MACKY SALL (born 11 December 1961 ) is a Senegalese politician who
has been President of
Sall was a long-time member of the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS). After coming into conflict with Wade, he was removed from his post as President of the National Assembly in November 2008; he consequently founded his own party named APR, and joined the opposition. Placing second in the first round of the 2012 presidential election , he won the backing of other opposition candidates and prevailed over Wade in the second round of voting, held on 25 March 2012.
* 1 Early life * 2 Early political career * 3 Premiership * 4 President of the National Assembly * 5 In opposition * 6 Presidency * 7 References
Sall was one of five children born to Amadou Abdoul Sall and Coumba Thimbo, who was a state worker and then a caretaker, and Coumba Thimbo, a peanut seller. He was raised in Fatick and Futa Tooro , as well as Mboro from age 2-5.
Sall's father was a member of the Socialist Party of
Sall trained as a geological engineer at the Institute of Earth
Sciences (IST) of the University of Dakar and then at the French
Institute of Petroleum (IFP)'s National College of Petrol and Engines
He met his wife Mariéme Faye Sall in 1992 when she was in high school in the city of Diourbel .
EARLY POLITICAL CAREER
Sall joined Wade's Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) in the late 1980s.
He became Secretary-General of the PDS Regional Convention in Fatick in 1998 and served as the PDS National Secretary in charge of Mines and Industry. He was actively involved in the "Sopi " campaign which brought Wade to power in the Senegalese presidential election, 2000 .
On 27 August 2003, Sall was moved from his position as Minister of State for Mines, Energy and Hydraulics to that of Minister of State for the Interior and Local Communities , while also becoming Government Spokesman.
On 21 April 2004,
Sall served as the director of Wade's re-election campaign for the February 2007 presidential election , in which Wade was victorious, obtaining a majority in the first round. After Wade was sworn in, Sall submitted his resignation on 10 April and was immediately reappointed, with the government unchanged. Sall remained Prime Minister until 19 June 2007, making him the longest-serving of Wade's prime ministers. During his tenure he set in motion several presidential policies which had been neglected by his predecessor, including the Corniche de Dakar motorway and the construction of the Blaise Diagne International Airport .
PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
In the June 2007 parliamentary election , Sall was elected to the National Assembly as a candidate on the national list of the Sopi Coalition . After the election, Wade appointed Minister Delegate for the Budget Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré as Prime Minister on 19 June, replacing Sall, who had resigned along with his government shortly beforehand. Sall said that he was proud of what he had accomplished as Prime Minister.
Sall was elected as President of the National Assembly one day later,
on 20 June 2007; he was the only candidate and received 143 votes from
the 146 deputies present. Sall and Wade came into conflict later in
2007 when Sall called Wade's son Karim , the President of the National
Agency of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC), for a
hearing in the National Assembly regarding construction sites in Dakar
for the OIC Summit planned to take place there in March 2008. This
was perceived as an attempt by Sall to weaken Karim's position and
possibly influence the eventual presidential succession in favor of
himself, provoking the enmity of Wade and his loyalists within the
PDS. In November 2007, the PDS Steering Committee abolished Sall's
position of Deputy Secretary-General, which had been the second most
powerful position in the party, and it decided to submit a bill to the
National Assembly that would reduce the term of the President of the
National Assembly from five years to one year. Following the death of
Sall nevertheless remained at odds with the PDS leadership in 2008. In September 2008, a PDS deputy presented the bill to reduce the term of the President of the National Assembly to one year, and later in the month, Sall was called before the PDS Disciplinary Committee, although he did not appear. On this occasion, Sall was accused of divisive personal initiatives within the party; he also allegedly committed "acts aimed at undermining the image of the party and country", referring in particular to Sall's visits to the Senate of France and the United States Democratic Party\'s 2008 Convention . A statement released by Sall's political adviser condemned the move to discipline Sall as an "attempt at political liquidation".
On 13 October 2008, the National Assembly voted to reduce the term of the President of the National Assembly to one year; this was approved by President Wade on 21 October. Despite Sall's determined efforts to maintain his position, the National Assembly voted to dismiss him as President of the National Assembly on 9 November 2008. There were 111 votes in favor of his removal and 22 against it. Sall promptly announced that he was resigning from the PDS; this decision meant that he would lose his seat in the National Assembly, as well as his seat on Fatick's municipal council and his post as Mayor of Fatick. He also said that he would create a new party. Mamadou Seck was elected to replace Sall as President of the National Assembly on 16 November 2008.
Sall founded his own party, the Alliance for the Republic–Yaakaar (APR), on 1 December 2008. The Interior Ministry accused Sall of money laundering on 26 January 2009; Sall denied this and said that the accusation was politically motivated. In late February 2009 it was decided not to prosecute Sall due to lack of evidence.
Following the March 2009 local election in Fatick, Sall was re-elected to his former post as Mayor in April 2009. He received 44 votes from the 45 municipal councillors present; the Sopi Coalition's five councillors were not present for the vote. In the same local elections, the APR was also successful in the cite of Gossas , twelve districts in the north of the country and three in the south.
Intending to stand in the 2012 Presidential elections , Sall
Main article: Senegalese presidential election, 2012
In the 2012 Presidential elections, Sall ran as the candidate of the "Macky 2012" coalition, with the slogan, "The Path of Real Development" ("Yoonu Yookuté" in Wolof ). He campaigned across the country, without cutting off ties with the "23 Juin" (M23) opposition movement, which protested against Wade in Dakar calling for him to be barred from running for a third term.
The initial result of the 26 February 2012 election saw Sall obtain 26.5% of the vote against Wade's 34.8%, forcing a runoff. In the runoff, Sall convinced all the eliminated candidates and disqualified candidate Youssou N\'Dour to support him, forming a coalition named "Benno Bokk Yakkar" (Wolof for "United in the Same Hope"). He achieved this by promising to return to five-year presidential terms from the previous seven-year term that Wade controversially restored; he also said he would ensure that no leader could serve for more than two terms . The runoff took place on 25 March 2012, and Wade phoned Sall at 21:30 GMT to concede the race with congratulations, before the Constitutional Council (fr) made the official proclamation that Sall had won with 65.8% of the vote.
Sall was inaugurated as the fourth President of
Two controversies marked Sall's first days in office: his visit to his French counterpart, Nicolas Sarkozy , days before the latter's defeat in the 2012 French presidential elections and the publication of his net worth, an astonishing 1.3 billion CFA Francs , largely acquired during his tenure as Wade's prime minister.
In the lead-up to the legislative elections in July, for which he
managed to preserve the Benno Bokk Yakaar coalition intact, Sall
carried out many symbolic gestures. In accordance with his promise to
reduce state spending, he curtailed some ministerial perks, announced
an audit of his predecessor's administration and cancelled 59 projects
and agencies which were judged unnecessary. He ended several
contracts within the Presidential Palace and limited the salaries of
the directors of agencies, but also increased the number of
minister-counsellors. He re-established the Court for the Repression
of Illgal Enrichment and announced the creation of a National
Anti-corruption Office (Ofnac) and a National Commission for the
restitution of property and recovery of wrongly acquired possessions,
as well as annulling some of the final decrees and contracts signed by
Wade. To reduce the cost of living, the government of Abdoul Mbaye
lowered the price of oil, rice and sugar. Retirement pensions were
revalued, farmers received emergency subsidies, and the 29 permits
issued to foreign deep sea trawlers by the preceding government were
annulled. In advance of the new school year, national conferences on
education were scheduled.
In the foreign policy sphere, Sall charged foreign minister Alioune
Badara Cissé (fr) with renewing Senegal's traditional links with
In February 2013, Sall secured $7.5 billion for his economic
development plan, dubbed "Emergent Senegal", designed to transform
In September 2013, Sall dismissed Mbaye and named the Minister of Justice, Aminata Touré to the position of Prime Minister. On 4 July 2014, she was dismissed as prime minister by parliament after she failed to win a council seat in Dakar in the local elections and Macky Sall appointed one of his advisors, Mohammed Dionne as Prime Minister.
In January 2016, Sall supported proposed constitutional reforms that would limit any president to two consecutive terms in office, and reduce the term of office from seven years to five, in accordance with his promise at the 2012 election. The Constitutional Council refused to allow Sall to shorten his own term of office, but allowed the other changes to be put to a referendum, to the dismay of some of Sall's former supporters. Protests and violent clashes preceded the referendum, which passed on 20 March 2016 with 63% in favour and turnout slightly in excess of 40%.
* ^ A B C D "Official Senegalese government page for Sall" (in
French). 2006. Archived from the original on 27 March 2007. Retrieved
12 February 2007.
* ^ A B "Les anciens présidents de l\'Assemblée nationale" (in
French). Senegalese government website. Archived from the original on
16 November 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2008.
* ^ "Senegal\'s President-elect
Preceded by Pape Diop PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 2007–2008 Succeeded by Mamadou Seck
Preceded by Abdoulaye Wade PRESIDENT OF SENEGAL 2012–present INCUMBENT
PARTY POLITICAL OFFICES
NEW POLITICAL PARTY LEADER OF THE ALLIANCE FOR THE REPUBLIC 2008–present INCUMBENT
* v * t * e
Prime Ministers of
* Dia * abolished, 1962-70 * Diouf * Thiam * Niasse * * abolished, 1983-91 * Thiam * Loum * Niasse * Boye * Seck * Sall * Soumaré * Ndiaye * Mbaye * Touré * Dionne
* * acting
* v * t * e
Presidents of Senegal