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MTR Corporation Limited is a majority state-owned Hong Kong company listed on the Hong Kong Exchange and the OTC Markets Pink Sheets, and a component of Hang Seng Index. The MTR Corporation runs Hong Kong's eponymous Mass Transit Railway (MTR), and is also a major property developer and landlord in Hong Kong. The MTR additionally invests in railways across different parts in the world, including franchised contracts to operate rapid transit systems in London, Sweden (Stockholm Metro and the MTRX Stockholm-Gothenburg rail link), Beijing, Hangzhou, Macau, Shenzhen, Sydney, and a suburban rail system in Melbourne.

History

The Mass Transit Railway Corporation () was established on 22 September 1972 as a government-owned statutory corporation to build and operate a mass transit railway system to meet Hong Kong's public transport needs. On 30 June 2000, the MTRC was succeeded by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL, ). As with the MTRC, the MTRCL's principal business is to operate the mass transit railway system. Following a successful initial public offering, the MTRCL was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on 5 October 2000, however the government is still the majority stakeholder in the MTRCL.

Partial privatisation

On 11 September 2000, the Financial Secretary of the Hong Kong Government, Mr Donald Tsang, announced the partial privatisation of MTR Corporation Limited. The offering was for one billion shares, but this was increased to 1.15 billion due to high demand. On 5 October 2000, the company was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange with 600,000 shareholders. In June 2001, MTR was added to the Hang Seng Index. At the time of the initial public offering, the company was operating with a budget surplus of HK$360 million (US$46.1 million), which had increased from a surplus of HK$278 million (US$35.6 million) in 1997. The MTR has continued to be one of the few profitable public transport systems in the world.

MTR-KCR merger

There had been some discussion of merging the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC), which was also government-owned, and the MTR to make the territory's transport system more efficient. The MTRCL backed such a merge while the KCRC opposed the plan. In March 2004, the Hong Kong Government officially encouraged the two companies to merge. On 11 April 2006, the Hong Kong Government officially announced the details of the proposed merger. Under the non-binding Memorandum of Understanding the Government has signed with KCRC, KCRC would grant a Service Concession to the MTRCL to operate the Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR) system, with an initial period of 50 years. The KCRC would receive a one-time upfront payment of HK$4.25 billion, a fixed annual payment of HK$750 million and a variable annual payment based on revenues generated from operation of the KCR system. In addition, MTRCL would make a payment of $7.79 billion for the acquisition of property and other related commercial interests. The KCRC's lines were less profitable than those of the MTRC, and the KCRC was less active in property development. It was widely considered that the Government's choice was to avoid being criticised for selling assets of the KCRC, which it wholly owned, to MTRCL for an unreasonably low price. Leasing the operation rights of the KCR system to the MTRCL avoided actually selling the KCRC. On 2 December 2007, the Chinese name of the MTRCL was changed to 香港鐵路有限公司 (literal translation: ''Hong Kong Railway Corporation Limited'') after being granted the Service Concession while the English name will remain unchanged. The KCRC is now a holding company of the KCR system, without actual railway operations. The merger was approved by shareholders of the MTRCL on 9 October 2007. The merger is effective for 50 years. This also resulted in changing the system's Chinese name from "地鐵" ("Subway") to "港鐵" "(Hong Kong Railway"). All adult Octopus Card holders would be the first to benefit from the merger.Railway Merger Proposal in Hong Kong Gets Green Light
Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in United States.
Student and Concessionary Octopus holders would also benefit from the merger by further reducing $0.1 from their 50% off fares.Fact Sheet (Eng)
Merger of the MTR and KCR systems.
Student Octopus holders would continue to pay the current reduced concessionary fares on the MTR network. Elderly Octopus holders would be introduced to a new fare system which only the elderly can enjoy a $2 fare to anywhere on the MTR network (excluding Airport Express, Light Rail, and Cross-Boundary Stations).Elders ride on the MTR on Sundays and public holidays for just $2 for the whole journey



Senior Leadership


* ''Chairman:'' Rex Au-yeung (since July 2019) * ''Chief Executive:'' Jacob Kam (since April 2019)


List of Former Chairmen


# Sir Philip Haddon-Cave (1972–1974); project manager #Sir Norman Thompson (1974–1983); first official Chairman #Sir Wilfrid Newton (1983–1989) #Hamish Mathers (1989–1995) # Jack So (1995–2003) # Raymond Ch'ien (2003–2015) # Frederick Ma (2016–2019)


List of Former Chief Executive's


''The position of Chief Executive was created in 1995.'' #Jack So (1995–2003) # Sir Chow Chung-kong (2003–2011) # Jay Walder (2012–2014) # Lincoln Leong (2015–2019)

Operations by market



Hong Kong

MTR Corporation is responsible for the operation of MTR (and the Kowloon–Canton Railway since 2 December 2007). The rail lines are profitable, but the MTR Corporation derives most of its profits from property development (usually adjacent to railway stations) and other commercial activities in Hong Kong, including the letting of retail and poster advertising space, ATM banking facilities, and personal telecommunication services.

Rail services

Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong. Originally opened in 1979, the system currently (at August 2018) includes of rail with 159 stations, including 91 railway stations and 68 light rail stops. There are also several future projects of the MTR. File:Hong Kong Railway Route Map en.svg|Map File:Long Ping Station.jpg|Station (Long Ping station) File:Airport Express Train.jpg|An Airport Express Train File:CRH380A-0259@GZN (20180923094804).jpg|High-speed rail service by MTR launched on 23 September 2018. The image shows an MTR Vibrant Express train at Guangzhou South railway station

Property management

Property is one of the main businesses of the MTR generating most of the profits. In 2009 of a net profit of HK$7.3 billion, MTR made HK$3.55 billion from property and HK$2.12 billion from transport operations. The MTR tries to develop suitable sites related to their new railway projects and their existing railway. For instance, the reclaimed land situated in West Kowloon that is owned by the MTR will be developed into an area with residential, office and retail space. Two of Hong Kong's largest banks, HSBC and the Bank of China are to have office towers there. Furthermore, will be more than 7,000 housing units in the development. The MTR also owns several shopping centres, as well as the International Finance Centre.

=Shopping centres

= The MTR Corporation invested heavily to develop large shopping centres around MTR stations. The most recent example is the PopCorn mall located at Tseung Kwan O station. It is connected to the adjacent malls, high-end housing and hotels. Another example of such a shopping centre is Maritime Square () located at Tsing Yi station. Maritime Square is a nautical-themed mall in which there are supermarkets, boutiques, bookstores, a cinema, and restaurants. Since Tsing Yi station serves as the transportation hub for Tsing Yi, Maritime Square is also easily accessible by other transportation means including buses and taxis. Other shopping centres developed and managed by the corporation include CityLink, Elements, Hanford Plaza, Ocean Walk, Paradise Mall, Plaza Ascot, Sun Tuen Mun Shopping Centre, Telford Plaza, The Lane, the LOHAS, and Luk Yeung Galleria.

United Kingdom



Current operations

*TfL Rail: In May 2015, TfL Rail commenced an eight-year contract to operate the Crossrail concession, with an option for a further two years. TfL Rail currently operates the Liverpool Street to Shenfield and Paddington to Heathrow Airport sections. When the new service from Paddington to Abbey Wood via Liverpool Street is finished the entire line will be renamed the Elizabeth Line. *South Western Railway: In August 2017, South Western Railway, in which MTR has a 30% shareholding in a joint venture with FirstGroup, commenced operating the South Western franchise.

Former operations

*London Overground: MTR and Laing Rail established a 50/50 joint venture (MTR Laing) to bid for the London Overground concession. MTR Laing won the bid and trading as London Overground Rail Operations operated the concession from November 2007. After Laing Rail and Arriva UK Trains were brought under the same ownership of Deutsche Bahn in 2007 and 2010 respectively, Arriva took over the Laing Rail's share of the concession. In June 2015, MTR was shortlisted to bid for the next London Overground concession in its own right, but lost out to its partner Arriva. Arriva Rail London took over full operation in November 2016.

Unsuccessful or withdrawn bids

*In 2004, MTR in a joint venture with Sea Containers unsuccessfully bid for the Integrated Kent franchise. *In 2007, MTR was shortlisted to bid for the West Midlands franchise, but did not lodge a bid. *In February 2009, MTR Corporation were shortlisted to operate the Tyne & Wear Metro concession in Newcastle upon Tyne. *In November 2013, MTR was announced as a bidder for the ScotRail franchise. *In April 2016, MTR was again shortlisted to bid for the West Midlands franchise, however again withdrew. *In October 2016, MTR was shortlisted to operate the Wales & Borders franchise. *In June 2017 a joint venture between MTR and Guangshen Railway Company was shortlisted to bid for the West Coast Partnership franchise to commence in 2019. In December 2018 Spanish operator Renfe Operadora joined their bid. In August 2019, it was announced that MTR was unsuccessful in the bid, losing to a joint bid by First and Trenitalia.

Sweden

MTR Nordic AB is a subsidiary of MTR Corporation UK based in Stockholm that operates in the public transportation sector through four subsidiaries. The CEO of MTR Nordic is Henrik Dahlin. * MTR Tunnelbanan AB (known as MTR Stockholm AB until June 2016) is responsible for the operation, planning and maintenance of the Stockholm Metro. In January 2009, Tunnelbanan Teknik Stockholm, a 50/50 joint venture between MTR and Mantena, was awarded the contract from Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL) to operate the network for eight years with an option to extend for another six years. MTR started operating the metro on 2 November 2009, and in September 2015 the six-year extension was granted. In January 2016, MTR bought out its joint venture partner. The division has approximately 3,000 employees with Caroline Åstrand as its CEO. * MTR Tech AB, formerly Tunnelbanan Teknik Stockholm AB (TBT), carries out maintenance of the Stockholm Metro rolling stock. Its CEO is Erika Enestad. * MTR Express (Sweden) AB operates long-distance trains between Stockholm and Gothenburg with its own ticket sales using the brand name MTR Express. The service, operational since 21 March 2015, uses six X74 (Stadler Flirt) electric multiple units travelling at up to 200 km/h. The division has 90 employees based in both Stockholm and Gothenburg, led by CEO Joakim Sundh. * MTR Pendeltågen AB has been the operator of Stockholm commuter rail network since 11 December 2016. In December 2015, the Traffic Commission in the Stockholm County Council decided that MTR would take overall responsibility for the network, trains, and stations in a contract for 10 years, with an option to extend for another four years. SJ requested a review of the decision, but it was rejected by the Stockholm Administrative Court. MTR took over the service from the previous operator Stockholmståg. MTR Pendeltågen AB CEO is Mats Johannesson.


Australia


In June 2009, the Metro Trains Melbourne consortium of MTR (60%), John Holland and United Rail (20% each) were selected to operate the Melbourne suburban railway network, taking over from Connex Melbourne on 30 November 2009. In September 2016, the government opened negotiations with Metro Trains Melbourne to extend the contract for seven years until November 2024. In June 2014, Northwest Rapid Transit, a consortium consisting of MTR (60%), John Holland Group, Leighton Contractors, Plenary Group and UGL Rail, was selected to deliver the Sydney North West Rail Link operations contract. As part of the consortium, MTR Corporation, John Holland and UGL Rail formed the Metro Trains Sydney joint venture to operate services on the line for 15 years. The North West Rail Link (now renamed Sydney Metro Northwest) opened in May 2019.

China



Beijing

The company has also formed a joint-venture Beijing MTR Corporation Limited (49%) with Beijing Capital Group ("BCG") (49%) and the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co ("BIIC") (2%) to build and operate for 30 years Line 4, Daxing line, Line 14, and Line 16 of the Beijing Subway. Line 17, which is currently under construction, is also confirmed to be operated by the Beijing MTR Corporation Limited.

Hangzhou

The company formed a new joint-venture Hangzhou MTR with Hangzhou Metro Group in 2012 to operate Line 1 of the Hangzhou Metro for 28 years, in which MTR holds 49% of the stock, while Hangzhou Metro Group holds the other 51% of the stock. Line 5 of the Hangzhou Metro is operated by Hangzhou MTR Line 5 Ltd, which MTR holds 60% of the stock.

Macau

MTR Railway Operations (Macau) Company Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of MTR Corporation, operates the Taipa Line of the Macau Light Rapid Transit (MLRT or MLM) in Macau since the line's opening on 10 December 2019. MTR will operate and maintain the line for 80 months.

Shenzhen

The company concluded initials concession agreement to build phase 2 of the Line 4 of the Shenzhen Metro, and to operate the whole line on a BOT basis for 30 years from 1 July 2010. The phase 2 of Line 4 have been in operation for passengers since 16 June 2011. Line 13, which is currently under construction, is also confirmed to be operated by MTR Corporation (Shenzhen).

References



External links

*
MTR Customer Website (English)

Press release on Wuhan
(Adobe Systems Acrobat PDF format)
History and Development of the Company
EDGAR Online.
Transport for London press release
MTR Properties and MTR Property Management


Paradise Mall Website

Luk Yeung Galleria Website

Telford Plaza Website

Residents Portal
Documentaries
MTR Underground Iron – The Building of a Railway (1/5)

MTR Underground Iron – The Building of a Railway (2/5)

MTR Underground Iron – The Building of a Railway (3/5)

MTR Underground Iron – The Building of a Railway (4/5)

MTR Underground Iron – The Building of a Railway (5/5)
{{Authority control Category:Companies listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange Category:Government-controlled corporations of Hong Kong Category:Hong Kong brands Category:Land developers of Hong Kong Category:Multinational companies headquartered in Hong Kong Category:Railway companies of Hong Kong Category:1972 establishments in Hong Kong Category:Transport companies established in 1972 Category:Beijing Subway Category:Hangzhou Metro Category:Shenzhen Metro Category:Light rail in Macau Category:Transport companies of Australia Category:Transport operators of Sweden Category:Transport operators of the United Kingdom