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The M54 is a 23-mile (37 km) east-west motorway in the English counties of Shropshire
Shropshire
and Staffordshire
Staffordshire
. It is also referred to as the Telford
Telford
Motorway, after the road's primary westbound destination, the new town of Telford
Telford
. The motorway cost £65 million to construct, and is two-lane dual carriageway for the majority of its length, with sections of three-lane.

The M54 spur connects the M6 motorway
M6 motorway
near Essington
Essington
, Staffordshire with the A5 trunk road at Wellington, Shropshire
Wellington, Shropshire
. The motorway forms part of the strategic route to North Wales
North Wales
, roughly following the path of the Roman Watling Street
Watling Street
and the A5 north-westwards, towards the port of Holyhead
Holyhead
. It is the only motorway in Shropshire, and forms a vital part of the county's road network. The motorway handles an AADT of between 50,300 (J2-3) and 41,800 (J4-5) vehicles.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Planning * 1.2 The Wellington
Wellington
bypass * 1.3 Construction

* 2 Impact * 3 Route

* 4 Proposed developments

* 4.1 Extension of the M54 to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
* 4.2 M54 to M6 / M6 (Toll) Link Road * 4.3 Other proposals

* 5 Junctions * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

PLANNING

The idea of the M54 was originally presented due to the high volumes of traffic on the A5 , London to Holyhead
Holyhead
road which was largely constructed by civil engineer Thomas Telford
Telford
in the early 19th century following the route of the Roman Watling Street
Watling Street
, which connected Rochester, Kent
Rochester, Kent
with Wroxeter
Wroxeter
, Shropshire. The initial plan for a motorway following the M54's present route was therefore designed to alleviate the roads which handled the commercial traffic to the port of Holyhead, destined for Ireland. With the proposal in the early 1960s for a new town to provide an overspill housing area for the West Midlands conurbation , then named Dawley
Dawley
New Town (designated as Telford
Telford
in 1967), the M54 was becoming more likely to be built; the government also wanted to increase transport provision to the rest of Shropshire
Shropshire
. The M54 undergoing critical reconstruction work, J5 ( Telford
Telford
Centre), 1997.

In 1967 the Ministry of Transport invited construction company Freeman Fox, Wilbur Smith Associates (FFWSA) to investigate and report on the impact of the New Town proposals on traffic demand between the proposed New Town site and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
, and the best highway solution to meet this demand. The predicted demand was that of 75,000 vehicles per day by 1990 and a need for a dual 3-lane motorway. Two corridors were identified for a possible new motorway route, and a third option to possibly upgrade existing roads. The route could have followed the A5 Corridor to the M6 South of Gailey , at junction 12, or a new corridor could have been established to the M6, north-east of Featherstone , at junction 11. Additionally, it was proposed that the existing A5 could be upgraded to full dual carriageway grade separated standards together with improvements to the A41 and A464 trunk routes.

THE WELLINGTON BYPASS

The first section of the M54 was opened in 1975, then named the A5 Wellington
Wellington
bypass (bypassing one of the existing towns which formed part of Telford), but renumbered the M54 in 1983 when the motorway was extended. The bypass removed traffic from the heavily congested route through the urbanised areas of Oakengates
Oakengates
and Wellington, and removed one of the country's most notorious bottlenecks at the Bucks Head crossroads, in Wellington; delays of up to six hours could be experienced in the summer months.

CONSTRUCTION

The motorway as it passes through Telford
Telford
– Junction 5 shown here – which was the first completed stretch of the motorway, then known as the Wellington
Wellington
Bypass.

The Wellington
Wellington
bypass was constructed by contractor M. J. Gleeson Ltd, from 1973 to 1975. Many problems followed in the two years after completion; the rigid concrete carriageway broke up, due to the road being built on a poor subbase with rigid concrete along a historically heavily mined route. The aesthetic and constructional design of the bridges was also heavily criticised. Over the next 15 years, almost all of the original carriageway had to be replaced with asphalt .

The 30 kilometres (19 mi) section between the junction with the M6, and Telford, excluding the Wellington
Wellington
bypass, was divided into four contracts each awarded to different companies; all sections remained under the design of Sir Owen Williams and Partners.

* Contract 1 ( Shifnal
Shifnal
) was given to A Monk & Co., who utilised a slip-form paver to construct the concrete section, which led to it becoming a standard in future motorway construction. * Contract 2 (Donington ) was awarded to R M Douglas Construction Ltd. The two-year contract was completed in only 18 months, due to the dry weather which allowed the earthworks to be completed ahead of schedule. * Contract 3 ( Codsall
Codsall
) was taken by Alfred McAlpine
Alfred McAlpine
"> A map showing the M54 (dark blue) in relation to other motorways (light blue), shown within the ceremonial counties of Shropshire, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and West Midlands. Area highlighted within UK on the left.

The road runs west from junction 10A of the M6 motorway
M6 motorway
near Essington
Essington
, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
(Map). It passes south of Featherstone near junction 1 and then north of Bushbury
Bushbury
before reaching junction 2. Just before junction 3 with Albrighton the road enters Shropshire. It then passes to the north of Shifnal
Shifnal
. Between junction 4 and junction 5, the road passes across the Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
railway line , and through the centre of Telford
Telford
. Between junctions 6 and 7, the road runs around the south of Wellington
Wellington
before joining the A5 (Map), which continues on to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
as dual carriageway .

Telford
Telford
Motorway Service Station opened on 18 March 2003 at junction 4, and is operated by Welcome Break . It is the only service station on this motorway and, if travelling east, the last before Corley on the M6 or Frankley on the M5 .

PROPOSED DEVELOPMENTS

EXTENSION OF THE M54 TO SHREWSBURY

The Department for Transport
Department for Transport
(DfT) is currently investigating the possibility of extending the M54 westward to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
, thereby placing the county town on the UK motorway map for the first time. Currently traffic has to continue onto the dual carriageway A5 when the M54 ends at Wellington
Wellington
although the road surface or speed limits do not change at all but the road. It is not motorway standard from the M54 J7 to the Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
ring road, because laybys would need to be removed and a hard shoulder would also need to be built which could cause delays to traffic.

M54 TO M6 / M6 (TOLL) LINK ROAD

The M54 currently meets the M6 at junction 10A where there is no access to the northbound M6 or to the M6 Toll
M6 Toll
. Northbound access to the M6 is via the A449 from junction 2 and the most direct route to the M6 Toll
M6 Toll
is via the congested A460 from junction 1.

Plans for a link road between the M54 and the M6 Toll
M6 Toll
(M6 junction 11a) were supported in principle by the Secretary of State for Transport in 2003 and were put on display in 2006 with an expected construction date of 2012. The £102m cost for the scheme would be paid for by The Macquarie Infrastructure Group (the company that owns Midland Expressway Ltd and operates the M6 Toll).

OTHER PROPOSALS

In February 2009, local newspaper the Shropshire
Shropshire
Star reported plans to create a flyover linking the M54 and A442 in Telford
Telford
town centre, just south east of Telford
Telford
Central railway station . Presently traffic has to travel along a single carriageway portion of the A5, and pass through two roundabouts to access the M54. Since Junction 5 of the motorway is only 200 metres (220 yd) from the current bridge across the A442, the plans would involve either having two motorway junctions immediately next to each other, or one complex flyover.

Proposals for a 'Western Bypasses of Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Stourbridge' were rejected by the government in 2003.

JUNCTIONS

Data from driver location signs are used to provide distance and carriageway identifier information.

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M54 motorway

MILE KM EASTBOUND EXITS (A CARRIAGEWAY) JUNCTION WESTBOUND EXITS (B CARRIAGEWAY) COORDINATES

0.0 0.0 Birmingham, Coventry
Coventry
, Walsall
Walsall
M6 M6 J10A Start of motorway 52°37′44″N 2°02′52″W / 52.628869°N 2.047706°W / 52.628869; -2.047706 (M54, Start of motorway)

1.8 2.9 Cannock
Cannock
A460 J1 Cannock
Cannock
A460 52°38′23″N 2°05′14″W / 52.639860°N 2.087231°W / 52.639860; -2.087231 (M54, J1)

3.5 5.6 Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
, Stafford
Stafford
A449 J2 Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
A449 52°38′17″N 2°07′34″W / 52.638142°N 2.125983°W / 52.638142; -2.125983 (M54, J2)

10.9 17.6 Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
(West) A41 J3 Weston , Whitchurch A41 52°39′30″N 2°17′58″W / 52.658424°N 2.299576°W / 52.658424; -2.299576 (M54, J3)

15.7 25.3 Telford
Telford
(East) A464 Kidderminster
Kidderminster
(A442 ) Telford
Telford
services J4 Services Telford
Telford
(East) A464 Ironbridge
Ironbridge
(A442) Telford
Telford
Services 52°40′46″N 2°24′24″W / 52.679400°N 2.406778°W / 52.679400; -2.406778 (M54, J4)

17.7 28.5 Telford
Telford
(Centre) A5 J5 Telford
Telford
(Centre) B5072 52°41′00″N 2°26′55″W / 52.683381°N 2.448535°W / 52.683381; -2.448535 (M54, J5)

19.3 31.1 Telford
Telford
(West) A518 Whitchurch (A449) Ironbridge
Ironbridge
A5223 J6 Telford
Telford
(West) A518 52°41′18″N 2°29′20″W / 52.688402°N 2.488790°W / 52.688402; -2.488790 (M54, J6)

21.9 35.2 Start of motorway J7 Wellington
Wellington
B5061 52°41′26″N 2°32′35″W / 52.690691°N 2.543035°W / 52.690691; -2.543035 (M54, J7)

Wellington
Wellington
B5061 Road continues as A5 to Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury

NOTES

* Distances in kilometres and carriageway identifiers are obtained from driver location signs /location marker posts. Where a junction spans several hundred metres and the data is available, both the start and finish values for the junction are shown.

1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

SEE ALSO

The view from Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Way, which passes over the M54 near Codsall
Codsall
.

* List of motorways in the United Kingdom
List of motorways in the United Kingdom
* i54 - new manufacturing centre adjacent to the M54 (which it is named after)

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L "M54, The Telford
Telford
Motorway". The Motorway Archive. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ A B "M54 the Facts". BBC Shropshire. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ A B "M54". CBRD – Motorway Database. Retrieved 18 April 2008.

* ^ "The (A5) London- Holyhead
Holyhead
Trunk Road and Slip Roads". opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ A B C "Why was the M54 necessary?". Shropshire
Shropshire
County Council. Archived from the original on 25 September 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ "Hansard: 9 Mar 2007 : Column 2249W". House of Commons. 9 March 2007. Retrieved 9 June 2010. * ^ Neal, Toby (2007). Shropshire
Shropshire
since 1900. Telford: Langraish Caiger. p. 78. ISBN 0-9548530-3-2 . * ^ "M54, the Telford
Telford
Motorway – Statistics". The Motorway Archive. Archived from the original on 3 July 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ "Relative Value of UK Pounds". Measuring Worth. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ "History of Telford". British History Online. Retrieved 21 March 2008. * ^ "Local Air Quality" (PDF). Telford
Telford
& Wrekin borough council. Retrieved 1 June 2008. * ^ " V Festival
V Festival
– By Car". V Festival
V Festival
website. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 16 August 2008. * ^ " Shrewsbury Flower Show – Contact Us". Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Flower Show website. Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. Retrieved 16 August 2008. * ^ " Welcome Break Telford". Welcome Break. Archived from the original on 17 May 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2008. * ^ " Telford
Telford
Services". Motorway Services Online. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ http://www.shropshirestar.com/news/2013/07/08/move-to-get-shrewsbury-on-the-motorway-map/ * ^ "M54-M6 Link Road and M6 Widening". South Staffordshire Council. Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ A B "M54 to M6 / M6 (Toll) Link Road". Highways Agency. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ "Motorway link plan put on display". BBC Shropshire. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ Traffic England Live Traffic Condition Map Archived 10 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Highways Agency – Locations extracted from Traffic Camera Popup identifier text

EXTERNAL LINKS

ROUTE MAP: Google

KML FILE (edit • help )

* Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/ M54 motorway
M54 motorway
KML is from Wikidata

* CBRD Motorway

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