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Coordinates: 53°07′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E / 53.117; 20.367

Mława

Mława
Mława
ratusz

Flag

Coat of arms

Mława

Coordinates: 53°7′N 20°22′E / 53.117°N 20.367°E / 53.117; 20.367

Country  Poland

Voivodeship Masovian

County Mława
Mława
County

Gmina Mława
Mława
(urban gmina)

Established 15th century

Town rights 1429

Government

 • Mayor Sławomir Kowalewski

Area

 • Total 35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)

Highest elevation 180 m (590 ft)

Lowest elevation 135 m (443 ft)

Population (2012)

 • Total 30,957

 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)

Time zone CET (UTC+1)

 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Postal code 06-500 to 06-501

Area code(s) +48 023

Car plates WML

Climate Dfb

Website http://www.mlawa.um.gov.pl

Mława
Mława
([ˈmwava]; Yiddish: מלאווע‎ Mlave; German: 1941-45 Mielau) is a town in north-central Poland
Poland
with 30,957 inhabitants in 2012. It is the capital of the Mława
Mława
County.[1] The town is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship
Masovian Voivodeship
(since 1999), previously it was part of the Ciechanów Voivodeship
Ciechanów Voivodeship
(since 1975). During the invasion of Poland
Poland
in 1939, the battle of Mława
Mława
was fought to the north of the city.

Contents

1 History

1.1 World War II

2 Industry 3 Sport 4 International relations

4.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

5 Notable people 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] The first mention of Mława
Mława
comes from July 2, 1426, when three princes of Mazovia
Mazovia
- Siemowit V, Trojden II and Władysław I came here to a session of a local court. It is not known if Mława
Mława
had already been an urban center, as there are no sources which would prove it. Three years later, Mława
Mława
was incorporated as a town[2] and in 1521 during the Polish-Teutonic War, the town was captured and looted by the Teutonic Knights. In 1659 the town was burned by the Swedish troops, and in 1795, following the Partitions of Poland, Mława
Mława
became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. After Napoleonic Wars, in the 1815 Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
Mława
Mława
(along with the entire province) was incorporated into the Russian Partition of Poland
Poland
where it remained until World War I. Since the town was located along the pre-1914 imperial Russian-German border, Mława
Mława
was a place of heavy fighting between the two opposing armies. During the interbellum, the town was assigned to the Warsaw Voivodeship (1919–39). The government of the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
constructed several fortifications there due to proximity of the German border.[3][4] World War II[edit] In the opening stages of World War II, the advancing German army faced strong resistance from the Polish Army in the battle of Mława otherwise known as the Defence of the Mława
Mława
between September 1 and September 3, 1939. Shortly after the beginning of the occupation of Poland, Mława
Mława
was annexed to Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
on 26 October 1939 and administered as part of Regierungsbezirk Zichenau. The town (known as Mielau in German) gave its name to the Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau" military training range built by prisoners of the Soldau concentration camp nearby and nicknamed the New Berlin. The facility was used by the Nazis for repairing and refitting army tanks in Operation Barbarossa, and for testing anti-tank weapons and artillery on an area of 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi). Some fifteen villages around Krzywonoś
Krzywonoś
were completely dismantled to make room for it and 25,000 people were expelled in the area.[5] Similar Nazi German military ranges in occupied Poland
Poland
included the SS-Truppenübungsplatz Heidelager located in Pustków, Podkarpackie Voivodeship
Pustków, Podkarpackie Voivodeship
and the SS-Truppenübungsplatz Westpreußen located in Dziemiany. Prior to the arrival of the Soviets in 1945, Mława
Mława
was the location of the German massacre of 364 prisoners of the forced labour camp adjacent to the Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau".[6] Industry[edit] There is a large LG factory manufacturing TV sets and monitors located in the city. Mława
Mława
was the first site of deployment for CONVAERO Polska's Bio-Dry™ technology project, where an annual throughput of 96,000 tonnes of MSW shredded is processed to achieve a 25% reduction in moisture and results in an easily separated and recycled end material [7] Sport[edit] Mława
Mława
is home to MKS Mława, a men's football team, promoted to 2nd league in 2004/2005 season. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Mława
Mława
is twinned with:

Moscufo, Italy Nasaud, Romania Saverne, France Barañáin, Spain

Notable people[edit]

Isaac Isaacs
Isaac Isaacs
- Australian judge and politician who served as the 3rd Chief Justice of Australia and the 9th Governor-General, father born in Mława Joseph Opatoshu - Yiddish novelist and short story writer Barbara Rogowska
Barbara Rogowska
- Polish comedian actress and comic Józef Skrobiński - Film director and painter Józef Unszlicht
Józef Unszlicht
- Co-founder of the Cheka

See also[edit]

Bolesław Prus' novel, Pharaoh, partly inspired by 19 August 1887 solar eclipse viewed at Mława Mława
Mława
pogrom Vistula River Railroad

References[edit]

^ "WolframAlpha: City Data for Mlawa, Poland: demographics, maps". Wolframalpha.com. Retrieved 2012-05-30.  ^ "Local history - Information about the town - Mława
Mława
- Virtual Shtetl". Sztetl.org.pl. 1939-09-04. Retrieved 2012-05-30.  ^ Richard M. Watt, Bitter Glory: Poland
Poland
and Its Fate, 1918–1939 Hippocrene Books, 1998. ISBN 0781806739. ^ Witold Kaczynski, Pozycja Mława. Zarys historyczny. ^ Praca Zbiorowa (5 June 2012). "Nosarzewo Borowe : Truppenübungsplatz "Mielau"". Polska Niezwykła Mazowieckie (przewodnik) (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Demart publishing. Retrieved 1 August 2014.  ^ Janusz Dębski, Uroczystości na 68 rocznicę mordu na Kalkówce Mazowieckie Media, Kurier Mławski.pl 2013-01-17. ^ "Mlawa, Poland
Poland
The Power of Waste". Convaero. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 

External links[edit]

Jewish Community in Mława
Mława
on Virtual Shtetl MKS Mlawa

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mława.

v t e

Gminas of Mława
Mława
County

Seat

Mława
Mława
(urban gmina)

Rural gminas

Gmina
Gmina
Dzierzgowo Gmina
Gmina
Lipowiec Kościelny Gmina
Gmina
Radzanów Gmina
Gmina
Strzegowo Gmina
Gmina
Stupsk Gmina
Gmina
Szreńsk Gmina
Gmina
Szydłowo Gmina
Gmina
Wieczfnia Kościelna Gmina
Gmina
Wiśniewo

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131893

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