Mönchengladbach (German pronunciation:
[mœnçn̩ˈɡlatbax] ( listen)) is a city in North
Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located west of the Rhine, halfway
Düsseldorf and the Dutch border.
Mönchengladbach is home of the football club Borussia
Formula One race car drivers
Nick Heidfeld and
Heinz-Harald Frentzen, author/cartoonist Walter Moers, cabaret artist
Volker Pispers, philosopher Hans Jonas, Goalkeeper Marc-André ter
Stegen and the former football players and managers Günther Netzer
and Jupp Heynckes. Joseph Pilates, the creator of the
of physical fitness, was born here in 1883.
1.1 Municipal subdivisions
2.1 Name and origins
2.2 Early history
2.3 Recent history
3 Points of interest
4 Twin cities
5 Notable people
10 External links
Since 2009, the territory of Monchengladbach has comprised four
(previously ten) boroughs which are subdivided into 44 districts.
The boroughs and their associated districts
Nord: Am Wasserturm, Dahl, Eicken, Gladbach, Hardt-Mitte,
Hardter Wald, Ohler, Venn, Waldhausen, Westend, Windberg
Ost: Bettrath‑Hoven, Bungt, Flughafen, Giesenkirchen‑Mitte,
Giesenkirchen‑Nord, Hardterbroich‑Pesch, Lürrip, Neuwerk‑Mitte,
Süd: Bonnenbroich‑Geneicken, Geistenbeck, Grenzland‑Stadion,
Heyden, Hockstein, Mülfort, Odenkirchen‑Mitte, Odenkirchen‑West,
Pongs, Rheydt, Sasserath, Schloss Rheydt, Schmölderpark,
West: Hauptquartier, Hehn, Holt, Rheindahlen‑Land,
Rheindahlen‑Mitte, Wanlo, Wickrath-Mitte, Wickrath‑West,
Name and origins
The original name of the city was Gladbach, which is even today often
applied to the town. To distinguish the town from another town of the
same name (the present Bergisch Gladbach), it took the name
München-Gladbach in 1888. This spelling could mislead people to think
that Gladbach was a borough of
Munich (München in German), and
consequently the name was changed to Mönchen-Gladbach in 1950 and
Mönchengladbach in 1960.
The origin of the town was an abbey founded in 974. It was named after
the Gladbach, a narrow brook, that mostly runs subterraneously today.
The abbey and adjoining villages became a town in the 14th century.
The town of
Rheydt is located nearby and is incorporated into
The second part of the name, Gladbach (cognate with English Ladbrooke)
Low German (Bergisches Platt) and means canalised
stream, referring to the small river (the Strunde) that was
artificially canalised (laid) in early medieval times. In Bergisch
Platt, the regional dialect, laid is said gelaat, a word which
eventually evolved to glad (in this case the 'd' is pronounced as a
't'). The second part of the word, bach is the standard German word
for a small stream.
The first settlements in the area of
approximately 300,000–400,000 years old and show remains of Homo
erectus and Neanderthal. There are numerous cairns from the Neolithic
and the Bronze Age.
The history of
Mönchengladbach began with the construction of the
Gladbach Minster and the founding of an abbey in the year 974 by Gero,
Archbishop of Cologne, and his companion, the monk Sandrad of Trier.
To advance the settlement, the monks created a market north of the
church in the 12th century. Craftsmen settled near the market.
Gladbach received its town charter in 1364–1366. The "town" got a
town wall made of stone, which had to be maintained by the citizens.
Remains of that wall can be found at the Geroweiher, as can remains of
the "Thick Tower", an old fortified tower at the Waldhausener hill.
Until the end of the 18th century the city belonged to the department
Grevenbroich within the duchy of Jülich.
On 4 October 1794, the armed forces of the
French revolution marched
into the town, one day before the fortress Jülich had been handed
over. When the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II ceded the left bank of
France with the
Treaty of Lunéville
Treaty of Lunéville in 1801,
Gladbach fell under French laws suppressing religion. This was the end
for the abbey, and the monastery was closed. On 31 October 1802, the
last 31 monks left the monastery. The contents of the tremendous abbey
library, well-known outside Germany, were scattered or destroyed.
From 1798 until 1814, the Mairie Gladbach was part of Kanton
Odenkirchen, Arrondissement Krefeld, of the French Département de la
In 1815, Gladbach became part of the
Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia and seat of
the Landkreis Gladbach, which was dissolved in 1929. In 1815 Gladbach
became seat of the Bürgermeisterei (Office of mayor), which was split
in 1859 into two parts: the City of Gladbach and Office of Mayor
Obergeburth. The latter was renamed to München-Gladbach-Land in 1907.
From 1933 through 1975, the neighborhood of
Rheydt was an independent
city; the split from München-Gladbach was arranged by Joseph
Goebbels, who was born locally. After reuniting with Mönchengladbach,
the central station (
Rheydt Hauptbahnhof) kept its original name,
Mönchengladbach the only city in
Germany to have two rail
stations each called Hauptbahnhof.
In response to the 10 May 1940 German invasion of Belgium,
Mönchengladbach was bombed by British
Bomber Command on the evening
of 11 May. The bomber crews were attempting to interdict German troop
movements on roads, intersections and rail lines in the area,
especially the city's railyards. About half of the approximately 36
RAF bombers reportedly hit their targets, and three were
shot down. Four people were killed on the ground, including a
British woman living in Germany.
After the Second World War, in compensation of the occupation of the
Netherlands by Germany, several German cities were proposed to be
ceded to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Though never approved, the
project would have renamed
Mönchengladbach to Monniken-Glabbeek.
Eventually, the Prussian
Rhine Province was dissolved after World War
II, and the city became part of the new state of North
Rhine-Westphalia which was formed in 1946.
Largest groups of foreign residents
Points of interest
Abteiberg Museum for contemporary art
Municipal Museum Schloss
Rheydt for fine art
Museum im Wasserturm
Rheindahlen for relics of the stone age
Museum Altes Zeughaus e. V. for Carnival
Wickrath for ornithology
Bunter Garten, municipal park with botanical garden and arboretum
North Tyneside, England, UK (since 1958)
France (since 1969)
Thurrock, England, UK (since 1969)
Belgium (since 1970)
Bradford, England, UK (since 1971)
These people were born in Mönchengladbach, or in
Rheydt or Wickrath,
formerly independent communities united with
Mönchengladbach in 1975.
1834, 12 November, Franz Brandts † 5. October 1914, entrepreneur,
founder of the Volksvereins für das katholische Deutschland
1859, 3 February in Rheydt, Hugo Junkers, † 3 February 1935 in
Gauting, engineer and entrepreneur, designer of airplanes
1883, 9 December, Joseph Hubertus Pilates, proponent of the Pilates
1897, 29 October in Rheydt, Joseph Goebbels, † 1 May 1945 in Berlin,
Minister of Propaganda and popular information in Nazi Germany
1898, Lisel Haas, died 1989, photographer 
1903, 10 May, Hans Jonas, died 5 Feb. 1993, Jewish-German philosopher
and scholar, wrote extensively on ethics among other topics
1918, circa, Hans Mannheimer Jewish chemist, inventor of no tear baby
shampoo and cosmetic chemicals, founder of the Mannheimer Foundation
and The Miranol Chemical Company
1933, 15 September, Petra Schürmann, died 14 January 2010, Miss
Germany 1956, Miss World 1956
1943, 16 March, Hans Heyer, Racing driver known for starting in the
1977 German Grand Prix
1977 German Grand Prix despite failing to qualify
1944, 14 September, Günter Netzer, German football player for
Real Madrid and Grasshoppers Zürich
1950, 27 April, Bernhard Schink, Präsident der Federation of European
Microbiological Societies (FEMS) 2010-2013, Prorektor für Forschung,
Universität Konstanz 2004-2007
1951, 20 March, Peter Klusen, German writer, translator and cartoonist
1957, 25 March, Ulrike von der Groeben, née Elfes, television
1967, 18 May, Heinz-Harald Frentzen,
Formula One driver
1971, 29 January, Jorg Albertz, German football player for Fortuna
Düsseldorf, Hamburger SV, Rangers, Shanghai Shenhua, Greuther Furth
1977, 10 May, Nick Heidfeld,
Formula One driver
1979, Joscho Stephan,
Gypsy Jazz guitarist
1985, 4 November, Marcell Jansen, German football player for Hamburger
SV who formerly played for Borussia Mönchengladbach
1988, 23 June, Isabell Herlovsen, Norwegian international footballer
1992, 30 April, Marc-André ter Stegen, German football goalkeeper for
F.C. Barcelona who previously played for Borussia Mönchengladbach
The city has two main railway stations:
Rheydt Hauptbahnhof, the result of the merger of the two cities,
in which the deprecated name for
Rheydt Hbf was never removed. Line 8
Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn connects the city to
Düsseldorf and Hagen;
an extension further westwards is being discussed. A number of
regional trains serve Mönchengladbach. By the end of 2009 it was the
largest city in
Germany without regular long-distance services. With
the new schedule for 2010,
Mönchengladbach got an
Intercity-Express connection twice a week.
The city also has a commercial airport called Düsseldorf
Local bus and rail transport is carried out by the NEW-AG under the
VRR transport association regulations.
Borussia-Park is the stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia
Mönchengladbach has a long football tradition. Its home club Borussia
Mönchengladbach is one of the country's most well-known,
best-supported, and successful teams.
Die Fohlen ("The Foals") with more than 50,000 members is rated
actually as fourth largest fan-club in Germany. Famous for the
attacking style, Gladbach belonged to the strongest European football
teams in the 1970s, winning the Bundesliga 5 times. The Club lost the
1977 final of the European Cup to Liverpool, but also made four
appearances in the UEFA Cup final with wins in 1975 and 1979 against
losses in 1973 and 1980. However, after a last place finish in the top
flight for the 2006–2007 season, they were relegated to the 2.
Bundesliga (1. and 2. National Leagues) for the 2007–2008 season.
They are playing in the Bundesliga again since 2008, surviving
relegation in the 2010–2011 season and finishing 4th in the 2011-12
On 30 July 2004 the opening of the new stadium "Borussia-Park" was
celebrated. It has a capacity of 54,700 visitors (seated: 34,300,
standing: 20,400 / capacity on International games: 45,600). The
stadium can be reached by car (through dedicated exit on the Autobahn
"A 61"), bus and train.
The city hosted the FIH Hockey World Cup 2006 during the period of
September 6–17 and the 2010 FIH Champions Trophy in July/August that
Mönchengladbach owns a harness racing track called
Rheindahlen Military Complex
Until December 2013, the
Rheindahlen Military Complex was located just
outside Mönchengladbach, where it was home to the headquarters of the
British Armed Forces
British Armed Forces in Germany.
^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und
Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.
^ Dieter Weber (2009-01-23). "Vier Bezirke bei der Kommunalwahl". RP
ONLINE GmbH. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
^ Grayling, A. C. (2011). Among the Dead Cities: Is the Targeting of
Civilians in War Ever Justified?. A&C Black. p. 27.
^ Spingola, Deanna (2014). The Ruling Elite. Trafford Publishing.
pp. 541–2. ISBN 9781490734743.
^ Diefendorf, Jeffry M. (1993). In the Wake of War : The
Reconstruction of German Cities after World War II: The Reconstruction
of German Cities after World War II. Oxford University Press.
p. 5. ISBN 9780195361094.
^ Bowman, Martin (2011). Bomber Command: Reflections of War. Casemate.
pp. 41–2. ISBN 9781848844926.
^ The Moseley Society Local History Group. 2012. Missing or
empty title= (help)
^ Mönchengladbach: ICE-Anbindung nach
Berlin (accessed Nov. 2009)
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mönchengladbach.
Media related to
Mönchengladbach at Wikimedia Commons
Germany by population
Freiburg im Breisgau
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Offenbach am Main
cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
Urban and rural districts in the state of
North Rhine-Westphalia in