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MGM-British was a subsidiary of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(MGM) initially established at Denham Film Studios
Denham Film Studios
in 1936. It was in limbo during the Second World War; however, following the end of hostilities, a facility was acquired in Borehamwood, which remained in use until it was closed in 1970.

Contents

1 Pre-war 2 Post-war 3 Principal productions 4 References

Pre-war[edit] The films produced at Denham were A Yank at Oxford
A Yank at Oxford
(1938), The Citadel (1938), Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939) and Busman's Honeymoon (US: Haunted Honeymoon, 1940). Production was initially headed by Michael Balcon. However, he left after a single film and was replaced by Victor Saville. The subsidiary was in abeyance during the war. Meanwhile, Amalgamated Studios Ltd constructed a large studio on the north side of Elstree Way between 1935 and 1937. A January 1937 deal for eight films to be made for the American studio Columbia Pictures soon collapsed. The company was unable to meet the cost of building work, and sold the facility to the Rank Organisation, which was not interested in using the studios itself, but wanted to stop John Maxwell's rival British International Pictures (BIP) from being able to compete more effectively with its own new Pinewood Studios.[1] During the war, the studios were leased from Rank by the Ministry of Works which used them for storage.[2] Post-war[edit] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
purchased the former Amalgamated Studios, Borehamwood
Borehamwood
in April 1944.[3] MGM's Edward, My Son
Edward, My Son
(1949), with Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
and Deborah Kerr, was the first film to be produced at the studio. Films made at the MGM-British studios for the parent company include Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
(1952) and The Dirty Dozen
The Dirty Dozen
(1967). Production designer Alfred Junge's castle setting for the former was to dominate the Borehamwood skyline for some years afterwards. The facilities were hired by other companies; 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
shot the films Anastasia
Anastasia
(1956) and The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958) at Borehamwood. When Ealing Studios sold its own studios in 1956, they moved production of their last few films to MGM-British (with their logo now reading Ealing Films rather than Ealing Studios). Lew Grade's ITC used it for television series, including The Prisoner
The Prisoner
(1967–68). One of the last films shot there, MGM's 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), has been cited as one of the primary causes behind the closure of the studio, owing to Stanley Kubrick's production occupying more and more of the available studio space—eventually using all of it—for almost two years. The studio was in operation until 1970, one of the last productions being the UFO television series. At that time, MGM made a production and distribution deal with EMI, and began to use its facility (commonly known as Elstree Studios) becoming MGM-EMI, an arrangement which only lasted until 1973, with MGM having a financial interest in only a few films. The Borehamwood
Borehamwood
site was cleared. Principal productions[edit]

Spring in Park Lane (1948) Edward, My Son
Edward, My Son
(1949) Conspirator (1949) Under Capricorn (1949) The Miniver Story
The Miniver Story
(1950) Ivanhoe
Ivanhoe
(1952) Knights of the Round Table (1953) Mogambo
Mogambo
(1953) Beau Brummell (1954) The Dark Avenger
The Dark Avenger
(1955) Gentlemen Marry Brunettes (1955) The Adventures of Quentin Durward
The Adventures of Quentin Durward
(1955) Bhowani Junction (1956) Anastasia
Anastasia
(1956) The Man Who Never Was (1956) The Man in the Sky (1957) The Little Hut
The Little Hut
(1957) Fire Down Below (1957) Lucky Jim (1957) The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
(1958) tom thumb (1958) Gideon's Day (1958) The Angry Hills (1959) Solomon and Sheba
Solomon and Sheba
(1959) The Millionairess
The Millionairess
(1960) The World of Suzie Wong (1960) Mr. Topaze
Mr. Topaze
(1961) Murder, She Said
Murder, She Said
(1961) Nine Hours to Rama
Nine Hours to Rama
(1962) I Thank a Fool
I Thank a Fool
(1962) The VIPs (1963) In the Cool of the Day
In the Cool of the Day
(1963) Come Fly With Me (1963) Murder at the Gallop
Murder at the Gallop
(1963) The Haunting (1963) The Americanization of Emily
The Americanization of Emily
(1964) A Shot in the Dark (1964) Of Human Bondage (1964) The Masque of the Red Death (1964) 633 Squadron
633 Squadron
(1964) The Yellow Rolls-Royce
The Yellow Rolls-Royce
(1964) Young Cassidy
Young Cassidy
(1964) The Hill (1965) The Liquidator (1965) Operation Crossbow (1965) Where the Spies Are
Where the Spies Are
(1965) The Dirty Dozen
The Dirty Dozen
(1967) Quatermass and the Pit (1967) Dance of the Vampires (1967) Where Eagles Dare
Where Eagles Dare
(1968) The Prisoner
The Prisoner
(TV, 1967–68) Dark of the Sun
Dark of the Sun
(aka, The Mercenaries, 1968) 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) Alfred the Great (1969) Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969) Julius Caesar (1970) UFO (TV, 1969–70)

References[edit]

^ Warren, Patricia (2001). British Film Studios: An Illustrated History. London: B.T. Batsford. p. 82.  ^ Warren, p.83 ^ "MGM Buy Film Studios at Elstree". The Manchester Guardian. April 18, 1944. p. 5. 

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