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MüLHEIM AN DER RUHR (German pronunciation: ( listen )), also described as "City on the River", is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany
Germany
. It is located in the Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
between Duisburg
Duisburg
, Essen
Essen
, Oberhausen
Oberhausen
and Ratingen . It is home to many companies, especially in the food industry, such as the Aldi
Aldi
Süd Company , the Harke Group and the Tengelmann Group .

Mülheim
Mülheim
received its town charter in 1808, and 100 years later the population exceeded 100,000, making Mülheim
Mülheim
officially a city. At the time of the city's 200th anniversary with approximately 170,000 residents, it was counted among the smaller cities of Germany.

Mülheim
Mülheim
was the first city in the Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
to become completely free of coal mines, when its last coal mine "Rosenblumendelle" was closed. The former leather and coal city had successfully made a complete transformation to a diversified economic centre. With more than 50% covered by greenery and forest, the city is regarded as an attractive place to live between Düsseldorf and the rest of the Ruhr . It is the home of two Max Planck Institutes and, since 2009, the technical college Ruhr
Ruhr
West. It has a station on the important railway between Dortmund
Dortmund
and Duisburg
Duisburg
and is served by Rhine- Ruhr
Ruhr
S-Bahn lines S1 and S3 .

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Geographical location * 1.2 Geology

* 2 Transport * 3 International relations * 4 Notable bands * 5 Notable clubs * 6 Notable companies * 7 Notable people * 8 Gallery * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr
Ruhr
lies at the junction of the hill country of the Lower Bergisches Land
Bergisches Land
, the western Hellweg and the plane of the middle Lower Rhine
Rhine
region . The bridge Mintarder Ruhrtalbrücke in Mülheim, crosses the Ruhr
Ruhr
connecting Düsseldorf and Essen
Essen

The Ruhr
Ruhr
leaves the foothills of the Rhenish Massif
Rhenish Massif
and enters the Lower Rhine Plain at Mülheim. The Ruhr
Ruhr
flows through the city from south-east to north-west for a distance of 14 km (9 miles) dividing it into two districts: Broich on its left (western) bank and Kirchenhügel (Church Hill) on its right (east) bank. The central city lies on both banks of the river, about 12 kilometres (7 miles) east of where the Ruhr
Ruhr
discharges into the Rhine
Rhine
. Life in Mülheim
Mülheim
is intermediate between the more urban, downstream, Düsseldorf and the more rural life of the upstream Ruhr
Ruhr
.

Largest groups of foreign residents :

Turkey
Turkey
4,929

Poland
Poland
1,626

Syria
Syria
1,256

Italy
Italy
1,162

China
China
891

Iraq
Iraq
807

GEOLOGY

The northern foothills of the Rhenish Massif
Rhenish Massif
are characterised by the distinctive rock formation of the bare mountain slopes through which run coal-bearing layers which formed during the carboniferous period. Here the Ruhr
Ruhr
cuts more than 50 meters deep into this Mittelgebirge
Mittelgebirge
. This natural erosion partly uncovered these mineable black coal deposits, which enabled their exploration and extraction using adits . However, the coal-rich layers became ever deeper as one progressed northward, which required setting up mines to extract the black coal. In contrast, the broad bayou (dead arm of a river) of Styrum borough is characteristic of the features of the Lower Rhine
Rhine
Plain.

TRANSPORT

The U18 metro line connects the city with Essen
Essen
.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Germany

Mülheim
Mülheim
is twinned with:

* Darlington
Darlington
, Darlington
Darlington
, England, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, since 1953 * Tours
Tours
, Indre-et-Loire , Centre-Val de Loire
Centre-Val de Loire
, France, since 1962 * Kuusankoski , Finland, from 1972 to 2008 * Opole
Opole
, Opole
Opole
Voivodeship , Poland, since 1989 * Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba
, Israel, since 1993 * Istanbul
Istanbul
- Beykoz , Turkey, since 2007 * Kouvola
Kouvola
, Finland, since 2009 * Qalqilyah
Qalqilyah
, Palestine, friendship

NOTABLE BANDS

* Bohren & der Club of Gore (founded 1992), a jazz "> Fritz Thyssen in 1928 Hugo Stinnes

* Wilhelm Rittenhausen (born 1644), founder of the first paper mill in North America. * Gerhard Tersteegen (born 1697), a Reformed
Reformed
religious writer. * Carl Arnold Kortum (born 1745), a physician, best known for his writing and poetry. * August Bungert (born 1845), an opera composer and poet. * Hugo Stinnes (born 1870), an industrialist and founder of the German People\'s Party . * Fritz Thyssen
Fritz Thyssen
(born 1873), an industrialist associated with the Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
. * Carl Otto von Eicken (born 1873), an otorhinolaryngologist . * Heinrich Thyssen (born 1875), a German -Hungarian entrepreneur and art collector . * Arthur Kaufmann (born 1888), an influential painter. * Walter Hartmann (born 1891), a general of Artillery
Artillery
, serving during World War II
World War II
. * Otto Pankok (born 1893), a painter, printmaker, and sculptor. * Otto Roelen (born 1897), a chemist. * Karl Ziegler (born 1898), a chemist who won the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Chemistry in 1963, with Giulio Natta
Giulio Natta
, for work on polymers . * Clärenore Stinnes (born 1901), a car racer; who was the first human to circumnavigate the world by automobile. * Werner Best
Werner Best
(born 1903), a jurist, police chief, and Nazi leader. * Fritz Buchloh (born 1909), a football goalkeeper at two World Cups in 1934 and 1938, who played for VfB Speldorf . * Günther Smend (born 1912), an officer and a resistance fighter involved in the July 20 Plot
July 20 Plot
to assassinate Adolf Hitler. * Johannes Bölter (1915-1987), a German Army tank commander during World War II. * Karl Albrecht (born 1920), an entrepreneur who founded the discount supermarket chain Aldi
Aldi
with his brother Theo and among the richest men in the world. * Theo Albrecht (born 1922), an entrepreneur who was ranked as the 20th richest person in the world by Forbes magazine in 2007. * Wilhelm Knabe (born 1923), an ecologist, pacifist, civil servant, politician and a co-founder of the Green Party in Germany. * Wim Thoelke (born 1927), a TV entertainer. * Hermann Bottenbruch (born 1928), mathematician and computer scientist * Jürgen Sundermann (born 1940), a manager and former footballer. * Hans Walitza (born 1945), a retired football striker and manager. * Rudolf Seliger (born 1951), a former football striker, who played for MSV Duisburg
Duisburg
. * Bodo Hombach (born 1952), a politician and Member of the SPD . * Monika Griefahn (born 1954), a politician of the SPD. * Hans-Günter Bruns (born 1954), a retired footballer. * Helge Schneider
Helge Schneider
(born 1955), a comedian, jazz musician, author, film and theatre director, and actor. * Ralph Morgenstern (born 1956), a television presenter and actor. * Ulla Kock am Brink (born 1961), a television presenter * Hannelore Kraft (born 1961), a politician (SPD) and Minister-President of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
. * Ralf Lübke (born 1965), a retired athlete who specialized in the 200 metres
200 metres
. * Willi Landgraf (born 1968), a soccer player, currently playing for the amateurs of Schalke 04
Schalke 04
. * Sven Meinhardt (born 1971), a field hockey forward, who won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics
1992 Summer Olympics
. * Kai Gehring (born 1977), a politician. * André Lenz (born 1973), a football goalkeeper. * Lars Burgsmüller (born 1975), a tennis player. * Marion Rodewald (born 1976), a field hockey defender, who won the gold medal at the 2004 Summ