The Mạ or Maa (Vietnamese: Người Mạ) are a Mon–Khmer-speaking people in Vietnam (population 33,338 in 1999). They are concentrated mostly in the Lâm Đồng Province of the country.



The Mạ or Maa language comes under the Mon-Khmer Group: this and the Koho language are sometimes considered to be different dialects only.[2]et al. lists the following Mạ subgroups.[3] There are over 16,000 Mạ people living in Lộc Thắng, Lộc Bắc, Lộc Tân, Lộc Lâm, Lộc Ngãi, and Lộc Châu communes in Bảo Lộc District; Đạ Teh, Đạ M’rê, Đạ Huoai, Đồng Nai, and Ma Đa Gui communes in Đạ Huoai District; Đạ Đờn and Phú Sơn communes in Đức Trọng District; Đinh Trang Thượng commune in northern Di Linh District (Lê et. al 2014:310). These districts all belong to Lâm Đồng Province.

Le (2003)[4] covers the Maa varieties of Dagui, Chop, and Tadung.


The Mạ have a rich oral traditions, and their culture is a tapestry of folklore. Myths, parables, and legends are an integral part of this ethnic group.[5]

Traditional attire

The Mạ are also known for their traditional colorful attire. Mạ women wear skirts that reach well below their knees. The men customarily wear loincloth.


  1. ^ "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 134. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Ethnologue: Maa
  3. ^ Lê Bá Thảo, Hoàng Ma, et al. (2014) Viện hàn lâm khoa học xã hội Việt Nam - Viện dân tộc học. 2014. Các dân tộc ít người ở Việt Nam: các tỉnh phía nam. Ha Noi: Nhà xuất bản khoa học xã hội. ISBN 978-604-90-2436-8
  4. ^ Le, Tan Duong (2003) A phonological comparison of Maa and Koho varieties. Master’s thesis, Payap University.
  5. ^ "54 Ethnic People of Vietnam". Retrieved 1 January 2013.