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The Macquarie Dictionary (/məˈkwɒri/) is a dictionary of Australian English. It is generally considered by universities and the legal profession to be the authoritative source on Australian English.[1] It also pays considerable attention to New Zealand English. Originally it was a publishing project of Jacaranda Press, a Brisbane educational publisher, for which an editorial committee was formed, largely from the Linguistics department of Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia.[2] It is now published by Macquarie Dictionary Publishers, an imprint of Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd. In October 2007 it moved its editorial office from Macquarie University to the University of Sydney,[3] and later to the Pan Macmillan offices in the Sydney central business district.

History

The first seven editions of the Macquarie Dictionary were edited by lexicographer Susan Butler, who joined the project in 1970 as a research assistant, and was its chief editor by the time the first edition was published in 1981. Butler retired as the Macquarie's editor in March 2018 after 48 years with the publisher.[4]

First Edition

The original version of the Macquarie Dictionary was based on Hamlyn's Encyclopedic World Dictionary of 1971, which in turn was based on Random House's American College Dictionary of 1947,[5] which was based on the 1927 New Century Dictionary, which was based on The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, which itself was based on Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language second edition of 1841.[2]

Since its first publication in 1981,[2] its use has grown so that it has come to rival longer-established dictionaries from elsewhere in the English-speaking world as a standard authority on the English language within Australia.[6]

Second Edition

The second edition was published in 1991 and introduced encyclopedic content to many entries.

The Macquarie Dictionary Fifth Edition.
The Macquarie Dictionary Fifth Edition
Susan Butler, who joined the project in 1970 as a research assistant, and was its chief editor by the time the first edition was published in 1981. Butler retired as the Macquarie's editor in March 2018 after 48 years with the publisher.[4]

First Edition

The original version of the Macquarie Dictionary was based on Hamlyn's Encyclopedic World Dictionary of 1971, which in turn was based on Random House's American College Dictionary of 1947,[5] which was based on the 1927 New Century Dictionary, which was based on The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, which itself was based on Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language second edition of 1841.[2]

Since its first publication in 1981,[2] its use has grown so that it has come to rival longer-established dictionaries from elsewhere in the English-speaking world as a standard authority on the English language within Australia.[6]

Second Edition

The second edition was published in 1991 and introduced encyclopedic content to many entries.

The Macquarie Dictionary Fifth Edition.
The Macquarie DictionaryThe original version of the Macquarie Dictionary was based on Hamlyn's Encyclopedic World Dictionary of 1971, which in turn was based on Random House's American College Dictionary of 1947,[5] which was based on the 1927 New Century Dictionary, which was based on The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, which itself was based on Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language second edition of 1841.[2]

Since its first publication in 1981,[2] its use has grown so that it has come to rival longer-established dictionaries from elsewhere in the English-speaking world as a standard authority on the English language within Australia.Since its first publication in 1981,[2] its use has grown so that it has come to rival longer-established dictionaries from elsewhere in the English-speaking world as a standard authority on the English language within Australia.[6]

The second edition was published in 1991 and introduced encyclopedic content to many entries.

The Macquarie Dictionary Fifth Edition.Fourth Edition

The fourth edition, published in 2005, increases the number of citations, includes etymologies for many phrases and pays particular attention to Australian regionalisms.

Fifth Edition

The fifth edition was published in October 2009[7] and places particular emphasis on words relating to the environment and climate change.

Sixth Edition

The sixth edition was published in October 2013[8] and includes an update of new words and senses as well as words and phrases from other varieties of English that impinge on Australian English, such as British English, American English and English in Southeast Asia, China and India.[9]

Seventh Edition

The seventh edition of the Macquarie Dictionary was published on 28 February 2017.The fourth edition, published in 2005, increases the number of citations, includes etymologies for many phrases and pays particular attention to Australian regionalisms.

Fifth Edition

The fifth edition was published in October 2009[7] and places particular emphasis on words relating to the environment and climate change.

Sixth Edition

The sixth edition was published in October 2013[8] and includes an update of new words and senses as well as words and phrases from other varieties of English that impinge on Australian English, such as British English, American English and English in Southeast Asia, China and India.[9]

Seventh Edition

The seventh edition of the Macquarie Dictionary was published on 28 February 2017.[10][11] With a foreword by Kate Grenville, this latest edition includes thousands of new words and senses along with Australian regionalisms and a collection of words from the Australian experience in WW1.[12]

Eighth Edition

The eighth edition of the Macquarie Dictionary was published on 28 July 2020.[13] With a foreword by Kim Scott, the Macquarie Dictionary Eighth Edition features 3500 new entries, including up to date entries on the COVID-19 pandemic.[14]

Preferred spellings

Each year the editors select a short-list of new words added to the dictionary, and invite the public to vote on their favourite. The public vote is held in January and results in the People's Choice winner. There is also a word selected by a committee.

Word for Word podcast

In Word for Word, the team behind the Macquarie Dictionary explore the surprising history behind everyday words and phrases, go behind the scenes with the dictionary editors, and meet some of Australia's most interesting word-lovers, from Scrabble champions to hip-hop artists.

Versions

A number of smaller versions are ava

A number of smaller versions are available, including a pocket edition, as well as companion volumes such as a thesaurus. The latest edition of the main complete version of the Macquarie Dictionary is the eighth, published in 2020. Both the complete dictionary as well as a student dictionary are available as iOS applications.

Macquarie Dictionary Online

The Macquarie Dictionary is available in two The Macquarie Dictionary is available in two IOS app editions, the Macquarie Dictionary Complete app, and the Macquarie School Dictionary app.

References