Macky Sall (born 11 December 1961) is a Senegalese politician who
President of Senegal
President of Senegal since April 2012. Under President
Abdoulaye Wade, Sall was
Prime Minister of Senegal
Prime Minister of Senegal from April 2004 to
June 2007 and President of the
National Assembly (Senegal)
National Assembly (Senegal) from June
2007 to November 2008. He was the Mayor of
Fatick from 2002 to 2008
and held that post again from 2009 to 2012.
Sall was a long-time member of the
Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS).
After coming into conflict with Wade, he was removed from his post as
President of the National Assembly in November 2008; he consequently
founded his own party named APR, and joined the opposition. Placing
second in the first round of the 2012 presidential election, he won
the backing of other opposition candidates and prevailed over Wade in
the second round of voting, held on 25 March 2012.
1 Early life
2 Early political career
4 President of the National Assembly
5 In opposition
Sall was one of five children born to Amadou Abdoul Sall, who was a
state worker and then a caretaker and Coumba Thimbo, a peanut
seller. He was raised in
Fatick and Futa Tooro, as well as Mboro
from age 2-5.
Sall's father was a member of the Socialist Party of
but, at the high school in Kaolack, Sall associated with the Maoists
at the encouragement of his brother-in-law. During his studies at the
University of Dakar he was involved in the
And-Jëf, led by Landing Savané. He soon left And-Jëf, since he did
not share the ideas of the movement or Savané's use a boycott
strategy against the PS in the 1983 election, in which Sall voted for
the liberal Abdoulaye Wade, as he did again in 1988.
Sall was trained as a geological engineer at the Institute of Earth
Sciences (IST) of the University of Dakar and then at the French
Institute of Petroleum (IFP)'s National College of Petrol and Engines
(ENSPM) in Paris. He is a member of multiple national and
international associations of geologists and geological engineers.
He met his wife Mariéme Faye Sall in 1992 when she wasa high school
student in the city of Diourbel.
Early political career
Sall joined Wade's
Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) in the late
He became Secretary-General of the PDS Regional Convention in Fatick
in 1998 and served as the PDS National Secretary in charge of Mines
and Industry. He was actively involved in the "Sopi" campaign which
brought Wade to power in the Senegalese presidential election,
Special Advisor for Energy and Mines to President Abdoulaye
Wade from 6 April 2000 to 12 May 2003, as well as Director-General of
the Petroleum Company of
Senegal (Société des Pétroles du
Sénégal, PETROSEN) from 13 December 2000 to 5 July 2001. He
became Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics on 12 May 2001,
Abdoulaye Bathily who had been appointed Vice-President of
the National Assembly. Sall was promoted to the rank of Minister of
State, while retaining his portfolio, on 6 November 2002. He
additionally became the Mayor of
Fatick on 1 June 2002.
On 27 August 2003, Sall was moved from his position as Minister of
State for Mines, Energy and Hydraulics to that of Minister of State
for the Interior and Local Communities, while also becoming Government
On 21 April 2004,
Macky Sall was appointed Prime Minister by President
Wade, after Wade dismissed his predecessor, Idrissa Seck. On 25
April 2004, Sall became Vice-President of the PDS Steering
Committee. Although Sall was little known at the time of his
appointment, he made a strong impression in his maiden address on
Sall served as the director of Wade's re-election campaign for the
February 2007 presidential election, in which Wade was victorious,
obtaining a majority in the first round. After Wade was sworn in, Sall
submitted his resignation on 10 April and was immediately reappointed,
with the government unchanged. Sall remained Prime Minister until
19 June 2007, making him the longest-serving of Wade's prime
ministers. During his tenure he set in motion several presidential
policies which had been neglected by his predecessor, including the
Corniche de Dakar motorway and the construction of the Blaise Diagne
President of the National Assembly
In the June 2007 parliamentary election, Sall was elected to the
National Assembly as a candidate on the national list of the Sopi
Coalition. After the election, Wade appointed Minister Delegate
for the Budget
Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré
Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré as Prime Minister on 19 June,
replacing Sall, who had resigned along with his government shortly
beforehand. Sall said that he was proud of what he had accomplished as
Sall was elected as President of the National Assembly one day later,
on 20 June 2007; he was the only candidate and received 143 votes from
the 146 deputies present. Sall and Wade came into conflict later
in 2007 when Sall called Wade's son Karim, the President of the
National Agency of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC),
for a hearing in the National Assembly regarding construction sites in
Dakar for the OIC Summit planned to take place there in March
2008. This was perceived as an attempt by Sall to weaken Karim's
position and possibly influence the eventual presidential succession
in favor of himself, provoking the enmity of Wade and his loyalists
within the PDS. In November 2007, the PDS Steering Committee
abolished Sall's position of Deputy Secretary-General, which had been
the second most powerful position in the party, and it decided to
submit a bill to the National Assembly that would reduce the term of
the President of the National Assembly from five years to one
year. Following the death of
Mourides religious leader Serigne
Saliou Mbacké in late December 2007, his successor, Serigne
Mouhamadou Lamine Bara Mbacké, asked Wade to forgive Sall; Wade then
met with Sall and the two were said to have made peace in early
Sall nevertheless remained at odds with the PDS leadership in 2008. In
September 2008, a PDS deputy presented the bill to reduce the term of
the President of the National Assembly to one year, and later in the
month, Sall was called before the PDS Disciplinary Committee, although
he did not appear. On this occasion, Sall was accused of divisive
personal initiatives within the party; he also allegedly committed
"acts aimed at undermining the image of the party and country",
referring in particular to Sall's visits to the
Senate of France
Senate of France and
the United States Democratic Party's 2008 Convention. A statement
released by Sall's political adviser condemned the move to discipline
Sall as an "attempt at political liquidation".
On 13 October 2008, the National Assembly voted to reduce the term of
the President of the National Assembly to one year; this was approved
by President Wade on 21 October. Despite Sall's determined efforts
to maintain his position, the National Assembly voted to dismiss
him as President of the National Assembly on 9 November 2008.
There were 111 votes in favor of his removal and 22 against it.
Sall promptly announced that he was resigning from the PDS; this
decision meant that he would lose his seat in the National Assembly,
as well as his seat on Fatick's municipal council and his post as
Mayor of Fatick. He also said that he would create a new
party. Mamadou Seck was elected to replace Sall as President of
the National Assembly on 16 November 2008.
Sall founded his own party, the Alliance for the Republic–Yaakaar
(APR), on 1 December 2008. The Interior Ministry accused Sall of money
laundering on 26 January 2009; Sall denied this and said that the
accusation was politically motivated. In late February 2009 it was
decided not to prosecute Sall due to lack of evidence.
Following the March 2009 local election in Fatick, Sall was re-elected
to his former post as Mayor in April 2009. He received 44 votes from
the 45 municipal councillors present; the Sopi Coalition's five
councillors were not present for the vote. In the same local
elections, the APR was also successful in the cite of Gossas, twelve
districts in the north of the country and three in the south.
Intending to stand in the 2012 Presidential elections, Sall travelled
Senegal and met with members of the Senegalese overseas
community. He employed Jean-Pierre Pierre-Bloch (fr), a former
member of the French National Assembly who had previously been a close
associate of Wade, as an advisor. In 2010, a poll indicated that
he was the frontrunner for the presidency in Dakar and its
Main article: Senegalese presidential election, 2012
In the 2012 Presidential elections, Sall ran as the candidate of the
"Macky 2012" coalition, with the slogan, "The Path of Real
Development" ("Yoonu Yookuté" in Wolof). He campaigned across the
country, without cutting off ties with the "23 Juin" (M23) opposition
movement, which protested against Wade in Dakar calling for him to be
barred from running for a third term.
The initial result of the 26 February 2012 election saw Sall obtain
26.5% of the vote against Wade's 34.8%, forcing a runoff. In the
runoff, Sall convinced all the eliminated candidates and disqualified
Youssou N'Dour to support him, forming a coalition named
"Benno Bokk Yakkar" (Wolof for "United in the Same Hope"). He achieved
this by promising to return to five-year presidential terms from the
previous seven-year term that Wade controversially restored; he also
said he would ensure that no leader could serve for more than two
terms. The runoff took place on 25 March 2012, and Wade phoned
Sall at 21:30 GMT to concede the race with congratulations, before
the Constitutional Council (fr) made the official proclamation
that Sall had won with 65.8% of the vote.
Sall was inaugurated as the fourth
President of Senegal
President of Senegal on 2 April at
the King Fahd Palace hotel. The next day he appointed technocrat
Abdoul Mbaye as his prime minister, who became the head of
a government limited to 25 ministers and announced his intention to
dissolve the National Assembly in order to hold legislative elections
on 1 July.
Two controversies marked Sall's first days in office: his visit to his
French counterpart, Nicolas Sarkozy, days before the latter's defeat
in the 2012 French presidential elections and the publication of his
net worth, an astonishing 1.3 billion CFA Francs, largely acquired
during his tenure as Wade's prime minister.
In the lead-up to the legislative elections in July, for which he
managed to preserve the Benno Bokk Yakaar coalition intact, Sall
carried out many symbolic gestures. In accordance with his promise to
reduce state spending, he curtailed some ministerial perks, announced
an audit of his predecessor's administration and cancelled 59 projects
and agencies which were judged unnecessary. He ended several
contracts within the Presidential Palace and limited the salaries of
the directors of agencies, but also increased the number of
minister-counsellors. He re-established the Court for the Repression
of Illgal Enrichment and announced the creation of a National
Anti-corruption Office (Ofnac) and a National Commission for the
restitution of property and recovery of wrongly acquired possessions,
as well as annulling some of the final decrees and contracts signed by
Wade. To reduce the cost of living, the government of Abdoul Mbaye
lowered the price of oil, rice and sugar. Retirement pensions were
revalued, farmers received emergency subsidies, and the 29 permits
issued to foreign deep sea trawlers by the preceding government were
annulled. In advance of the new school year, national conferences on
education were scheduled.
Macky Sall during a U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit dinner at the White
In the foreign policy sphere, Sall charged foreign minister Alioune
Badara Cissé (fr) with renewing Senegal's traditional links with
Mauretania and the Gambia and restoring Senegal's diplomatic
role in Africa. Two difficult legal cases challenged his
commitment to avoid interfering with the judiciary: the socialist
Barthélémy Dias was charged with the murder of a PDS member and the
marabout Béthio Thioune (fr), an old supporter of Wade was
accused of being involved in the deaths of two of his followers.
In February 2013, Sall secured $7.5 billion for his economic
development plan, dubbed "Emergent Senegal", designed to transform
Senegal into an emergent economy by 2035 through investments in
agriculture, infrastructure and tourism. Sall's government also
moved toward the establishment of a new universal healthcare system.
While the World Trade Organisation called Sall's plans "ambitious,"
popular dissatisfaction with the slow pace of progress was
In September 2013, Sall dismissed Mbaye and named the Minister of
Aminata Touré to the position of Prime Minister. On 4
July 2014, she was dismissed as prime minister by parliament after she
failed to win a council seat in Dakar in the local elections and Macky
Sall appointed one of his advisors,
Mohammed Dionne as Prime
In January 2016, Sall supported proposed constitutional reforms that
would limit any president to two consecutive terms in office, and
reduce the term of office from seven years to five, in accordance with
his promise at the 2012 election. The Constitutional Council
refused to allow Sall to shorten his own term of office, but allowed
the other changes to be put to a referendum, to the dismay of some of
Sall's former supporters. Protests and violent clashes preceded the
referendum, which passed on 20 March 2016 with 63% in favour and
turnout slightly in excess of 40%.
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Prime Minister of Senegal
Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré
President of the National Assembly
President of Senegal
Party political offices
Deputy Leader of the Senegalese Democratic Party
Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye
New political party
Leader of the Alliance for the Republic
Prime Ministers of
Léopold Sédar Senghor
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