MüLHEIM AN DER RUHR (German pronunciation: ( listen )), also
described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia
Germany . It is located in the
Ruhr Area between
Ratingen . It is home to many companies, especially in
the food industry, such as the
Aldi Süd Company , the Harke Group and
Tengelmann Group .
Mülheim received its town charter in 1808, and 100 years later the
population exceeded 100,000, making
Mülheim officially a city. At the
time of the city's 200th anniversary with approximately 170,000
residents, it was counted among the smaller cities of Germany.
Mülheim was the first city in the
Ruhr Area to become completely
free of coal mines, when its last coal mine "Rosenblumendelle" was
closed. The former leather and coal city had successfully made a
complete transformation to a diversified economic centre. With more
than 50% covered by greenery and forest, the city is regarded as an
attractive place to live between
Düsseldorf and the rest of the Ruhr
. It is the home of two Max Planck Institutes and, since 2009, the
Ruhr West. It has a station on the important railway
Duisburg and is served by Rhine-
Ruhr S-Bahn lines
S1 and S3 .
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Geographical location
* 1.2 Geology
* 2 Transport
* 3 International relations
* 4 Notable bands
* 5 Notable clubs
* 6 Notable companies
* 7 Notable people
* 8 Gallery
* 9 See also
* 10 References
* 11 External links
Mülheim an der
Ruhr lies at the junction of the hill country of the
Bergisches Land , the western
Hellweg and the plane of the
Rhine region . The bridge Mintarder Ruhrtalbrücke
in Mülheim, crosses the
Ruhr leaves the foothills of the
Rhenish Massif and enters the
Lower Rhine Plain at Mülheim. The
Ruhr flows through the city from
south-east to north-west for a distance of 14 km (9 miles) dividing it
into two districts: Broich on its left (western) bank and
Kirchenhügel (Church Hill) on its right (east) bank. The central city
lies on both banks of the river, about 12 kilometres (7 miles) east of
Ruhr discharges into the
Rhine . Life in
intermediate between the more urban, downstream,
Düsseldorf and the
more rural life of the upstream
Largest groups of foreign residents :
The northern foothills of the
Rhenish Massif are characterised by the
distinctive rock formation of the bare mountain slopes through which
run coal-bearing layers which formed during the carboniferous period.
Ruhr cuts more than 50 meters deep into this
This natural erosion partly uncovered these mineable black coal
deposits, which enabled their exploration and extraction using adits .
However, the coal-rich layers became ever deeper as one progressed
northward, which required setting up mines to extract the black coal.
In contrast, the broad bayou (dead arm of a river) of Styrum borough
is characteristic of the features of the Lower
The U18 metro line connects the city with
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
Mülheim is twinned with:
Darlington , England,
United Kingdom , since 1953
Centre-Val de Loire
Centre-Val de Loire , France, since
Kuusankoski , Finland, from 1972 to 2008
Opole Voivodeship , Poland, since 1989
Kfar Saba , Israel, since 1993
Beykoz , Turkey, since 2007
Kouvola , Finland, since 2009
Qalqilyah , Palestine, friendship
Bohren & der Club of Gore (founded 1992), a jazz "> Fritz
Thyssen in 1928
* Wilhelm Rittenhausen (born 1644), founder of the first paper mill
in North America.
Gerhard Tersteegen (born 1697), a
Reformed religious writer.
Carl Arnold Kortum (born 1745), a physician, best known for his
writing and poetry.
August Bungert (born 1845), an opera composer and poet.
Hugo Stinnes (born 1870), an industrialist and founder of the
German People\'s Party .
Fritz Thyssen (born 1873), an industrialist associated with the
Nazi Party of
Adolf Hitler .
Carl Otto von Eicken (born 1873), an otorhinolaryngologist .
Heinrich Thyssen (born 1875), a German -Hungarian entrepreneur and
art collector .
* Arthur Kaufmann (born 1888), an influential painter.
Walter Hartmann (born 1891), a general of
Artillery , serving
World War II
World War II .
Otto Pankok (born 1893), a painter, printmaker, and sculptor.
Otto Roelen (born 1897), a chemist.
Karl Ziegler (born 1898), a chemist who won the
Nobel Prize in
Chemistry in 1963, with
Giulio Natta , for work on polymers .
Clärenore Stinnes (born 1901), a car racer; who was the first
human to circumnavigate the world by automobile.
Werner Best (born 1903), a jurist, police chief, and Nazi leader.
Fritz Buchloh (born 1909), a football goalkeeper at two World Cups
in 1934 and 1938, who played for
VfB Speldorf .
Günther Smend (born 1912), an officer and a resistance fighter
involved in the
July 20 Plot
July 20 Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
Johannes Bölter (1915-1987), a German Army tank commander during
World War II.
Karl Albrecht (born 1920), an entrepreneur who founded the
discount supermarket chain
Aldi with his brother Theo and among the
richest men in the world.
Theo Albrecht (born 1922), an entrepreneur who was ranked as the
20th richest person in the world by Forbes magazine in 2007.
Wilhelm Knabe (born 1923), an ecologist, pacifist, civil servant,
politician and a co-founder of the Green Party in Germany.
Wim Thoelke (born 1927), a TV entertainer.
Hermann Bottenbruch (born 1928), mathematician and computer
Jürgen Sundermann (born 1940), a manager and former footballer.
Hans Walitza (born 1945), a retired football striker and manager.
Rudolf Seliger (born 1951), a former football striker, who played
Bodo Hombach (born 1952), a politician and Member of the SPD .
Monika Griefahn (born 1954), a politician of the SPD.
Hans-Günter Bruns (born 1954), a retired footballer.
Helge Schneider (born 1955), a comedian, jazz musician, author,
film and theatre director, and actor.
Ralph Morgenstern (born 1956), a television presenter and actor.
Ulla Kock am Brink (born 1961), a television presenter
Hannelore Kraft (born 1961), a politician (SPD) and
North Rhine-Westphalia .
Ralf Lübke (born 1965), a retired athlete who specialized in the
200 metres .
Willi Landgraf (born 1968), a soccer player, currently playing for
the amateurs of
Schalke 04 .
Sven Meinhardt (born 1971), a field hockey forward, who won the
gold medal at the
1992 Summer Olympics
1992 Summer Olympics .
Kai Gehring (born 1977), a politician.
André Lenz (born 1973), a football goalkeeper.
Lars Burgsmüller (born 1975), a tennis player.
Marion Rodewald (born 1976), a field hockey defender, who won the
gold medal at the