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MAAD SALOUM (variations :MAAD A SALOUM, MAD SALOUM, Maat Saloum, Bour Saloum, Bur Saloum, etc.) means king of Saloum, in the Serer language . The ancient Kingdom of Saloum
Kingdom of Saloum
now part of present-day Senegal
Senegal
was a pre-colonial Serer kingdom. Their kings bore the title Maad or Mad (also Maat though rarely used). The royal title was sometimes used interchangeably with that of their ancient kings and landed gentry - the lamanes .

From 1493 to 1969 (the Guelowar period, the last maternal dynasty in Saloum), at least forty-nine kings were crowned Maad Saloum
Saloum
(king of Saloum). During this Guelowar period, Maad Saloum
Saloum
Mbegan Ndour (many variations: Mbégan Ndour or Mbegani Ndour) was the first Serer king of the maternal clan Guelowar to have reigned in Saloum. He ruled from 1493. Maad Saloum
Saloum
Fode N'Gouye Joof was the last king of Saloum. He reigned from 1935 to 1969 - the year of his death.

KINGS OF SALOUM TITLED MAAD SALOUM

* Maad Saloum
Saloum
Mbegan Ndour, king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1493) * Maad Saloum
Saloum
Malaw tane Joof, (variation: Maléotane Diouf - French spelling in Senegal
Senegal
), king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1567) * Maad Saloum
Saloum
Balleh N'Gougou N'Dao (or Ballé Khordia Ndao), king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1825-1853) * Maad Saloum
Saloum
Bala Adam Njie, king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1853-1856) * Maad Saloum
Saloum
Kumba N'Dama Mbodj, king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1856-1859) * Maad Saloum
Saloum
Samba Laobe Latsouka Fall (not to be confused with the Damel of Cayor
Cayor
), king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1859-1864) * Maad Saloum
Saloum
Fode N'Gouye Joof, king of Saloum
Saloum
(reigned : 1935-1969 ; died in 1969)

* Senegal
Senegal
portal * Gambia portal * Serer portal * history portal * Monarchy portal

NOTES

* ^ Dioum, Baïdy, La trajectoire de Léopold Sédar Senghor: du terroir à l'universel, p 33, Harmattan, 2010, ISBN 2296120520 * ^ Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal. Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968, p. 8 * ^ Oliver, Roland, Fage, John Donnelly & Sanderson, G. N., The Cambridge History of Africa, Cambridge University Press, 1985, p. 214 ISBN 0521228034 * ^ Faal, Dawda, Peoples and empires of Senegambia: Senegambia
Senegambia
in history, AD 1000-1900, Saul's Modern Printshop, 1991, p. 17 * ^ Ajayi, F. Ade et Crowder, Michael, History of West Africa, vol. 1, Longman, 1985, p. 468 ISBN 0582646839 * ^ Galvan, Dennis C., The State Must be Our Master of Fire, University of California Press, 2004, p. 270 ISBN 9780520235915 * ^ Marcel Mahawa Diouf , Lances mâles : Léopold Sédar Senghor et les traditions sérères, Centre d'études linguistiques et historiques par tradition orale, Niamey, 1996, p. 54 * ^ A B C D Ba, Abdou Bouri, « Essai sur l’histoire du Saloum
Saloum
et du Rip » (avant-propos par Charles Becker et Victor Martin), Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 38, série B, numéro 4, octobre 1976 * ^ A B C D E F Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal. Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968, p. XV * ^ Sheridan, Michael J. et Nyamweru, Celia, African sacred groves: ecological dynamics ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

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