Coordinates: 53°07′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E /
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 53°7′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E /
Mława (urban gmina)
35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)
180 m (590 ft)
135 m (443 ft)
870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
• Summer (DST)
06-500 to 06-501
Mława ([ˈmwava]; Yiddish: מלאווע Mlave; German: 1941-45
Mielau) is a town in north-central
Poland with 30,957 inhabitants in
2012. It is the capital of the
Mława County. The town is situated
Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously it was part of
Ciechanów Voivodeship (since 1975).
During the invasion of
Poland in 1939, the battle of
Mława was fought
to the north of the city.
1.1 World War II
4 International relations
4.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
5 Notable people
6 See also
8 External links
The first mention of
Mława comes from July 2, 1426, when three
Mazovia - Siemowit V, Trojden II and Władysław I came
here to a session of a local court. It is not known if
already been an urban center, as there are no sources which would
prove it. Three years later,
Mława was incorporated as a town and
in 1521 during the Polish-Teutonic War, the town was captured and
looted by the Teutonic Knights. In 1659 the town was burned by the
Swedish troops, and in 1795, following the Partitions of Poland,
Mława became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.
After Napoleonic Wars, in the 1815
Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
with the entire province) was incorporated into the Russian Partition
Poland where it remained until World War I. Since the town was
located along the pre-1914 imperial Russian-German border,
a place of heavy fighting between the two opposing armies. During the
interbellum, the town was assigned to the Warsaw Voivodeship
(1919–39). The government of the
Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic constructed
several fortifications there due to proximity of the German
World War II
In the opening stages of World War II, the advancing German army faced
strong resistance from the Polish Army in the battle of Mława
otherwise known as the Defence of the
Mława between September 1 and
September 3, 1939. Shortly after the beginning of the occupation of
Mława was annexed to
Nazi Germany on 26 October 1939 and
administered as part of Regierungsbezirk Zichenau. The town (known as
Mielau in German) gave its name to the Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau"
military training range built by prisoners of the Soldau concentration
camp nearby and nicknamed the New Berlin. The facility was used by the
Nazis for repairing and refitting army tanks in Operation Barbarossa,
and for testing anti-tank weapons and artillery on an area of 300
square kilometres (120 sq mi). Some fifteen villages around
Krzywonoś were completely dismantled to make room for it and 25,000
people were expelled in the area. Similar Nazi German military
ranges in occupied
Poland included the SS-Truppenübungsplatz
Heidelager located in
Pustków, Podkarpackie Voivodeship
Pustków, Podkarpackie Voivodeship and the
SS-Truppenübungsplatz Westpreußen located in Dziemiany.
Prior to the arrival of the Soviets in 1945,
Mława was the location
of the German massacre of 364 prisoners of the forced labour camp
adjacent to the Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau".
There is a large LG factory manufacturing TV sets and monitors located
in the city.
Mława was the first site of deployment for CONVAERO
Polska's Bio-Dry™ technology project, where an annual throughput of
96,000 tonnes of MSW shredded is processed to achieve a 25% reduction
in moisture and results in an easily separated and recycled end
Mława is home to MKS Mława, a men's football team, promoted to 2nd
league in 2004/2005 season.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland
Twin towns — Sister cities
Mława is twinned with:
Isaac Isaacs - Australian judge and politician who served as the 3rd
Chief Justice of Australia and the 9th Governor-General, father born
Joseph Opatoshu - Yiddish novelist and short story writer
Barbara Rogowska - Polish comedian actress and comic
Józef Skrobiński - Film director and painter
Józef Unszlicht - Co-founder of the Cheka
Bolesław Prus' novel, Pharaoh, partly inspired by 19 August 1887
solar eclipse viewed at Mława
Vistula River Railroad
^ "WolframAlpha: City Data for Mlawa, Poland: demographics, maps".
Wolframalpha.com. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
^ "Local history - Information about the town -
Mława - Virtual
Shtetl". Sztetl.org.pl. 1939-09-04. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
^ Richard M. Watt, Bitter Glory:
Poland and Its Fate, 1918–1939
Hippocrene Books, 1998. ISBN 0781806739.
^ Witold Kaczynski, Pozycja Mława. Zarys historyczny.
^ Praca Zbiorowa (5 June 2012). "Nosarzewo Borowe :
Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau"". Polska Niezwykła Mazowieckie
(przewodnik) (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Demart publishing. Retrieved 1
^ Janusz Dębski, Uroczystości na 68 rocznicę mordu na Kalkówce
Mazowieckie Media, Kurier Mławski.pl 2013-01-17.
Poland The Power of Waste". Convaero. Retrieved
Jewish Community in
Mława on Virtual Shtetl
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mława.
Mława (urban gmina)
Gmina Lipowiec Kościelny
Gmina Wieczfnia Kościelna