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MENA
MENA
is an English-language acronym referring to the MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA region. The term MENA
MENA
covers an extensive region, extending from Morocco
Morocco
to Iran
Iran
, including all Middle Eastern Mashriq and Maghreb
Maghreb
countries. This toponym is roughly synonymous with the term the Greater Middle East
Middle East
.

The population of the MENA
MENA
region at its least extent is estimated to be around 381 million people. This constitutes about 6% of the total world population. The MENA
MENA
acronym is often used in academia , military planning, disaster relief, and business writing.

CONTENTS

* 1 Controversy * 2 List of countries * 3 Economy * 4 Religion

* 5 Other terms

* 5.1 MENAP * 5.2 MENAT

* 6 Instability in the region * 7 See also * 8 References

CONTROVERSY

Due to the geographic ambiguity and Eurocentric nature of the term "Middle East", some people prefer use of the terms ARAB WORLD, WANA ( West Asia
West Asia
and North Africa) or the less common NAWA (North Africa-West Asia). Both the Arab World
Arab World
and MENA
MENA
region remain the most common terms and are used by most organizations, academia, and political entities flexibly, including those in the region itself. The World Bank , UNDP
UNDP
and even the UNSC
UNSC
all use both terms.

LIST OF COUNTRIES

MENA
MENA
has no standardized definition; different organizations define the region as consisting of different territories. The following is a list of commonly included countries and territories.

* Algeria
Algeria
* Bahrain
Bahrain
* Egypt
Egypt
* Iran
Iran
* Iraq
Iraq
* Israel
Israel
* Jordan
Jordan
* Kuwait
Kuwait
* Lebanon
Lebanon
* Libya
Libya
* Morocco
Morocco
* Oman
Oman
* Palestine * * Qatar
Qatar
* Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
* Syria
Syria
* Tunisia
Tunisia
* United Arab Emirates * Yemen
Yemen

Sometimes also included in broader definitions of MENA:

* Afghanistan
Afghanistan
* Armenia
Armenia
* Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
* Chad
Chad
* Cyprus
Cyprus
* Djibouti
Djibouti
* Eritrea
Eritrea
* Ethiopia
Ethiopia
* Georgia * Mauritania
Mauritania
* Pakistan
Pakistan
* Somalia
Somalia
* Sudan
Sudan
* Turkey
Turkey
* Western Sahara
Western Sahara
*

*Non-sovereign territories .

ECONOMY

See also: Economy of the Middle East
Middle East

The MENA
MENA
region has vast reserves of petroleum and natural gas that make it a vital source of global economic stability . According to the Oil and Gas Journal (January 1, 2009), the MENA
MENA
region has 60% of the world's oil reserves (810.98 billion barrels (128.936 km3)) and 45% of the world's natural gas reserves ( 2,868,886 billion cubic feet (81,237.8 km3) ).

As of 2011, 8 of the 12 OPEC
OPEC
nations are within the MENA
MENA
region.

RELIGION

Islam
Islam
is by far the dominant religion in nearly all of the MENA territories; 91.2% of the population is Muslim
Muslim
. The Middle East-North Africa
Africa
region comprises 20 countries and territories with an estimated Muslim
Muslim
population of 315 million or about 23% of the world’s Muslim population. The term "MENA" is often defined in part in relation to majority Muslim
Muslim
countries. Of the countries noted in the strict definition, all except Israel
Israel
are majority Muslim, and in the broadest definition the only other exceptions would be Georgia , Armenia
Armenia
, Cyprus
Cyprus
and (possibly) Eritrea
Eritrea
. Lebanon
Lebanon
had a Christian
Christian
majority population before its 1975 civil war, it currently has a strong majority of approximately 40% Christians.

OTHER TERMS

MENAP

From April 2013, the International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
started using a new analytical region called MENAP (Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan), which adds Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Pakistan
Pakistan
to MENA
MENA
countries. Now MENAP is prominent economic grouping in IMF reports.

MENAT

The term MENAT has been used to include Turkey
Turkey
in the list of MENA countries.

INSTABILITY IN THE REGION

Due to rich resources, mainly oil and gas, combined with its location between three continents, ( Asia
Asia
, Africa
Africa
and Europe
Europe
), the MENA
MENA
region has been in conflict since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
; notably due to the creation of Israel
Israel
, a Jewish state among Arab and Muslim
Muslim
countries; Israeli–Palestinian conflict ; the Iran- Iraq
Iraq
War ; Iran– Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
proxy conflict ; and the rise of terrorism . Conflict in the region had come to its highest peak so far in the 21st century, with incidents such as the U.S. intervention of Iraq
Iraq
in 2003 and subsequent Iraq
Iraq
War and the rise of ISIS
ISIS
; the Arab Spring , which spread war to throughout the region such as the Syrian Civil War , Libyan Civil War
Libyan Civil War
and Yemeni Civil War .

SEE ALSO

Look up MENA
MENA
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* Sahel
Sahel
* List of business region acronyms * Europe, the Middle East
Middle East
and Africa
Africa
(EMEA) * Middle East
Middle East
economic integration * Greater Middle East
Middle East
* Near East
Near East
* Arab world
Arab world
* Arab Spring * Arab Winter

REFERENCES

* ^ A B " World Bank Definition: MENA". Worldbank.org. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ "World Economic Forum on the Middle East
Middle East
and North Africa, Marrakech, Morocco, 26-28 October 2010". World Economic Forum on the Middle East
Middle East
and North Africa
North Africa
2010 - World Economic Forum. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ " West Asia
West Asia
and North Africa: A Regional Vision". Worldbank.org. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ "Welcome". Agu.org. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ Malone, David (25 October 2003). " Arab World
Arab World
Data". World Bank . Washington D.C. Retrieved 3 January 2011. * ^ "Financial education in the Arab World: Strategies, Implementation and Impact". World Bank. Retrieved 20-21, 2016. Check date values in: access-date= (help ) * ^ "United Nations Development Programme in the Arab States". UNDP. Retrieved 11-3, 2016. Check date values in: access-date= (help ) * ^ Malone, David (25 October 2003). "Reforming the Security Council: Where Are the Arabs?". The Daily Star . Beirut. Retrieved 3 January 2011. * ^ Dumper, Michael, and Stanley, Bruce E., Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopaedia, 2007 * ^ " MENA
MENA
Magazine, which covers issues in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Somalia". Middle East
Middle East
and North Africa
North Africa
magazine. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ "International Reserves". United States Department of Energy . Retrieved 2011. Check date values in: access-date= (help ) * ^ "Middle East- North Africa
North Africa
Overview". Pew Forum. 7 October 2009.

* ^ "Politics and Islam
Islam
in Central Asia
Asia
and MENA". 24 April 2012. * ^ "World Economic Outlook Database". Imf.org. Retrieved 28 November 2014. * ^ http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf * ^ https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2013/mcd/eng/pdf/menap1113_h.pdf * ^ "MENAT Regional Council". Syracuse University Dubai. Retrieved June 14, 2016. * ^ "About GE in the Middle East, North Africa
North Africa
and Turkey
Turkey
(MENAT)". General Electric. Retrieved June 14, 2016.

* v * t * e

Regions of the world

* v * t * e

Regions of Africa
Africa

NORTH

* Mediterranean * Gibraltar Arc

* Greater Middle East
Middle East

* MENA * Middle East
Middle East

* Maghreb
Maghreb

* Barbary Coast * Barbara * Ancient Libya
Libya
* Atlas Mountains ( Middle Atlas ) * Sahara
Sahara
* Western Sahara
Western Sahara
* Sahel
Sahel

* Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean

* Egypt
Egypt

* Upper Egypt
Egypt
* Middle Egypt
Egypt
* Lower Egypt
Egypt
* Cataracts of the Nile * Bashmur

* Nubia
Nubia

* Lower Nubia
Nubia

* Nile Valley * Nile Delta * Darfur
Darfur
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Sub-Saharan

EAST

* Aethiopia * Swahili coast * East African Rift
East African Rift
* Great Rift Valley * Afar Triangle * Danakil Desert * Danakil Alps

* Albertine Rift
Albertine Rift

* Virunga Mountains

* Gregory Rift Valley * Southern Rift Valley

* Rift Valley lakes

* African Great Lakes

* Mittelafrika
Mittelafrika

* Horn of Africa
Africa

* Ethiopian Highlands * Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Tadjoura

* Sudan
Sudan
(region) * Sudanian Savanna * East African montane forests * Sub-Saharan

CENTRAL

* Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Cape Lopez * Mayombe
Mayombe

* Igboland
Igboland

* Mbaise

* Maputaland
Maputaland
* Pool Malebo
Pool Malebo
* Congo Basin
Congo Basin
* Chad
Chad
Basin * Congolese rainforests
Congolese rainforests
* Ouaddaï highlands * Ennedi Plateau * Sub-Saharan

WEST

* Pepper Coast * Gold Coast * Slave Coast * Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
* Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
* Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Sudanian Savanna * Niger Basin * Guinean Forests of West Africa
Africa
* Sudan
Sudan
(region) * Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Inner Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Sub-Saharan

SOUTH

* Madagascar
Madagascar

* Central Highlands (Madagascar) * Northern Highlands

* Rhodesia

* North * South

* Thembuland * Succulent Karoo * Nama Karoo
Nama Karoo
* Bushveld * Highveld * Fynbos
Fynbos
* Cape Floristic Region * Kalahari Desert * Okavango Delta
Okavango Delta
* False Bay * Hydra Bay
Hydra Bay
* Sub-Saharan

* Anglophone Africa
Africa
* Francophone Africa
Africa
* Lusophone Africa
Africa
* Arabophone Africa
Africa
* Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa
* Tropical Africa
Africa
* Islands

* v * t * e

Regions of North America
North America

CANADA

* Eastern Canada
Canada
* Western Canada
Canada
* Canadian Prairies * Northern Canada
Canada
* Atlantic Canada
Canada
* French Canada
Canada
* English Canada
Canada

* Acadia
Acadia

* Acadian Peninsula

* Quebec City–Windsor Corridor
Quebec City–Windsor Corridor
* Peace River Country
Peace River Country
* Cypress Hills * Palliser\'s Triangle * Canadian Shield
Canadian Shield
* Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga
* Newfoundland (island) * Vancouver island
Vancouver island
* Gulf Islands
Gulf Islands
* Strait of Georgia * Canadian Arctic Archipelago * Labrador Peninsula * Gaspé Peninsula
Gaspé Peninsula

* Avalon Peninsula
Avalon Peninsula

* Bay de Verde Peninsula

* Brodeur Peninsula * Melville Peninsula
Melville Peninsula
* Bruce Peninsula
Bruce Peninsula
* Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) * Cook Peninsula * Gulf of Boothia * Georgian Bay * Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* James Bay * Greenland
Greenland

UNITED STATES

* Pacific Northwest
Pacific Northwest
* Inland Northwest

* Northeast

* New England
New England
* Commonwealth

* West

* Midwest * Upper Midwest * Mid-Atlantic * Mountain States * Intermountain West * Basin and Range Province

* Oregon Trail * Mormon Corridor * Calumet Region

* Southwest

* Old Southwest

* Llano Estacado * Frontier Strip
Frontier Strip

* Central United States

* Tallgrass prairie

* South

* South Central * Deep South * Upland South

* Four Corners
Four Corners
* East Coast * West Coast * Gulf Coast * Third Coast * Coastal states

* Eastern United States

* Appalachia

* Trans-Mississippi * Great North Woods * Great Plains * Interior Plains * Great Lakes

* Great Basin

* Great Basin Desert

* Acadia
Acadia
* Ozarks
Ozarks
* Ark-La-Tex * Waxhaws * Siouxland
Siouxland
* Twin Tiers * Driftless Area
Driftless Area
* Palouse * Piedmont * Atlantic coastal plain * Outer Lands * Black Dirt Region * Blackstone Valley * Piney Woods * Rocky Mountains * Mojave Desert * The Dakotas * The Carolinas
The Carolinas
* Shawnee Hills * San Fernando Valley * Tornado Alley
Tornado Alley
* North Coast * Lost Coast * Emerald Triangle

* San Francisco Bay Area

* San Francisco Bay * North Bay ( San Francisco Bay Area) * East Bay ( San Francisco Bay Area) * Silicon valley
Silicon valley

* Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga
* Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
* Lower Colorado River Valley * Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta * Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta * Colville Delta * Arkansas Delta * Mobile–Tensaw River Delta * Mississippi Delta * Mississippi River Delta * Columbia River Estuary * Great Basin * High Desert * Monterey Peninsula * Upper Peninsula of Michigan * Lower Peninsula of Michigan * Virginia Peninsula * Keweenaw Peninsula * Middle Peninsula
Middle Peninsula
* Delmarva Peninsula
Delmarva Peninsula
* Alaska Peninsula * Kenai Peninsula
Kenai Peninsula
* Niagara Peninsula
Niagara Peninsula
* Beringia

* Belt regions

* Bible Belt * Black Belt * Corn Belt * Cotton Belt
Cotton Belt
* Frost Belt * Rice Belt
Rice Belt
* Rust Belt * Sun Belt * Snow Belt

MEXICO

* Northern Mexico
Mexico
* Baja California Peninsula

* Gulf of California

* Colorado River Delta

* Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
* Soconusco
Soconusco
* Tierra Caliente * La Mixteca
La Mixteca
* La Huasteca
La Huasteca
* Bajío
Bajío
* Valley of Mexico
Mexico
* Mezquital Valley * Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca
* Yucatán Peninsula
Yucatán Peninsula
* Basin and Range Province

CENTRAL

* Western Caribbean Zone * Isthmus of Panama

* Gulf of Panama

* Pearl Islands
Pearl Islands

* Azuero Peninsula
Azuero Peninsula
* Mosquito Coast
Mosquito Coast

CARIBBEAN

* West Indies
West Indies

* Antilles
Antilles

* Greater Antilles
Antilles

* Lesser Antilles
Antilles

* Leeward * Leeward Antilles
Antilles
* Windward

* Lucayan Archipelago
Lucayan Archipelago
* Southern Caribbean
Caribbean

* Aridoamerica * Mesoamerica * Oasisamerica * Northern * Middle * Anglo

* Latin

* French * Hispanic

* American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of South America
South America

NORTH

* Caribbean
Caribbean
South America
South America
* West Indies
West Indies
* Los Llanos * The Guianas

* Amazon Basin

* Amazon rainforest

* Gulf of Paria * Paria Peninsula
Paria Peninsula
* Paraguaná Peninsula
Paraguaná Peninsula
* Orinoco Delta
Orinoco Delta

SOUTH

* Tierra del Fuego * Patagonia
Patagonia
* Pampas * Pantanal
Pantanal
* Gran Chaco * Chiquitano dry forests
Chiquitano dry forests
* Valdes Peninsula

WEST

* Andes
Andes

* Tropical Andes
Andes
* Wet Andes
Andes
* Dry Andes
Andes
* Pariacaca mountain range

* Altiplano
Altiplano
* Atacama Desert

EAST

* Amazon basin * Atlantic Forest * Caatinga
Caatinga
* Cerrado

* Latin * Hispanic * American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of Asia
Asia

CENTRAL

* Greater Middle East
Middle East

* Aral Sea
Aral Sea

* Aralkum Desert
Aralkum Desert
* Caspian Sea * Dead Sea
Dead Sea
* Sea of Galilee

* Transoxiana

* Turan
Turan

* Greater Khorasan * Ariana * Khwarezm * Sistan
Sistan
* Kazakhstania

* Eurasian Steppe

* Asian Steppe * Kazakh Steppe * Pontic–Caspian steppe
Pontic–Caspian steppe

* Mongolian-Manchurian grassland
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* Wild Fields

* Yedisan * Muravsky Trail

* Ural

* Ural Mountains

* Volga region
Volga region
* Idel-Ural * Kolyma
Kolyma
* Transbaikal
Transbaikal
* Pryazovia
Pryazovia
* Bjarmaland * Kuban
Kuban
* Zalesye
Zalesye
* Ingria * Novorossiya
Novorossiya
* Gornaya Shoriya * Tulgas * Iranian plateau * Altai Mountains * Pamir Mountains
Pamir Mountains
* Tian Shan
Tian Shan
* Badakhshan
Badakhshan
* Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass
Wakhjir Pass
* Mount Imeon * Mongolian Plateau * Western Regions * Taklamakan Desert

* Karakoram
Karakoram

* Trans- Karakoram
Karakoram
Tract

* Siachen Glacier

NORTH

* Inner Asia
Asia
* Northeast

* Far East
Far East

* Russian Far East
Far East
* Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga

* Extreme North
Extreme North

* Siberia
Siberia

* Baikalia
Baikalia
( Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal
) * Transbaikal
Transbaikal
* Khatanga Gulf * Baraba Steppe

* Kamchatka Peninsula
Kamchatka Peninsula
* Amur Basin * Yenisei Gulf * Yenisei Basin * Beringia * Sikhote-Alin
Sikhote-Alin

EAST

* Japanese archipelago
Japanese archipelago

* Northeastern Japan Arc
Northeastern Japan Arc
* Sakhalin Island Arc

* Korean Peninsula * Gobi Desert * Taklamakan Desert * Greater Khingan * Mongolian Plateau * Inner Asia
Asia
* Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
* Outer Mongolia
Outer Mongolia
* China proper

* Manchuria
Manchuria

* Outer Manchuria
Manchuria
* Inner Manchuria
Manchuria
* Northeast China Plain * Mongolian-Manchurian grassland
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* North China Plain

* Yan_Mountains

* Kunlun Mountains * Liaodong Peninsula * Himalayas
Himalayas

* Tibetan Plateau

* Tibet
Tibet

* Tarim Basin
Tarim Basin
* Northern Silk Road * Hexi Corridor * Nanzhong * Lingnan * Liangguang
Liangguang
* Jiangnan * Jianghuai
Jianghuai
* Guanzhong * Huizhou * Wu * Jiaozhou * Zhongyuan * Shaannan

* Ordos Loop

* Loess Plateau
Loess Plateau
* Shaanbei

* Hamgyong Mountains * Central Mountain Range * Japanese Alps * Suzuka Mountains * Leizhou Peninsula * Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin
* Yangtze River Delta * Pearl River Delta * Yenisei Basin * Altai Mountains * Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass
Wakhjir Pass

WEST

* Greater Middle East
Middle East

* MENA * Middle East
Middle East

* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Caspian Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Zagros Mountains

* Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf

* Pirate Coast * Strait of Hormuz * Greater and Lesser Tunbs

* Al-Faw Peninsula * Gulf of Oman
Oman
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Balochistan
Balochistan

* Arabian Peninsula

* Najd * Hejaz
Hejaz
* Tihamah
Tihamah
* Eastern Arabia

* South Arabia
South Arabia

* Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
* Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert

* Tigris–Euphrates

* Mesopotamia

* Upper Mesopotamia * Lower Mesopotamia * Sawad * Nineveh plains * Akkad (region) * Babylonia
Babylonia

* Canaan
Canaan
* Aram * Eber-Nari
Eber-Nari
* Suhum * Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean
* Mashriq * Kurdistan
Kurdistan

* Levant
Levant

* Southern Levant
Levant
* Transjordan * Jordan
Jordan
Rift Valley

* Levantine Sea * Golan Heights
Golan Heights
* Hula Valley
Hula Valley
* Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
* West Bank
West Bank
* Galilee
Galilee
* Gilead * Judea * Samaria * Arabah * Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
Mountains * Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
* Arabian Desert
Arabian Desert
* Syrian Desert
Syrian Desert
* Fertile Crescent * Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
* Syria
Syria
* Palestine * Iranian plateau * Armenian Highlands

* Caucasus
Caucasus

* Caucasus
Caucasus
mountains

* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Lesser Caucasus
Caucasus

* North Caucasus
Caucasus

* South Caucasus
Caucasus

* Kur-Araz Lowland * Lankaran Lowland * Alborz * Absheron Peninsula
Absheron Peninsula

* Anatolia
Anatolia
* Cilicia * Cappadocia * Alpide belt
Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Greater India * Indian subcontinent * Himalayas
Himalayas
* Hindu Kush * Western Ghats
Western Ghats
* Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
* Ganges Basin * Ganges Delta * Pashtunistan * Punjab * Balochistan
Balochistan

* Kashmir
Kashmir

* Kashmir
Kashmir
Valley * Pir Panjal Range

* Thar Desert * Indus Valley * Indus River
Indus River
Delta * Indus Valley Desert * Indo-Gangetic Plain * Eastern coastal plains * Western Coastal Plains * Meghalaya subtropical forests * Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests * Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows * Doab * Bagar region * Great Rann of Kutch * Little Rann of Kutch * Deccan Plateau * Coromandel Coast * Konkan
Konkan
* False Divi Point * Hindi Belt
Hindi Belt
* Ladakh
Ladakh
* Aksai Chin

* Gilgit-Baltistan

* Baltistan
Baltistan
* Shigar Valley

* Karakoram
Karakoram

* Saltoro Mountains

* Siachen Glacier * Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Gulf of Khambhat
Gulf of Khambhat
* Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Mannar * Trans- Karakoram
Karakoram
Tract * Wakhan Corridor
Wakhan Corridor
* Wakhjir Pass
Wakhjir Pass
* Lakshadweep
Lakshadweep

* Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands

* Andaman Islands * Nicobar Islands
Nicobar Islands

* Maldive Islands * Alpide belt
Alpide belt

SOUTHEAST

* Mainland

* Indochina
Indochina
* Malay Peninsula
Malay Peninsula

* Maritime

* Peninsular Malaysia * Sunda Islands * Greater Sunda Islands * Lesser Sunda Islands

* Indonesian Archipelago * Timor
Timor

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* Philippine Archipelago

* Luzon
Luzon
* Visayas * Mindanao
Mindanao

* Leyte Gulf * Gulf of Thailand
Gulf of Thailand
* East Indies * Nanyang * Alpide belt
Alpide belt

* Asia-Pacific * Tropical Asia
Asia
* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Regions of Europe
Europe

NORTH

* Nordic * Northwestern * Scandinavia
Scandinavia
* Scandinavian Peninsula * Fennoscandia * Baltoscandia * Sápmi * West Nordic * Baltic * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Gulf of Bothnia * Gulf of Finland * Iceland
Iceland
* Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands

EAST

* Danubian countries * Prussia * Galicia

* Sambia Peninsula

* Amber Coast

* Curonian Spit * Izyum Trail * Lithuania Minor * Nemunas Delta * Baltic * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Vyborg Bay * Lokhaniemi

* Southeastern

* Balkans
Balkans
* Aegean Islands * Gulf of Chania * North Caucasus
Caucasus
* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Kabardia

* European Russia

* Southern Russia

CENTRAL

* Baltic * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Alpine states * Alpide belt
Alpide belt
* Mitteleuropa
Mitteleuropa
* Visegrád Group

WEST

* Benelux
Benelux
* Low Countries
Low Countries
* Northwest * British Isles
British Isles
* English Channel * Channel Islands
Channel Islands
* Cotentin Peninsula * Normandy
Normandy
* Brittany
Brittany
* Gulf of Lion

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus * Baetic System

* Pyrenees
Pyrenees
* Alpide belt
Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
* Insular Italy * Tuscan Archipelago
Tuscan Archipelago
* Aegadian Islands
Aegadian Islands

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus * Baetic System

* Gibraltar Arc * Southeastern * Mediterranean * Crimea
Crimea
* Donbass
Donbass
* Sloboda Ukraine * Alpide belt
Alpide belt

* Germanic * Romance * Celtic * Slavic countries * Uralic * European Plain
European Plain
* Eurasian Steppe * Pontic–Caspian steppe
Pontic–Caspian steppe
* Wild Fields

* Pannonian Basin
Pannonian Basin

* Great Hungarian Plain * Little Hungarian Plain * Eastern Slovak Lowland

* Volhynia
Volhynia

* Karelia

* East Karelia * Karelian Isthmus

* v * t * e

Regions of Oceania
Oceania

AUSTRALASIA

* Gulf of Carpentaria

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* New Zealand
New Zealand

* South Island
South Island

* North Island
North Island

* Coromandel Peninsula

* Zealandia
Zealandia
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Solomon Islands (archipelago)

* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

* Kula Gulf

* Australia
Australia
* Capital Country * Eastern Australia
Australia
* Lake Eyre basin * Murray–Darling basin * Northern Australia
Australia
* Nullarbor Plain * Outback
Outback

* Southern Australia
Australia

* Maralinga

* Sunraysia
Sunraysia
* Great Victoria Desert * Gulf of Carpentaria * Gulf St Vincent * Lefevre Peninsula * Fleurieu Peninsula * Yorke Peninsula
Yorke Peninsula
* Eyre Peninsula * Mornington Peninsula * Bellarine Peninsula * Mount Henry Peninsula

MELANESIA

* Islands Region

* Bismarck Archipelago * Solomon Islands Archipelago

* Fiji
Fiji
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

MICRONESIA

* Caroline Islands

* Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
* Palau
Palau

* Guam
Guam
* Kiribati * Marshall Islands * Nauru * Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
* Wake Island
Wake Island

POLYNESIA

* Easter Island * Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands
* Cook Islands

* French Polynesia
Polynesia

* Austral Islands * Gambier Islands * Marquesas Islands * Society Islands
Society Islands
* Tuamotu
Tuamotu

* Kermadec Islands * Mangareva Islands * Samoa
Samoa
* Tokelau * Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu

* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Polar regions

ANTARCTIC

* Antarctic
Antarctic
Peninsula * East Antarctica * West Antarctica * Eklund Islands * Ecozone * Extreme points * Islands

ARCTIC

* Arctic
Arctic
Alaska * British Arctic
Arctic
Territories * Canadian Arctic Archipelago * Finnmark
Finnmark
* Greenland
Greenland
* Northern Canada
Canada
* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavik * Nunavut
Nunavut
* Russian Arctic
Arctic
* Sakha * Sápmi * Yukon
Yukon
* North American Arctic
Arctic

* v * t * e

Earth
Earth
's oceans and seas

ARCTIC OCEAN

* Amundsen Gulf * Barents Sea * Beaufort Sea * Chukchi Sea * East Siberian Sea * Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Boothia * Kara Sea * Laptev Sea * Lincoln Sea * Prince Gustav Adolf Sea * Pechora Sea * Queen Victoria Sea * Wandel Sea * White Sea
White Sea

ATLANTIC OCEAN

* Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
* Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
* Alboran Sea * Archipelago Sea * Argentine Sea
Argentine Sea
* Baffin Bay * Balearic Sea * Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Bay of Biscay
Bay of Biscay
* Bay of Bothnia * Bay of Campeche * Bay of Fundy * Black Sea
Black Sea
* Bothnian Sea * Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea * Celtic Sea * English Channel * Foxe Basin * Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Bothnia * Gulf of Finland * Gulf of Lion * Gulf of Guinea * Gulf of Maine * Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
* Gulf of Saint Lawrence * Gulf of Sidra * Gulf of Venezuela * Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
* Irish Sea * Irminger Sea * James Bay * Labrador Sea * Levantine Sea * Libyan Sea * Ligurian Sea
Ligurian Sea
* Marmara Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Myrtoan Sea * North Sea
North Sea
* Norwegian Sea * Sargasso Sea
Sargasso Sea
* Sea of Åland * Sea of Azov
Sea of Azov
* Sea of Crete * Sea of the Hebrides
Sea of the Hebrides
* Thracian Sea * Tyrrhenian Sea * Wadden Sea

INDIAN OCEAN

* Andaman Sea * Arabian Sea * Bali Sea * Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Flores Sea * Great Australian Bight * Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Aqaba
* Gulf of Khambhat
Gulf of Khambhat
* Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Oman
Oman
* Gulf of Suez * Java Sea * Laccadive Sea * Mozambique Channel * Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Timor
Timor
Sea

PACIFIC OCEAN

* Arafura Sea * Banda Sea * Bering Sea * Bismarck Sea * Bohai Sea * Bohol Sea * Camotes Sea * Celebes Sea * Ceram Sea * Chilean Sea * Coral Sea * East China Sea * Gulf of Alaska * Gulf of Anadyr * Gulf of California * Gulf of Carpentaria * Gulf of Fonseca * Gulf of Panama * Gulf of Thailand
Gulf of Thailand
* Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin
* Halmahera Sea * Koro Sea * Mar de Grau * Molucca Sea * Moro Gulf
Moro Gulf
* Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
* Salish Sea * Savu Sea * Sea of Japan * Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
* Seto Inland Sea
Seto Inland Sea
* Shantar Sea * Sibuyan Sea
Sibuyan Sea
* Solomon Sea * South China Sea
South China Sea
* Sulu Sea * Tasman Sea * Visayan Sea * Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea

SOUTHERN OCEAN

* Amundsen Sea * Bellingshausen Sea
Bellingshausen Sea
* Cooperation Sea * Cosmonauts Sea * Davis Sea * D\'Urville Sea * King Haakon VII Sea * Lazarev Sea * Mawson Sea * Riiser-Larsen Sea * Ross Sea * Scotia Sea * Somov Sea
Somov Sea
* Weddell Sea

ENDORHEIC BASINS

* Aral Sea
Aral Sea
* Caspian Sea * Dead Sea
Dead Sea
* Sea of Galilee * Salton Sea

* BOOK * CATEGORY

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