance of the airport to the private consortium on November 1, 2014.[11] In the first half of 2016, MCIA and GMCAC started the rehabilitation, renovation and expansion of Terminal 1. This would be the first phase of the project. The new terminal building to be designed by Integrated Design Associates Ltd. (IDA)[12] is expected to be completed by 2018.[13] On January 25, 2018, GMR–Megawide Cebu Airport Corporation (GMCAC) chief executive advisor Andrew Acquaah-Harrison announced that the new terminal building would be MCIA Terminal 2, which is expected to open by June 2018, one month ahead of its original July 1, 2018 schedule. Terminal 2 is planned to span approximately 45,000 square meters, which is expandable in its second phase.[14]

On 22 May 2017, Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA) passed a resolution approving the proposal to start the construction of a second runway, which was proposed by Rep. Raul Del Mar of Cebu. Del Mar proposed that the construction of the second runway be funded using P4.9- billion sourced from the P14.4 billion premium given by the GMCAC when it won the bid to develop and manage the MCIA terminal. Once completed, the second runway will be adjacent to the existing first runway and will enable simultaneous runway operations.[15]

Airlines and destinations

The existing terminal houses both domestic and international operations and has an annual capacity of 4.5 million passengers.[16]

Passenger

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Busan Busan 2
Air Juan Bantayan, Naval, Maasin, Sipalay, Siquijor, Tagbilaran[17] 1
AirSWIFT El Nido 1
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon 2
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2
Cebu Pacific Hong Kong, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita 2
Cebu Pacific Caticlan, Clark, Davao, General Santos, Iloilo, Kalibo, Manila, Puerto Princesa 1
Cebu Pacific
operated by Cebgo
Bacolod, Butuan, Busuanga, Cagayan de Oro, Calbayog, Camiguin, Caticlan, Cotabato, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Iloilo, Legazpi, Masbate,[18] Ozamiz, Pagadian, Roxas, Siargao, Surigao, Tacloban, Tandag, Zamboanga 1
China Eastern Airlines Guangzhou,[19] Shanghai–Pudong[20]
Seasonal: Chengdu, Nanjing[21]
2
Emirates Dubai–International1 2
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan 2
Jeju Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon 2
Jin Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon 2
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai–Pudong[22] 2
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon 2
Lucky Air Kunming[23] 2
Okay Airways Xi'an[20] 2
Pan Pacific Airlines Busan,[24] Muan, Seoul–Incheon[25] 2
Philippine Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[26] Beijing–Capital,[27] Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita 2
Philippine Airlines Davao, Kalibo, Manila 1
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Chengdu,[28] 2
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Bacolod, Busuanga, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caticlan, Camiguin,[29] Clark[30], Davao, General Santos, Iloilo, Kalibo, Legazpi,[31] Manila, Ozamiz,[32] Puerto Princesa, Siargao,[33] Surigao, Tacloban 1
Philippines AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International, Macau, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan 2
Philippines AirAsia Caticlan, Davao, Kalibo,[34] Manila, Puerto Princesa 1
Scoot Singapore 2
Sichuan Airlines Chongqing 2
SilkAir Singapore2 2
SkyJet Charter: Catarman, Tuguegarao[35] 1
T'way Airlines Daegu 2
Vanilla Air Tokyo–Narita 2
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen 2

^Note 1 : Emirates flights continue on to Clark. However, the airline does not have eighth freedom traffic rights to transport passengers solely from Cebu to Clark.
^Note 2 : This flight makes an intermediate stop between Cebu and the listed destination. However, it has no rights to transport passengers solely between Cebu and the intermediate stop.
^Note 3 : Beginning June or July 1, 2018 all International Flights will be moved to the newly built Terminal 2 but all Domestic Flights will remain at Terminal 1.
^Note 4 : These are codeshare routes.

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express Guangzhou
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Hong Kong

Statistics

A Boeing 777F operated by Emirates SkyCargo at the airport with relief goods for Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda donated by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development
A Cebu Pacific A330-300 landing at Toulouse-Blagnac airport.

Passenger traffic

Year Passenger

movements

% change from

previous year

1991 1,459,669
1992 1,690,015 Increase 15.8%
1993 1,808,745 Increase 7.0%
1994 1,958,706 Increase 8.3%
1995 2,149,107 Increase 9.7%
1996 2,402,384 Increase 11.8%
1997 2,718,621 Increase 13.2%
1998 2,071,804 Decrease 23.8%
1999 2,296,154 Increase 10.8%
2000 2,302,849 Increase 0.3%
2001 2,252,733 Decrease 2.2%
2002 2,135,216 Decrease 5.2%
2003 2,272,782 Increase 6.4%
2004 2,611,762 Increase 14.9%
2005 2,778,664 Increase 6.4%
2006 3,070,612 Increase 10.5%
2007 3,731,500 Increase 21.5%
2008 3,991,250 Increase 7.0%
2009 4,762,903 Increase 19.3%
2010 5,413,452 Increase 13.7%
2011 6,215,946 Increase 14.8%
2012 6,771,318 Increase 8.9%
2013 6,996,112 Increase 3.3%
2014 6,839,849 Decrease 2.2%
2015 7,781,239 Increase 13.8%
2016 8,830,638 Increase 13.5%

[36][37]

Accidents and incidents

On December 11, 1994, Philippine Airlines Flight 434 was flying on its second leg of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport – Mactan–Cebu International Airport – New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport) route when a bomb on board exploded, killing a passenger. The airliner was able to make an emergency landing. Authorities later found out that Ramzi Yousef planted the bomb on the airliner to test the bomb for his Project Bojinka plot. His project was discovered in Manila after an apartment fire on the night of January 5 and the morning of January 6, 1995.

Ramzi Yousef was on board Flight 434 from Manila when he planted the bomb beneath a vacant seat. He used a fake identity thus he was able to pass through security in Manila. Yousef set the time for the bomb to blow off when the airplane was already in its Cebu–Tokyo leg. Yousef got off the plane during the stopover in Cebu from Manila.

On August 4, 2017 Cebu Pacific Flight 5J570 bound for Manila from Cebu slightly overshot the runway on Friday. The airline said that the plane's nose wheel, or its front landing gear, "went outside the runway" as it was taxiing prior to takeoff from the Mactan Cebu International Airport earlier in the evening at around 6:35 pm. As of 10:45 pm, Cebu Pacific added a replacement flight would take the deplaned passengers of Flight 5J570 to Manila following the reopening of the runway. The recovery flight will depart Cebu at around 3:30 am on Saturday, August 5, Cebu Pacific announced late Friday night. Affected passengers will be provided meals and will receive travel vouchers for the trouble.

References

  1. ^ Department of Transportation - Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority. "Passengers 2017". Mactan-Cebu International Airport Authority. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  2. ^ Hoontrakul, P. (2014). The Global Rise of Asian Transformation: Trends and Developments in Economic Growth Dynamics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 
  3. ^ a b c "Mactan–Benito Ebuen Air Base". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ "POWERNEWS POWERnEWS Page 235". cherjam.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  5. ^ Mactan–Cebu airport to set aside P300-M for expansion Archived September 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Positive News Media, "P-Noy names four Cebuanos to Mactan airport board", "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com, news, "Expanded Mactan–Cebu to open in November," http://www.passengerterminaltoday.com/news.php?NewsID=27172
  8. ^ Gregg M. Rubio/FPL (The Freeman), November 3, 2010, "Villarete to finish MCIAA administrative building despite corruption tag," http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=626707&publicationSubCategoryId=107
  9. ^ Alegado, Sieg (November 12, 2013). "World's biggest plane to deliver 140-ton power generator to PHL". GMA News Online. GMA Network Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ Sollane, Jose (November 13, 2013). "World's biggest airplane in Cebu". The Freeman. PhilStar Daily, Inc. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.philstar.com/business/2014/04/23/1314907/megawide-gmr-remits-p16.1-b-payment-cebu-airport-project
  12. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/megawide-gmr-airport-design-reflects-cebu-culture/
  13. ^ http://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Business-Briefs/PhilippineIndia-consortium-to-overhaul-Cebu-airport-by-2018
  14. ^ Bunachita, Jose Santino (January 25, 2018). "New Mactan Cebu Airport terminal seen to open ahead of schedule". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 27, 2018. 
  15. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2017/05/21/2nd-runway-project-go-543138
  16. ^ http://ppp.gov.ph/?p=7469
  17. ^ https://apps1.tflite.com/Public/AIJ/Booking/Search
  18. ^ http://cebupacificaircorporate.com/Pages/news.aspx?id=1126
  19. ^ http://www.anna.aero/2018/01/22/china-eastern-airlines-adds-philippines-connection/
  20. ^ a b "Mactan airport opens door to new international flights". Retrieved 19 Oct 2017. 
  21. ^ 东航江苏公司18年部分新增航线及春运加班计划出炉
  22. ^ "Juneyao Airlines plans Cebu service from Oct 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  23. ^ "Lucky Air schedules Philippines service in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  24. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Pan Pacific adds Cebu – Busan service in 1Q18". Routesonline. 
  25. ^ "Pan Pacific Airlines - Schedule". Pan Pacific Airlines. 
  26. ^ "Philippine Airlines proposing Cebu – Bangkok Dec 2017 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  27. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274856/philippine-airlines-plans-cebu-beijing-nov-2017-launch/
  28. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274245/philippine-airlines-chengdu-service-changes-from-aug-2017/
  29. ^ https://www.philippineairlines.com/TravelInformation/FlightTimetable?scController=FlightTimetable&scAction=FlightTimetable&origin=CGM&destination=CEB
  30. ^ https://www.philippineairlines.com/TravelInformation/FlightTimetable?scController=FlightTimetable&scAction=FlightTimetable&origin=CRK&destination=CEB
  31. ^ https://www.philippineairlines.com/en/~/media/files/flighttimetable/domestic%20summer%20august%2010%202017.pdf?la=en
  32. ^ https://www.philippineairlines.com/TravelInformation/FlightTimetable?scController=FlightTimetable&scAction=FlightTimetable&origin=CEB&destination=OZC
  33. ^ https://www.philippineairlines.com/en/~/media/files/flighttimetable/domestic%20summer%20june%2015%202017.pdf?la=en
  34. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272161/philippines-airasia-new-domestic-routes-from-june-2017/
  35. ^ "SkyJet: CHARTER SERVICE". SkyJet. September 8, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  36. ^ "PASSENGER MOVEMENT". www.mciaa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-01-11. 
  37. ^ "PASSENGERS". www.mciaa.gov.ph. Retrieved 2017-02-08. 

External links