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Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr
Ruhr
(German pronunciation: [ˈmyːlhaɪm ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈʁuːɐ̯] ( listen)), also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany. It is located in the Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
between Duisburg, Essen, Oberhausen
Oberhausen
and Ratingen. It is home to many companies, especially in the food industry, such as the Aldi
Aldi
Süd Company, the Harke Group and the Tengelmann Group. Mülheim
Mülheim
received its town charter in 1808, and 100 years later the population exceeded 100,000, making Mülheim
Mülheim
officially a city. At the time of the city's 200th anniversary with approximately 170,000 residents, it was counted among the smaller cities of Germany. Mülheim
Mülheim
was the first city in the Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
to become completely free of coal mines, when its last coal mine "Rosenblumendelle" was closed. The former leather and coal city had successfully made a complete transformation to a diversified economic centre. With more than 50% covered by greenery and forest, the city is regarded as an attractive place to live between Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and the rest of the Ruhr. It is the home of two Max Planck Institutes and, since 2009, the technical college Ruhr
Ruhr
West. It has a station on the important railway between Dortmund
Dortmund
and Duisburg
Duisburg
and is served by Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
S-Bahn lines S1 and S3.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Geographical location 1.2 Geology

2 Transport 3 International relations 4 Notable bands 5 Notable clubs 6 Notable companies 7 Notable people 8 Gallery 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Geography[edit] Geographical location[edit] Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr
Ruhr
lies at the junction of the hill country of the Lower Bergisches Land, the western Hellweg
Hellweg
and the plane of the middle Lower Rhine
Rhine
region.

The bridge Mintarder Ruhrtalbrücke in Mülheim, crosses the Ruhr connecting Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and Essen

The Ruhr
Ruhr
leaves the foothills of the Rhenish Massif
Rhenish Massif
and enters the Lower Rhine Plain
Lower Rhine Plain
at Mülheim. The Ruhr
Ruhr
flows through the city from south-east to north-west for a distance of 14 km (9 miles) dividing it into two districts: Broich on its left (western) bank and Kirchenhügel (Church Hill) on its right (east) bank. The central city lies on both banks of the river, about 12 kilometres (7 miles) east of where the Ruhr
Ruhr
discharges into the Rhine. Life in Mülheim
Mülheim
is intermediate between the more urban, downstream, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and the more rural life of the upstream Ruhr.[2] Largest groups of foreign residents:

 Turkey 4,929

 Poland 1,626

 Syria 1,256

 Italy 1,162

 China 891

 Iraq 807

Geology[edit] The northern foothills of the Rhenish Massif
Rhenish Massif
are characterised by the distinctive rock formation of the bare mountain slopes through which run coal-bearing layers which formed during the carboniferous period. Here the Ruhr
Ruhr
cuts more than 50 meters deep into this Mittelgebirge. This natural erosion partly uncovered these mineable black coal deposits, which enabled their exploration and extraction using adits. However, the coal-rich layers became ever deeper as one progressed northward, which required setting up mines to extract the black coal. In contrast, the broad bayou (dead arm of a river) of Styrum borough is characteristic of the features of the Lower Rhine
Rhine
Plain.[3] Transport[edit] The U18 metro line connects the city with Essen.[4] International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Mülheim
Mülheim
is twinned with:[citation needed]

Darlington, Darlington, England, United Kingdom, since 1953 Tours, Indre-et-Loire, Centre-Val de Loire, France, since 1962 Kuusankoski, Finland, from 1972 to 2008 Opole, Opole
Opole
Voivodeship, Poland, since 1989[5] Kfar Saba, Israel, since 1993 Istanbul-Beykoz, Turkey, since 2007 Kouvola, Finland, since 2009 Qalqilyah, Palestine, friendship

Notable bands[edit]

Bohren & der Club of Gore (founded 1992), a jazz & ambient band

Notable clubs[edit]

1. FC Mülheim
1. FC Mülheim
(founded 1923), a football club VfB Speldorf
VfB Speldorf
(founded 1919), a football club

Notable companies[edit]

Plus (founded 1972), a supermarket chain Tengelmann (founded 1867), a holding company

Notable people[edit]

Fritz Thyssen
Fritz Thyssen
in 1928

Hugo Stinnes

Wilhelm Rittenhausen (born 1644), founder of the first paper mill in North America. Gerhard Tersteegen
Gerhard Tersteegen
(born 1697), a Reformed
Reformed
religious writer. Carl Arnold Kortum
Carl Arnold Kortum
(born 1745), a physician, best known for his writing and poetry. August Bungert
August Bungert
(born 1845), an opera composer and poet. Hugo Stinnes
Hugo Stinnes
(born 1870), an industrialist and founder of the German People's Party. Fritz Thyssen
Fritz Thyssen
(born 1873), an industrialist associated with the Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler. Carl Otto von Eicken
Carl Otto von Eicken
(born 1873), an otorhinolaryngologist. Heinrich Thyssen (born 1875), a German-Hungarian entrepreneur and art collector. Arthur Kaufmann (born 1888), an influential painter. Walter Hartmann (born 1891), a general of Artillery, serving during World War II. Otto Pankok (born 1893), a painter, printmaker, and sculptor. Otto Roelen (born 1897), a chemist. Karl Ziegler
Karl Ziegler
(born 1898), a chemist who won the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Chemistry in 1963, with Giulio Natta, for work on polymers. Clärenore Stinnes
Clärenore Stinnes
(born 1901), a car racer; who was the first human to circumnavigate the world by automobile. Werner Best
Werner Best
(born 1903), a jurist, police chief, and Nazi leader. Fritz Buchloh (born 1909), a football goalkeeper at two World Cups in 1934 and 1938, who played for VfB Speldorf. Günther Smend (born 1912), an officer and a resistance fighter involved in the July 20 Plot
July 20 Plot
to assassinate Adolf Hitler. Johannes Bölter
Johannes Bölter
(1915-1987), a German Army tank commander during World War II. Karl Albrecht
Karl Albrecht
(born 1920), an entrepreneur who founded the discount supermarket chain Aldi
Aldi
with his brother Theo and among the richest men in the world. Theo Albrecht (1922-2010), an entrepreneur who was ranked as the 20th richest person in the world by Forbes magazine in 2007. Wilhelm Knabe
Wilhelm Knabe
(born 1923), an ecologist, pacifist, civil servant, politician and a co-founder of the Green Party in Germany. Wim Thoelke (born 1927), a TV entertainer. Hermann Bottenbruch (born 1928), mathematician and computer scientist Jürgen Sundermann
Jürgen Sundermann
(born 1940), a manager and former footballer. Hans Walitza (born 1945), a retired football striker and manager. Rudolf Seliger
Rudolf Seliger
(born 1951), a former football striker, who played for MSV Duisburg. Bodo Hombach
Bodo Hombach
(born 1952), a politician and Member of the SPD. Monika Griefahn
Monika Griefahn
(born 1954), a politician of the SPD. Hans-Günter Bruns (born 1954), a retired footballer. Helge Schneider
Helge Schneider
(born 1955), a comedian, jazz musician, author, film and theatre director, and actor. Ralph Morgenstern
Ralph Morgenstern
(born 1956), a television presenter and actor. Ulla Kock am Brink (born 1961), a television presenter Hannelore Kraft
Hannelore Kraft
(born 1961), a politician (SPD) and Minister-President of North Rhine-Westphalia. Ralf Lübke (born 1965), a retired athlete who specialized in the 200 metres. Willi Landgraf (born 1968), a soccer player, currently playing for the amateurs of Schalke 04. Sven Meinhardt (born 1971), a field hockey forward, who won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Kai Gehring
Kai Gehring
(born 1977), a politician. André Lenz
André Lenz
(born 1973), a football goalkeeper. Lars Burgsmüller (born 1975), a tennis player. Marion Rodewald
Marion Rodewald
(born 1976), a field hockey defender, who won the gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Felix Erdmann (born 1978), a rowing cox. Simone Hanselmann (born 1979), an actress. Salih Altın (born 1987), a football player.

Gallery[edit]

Panorama of Mülheim
Mülheim
in 2014

Courtyard of Schloss Broich

Town Hall

Mülheim
Mülheim
Stadthalle

View to the street and tram station Aktienstraße

Friedrichstraße

Petrikirche

Highrise buildings in the city centre

Water game in MüGa-Park

See also[edit]

Germany
Germany
portal

Mülheim
Mülheim
Hauptbahnhof

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ " Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr
Ruhr
official website – The new Mülheim". (in English, German and French) © 1998–2010 MST Mülheimer Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 2010-02-12.  ^ " Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr
Ruhr
official website – Eine kurze Geschichte zur Geologie und zur Geographie des Stadtgebietes". (in only German) © 1998–2010 MST Mülheimer Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 2010-04-19.  ^ " Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr". Urban Rail. Retrieved 21 November 2015.  ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola" (in Polish). Urzad Miasta Opola. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr.

v t e

Cities in Germany
Germany
by population

1,000,000+

Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich

500,000+

Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart

200,000+

Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159414

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