In Hawaiian religion, Māui is a culture hero and ancient chief who appears in several different genealogies. In the Kumulipo he is the son of ʻAkalana and his wife Hina-a-ke-ahi (Hina). This couple has four sons, Māui-mua, Māui-waena, Māui-kiʻikiʻi and Māui-a-kalana. Māui-a-kalana's wife is named Hinakealohaila; his son is Nanamaoa. Māui is one of the Kupua. His name is the same as that of the Hawaiian island Maui, although native tradition holds that it is not named for him directly, but instead named after the son of Hawaii's discoverer (who was named after Māui himself).
1 Legendary exploits
1.1 Hauling up islands of Hawaii 1.2 Restraining the Sun 1.3 Fisherman 1.4 Lifting the sky 1.5 Defeating the Long Eel
2 Media representation 3 See also 4 Notes
5 References 6 External links
Hauling up islands of Hawaii
The great fish-hook of Māui is called Manaiakalani and it is baited
with the wing of Hina's pet bird, the ʻalae. Māui is said to have
created Hawaii's islands by tricking his brothers. He convinces them
to take him out fishing, but catches his hook upon the ocean floor. He
tells his brothers that he has caught a big fish, and tells them to
paddle as hard as they can. His brothers paddle with all their might,
and being intent with their effort, did not notice the island rising
behind them. Māui repeats this trick several times, creating the
Hawaiian Islands (Tregear 1891:236).
Another tradition states that as Māui plants his hook at Hamakua, to
fish up the god of fishes, Pimoe, Māui orders his brethren not to
look back, or the expedition will fail. Hina, in the shape of a
baling-gourd, appears at the surface of the water, and Māui,
unwittingly, grasps the gourd and places it in front of his seat.
Suddenly there appears a beautiful woman whose beauty none can resist;
and so the brothers look behind them to watch the beautiful
water-goddess. The line parts, Hina disappears, and the effort to
unite the chain of islands into one solid unit fails.
Restraining the Sun
Māui’s next feat is to stop the sun from moving so fast. His mother
Hina complains that her kapa (bark cloth) is unable to dry because the
days are so short. Māui climbs to the mountain Hale-a-ka-lā (house
of the sun) and lassoes the sun’s rays as the sun comes up, using a
rope made from his sister's hair. The sun pleads for life and
agrees that the days shall be long in summer and short in winter
(Pukui, Elbert, & Mookini 1974:36).
In another version, Hina sends him to a big wiliwili tree where he
finds his old blind grandmother setting out bananas and steals them
one by one until she recognises him and agrees to help him. He sits by
the trunk of the tree to rope the sun (Beckwith 1970:230). The Island
The song of Kualii, of Hawaii, Sandwich Islands
Original Westervelt (1910) Lyons (1893)
  
Ka makau nui a Maui, O Manaiakalani,
Kona aho, hilo honua ke kaa,
Hau hia amoamo Kauiki.
Hanaiakamalama, Ka maunu ka alae a Hina
Kuaa ilalo i Hawaii, Kahihi ka pu make naoa,
Ka ina Nonononuiakea,
E malana iluna i ka ilikai.
Huna e Hina i ka eheu o ka alae
Wahia ka papa ia Laka, Ahaina ilalo ia Kea.
Ai mai ka ia o ka ulua makele,
—He mele no Kualii, c. 1700 A.D.
Oh the great fish hook of Māui! Manai-i-ka-lani 'Made fast to the heavens' – its name; An earth-twisted cord ties the hook.
Engulfed from the lofty Kauiki.
Its bait the red billed Alae, The bird made sacred to Hina. It sinks far down to Hawaii, Struggling and painfully dying.
Caught is the land under the water,
Floated up, up to the surface,
But Hina hid a wing of the bird
And broke the land under the water.
Below, was the bait snatched away And eaten at once–by the fishes, The Ulua of the deep muddy places.
—Chant of Kualii, about A. D. 1700.
The great fish-hook of Maui, Manaiakalani,
The whole earth was the fish-line bound by the knot, Kauiki bound to the mainland and towering high.
Hanaiakamalama (lived there). The alae of Hina was the bait
(of the fish-hook) let down to Hawaii. Tangled with the bait into a bitter death, Lifting up the very base of the island; Drawing it up to the surface of the sea. Hidden by Hina were the wings of the alae. But broken was the table of Laka. And the hook carried far down to Kea.
The fish seized the bait–the fat large ulua.
—A song for Kualii, c. 1700 A.D.
Lifting the sky
One day, Māui realized that men were being constrained by the sky.
The sky was too low and people were not able to stand upright. Māui
felt terrible when he saw the people of Earth suffering from this and
wanted to help. So Māui searched for his father in order to help him
raise the sky so that the men would not suffer from the falling sky.
Māui traveled to the town Lahaina in order to meet his father and
push the sky up. Māui then lay parallel to the sky in order to brace
himself and push the sky up with his great power. Māui then gave the
signal to his father to start pushing the sky up as well, and the
strength of father and son together was able to push the sky up high
enough for the people of the earth to be able to continue doing daily
tasks. Some say if Māui and his father, Ru, had not worked together,
the sky would have fallen completely and made the earth uninhabitable
for humans. Thus, they saved mankind.
Defeating the Long Eel
After Māui had fished up the islands, he began to wonder what was
actually on these islands. He then traveled to the different islands
and realised that they were all inhabitable. There were kapa houses
but with no one living inside of them. The
^ a b c Westervelt (1910). Chapter II:
Dixon, Roland B. (1916). "Part I: Polynesia, Chapter II: The Maui Cycle". The Mythology of All Races: Volume 9, Oceanic. Boston, Massachusetts: Marshall Jones Company. pp. 41–56. Retrieved 28 November 2016. Westervelt, W. D. (1910). Legends of Ma-ui—A demi god of Polynesia and of his mother Hina. Honolulu, Hawaii: The Hawaiian Gazette Co., Ltd. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
E.R. Tregear, Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary (Lyon and Blair:
Lambton Quay, 1891).
M. Beckwith, Hawaiian Mythology (University of
Hawaiian legends of Maui Oceanic Mythology Roland B. Dixon, 1916, chapter