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Maahes
Maahes
(also spelled Mihos, Miysis, Mios, Maihes, or Mahes) (Greek: Μαχές, Μιχός, Μίυσις, Μίος, or Μάιχες) was an ancient Egyptian lion-headed god of war,[2] whose name means "he who is true beside her". He was seen as the son of the Creator god Ptah, as well as the feline goddess (Bast in Lower Egypt
Egypt
or Sekhmet
Sekhmet
in Upper Egypt) whose nature he shared. Maahes
Maahes
was a deity associated with war, protection, and weather, as well as that of knives, lotuses, and devouring captives. His cult was centred in Taremu
Taremu
and Per-Bast.

Contents

1 Origin 2 Name 3 Depictions 4 Sacred animals 5 References 6 External links

Origin[edit] The first recorded reference to Maahes
Maahes
is from the New Kingdom. Some Egyptologists have suggested that Maahes
Maahes
was of foreign origin;[3] indeed there is some evidence that he may have been identical with the lion-god Apedemak
Apedemak
worshipped in Nubia
Nubia
and Egypt's Western Desert. As a lion-god and patron, he was also considered the son of Ra and of Bast,[4] the feline war goddess and patron of Lower Egypt
Egypt
as well as Sekhmet, the lioness war goddess and patron of Upper Egypt. Since his cult was centred in Per-Bast
Per-Bast
(Bubastis in Greek) or in Taremu ( Leontopolis
Leontopolis
in Greek), he was more known as the son of Bast. As he became a tutelary deity of Egypt, his father was said to be the chief male deity at the time - either Ptah, or Ra who had by this time already merged with Atum
Atum
into Atum-Ra. In his role of son of Ra, Maahes
Maahes
fought the serpent Apep
Apep
during Ra's nightly voyage. Considered to have powerful attributes, feline deities were associated with the pharaohs, and became patrons of Egypt. The male lion hieroglyphic was used in words such as "prince", "mashead", "strength", and "power". Name[edit] The name of Maahes
Maahes
begins with the hieroglyphs for the male lion, although in isolation it also means (one who can) see in front. However, the first glyph also is part of the glyph for Ma'at, meaning truth and order and so it came to be that Maahes
Maahes
was considered to be the devourer of the guilty and protector of the innocent. Some of the titles of Maahes
Maahes
were Lord of Slaughter,[2][5] Wielder of the Knife, and The Scarlet Lord. Depictions[edit] Maahes
Maahes
was pictured as a man with the head of a male lion, occasionally holding a knife and wearing the double crown of Egypt, or the atef crown.[4] Sometimes he was identified with Nefertem[4] and was shown with a bouquet of lotuses near him, but he also was depicted as a lion devouring a captive. Sacred animals[edit]

Representation of Maahes
Maahes
(664–525 B.C.) with a lionhead in the Naturhistorisches Museum (Vienna)

Tame lions were kept in a temple dedicated to Maahes
Maahes
in Taremu, where Bast/ Sekhmet
Sekhmet
were worshipped, his temple was adjacent to that of Bast.[6] The ancient Greek historian Aelian wrote: "In Egypt, they worship lions, and there is a city called after them. (...) The lions have temples and numerous spaces in which to roam; the flesh of oxen is supplied to them daily (...) and the lions eat to the accompaniment of song in the Egyptian language", thus the Greek name of the city Leontopolis
Leontopolis
was derived. References[edit]

^ Erman, Adolf & Grapow, Hermann: Wörterbuch der Aegyptischen Sprache., Im Auftrage der Deutschen Akademien, Berlin: Akademie Verlag (1971), II., p.12 ^ a b Manfred Lurker (1987). Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Devils and Demons. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 0-7102-0877-4.  ^ Walter Yust ed., Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge, 1956, p.54 ^ a b c Alan W. Shorter (1978) [1937]. The Egyptian Gods: A Handbook. Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 0-7100-0037-5.  ^ The epithet was used for many Egyptian gods: Thoth
Thoth
(cf. Erik Hornung, The Secret Lore of Egypt: Its Impact on the West, 2001, p.6), Wepwawet
Wepwawet
(cf. Egypt: Temple of the Whole World : Studies in Honour of Jan Assmann, Brill 2003, ISBN 90-04-13240-6, p.106), Set (cf. Homer William Smith, Man and His Gods, 1952 p.20) etc. ^ Caroline Seawright, Maahes, God of War
War
and Protection, The Leonine Lord of Slaughter...- map of temples

External links[edit]

Media related to Maahes
Maahes
at Wikimedia Commons Caroline Seawright, Maahes, God of War
War
and Protection, The Leonine Lord of Slaughter...

v t e

Ancient Egyptian religion

Beliefs

Emanationism Isfet Maat Maa Kheru Mythology Numerology Paganism Pantheism Philosophy Polytheism Soul

Practices

Funerals Heku Mortuary temples Offering formula Temples Veneration of the dead

Deities

Ogdoad

Amun Amunet Heh Hauhet Kek Kauket Nu Naunet

Ennead

Atum Shu Tefnut Geb Nut Osiris Isis Set Nephthys

Aker Akhty Ammit Am-heh Anat Andjety Anhur Anput Anubis Anuket Apedemak Apep Apis Apt Aqen Arensnuphis Ash Astarte Aten Astennu Babi Banebdjedet Bastet Bat Bata Ba-Pef Bes Buchis Dedun Four sons of Horus

Duamutef Hapi Imset Qebehsenuef

Ha Hapi Hathor Hatmehit Hedetet Hedjhotep Heka Hemen Hemsut Heqet Hermanubis Hesat Horus Heryshaf Hu Iabet Iah Iat Ihy Imentet Imhotep Iunit Iusaaset Kebechet Khensit Khenti-Amentiu Khenti-kheti Khepri Kherty Khnum Khonsu Kothar-wa-Khasis Maahes Ma'at Mandulis Matit Medjed Mafdet Mehen Mehet-Weret Mehit Menhit Meret Meretseger Meskhenet Min Mnevis Montu Mut Nebethetepet Nebtuwi Nefertem Nehebkau Nehmetawy Neith Nemty Nekhbet Neper Pakhet Petbe Ptah Qebui Qetesh Ra Raet-Tawy Rem Renenutet Renpet Repyt Resheph Sah Satis Sekhmet Seker Serapis Serket Seshat Shai Shed Shesmetet Shezmu Sia Sobek Sopdet Sopdu Souls of Pe and Nekhen Tatenen Taweret Tayt Ta-Bitjet Tenenet Thoth

Hermes Trismegistus

Tjenenyet Tutu Unut Wadjet Wadj-wer Weneg Wepset Wepwawet Werethekau Wosret

Creatures

Aani Abtu Bennu Griffin Hieracosphinx Medjed Serpopard Sha Sphinx Uraeus

Characters

Dedi Djadjaemankh Rededjet Ubaoner

Locations

Neter-khertet Aaru Benben Duat Land of Manu The Indestructibles

Symbols and Objects

Ankh Atef Atet Book
Book
of Thoth Cartouche Crook and flail Deshret Djed Egyptian obelisk Egyptian pool Eye of Horus Eye of Ra Hedjet Hemhem crown Hennu Imiut fetish Khepresh Kneph Matet boat Menat Nebu Nemes Neshmet Ouroboros Pschent Scarab Seqtet boat Serekh Shen ring Tyet Ushabti Was-sceptre Winged sun

Writings

Amduat Books of Breathing Book
Book
of Caverns Book
Book
of the Dead Book
Book
of the Earth Book
Book
of Gates Book
Book
of the Heavenly Cow Book
Book
of Traversing Eternity Coffin Texts The Contendings of Horus
Horus
and Seth Enigmatic Book
Book
of the Netherworld Great Hymn to the Aten Litany of the Eye of Horus Litany of Re Pyramid Texts

Related religions

Atenism Gnosticism Hermeticism Kemetism Temple of Set

Book An

.