Mülheim an der
Ruhr (German pronunciation: [ˈmyːlhaɪm ʔan
deːɐ̯ ˈʁuːɐ̯] ( listen)), also described as "City on
the River", is a city in
North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It is
located in the
Ruhr Area between Duisburg, Essen,
Ratingen. It is home to many companies, especially in the food
industry, such as the
Aldi Süd Company, the Harke Group and the
Mülheim received its town charter in 1808, and 100 years later the
population exceeded 100,000, making
Mülheim officially a city. At the
time of the city's 200th anniversary with approximately 170,000
residents, it was counted among the smaller cities of Germany.
Mülheim was the first city in the
Ruhr Area to become completely free
of coal mines, when its last coal mine "Rosenblumendelle" was closed.
The former leather and coal city had successfully made a complete
transformation to a diversified economic centre. With more than 50%
covered by greenery and forest, the city is regarded as an attractive
place to live between
Düsseldorf and the rest of the Ruhr. It is the
home of two Max Planck Institutes and, since 2009, the technical
Ruhr West. It has a station on the important railway between
Duisburg and is served by Rhine-
Ruhr S-Bahn lines S1 and
1.1 Geographical location
3 International relations
4 Notable bands
5 Notable clubs
6 Notable companies
7 Notable people
9 See also
11 External links
Mülheim an der
Ruhr lies at the junction of the hill country of the
Lower Bergisches Land, the western
Hellweg and the plane of the middle
The bridge Mintarder Ruhrtalbrücke in Mülheim, crosses the Ruhr
Düsseldorf and Essen
Ruhr leaves the foothills of the
Rhenish Massif and enters the
Lower Rhine Plain
Lower Rhine Plain at Mülheim. The
Ruhr flows through the city from
south-east to north-west for a distance of 14 km (9 miles)
dividing it into two districts: Broich on its left (western) bank and
Kirchenhügel (Church Hill) on its right (east) bank. The central city
lies on both banks of the river, about 12 kilometres (7 miles) east of
Ruhr discharges into the Rhine. Life in
intermediate between the more urban, downstream,
Düsseldorf and the
more rural life of the upstream Ruhr.
Largest groups of foreign residents:
The northern foothills of the
Rhenish Massif are characterised by the
distinctive rock formation of the bare mountain slopes through which
run coal-bearing layers which formed during the carboniferous period.
Ruhr cuts more than 50 meters deep into this Mittelgebirge.
This natural erosion partly uncovered these mineable black coal
deposits, which enabled their exploration and extraction using adits.
However, the coal-rich layers became ever deeper as one progressed
northward, which required setting up mines to extract the black coal.
In contrast, the broad bayou (dead arm of a river) of Styrum borough
is characteristic of the features of the Lower
The U18 metro line connects the city with Essen.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Mülheim is twinned with:
Darlington, Darlington, England, United Kingdom, since 1953
Tours, Indre-et-Loire, Centre-Val de Loire, France, since 1962
Kuusankoski, Finland, from 1972 to 2008
Opole Voivodeship, Poland, since 1989
Kfar Saba, Israel, since 1993
Istanbul-Beykoz, Turkey, since 2007
Kouvola, Finland, since 2009
Qalqilyah, Palestine, friendship
Bohren & der Club of Gore (founded 1992), a jazz & ambient
1. FC Mülheim
1. FC Mülheim (founded 1923), a football club
VfB Speldorf (founded 1919), a football club
Plus (founded 1972), a supermarket chain
Tengelmann (founded 1867), a holding company
Fritz Thyssen in 1928
Wilhelm Rittenhausen (born 1644), founder of the first paper mill in
Gerhard Tersteegen (born 1697), a
Reformed religious writer.
Carl Arnold Kortum
Carl Arnold Kortum (born 1745), a physician, best known for his
writing and poetry.
August Bungert (born 1845), an opera composer and poet.
Hugo Stinnes (born 1870), an industrialist and founder of the German
Fritz Thyssen (born 1873), an industrialist associated with the Nazi
Party of Adolf Hitler.
Carl Otto von Eicken
Carl Otto von Eicken (born 1873), an otorhinolaryngologist.
Heinrich Thyssen (born 1875), a German-Hungarian entrepreneur and art
Arthur Kaufmann (born 1888), an influential painter.
Walter Hartmann (born 1891), a general of Artillery, serving during
World War II.
Otto Pankok (born 1893), a painter, printmaker, and sculptor.
Otto Roelen (born 1897), a chemist.
Karl Ziegler (born 1898), a chemist who won the
Nobel Prize in
Chemistry in 1963, with Giulio Natta, for work on polymers.
Clärenore Stinnes (born 1901), a car racer; who was the first human
to circumnavigate the world by automobile.
Werner Best (born 1903), a jurist, police chief, and Nazi leader.
Fritz Buchloh (born 1909), a football goalkeeper at two World Cups in
1934 and 1938, who played for VfB Speldorf.
Günther Smend (born 1912), an officer and a resistance fighter
involved in the
July 20 Plot
July 20 Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
Johannes Bölter (1915-1987), a German Army tank commander during
World War II.
Karl Albrecht (born 1920), an entrepreneur who founded the discount
Aldi with his brother Theo and among the richest men
in the world.
Theo Albrecht (1922-2010), an entrepreneur who was ranked as the 20th
richest person in the world by Forbes magazine in 2007.
Wilhelm Knabe (born 1923), an ecologist, pacifist, civil servant,
politician and a co-founder of the Green Party in Germany.
Wim Thoelke (born 1927), a TV entertainer.
Hermann Bottenbruch (born 1928), mathematician and computer scientist
Jürgen Sundermann (born 1940), a manager and former footballer.
Hans Walitza (born 1945), a retired football striker and manager.
Rudolf Seliger (born 1951), a former football striker, who played for
Bodo Hombach (born 1952), a politician and Member of the SPD.
Monika Griefahn (born 1954), a politician of the SPD.
Hans-Günter Bruns (born 1954), a retired footballer.
Helge Schneider (born 1955), a comedian, jazz musician, author, film
and theatre director, and actor.
Ralph Morgenstern (born 1956), a television presenter and actor.
Ulla Kock am Brink (born 1961), a television presenter
Hannelore Kraft (born 1961), a politician (SPD) and Minister-President
of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Ralf Lübke (born 1965), a retired athlete who specialized in the 200
Willi Landgraf (born 1968), a soccer player, currently playing for the
amateurs of Schalke 04.
Sven Meinhardt (born 1971), a field hockey forward, who won the gold
medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
Kai Gehring (born 1977), a politician.
André Lenz (born 1973), a football goalkeeper.
Lars Burgsmüller (born 1975), a tennis player.
Marion Rodewald (born 1976), a field hockey defender, who won the gold
medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
Felix Erdmann (born 1978), a rowing cox.
Simone Hanselmann (born 1979), an actress.
Salih Altın (born 1987), a football player.
Mülheim in 2014
Courtyard of Schloss Broich
View to the street and tram station Aktienstraße
Highrise buildings in the city centre
Water game in MüGa-Park
^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und
Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.
Mülheim an der
Ruhr official website – The new Mülheim". (in
English, German and French) © 1998–2010 MST Mülheimer
Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
Mülheim an der
Ruhr official website – Eine kurze Geschichte zur
Geologie und zur Geographie des Stadtgebietes". (in only German) ©
1998–2010 MST Mülheimer Stadtmarketing und Tourismus GmbH.
Mülheim an der Ruhr". Urban Rail. Retrieved 21 November
^ "Miasta Partnerskie Opola" (in Polish). Urzad Miasta Opola. Archived
from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Mülheim an der Ruhr.
Germany by population
Freiburg im Breisgau
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Offenbach am Main
cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
Urban and rural districts in the state of
North Rhine-Westphalia in